Dr Andrea Krott MA, PhD

Dr Andrea Krott

School of Psychology
Senior Lecturer

Contact details

School of Psychology
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Andrea Krott is a psycholinguist interested in language acquisition and the neural underpinning of language processing. Her current main research interest is the interplay of language acquisition and language processing with general cognitive functions.


  • M.A., University of Trier (Germany)
  • Ph.D., University of Nijmegen (The Netherlands)


Andrea Krott studied Computational Linguistics and German Language and Literature at the University of Trier (Germany), and received her M.A. in 1995. From 1995 to 1998 she worked as a database manager (Max Planck Institute of Psycholinguistics, The Netherlands) and research assistant (Humboldt University of Berlin). In 2001 she obtained a Ph.D. at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics under the supervision of Harald Baayen and Robert Schreuder. She then worked for one year as a postdoctoral fellow in the Linguistics department at the University of Alberta (Canada), before taking up a position as a Lecturer at Birmingham University in 2002 and being promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2008.


  • Level 3 module ‘Language development and disorders in children’

Postgraduate supervision

If you are interested in exploring one of her research topics in a PhD or MRes project, or if you are interested in research experience (volunteer work or summer bursary), don't hesitate to contact her.


Andrea Krott is interested in both language acquisition in children as well as how language is supported by our brains. She currently investigates advantages of learning and speaking another language and she researches how general principles such as the focus on perceptual features of objects influence the acquisition of early words.

With regards to adult language processing, she often uses EEG to better understand the neural processes that underlie language comprehension or production. One of her projects focused on a language-related EEG effect, the left anterior negativity (LANs), and its occurrence during the processing of morphologically complex words. This project was funded by the Wellcome Trust (2007-2010). Currently, she investigates the neural correlates of cognitive advantages in bilingual speakers and holds a three-year ESRC grant (2018-2021) with Ali Mazaheri and Katrien Segaert (both UoB) to study individual differences in bilingual cognitive advantage.

With regards to language acquisition, she studies how children acquire words, with particular focus on words that refer to relations between objects such as compound words or verbs. In collaboration with Elena Nicoladis and Christina Gagné (both University of Alberta, Canada) she studied children's understanding of compound words (such as chocolate cake or orange juice). This project was financially supported by a British Academy Joint Activities Grant (2004-2007) and a British Academy Small Grant (2006-2007). Recently, she focusses on why it is difficult for young children to acquire the relational part of a word’s meaning, for instance in the case of verbs. 

In a further recent collaborative project with colleagues at the Universities of Plymouth (Caroline Floccia and Allegra Catani) and Kent (Kirsten Abbot-Smith), she explored language assessment tools for bilingual children.

Related websites

The School's cognitive development group

IASCL - International Association for the Study of Child Language

The Linguist List

CHILDES - Child Language Data Exchange System

University of Birmingham Infant and Child Laboratory


Google Scholar Citation Page

Krott, A.,  Medaglia, M. T., & Porcaro, C. (2019). Early and late effects of semantic distractors on electroencephalographic response during overt picture naming. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00696

Fritz, I., Kita, S., Littlemore, J., & Krott, A. (2019). Information packaging in speech shapes information packaging in gesture: The role of speech planning units in the coordination of speech-gesture production. Journal of Memory and Language, 104, 56-69.

Snape, S., & Krott, A. (2018). The benefits of simultaneously encountered exemplars and of exemplar variability to verb learning. Journal of Child Language, 45(6), 1412-1422. 

Snape, S., McCleery, Joseph P., & Krott, A. (2018). Do children with Autism Spectrum Disorder benefit from structural alignment when constructing categories? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 48 (9), 2912-2924.

Floccia, C., Sambrook, T. D., Delle Luche, C., Kwok, R., Goslin, J., White, L., Cattani, A., Sullivan, E., Abbot-Smith, K., Krott, A., Mills, D., Rowland, C., Gervain, J., & Plunkett, K. (2018). Vocabulary of 2-Year-Olds Learning English and an Additional Language: Norms and Effects of Linguistic Distance. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 83 (1), 1-135.

Snape, S., & Krott, A. (2017). The role of inhibition in moving beyond perceptually focused noun extensions. First Language, 17, 31-56.    

Zhou, B., and Krott, A. (2016). Bilingualism enhances attentional control in non-verbal conflict tasks – evidence from ex-Gaussian analyses. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. DOI: 10.1017/S1366728916000869

Zhou, B., & Krott, A. (2016). Data trimming procedure can eliminate bilingual cognitive advantage. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23 (4), 1221-1230. DOI:10.3758/s13423-015-0981-6

Porcaro, C., Medaglia, M. T., & Krott, A. (2015). Removing speech artifacts from electroencephalographic recordings during overt picture naming. NeuroImage, 105, 171-180. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.10.049.

Cattani, A., Abbot-Smith, K., Farag, R., Krott, A., Arreckx, F., Denis, I., & Floccia, C. (2014). How much exposure to English is necessary for a bilingual toddler to perform like a monolingual peer in language tests? International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 49 (6), 649-671. DOI:10.1111/1460-6984.12082

Breadmore, H., Krott, A., & Olson, A. (2013). Agreeing to disagree: Deaf and hearing children’s awareness of subject-verb number agreement. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, DOI:10.1080/17470218.2013.818702

Krott, A., & Lebib, R. (2013). Eletrophysiological evidence for a neural substrate of morphological rule application in correct wordforms.Brain Research, 1496, 70-83.

Ganushchak, L.Y., Krott, A., Frisson, S., & Meyer, A.S. (2013). Processing words and Short Message Service shortcuts in sentential contexts: An eye-movement study. Applied Psycholinguistics, 34, 163-179.

Breadmore, H., Olson, A., & Krott, A. (2012). Deaf and hearing children’s plural noun spelling. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65 (11), 2169-2192.

L.Y. Ganushchak, A. Krott, & A. S. Meyer. (2012). From gr8 to great: Lexical access to SMS shortcuts. Frontiers in Language Sciences, 3, 150.

L.Y. Ganushchak, A. Krott, & A. S. Meyer. (2010). Electroencephalographic responses to SMS shortcuts. Brain Research, 1348, 120-127.

Krott, A., Gagné, C. and Nicoladis, E. (2010). Children’s preference for HAS and LOCATED relations – A word learning bias for noun-noun compounds. Journal of Child Language, 37, 373-394.

Ganushchak, L., Krott, A., & Meyer, A.S. (2010). Is it a letter? Is it a number? Processing of numbers within SMS shortcuts. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17 (1), 101-105.

Krott, A. (2009). The role of analogy for compound words. In Blevins, J., & Blevins, J. (Eds.). Analogy in Grammar: Form and Acquisition (pp. 118-136). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Krott, A., Gagné, C., and Nicoladis, E. (2009). How the parts relate to the whole: frequency effects on children's interpretations of novel compounds. Journal of Child Language, 36 (1), 85-112.

Nicoladis, E. and Krott, A. (2007). Family size and French-speaking children's segmentation of existing compounds. Language Learning, 57 (2), 201-228.

Krott, A., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H., Dressler, W.U. (2007). Analogical effects on linking elements in German compounds. Language and Cognitive Processes, 22 (1), 25-57.

Krott, A., Baayen, R.H., & Hagoort, P. (2006). The nature of anterior negativities caused by misapplications of morphological rules. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 18 (10), 1616-1630.

Krott, A., & Nicoladis, E. (2005). Large constituent families help children parse compounds. Journal of Child Language, 32 (1), 139-158.

Krott, Andrea (2004). Ein funktionalanalytisches Modell der Wortbildung [A functional analytical model of word formation]. Köhler, Reinhard (Ed.): Korpuslinguistische Untersuchungen zur Quantitativen und Systemtheoretischen Linguistik [Corpus-linguistic Investigations of Quantitative and System-theoretical Linguistics] (pp. 75-126). Elektronische Hochschulschriften an der Universität Trier. See PDF - 364KB

Krott, A., Hagoort, P., & Baayen, H. (2004): Sublexical units and supralexical combinatorics in the processing of interfixed Dutch compounds. Language and Cognitive Processes, 19 (3), 453-471.

Krott, A., Libben, G., Jarema, G., Dressler, W.U., Schreuder, R., & Baayen, H. (2004): Probability in the grammar of German and Dutch: interfixation in tri-constituent compounds. Speech and Language, 47 (1), 83-106.

Krott, A., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (2002): A note on the function of Dutch linking elements. In G. Booij & van Marle, J. (Eds.): Yearbook of Morphology 2001 (pp. 237-252). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Krott, A., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R. H. (2002): Analogical hierarchy: Exemplar-based modeling of linkers in Dutch noun-noun compounds. In R. Skousen, D. Londsdale, & D.B. Parkinson (Eds.): Analogical Modeling: An Exemplar-Based approach to Language (pp.181-206). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Krott, A., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (2002): Linking elements in Dutch noun noun compounds: constituent families as analogical predictors for response latencies. Brain and Language, 81 (1-3), 723-735.

Krott, A., Krebbers, L., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R. H. (2002): Semantic influence on linkers in Dutch noun-noun compounds. Folia Linguistica, 36 (1-2), 7-22.

Baayen, R. H., Schreuder, R., De Jong, N. H. and Krott, A. (2002): Dutch inflection: the rules that prove the exception. In S. Nooteboom, F. Weerman, & F. Wijnen (Eds.): Storage and computation in the language faculty (pp.61-92). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Krott, A., Baayen, R. H. and Schreuder, R. (2001): Analogy in morphology: modeling the choice of linking morphemes in Dutch. Linguistics, 39 (1), 51-93.

Krott, A., Schreuder, R. and Baayen, R.H. (1999): Complex words in complex words. Linguistics, 37 (5), 905-926.

Schreuder, R., De Jong, N. H., Krott, A. and Baayen, R. H. (1999): Rules and rote: beyond the linguistic either-or fallacy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22, 1038-1039.

Krott, A. (1999): Influence of morpheme polysemy on morpheme frequency. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 6 (1), 58-65.

Krott, A. (1996): Some remarks on the relation between word length and morpheme length. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 3 (1), 29-37.


Meyer, A., Wheeldon, L., & Krott, A. (2007). Automaticity and Control in Language Processing. Hove and New York: Psychology Press.

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