Eva Reindl

Eva Reindl

School of Psychology
Doctoral Researcher

Contact details

School of Psychology
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Title of PhD: The development and range of spontaneous tool making and tool use in human children

Supervisors: Dr Claudio Tennie, Dr Sarah Beck, Professor Ian Apperly

In her doctoral research Eva investigates young children’s ability to spontaneously use and make tools to solve novel problems. Her tasks are based on or inspired by tool-use behaviors shown in non-human animals in the wild or in the lab, in order to allow species comparisons of the cognitive abilities underlying flexible tool use. Eva is also interested in cumulative culture, especially its ontogenetic origins and cognitive pre-requisites.

Visit Eva's website


BSc from the Friedrich-Schiller-University in Jena, Germany
MSc from the Georg-August-University in Goettingen, Germany


Eva studied Psychology (BSc) at the Friedrich-Schiller-University in Jena, Germany, and participated in an exchange program with the Pennsylvania State University, USA, where she spent one semester. She undertook a Masters in Psychology at the Georg-August-University in Goettingen, Germany, and did an internship at the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.


Research interests

  • Range and development of children’s spontaneous tool use and tool making abilities

  • Cumulative culture

  • Cultural and cognitive similarities and differences between humans and non-humans

  • Phylogenetic origins and evolution of human (material) culture

  • Theory of mind: Toddlers’ understanding of false beliefs using prompted-action paradigms


Reindl, E., Bandini, E., & Tennie, C. (in press). The zone of latent solutions and its relation to the classics: Vygotsky and Köhler. In L. D. Di Paolo & F. D. Vincenzo (Eds.) Social cognition in non-human primates and early Homo. Berlin: Springer.

Reindl, E., Apperly, I. A., Beck, S. R., Tennie, C. (2017). Young children copy cumulative technological design in the absence of action information. Scientific Reports, 7, 1788. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-01715-2
Link to open access article: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-01715-2

Reindl, E., Beck, S. R., Apperly, I. A., & Tennie, C. (2016). Young children spontaneously invent wild great apes’ tool-use behaviours. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2015.2402.
Link to open access article: http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/283/1825/20152402