Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind Research Cluster

The Philosophy department at Birmingham  continues to build on its strengths in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. We have an exciting and internationally recognised group of philosophers (including both staff and students) working together in this field.  

a brain
Our new appointments Dr Maja Spener, Professor Scott Sturgeon and Dr Alastair Wilson also add epistemology to our areas of expertise.  Some research topics of particular interest to the cluster include:

In Philosophy of Mind:

  • Philosophy of psychology and psychiatry
  • Rationality
  • Delusions and other imperfect cognitions
  • Phenomenal concepts
  • Perception
  • Metaphysical questions about consciousness and propositional attitudes
  • Normativity of mental states

In Epistemology:

  • Epistemology of a priori knowledge (especially in domains such as mathematics and morality)
  • Rationality and belief revision
  • Normativity in epistemology
  • Contextualism
  • Introspective knowledge
  • Truth in epistemology
  • The relevance of metaphysics for epistemology and vice versa


Professor Lisa Bortolotti’s main research interests are in philosophy of cognitive science and especially in philosophy of psychology and psychiatry. She has worked on theories of belief ascriptions, rationality and delusions. Her current research project investigates epistemic benefits of imperfect cognitions.

Dr Darragh Byrne is a lecturer in Philosophy. In recent work he has defended a Fregean conception of phenomenal concepts, and investigated whether such concepts are expressed in natural language. In epistemology his research has focussed on self-knowledge.  

Dr Justin Clarke-Doane is a recently appointed Birmingham Fellow. His research focuses on epistemological questions surrounding the a priori in domains such as mathematics and morality: for example, questions of undecidability and indeterminacy in mathematics and evolution and debunking arguments in ethics.

Professor Yujin Nagasawa has published widely in philosophy of mind on topics such as phenomenal consciousness, physicalism and dualism, and semantic externalism. His God and Phenomenal Consciousness: A Novel Approach to Knowledge Arguments (Cambridge University Press, 2008) investigated the use of knowledge arguments in both philosophy of mind and philosophy of religion.

Dr Maja Spener is a lecturer in Philosophy. Her main research interests are in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology and epistemology. Recently she has investigated the nature and extent of introspective knowledge and the proper use of introspective data in philosophical and scientific theorizing about the conscious mind.

Professor Scott Sturgeon’s main research interests lie in philosophy of mind and epistemology. He has published widely in these areas on topics such as perception and physicalism, the nature of consciousness, the Gettier problem, truth in epistemology, rational belief revision, and the relation between belief and its degrees.

Dr Mark Walker is a lecturer in Philosophy. In philosophy of mind, he has worked on theory of action and the nature of rational deliberation.

Dr Alastair Wilson is a Birmingham Fellow. He has published widely in epistemology on topics such as disagreement, contextualism about chance, the Sleeping Beauty problem and multiverse confirmation. 

Postgraduate study

For postgraduates interested in studying programmes or modules in these areas of philosophy, we offer the following taught MAs:

Our combined research and taught Philosophy MRes programme also includes modules in philosophy of mind, philosophy of cognitive science and epistemology, and those wishing to conduct pure research in the field may register for the Philosophy PhD programme.

We have a number of postgraduate researchers interested in ethics and philosophy of religion at Birmingham (for more information about their research projects, see our PG research page). All of our postgraduate students benefit from the academic strengths of our research clusters and are often co-supervised by our Distinguished Research Professors and members of staff from associated clusters across the College of Arts and Law, so that they have access to different perspectives on their research topic. If you are interested in doing postgraduate research in ethics at Birmingham, please feel free to contact our Director of Research Admissions, Professor Scott Sturgeon (s.sturgeon@bham.ac.uk).

Current and recent research projects

Professor Lisa Bortolotti

  • Pragmatic and Epistemic Role of Factually Erroneous Cognitions and Thoughts (PERFECT).
  • Costs and Benefits of Optimism project (supported by the Hope and Optimism funding initiative 2015-18)
  • The Epistemic Benefits of Imperfect Cognitions (funded by AHRC, 2013-14)
  • Moral Responsibility and Psychopathology (funded by Wellcome Trust, 2012-13)
  • Rationality and Sanity (funded by Wellcome Trust, 2011)
  • Nature of clinical delusions (funded by AHRC and the Department of Education, Employment and the Workplace Relations of the Australian Government, 2009)

Professor Yujin Nagasawa

  • Towards a Nonphysicalist Monist Solution to the Mystery of Consciousness (with Max Velmans at Goldsmiths, University of London; funded by the John Templeton Foundation, 2009-11)
  • Anselmian Perfect-Being Theology and the Congnitive Science of Religion (funded by the Cognition, Religion and Theology Project at the University of Oxford, 2008-09)