Beauty Demands Network members

The Beauty Demands network  brings together scholars, practitioners, and policy-makers from across disciplines including gender studies, history, law, medicine, philosophy, psychology and sociology. The assumption of the network is that body image is becoming ever more demanding and defining of women, and increasingly men, irrespective of their professions.

Beauty Demands blog

Kate Adkins is a Medical Humanities (Psychology, History, Dermatology) PhD student at the University of Sheffield. My research centres around media, appearance ideals and skin conditions. I have a particular interest in the potential impact of media-disseminated appearance ideals on the experiences of individuals living with a skin condition.

Rikke Amundsen (University of Cambridge) works on the criminalisation of 'revenge porn' under the 2015 Criminal Justice and Courts Act. She is especially concerned with what occurs when specific presentations of the self in the form of images or film change context and she looks at this act of passing in relation to 'revenge porn' and sexual objectification.

Marie Andree-Jacob (Keele University) practised law and worked as a clerk before becoming an academic. Originally from Quebec city, she moved to the UK and joined Keele University in 2007. She is a native French speaker, and conversational in Hebrew.Matching Organs with Donors: Legality and Kinship in Transplants is her first book, published in 2012 by Penn Press.

Yves Saint James Aquino (Macquarie University) is a post-graduate researcher in Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. He's working on the ethical implications of medicalised racial features in Asian cosmetic surgery, with a strong focus on Peter Conrad's and Ivan Illich's framework.

Gulzaar Barn is a lecturer in philosophy at the University of Birmingham where she teaches a course on bodies, beauty, and justice. Her interests lie in moral, political, and feminist philosophy, and she is particularly concerned with exploring the ethical dimensions of contemporary practical issues.

Françoise Baylis (Dalhousie). Françoise is a philosopher whose innovative work in bioethics, at the intersection of policy and practice, has stretched the very boundaries of the field. Her extensive publication record spans many topics, including research involving children, the role of bioethics consultants, women's health, human embryo research, and novel genetic technologies. Her work challenges readers to think broadly and deeply about the direction of health, science and biotechnology.

Beth T. Bell (York St John University) is a Senior Lecturer in Psychology at York St John University. Her research examines the role of media, social media and technology in the transmission of dominant consumer culture values (i.e. appearance ideal and materialistic messages) and the impact of such=values on the self-perception, body image and health behaviour of individuals.

Lauren Bialystok (Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University in Toronto) holds a PhD in philosophy and teaches and researches in ethics at a faculty of education.  Her interests include personal identity, applied ethics, and feminist theory.

Somia R Bibi Is in the process of writing up her thesis, which is examining British South Asian women's lived experiences of race and racism through the lens of racialised beauty - with a specific focus on skin colour and skin-lightening. In an attempt to move away from just looking at binaries and to focus on and highlight, for instance, nuances in the socio-historical framework of racialised beauty, and the contemporary lived experiences of British South Asian women she is focusing on 3 groups: 1) Pakistani women whose family migrated from Mirpur; 2) Bangladeshi women who migrated from Sylhet; and Gujarati women whose family twice migrated: Gujrat (India) – Africa - Britain. Her work as a PhD student at the University of Warwick and a lecturer in the Sociology department of Birmingham City University continues to foster an interest in; the politics of beauty and body modification as well as issues of race and racism.

Sophie Bishop is a Doctoral Student and Associate Lecturer in the Department of Arts, Technology and Innovation at the University of East London. Her PhD research examines the political economy of YouTube beauty vlogging, algorithmic materialities and self-optimisation. Her work has been published in journals including Feminist Media Studies and Convergence.

Susan Bordo (University of Kentucky) is Professor of Gender and Women's Studies and holds the Otis A. Singletary Chair in the Humanities at the University of Kentucky. Bordo is known for the clarity, accessibility, and contemporary relevance of her writing. Her work has been translated into many languages, and individual chapters, many of which are considered paradigms of lucid writing, are frequently re-printed in collections and writing textbooks.

Helen Bould in the third year of a clinical PhD studying how women with and without eating disorders perceive their bodies, and whether it is possible to design simple computer tasks to help women feel more positive about their bodies.  The aim of this work is to design new interventions to prevent and treat eating disorders, and new measures to record progress and help predict which treatments will work for which patients. My other research interests include the role of the school environment in eating disorders. My clinical background is as an Advanced Training Registrar in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Shelley Budgeon (University of Birmingham) is a Senior Lecturer in Sociology who specializes in gender and feminist theory. Her research concentrates on how various forces of social change impact on the constitution of gender relations and processes of gender identification. Contemporary gender equality discourses and their specific manifestation in ‘modernized’ state sanctioned approaches to gender issues provide the focus for her current research.

Rachel Calogero (University of Kent). Much of my work has examined gender as a fundamental organizing framework of human behavior. In particular, how gender roles and identification shape and direct all sorts of meaningful social actions from support for social policies to exercise. In a particular strand of this research, I examine self-objectification (a particular type of self-perception and self-consciousness that emerges primarily among girls and women in response to the accumulated experiences of sexual objectification and sexism in their day-to-day lives) among girls and women. This research has demonstrated that the impact of self-objectification extends beyond negative body image and poor mental health to function as a psychological device that maintains the gender status quo and disrupts women's engagement in collective action on their own behalf.

Anna Cermakova is a Marie Curie Sklodowska Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Birmingham. Together with Professor Michaela Mahlberg she works on GLARE project, Exploring Gender in Children’s Literature from a Cognitive Corpus Stylistic Perspective, the project runs from September 2017 to August 2019.

Clare Chambers (University of Cambridge) is University Senior Lecturer in Philosophy and a Fellow of Jesus College, University of Cambridge. Her field is contemporary political philosophy. She is particularly interested in contemporary liberalism, including autonomy, equality, multiculturalism and global justice; feminism, including the body, appearance norms and personal relationships; theories of social construction, including those of Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu.

Natalie Clue (Beauty Pulse London) graduated with a degree in Human Genetics from one of the leading universities in the world and worked for a time in the leading Cranio-Facial development Department at Kings College London, before she decided to pursue her dream career and work in the beauty industry. Her blog BeautyPulseLondon has garnered a worldwide following. Natalie was recently appointed the Chair of the UCL BME Alumni Network, has spoken at the Southbank Women of the World Festival, and has been recommended as one of's New Face For Your Twitter Feed.

Laura Cofield is an AHRC/CHASE funded doctoral researcher in the History Department at the University of Sussex. Her thesis explores a cultural history of female body hair removal in twentieth and twenty-first century Britain. She is interested in how different generations of women have negotiated body hair grooming and how these ideas have been shaped by discourses around hygiene, feminist resistance, consumptive practices and pornography.

Amy Conkerton-Darby is a current masters student at the University of Birmingham working towards an MSc in Global Ethics. Her focus is on the ethical issues surrounding sexuality and gender, and she is interested in bioethics, rights and global gender justice. She is interested in further researching the justice demands of LGBTQ+ people. 

Attracta Courtney is a make-up artist. With over 20 years of experience, Attracta Courtney is a highly regarded make-up artist on the international circuit, she has maintained a high editorial profile working with many of the world’s top photographers and celebrities. Aside from make-up artistry, her skill set also spans across beauty journalism, creative direction and trend forecasting. Her unique creative style has positioned Attracta as a leading trendsetter in the make-up world, approached by leading skincare brands in various consultancy capacities – including a commission by Prada Beauty. Attracta’s passion for beauty has also seen her role evolve into been a creative beauty director for a deluxe travel and fashion magazine in the past, and founder of the art book titled 8A. Attracta frequently gives talks and workshops on the history of makeup and what beauty is today for the 21st Century woman. 2015 saw the launch of her inaugural AttractaBeauty Skincare & Makeup Awards – a first for an international make-up artist. Having previously lived and worked in New York, Attracta is now based in Europe travelling internationally. Recognised for her modern, innovative style in creating and setting make-up trends, from beautifying ‘no make-up’ make-up looks, to avant-garde aspirational directions, her work always reflects the beauty of the woman with an elegant modernity. She is regularly quoted on her top make up tips and beauty trend predictions in leading glossy publications and international press. A pioneer when it comes to the maintenance of healthy beautiful skin, Attracta believes that the foundation to beautiful make-up starts with beautiful skin – working closely with the latest in skincare and beauty innovations, Attracta’s make-up is distinguished for its fresh elegant appeal. Her work has appeared on the international covers and pages of numerous global fashion and style magazines and walked the London catwalks. In her own words, Attracta believes that the most intoxicating beauty is to be unique. She works with her subjects to understand not only the contours of their face and their skin tone, but their spirit and their style. Her aim is to empower people in their own unique beauty, illuminate and beautify, using the best products and technique’s that she has learned in the beauty industry.

Adina Covaci (University of Leeds) earned her bachelor’s degree from the West University of Timișoara, in Romania, and then did an MA at Central European University, in Budapest, Hungary, both in philosophy. Her main interest is in moral philosophy, but she also likes to work at the intersection of this field and others, such as aesthetics or epistemology. She has a background in continental ethics, with a focus on Jean Paul Sartre’s philosophy, but her recent research took an analytical turn and has dealt with the problem of moral deference and the question of its permissibility. She is starting a PhD in Philosophy at Leeds in September 2015.

Nadia Craddock is a PhD Candidate at the Centre for Appearance Research (CAR), exploring whether big business can meaningfully foster and advocate for positive body image. She produces and co-hosts CAR's podcast, Appearance Matters, which covers all topics related to appearance and body image research.

Fabiola Creed (History of Medicine PhD, Centre for the History of Medicine, University of Warwick, Wellcome Trust funded). My thesis is provisionally titled ‘Advertising, "Addictions" and Health Advice: Understanding Sunbed Consumption (or “Tanorexia”) in Contemporary Britain, 1978-2016’. Research interests include the British history of the beauty industry (marketing strategies and advertising), addiction, bodies and ‘excessive’ consumptions, and gender inequities in public health campaigns. 

Kathy Davis is senior research fellow in the Sociology Department at the VU University in the Netherlands. Her research interests include: sociology of the body,  intersectionality, travelling theory and transnational practices;  biography as methodology and critical and creative strategies for academic writing.  She is the author of many books, including Reshaping the Female Body (Routledge, 1995), Dubious Equalities and Embodied Differences (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003),  and The Making of Our Bodies, Ourselves: How Feminism Travels Across Borders (Duke, 2007) and Dancing Tango: Passionate Encounters in a Globalizing World (NYUPress, 2015).

Esa Diaz-Leon is a Ramon y Cajal Researcher at the University of Barcelona. Her research focuses on the philosophy of gender, race and sexuality, especially regarding methodological, metaphysical and semantic issues. She is also interested in issues at the intersection of ethics and aesthetics.

Phillippa Diedrichs is a research psychologist with an international reputation for creating and using evidence-based strategies to improve body image in community, education, corporate, and policy settings on a local, national, and global scale. With a PhD in health psychology from the University of Queensland, she is passionate about working in partnership to create environments that accept diversity in appearance and support individuals to live free from the constraint of appearance concerns. Phillippa is an Associate Professor at the Centre for Appearance Research, University of the West of England. 

Luna Dolezal is a lecturer in Medical Humanities and Philosophy at the University of Exeter. She discusses shame in the context of cosmetic surgery practices in her recent book The Body and Shame: Phenomenology, Feminism and the Socially Shaped Body (Lexington Books, 2015). Luna is a collaborator on the Augmenting the Body: Disability, Care and the Posthuman interdisciplinary research project. She is also the co-PI of the Shame and Medicine Project ( which explores shame dynamics in all aspects of healthcare.

Andrew Edgar (Cardiff University) has published widely on the philosophy of sport and critical theory. He has particular interest in the relationship between sport and art, and thus in the aesthetic appreciation and interpretation of sport. 

Alice el-Wakil (University of Zurich) is a PhD student at the University of Zurich and is engaged in the NCCR Democracy doctoral program. Before receiving a four-year doctoral scholarship from the Centre for Democracy Studies in Aarau to develop her research project on direct democracy, she studied political theory at the University of Geneva. Her Master thesis was devoted to the question of appearance discrimination from the perspective of social justice theories.

Tracey Elliott (University of Leicester). After graduating from Birmingham University in 1985, Tracey was called to the Bar and practised from 4 Paper Buildings and 9-12 Bell Yard, specialising in criminal litigation and advisory work and acting for both prosecution and defence. She remains a (non-practising) door tenant at 9-12 Bell Yard. She has worked as a lecturer at Queen Mary University of London and as a visiting lecturer/teacher at City University, the University of Surrey, King’s College, London and the LSE, and joined the School of Law at Leicester University in 2010. Her PhD thesis examined the development and use of the justification of necessity in medical law. Her published work has examined (Inter alia) body dysmorphia and the limits of consent, childhood obesity and the use of the criminal law, and the legal implications of screening programmes. She is a co-author of the 8th edition of Clarkson and Keating, Criminal Law (2014). Her current research projects relate to cosmetic dentistry and ‘bloodless’ transplants.

Adrienne Evans is Reader in Media in the Centre for Postdigital Cultures at Coventry University, UK. Past research explored sexiness; current work develops accounts of postdigital culture, postfeminist masculinity and healthism. Her co- authored books include Technologies of Sexiness: Sex, Identity and Consumer Culture (Oxford University Press, 2014) and Postfeminism and Health (Routledge, 2018).

Jasmine Fardouly is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow working at Macquarie University's Centre for Emotional Health in Australia. Her research focuses on social influences on body image, particularly the influence of social media and social comparisons. She is currently working on research examining ways to reduce any negative impact of social media usage on body image.

Ali Ghanem (Surgeon) is interested in microsurgery, paediatric reconstructive surgery and stem cell based therapies with potential applications on coetaneous, muscle and nervous conditions.

Maisie Gibson is currently a masters student studying the Philosophy of Health and Happiness MA at the University of Birmingham. She has a keen interest in healthcare ethics and bioethics, with a special focus on the philosophy of mental health. Her main areas of research have so far included factors of male suicide risk and issues of identity in the treatment of eating disorders.

Victoria Goodyear is a lecturer in pedagogy of sport, health and physical activity at the University of Birmingham. Her research focuses on role of digital technologies and social media in young people’s health and wellbeing, and the operation of pedagogy in digital/online contexts. She is also interested in digital ethics, participatory digital methods and knowledge translation via digital animated videos.

Joy Gregory is an artist who work reflects on the impact of the European colonial project on the everyday lives in the contemporary world. She is known for her work concerning issues of 'Beauty' culture and identity politics.  She is a Research Associate based in Fine Art Media at Slade School of Art, where she worked this year to produce a new work challenging the invisibility of women. The piece entitled “Overlooked and Underreported” on show at the Venice Biennale in the Diaspora Pavillion until 26th November 2017.

Danielle Griffiths (University of Manchester) is a Research Fellow in Bioethics and Law within the institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation (iSEI) at the University of Manchester. Her research and teaching interests lie in medical and criminal law, particularly as these concern health and health policy. She is engaged in a wide range of teaching and research activities, including many interdisciplinary and international collaborations involving people from a variety of fields.

Sarah Grogan (Manchester Metropolitan University). I am interested in body image and its impact on health-related behaviours. My sole-authored book Body Image: Understanding Body Dissatisfaction in Men Women and Children is now in its second edition. I am currently involved in various projects linking body image to smoking cessation, sun tanning, and exercise, and recently led work investigating impact of an age-appearance morphing programme on smoking cessation.

Matthew Hall (Arden University). He has written papers, book chapters and books on issues concerning: men and masculinities; body modification, appearance and substance (mis)use; illness and body image; social media and body image; substance mis(use) and cognitive enhancement; methods for examining online data; and non-consensual pornography in online settings. He is also an Acting Editor for the Journal of Gender Studies. His books include: Metrosexual Masculinities (Palgrave Macmillan 2015); Chemically Modified Bodies: The Use of Diverse Substances for Appearance Enhancement (co-edited with Sarah Grogan and Brendan Gough, Palgrave Macmillan 2016); and Revenge Pornography: Gender, Sexuality and Motivations (with Jeff Hearn, Routledge 2017).

Tom Hampton is a trainee in Ear, Nose & Throat and Head & Neck surgery. He is interested in the ethics of aesthetics and identity and how changes to the concept of medical necessity can impact on patient care. 

Joyce Heckman (University of Cambridge). Investigating and developing new ideas for courses aimed at the postdoctoral community, writing funding bids in order to secure money for researcher development activities, liaising between the postdoctoral office and other divisions within the University of Cambridge.

Rebecca Herzig (Bates College) is concerned with the stratifying effects of contemporary technosciences, including seemingly banal habits of “personal enhancement.” Her book, Plucked: A History of Hair Removal, illustrates the complex, often devastating consequences of some of those labors. 

Alexandra Hird, is a PhD Candidate at Aberystwyth University's Department of International Politics.

Sherri Irvin (University of Oklahoma) is Presidential Research Professor of Philosophy and Women’s and Gender Studies and Co-Director of the Center for Social Justice at the University of Oklahoma. She works on the philosophy of contemporary art, feminist aesthetics, the nature of aesthetic experience, and the connection of aesthetics to social justice. Her book Immaterial: A Philosophy of Contemporary Art and edited collection Body Aesthetics are forthcoming with Oxford University Press.

Glen Jankowski is a lecturer at Leeds Beckett University. His research interests originally began with men's body dissatisfaction. He has since then come to see body dissatisfaction as one harm among many of capitalist, patriarchal and post-colonial societies. His research interests therefore have broadened to highlight the intersection of body dissatisfaction with racism, sexism etc as well as to show that harms are not only enacted through narrow media representations but are also material, institutional, political etc.

Sophie A. Jones is a postdoctoral researcher in the School of English at the University of Leeds, and the Research Assistant on the Wellcome-funded Augmenting the Body project. She is currently writing her first monograph, The Reproductive Politics of American Literature and Film, 1959-1973, and conducting research for a second project on contemporary literature and the medicalisation of attention. 

Meredith Jones is a Reader in Gender and Media Studies at Brunel University London. She is a feminist scholar specialising in theories of the body and is one of the pioneers of social and cultural research around cosmetic surgery. Her books and articles, especially ‘Skintight: An Anatomy of Cosmetic Surgery’ (Berg, 2008) in the area are widely cited. Meredith is currently writing (with David Bell and Ruth Holliday) a book about cosmetic surgery tourism (based on data collected as part of the project Sun, Sea, Sand and Silicone) and a monograph tentatively titled ‘Velvet Gloves: A Cultural Anatomy of the Vulva.

Cath Joynson (Nuffield Council on Bioethics) has managed a programme of activities that aims to introduce more flexibility to the Council’s work and to ensure it engages with wide and diverse audiences. Catherine joined the Council in 2005 as its Communications Manager and prior to this was Science Policy Advisor at the Institute of Biology.

Marzieh Kaivanara is a PhD student at the University of Bristol. My research focuses on the underlying desires for aesthetic surgeries and beautification practices in Tehran, Iran, informed by socially-given expectations and hegemonic discourse. It attempts to offer an explanation for reconstitution and embodiment of the social processes and knowledge through individual bodies. I have studied the ways in which gender, class and health normatives have sculpted and instilled the desires for cosmetic surgery.

Chris Khoo (Cosmetic and plastic surgeon) has taken an active part in the development of the specialty of Plastic Surgery in Britain. He was a member of the Council of the British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (when it was the British Association of Plastic Surgeons), from 1991 and returned for another term until 2010. He was President of the Association in 2005. He served on the Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and he was a Trustee of The Healing Foundation, a new national charity established to champion the cause of people living with disfigurement and visible loss of function by funding research into pioneering surgical and psychological healing techniques, and is still an Honorary Member.

Ian James Kidd (Nottingham, Philosophy) is interested in the aesthetics of character, the ways that beauty, virtue, and the body relate. As well as defending the claim that there is such a thing as beautiful character, he considers the role of aesthetics of character in religious traditions. (

Melanie Latham (Manchester Metropolitan University). My research interests have become delineated by ideas around autonomy, rights and gender and are focussed currently upon the regulation of cosmetic surgery and patient autonomy. I see cosmetic surgery as an increasingly popular medical treatment for women that can pose challenges for ideas around culture and agency. I wish to see governments recognising these challenges and empowering patients.  I am also researching in the fields of body modification, aesthetics, feminist ethics, nanotechnology regulation, and climate change.

Kirsty Lee (University of Ottowa, Canada) is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Ottawa, Canada. Her research focuses on the causes and consequences of aggression and victimisation during adolescence and how these relate to self-promotion, body change strategies, and mental health.

So Yeon Leem (Collège d’études mondiales, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme) is a postdoctoral fellow at Collège d’études mondiales, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, France. She was awarded a Fernand Braudel Fellowship in 2014–2015. She published a number of articles about female workers in a plastic surgery clinic, visualization technologies and plastic surgery, feminist critiques of Korean stem cell research, feminist science and technology studies (STS) theories, and new research methodologies both solely and jointly in East Asian Science, Technology, and Society: An International Journal and Korean journals of STS, medical ethics, and cultural anthropology and also a book Living as Cyborgs in the Age of Science and Technology (2014) in Korean. She conducted ethnographic fieldwork at a plastic surgery clinic in South Korea for about three years, continued her research at the Department of Sociology at the London School of Economics in the UK. Currently, in Paris, she has been developing her ethnographic study of plastic surgery in the context of globalization.

Alexia Liakounakou is a PhD student at UCL Anthropology. Her current research is on cosmetic surgery in Greece and how perceptions of beauty the body have been affected by the financial crisis (2009-present). Her previous studies were in archaeology (BA) and anthropology (MA) at the School of Oriental and African Studies. 

Devina (Dee) Lister is an Associate Lecturer at MMU. Her PhD titled ‘Telling the Untellable Stories of Women living with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) was a narrative study exploring stories cisgender Western women living with IBS constructed about their everyday lives, in one week mixed media diaries. Dee is a joint Website Editor for the International Society of Critical Health Psychology (ISCHP), and is interested in intersectional feminism, embodiment, disability studies, poetry and creative qualitative methods.’

Carolyn Mair is a Chartered Psychologist and Fellow of the British Psychological Society and Professor of Psychology at London College of Fashion, University of the Arts London where she established the world's only degree programmes to apply psychological science in the context of fashion. Carolyn is Chair of the British Psychological Society London and Home Counties branch. Please contact her at and follow her on Twitter @Carolyn_UK.

Fiona MacCallum (University of Warwick) is an Associate Professor of Developmental Psychology at the University of Warwick. She is interested in the development of body-image in adolescents, and how this is affected by factors such as self-compassion, celebrity interest, and media manipulation of images. Previous work has considered the pursuit of perfection with reference to infertility treatment and parents' attitudes towards gamete donors. Fiona is also co-grant holder of the AHRC research network grant 'The Changing Demands of Beauty' from January 2015 - June 2016. 

Edoardo Martinelli is a PhD Candidate in Philosophy at John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin (Poland). My main areas of research are manipulation and persuasion from a philosophical point of view. Among other issues I investigate the relationship between attitudes/values and behavior with the ethical consequences of such relationship. One perspective of such relationship might be found in the increasing of beauty standards and manipulation/persuasion. One of the questions I try to investigate is namely how the beauty (beauty surgery, extreme care of body appearance etc.) is linked to manipulation and persuasion. I argue here that we can find a manipulation in two ways: (1) people manipulate their bodies (2) through body (or appearance) modifications people manipulate others.

Melinna Martinez is founder of the ‘More Than Hair Project’ came from realizing that there is a need to share information on how to care for afro-textured hair. I didn't want to stop there, I also wanted to look into the underlying issues like self hate and insecurities so can get to the root of these issues and tackle them head on. We want to look at how afro hair in portrayed in the media with a focus on body image and why no one has thought to look at this issue as it pertains to us.

Herjeet Marway (University of Birmingham) is a lecturer in global ethics. My teaching and research relates to global issues in moral and political philosophy. I joined the department as a lecturer in 2014, and was a teaching fellow here in 2013/14. Before that I worked as a consultant in industry. My research interests are mainly in global gender justice, global bioethics, and relational autonomy.

Jean McHale (University of Birmingham) is Professor of Healthcare Law at the University of Birmingham and Director of the Centre for Health Law, Science and Policy. She is interested in the legal regulation of cosmetic procedures at both domestic and EU level and has a special interest in  relation to children and cosmetic surgery.

Maeve McKeown is a Junior Research Fellow in Political Theory at St Hilda's College, University of Oxford. She is writing a book on Iris Marion Young's theory of responsibility for global structural injustice. She is the convener of St Hilda's Feminist Salon and former co-editor of New Left Project.

Annabel Mednick (Artist). After ten years as a professional actor, Annabel concentrated on her painting. She won a commendation at the National Portrait Gallery's BP Portrait Awards, and has exhibited in France and Belgium, as well as at galleries in London, Cambridge, Southwold and Ipswich.  Annabel's figurative oil paintings usually address themes of light and space, depicting a figure to consider the quiet moments between events.  Her work hangs in many private collections.

Francesca Minerva (Ghent) is a FWO post-doctoral fellow, Bioethics Institute Ghent, Department of Philosophy and Moral Sciences, Ghent University. Her research project is on discrimination against unattractive people.

Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra (University of Edinburgh) is a bioethicsist a Chancellor's Fellow in the Legal and Ethical Aspects of Biomedicine. She works on global health, global ethics, gender justice ans social norms. Agomoni is interested in the concepts of exploitation and vulnerability, and  in applying approaches to justice to various topics in global health, including sex-selection, surrogacy and global health emergencies. 

Milly Morris is a second year PhD student at the University of Birmingham in the UK. Her thesis uses Foucault's theory of self-surveillance to explore representations of the fat/thin body, the dieting industry and fat activism. Milly's other research interests include reality TV, social media and discourses surrounding food. She is a regular contributor to the 'Feminist Academic Collective', a space for feminist rants and musings. When she isn't writing, she enjoys running, Game of Thrones and day-dreaming about owning a cat.

Ajmal Mubarik is a PhD Candidate at the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy in the University of Manchester School of Law. His research explores consent and regulation of cosmetic surgery, and the use of media and technology in healthcare.

Ng'endo Mukii holds an MFA from the Royal College of Art (UK), and a BFA from the Rhode Island School of Design (USA). She is based in Nairobi and travels internationally as an independent filmmaker and lecturer, as well as to participate in Artist Residencies. Her mixed-media films focus on the lived experiences of Africans on the continent and in the diaspora, and our sense of self in relation to continued globalization.These include Yellow Fever (2012), This Migrant Business (2015), Mtindo (2016), and Nairobi Berries (2017), which is her first 360 Virtual Reality film.

Alexandra Mullock (University of Manchester) is a Lecturer in Medical Law at the University of Manchester, and joined the School of Law in 2011 after completing her PhD at Manchester, which was funded by the AHRC project on the Impact of the Criminal Law on Health Care Practice and Ethics. Her research has primarily focused on end-of-life law and ethics, and criminal issues in health care law. This includes a forthcoming edited book (Fovargue and Mullock, The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment, Routledge, August 2015) in which Alex (with Danielle Griffiths) explores the medical exception and cosmetic surgery.

Therese Murphy (QUB). Thérèse's work focuses on human rights law and practice. She is particularly interested in questions concerning health and human rights, including both the human right to science and new health technologies and human rights. She is also interested in human rights method. And, together with Professor Noel Whitty from the University of Nottingham, she writes about criminology and human rights, with a particular focus on prisoners' rights.

Breana M Musella (University of Cambridge) is a current M.Phil student at The University of Cambridge ( Fitzwilliam College) Centre for Gender Studies. Before coming to Cambridge She received a Bachelors of Arts in Gender Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles. Research interests include feminism, disability and chronic illness studies,  appearance norms, beauty culture, cancer experiences, therapeutic interventions experiences. More specifically,  her current M.Phil research titled “Beautiful Cancer” examines the role that beauty standards play in influencing women and women's choices after diagnosis and during chemotherapy.

Carole Myers is a PhD researcher at the University of Manchester in the Department of Latin American Cultural Studies. She is currently researching the practice of aesthetic rhinoplasty among women with a "negroid nose" from Brazil's emerging middle-class. She has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Brazil, including interviews with plastic surgeons and women who have had or wish to have rhinoplasty surgery.  Her research interests link to beauty at the intersection of race, class and gender in Latin America. 

Rebecca Nash, (Web Science Institute, University of Southampton) is a PhD student at the Web Science Institute, University of Southampton, UK. Her research interests include feminist theories of the body, the role of the Web on body modification practices, and the politics of beauty.

Atefeh Omrani is a PhD student in breast health at St Mary’s University, Twickenham. She is also a member of the Research Group in Breast Health at the University of Portsmouth. Her PhD focus is on breast health and breast education, particularly for adolescent girls. She is keen to investigate the impact of breast health education on adolescent girls’ knowledge of breasts and breast health, sport and exercise participation, enjoyment and body image satisfaction.

Craig Owen (Anglia Ruskin University) is a Senior Lecturer at Anglia Ruskin University. His research draws on critical psychology and sociology and is underpinned by a range of qualitative methods. His PhD research focused on the performance of masculinities in capoeira and Latin and ballroom dance classes. Currently, he is collaborating on a number of research projects that explore the negotiation of gender identities in different social contexts. Recent publications and co-authored works include ‘How do men’s magazines talk about penises?’ (Journal of Health Psychology), ‘How do teen girls' magazines talk about breasts?’ (Feminism and Psychology) and ‘A Poststructuralist-informed Inclusive Masculinity Theory’ (Journal of Gender Studies).

Ruth Page is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of English Language and Applied Linguistics at the University of Birmingham. Her research focuses on how people tell stories in social media. She is  discursive construction of selfies (including ‘ugly selfies’) and their relational work in different social media sites.

James Partridge (Changing Faces)  is the Founder and Chief Executive of Changing Faces. The charity has, from the outset, been underpinned and informed by academic evidence and research.  It partnered the University of the West of England, Bristol, in setting up the first Centre for Appearance Research in 1998, which is now a fully-fledged research centre with 28 attached academics. The University recognised James’ contribution to academic research by granting him an Honorary Doctorate of Science in 1999.

Anco Peeters is a PhD Candidate in Philosophy of Mind at the University of Wollongong, Australia and works on functionalist and enactivist theories of cognition that strive to explain mind--technology interaction. For more info:

Aisha Phoenix is the postdoctoral researcher on the ‘Re/presenting Islam on Campus’ research project based at SOAS, University of London. Her research interests include: colourism, hierarchies of belonging, and Muslim women and the politics of dress. She tweets at @FirebirdN4.

Sara Reimers (Royal Holloway, University of London) is an AHRC Creative Economy Engagement Fellow at the Centre for Contemporary British Theatre.  Her Fellowship, which is a partnership with the Women’s Committee of Equity, explores actors’ experiences of aesthetic labour and the pressures they face in relation to their appearance.  This project builds on her AHRC-funded PhD research, which examined casting and the construction of femininity in contemporary stagings of Shakespeare’s plays.  Sara is also a theatre-maker and explores issues of gender and identity through her practice.

Sarah Riley is a Reader in Critical Psychology, exploring the psychological impact of neoliberalism, addressing questions of gender, embodiment, health, youth culture and citizenship. Her co-authored books include Critical Bodies (Palgrave/MacMillan, 2008), Doing Your Qualitative Research Project (Sage, 2012), Technologies of Sexiness: Sex, Identity and Consumer Culture(Oxford University Press, USA, 2014), and Postfeminism and Health (Routledge, 2018).

Martine Robson is a lecturer in Psychology at Aberystwyth University, UK. Her work uses poststructuralist theory to examine the ways in which people adopt, resist and transform dominant health discourses. Her current work focuses on how people in long-term relationships negotiate individualistic, neoliberal lifestyle advice.

Frankie Rogan is approaching the end of her PhD in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Birmingham, UK. Her research looks at the ways in which young British women use social media in the production of cultural and political identities against backdrops of neoliberalism and postfeminism. She has a particular interest in gendered analyses of both subculture and political activism. Other research projects include examining gendered narratives surrounding alcohol, “risk” and the night time economy, part of a larger project which was funded by the European Foundation for Alcohol Research. When not writing, she enjoys doing literally anything else.

Louise Rondel (Goldsmiths) is a MPhil/PhD student in sociology at Goldsmiths looking at hair and beauty salons and practices in south-east London as a way of exploring the mutual constitution of bodies and cities.

Nichola Rumsey (University of the West of England). Following the completion of a PhD on the psychology of facial disfigurement, Nichola Rumsey established The Centre for Appearance Research at the University of the West of England in 1992. The Centre now comprises 25 researchers, including world leaders in the fields of prevention and amelioration of appearance-related distress and dissatisfaction. Nichola is currently involved in a number of projects in the fields of cleft lip/palate, the screening and follow-up of patients seeking cosmetic procedures, the development of patient-centred outcome measures for people affected by burns, the impact of appearance dissatisfaction on intimate relationships and on-line interventions for young people with visible differences.

Lucy Russell (Central St Martins) lives and draws in London, having graduated in BA (Hons) Fine Art Printmaking from Winchester School of Art and a Printmaking MA from the Royal College of Art. Her practice explores the body, visual saturation, narcissism of small differences and the power of unconscious association framed by the consumption of fashion imagery and youth culture observed through, often, obsessive pencil drawings.

Deborah Sandler (Cosmetic Support). Cosmeticsupport is a non-profit, independent emotional support and information site (a patient association) for private elective cosmetic patients. This is necessary for patient safety in an unregulated industry. We do not encourage or discourage. We provide relevant psychotherapy support and independent information. We are members of HEE/NWL, APPG on Body Image among others.

Jackie Leach Scully is Professor of Social Ethics and Bioethics, and Executive Director of the Policy, Ethics and Life Sciences Research Centre, Newcastle University, UK. She has a longstanding interest in the ethics of embodiment, especially disabled or augmented bodies.

Victor Seidler (Goldsmiths University of London) has published extensively in the areas of social theory, ethics and gender, particularly in relation to men and masculinities. He is also interested in questions of ecology, postmodern identities and the relation of the holocaust to modernity.

Francoise Shenfield (UCL IRIS) is a Clinical Lecturer in Reproductive Health at the Institute for Women's Health.

Katrina Somers is a postgraduate philosophy student at the University of Birmingham studying for an MSc in Global Ethics. She also has a bachelor's degree in Sociology. Her academic interests lie with feminist philosophy, gender studies, the sociology of media and technology and their impact on individual identity. Her current master's dissertation will explore how society's aim for perfectionism regarding beauty standards is harmful towards women (and increasingly men), with a particular focus on anti-ageing and weight loss products. 

Hannah Stammers is a doctoral researcher in the Theology and Religion Department at the University of Birmingham, and a secondary school Religious Studies teacher.  Her current work on spirituality and anorexia nervosa looks at models of Christian femininity and the morality and beauty demands which they place on Christian women. 

Katerina Steventon is a skin scientist and writer - running an independent skincare practice - interested in facial appearance and well-being. I used to lecture on Appearance and Wellbeing within the Faculty of Health and Social Care, University of Hull and Hull/York Medical School. My work spans from writing about the skin/brain connection research to skincare recommendation to borderline facial skin conditions with evidence-based skincare. More info on (for the general public) or my professional profile on - Katerina Steventon on LinkedIN.

Viren Swami is Professor of Social Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University. His research on human appearance and body image is focused on the influence of culture on beauty ideals and practices, as well as the socio-political underpinnings of corporeal experiences. He is the author of The Missing Arms of Venus de Milo, The Psychology of Physical Attraction, and Attraction Explained: The Science of How We Form Relationships.

Shirley Anne Tate is Professor of Race and Education, Carnegie School of Education, Leeds Beckett University. She is particularly interested in exploring the intersections of 'raced' and gendered bodies, 'race' performativity, ‘mixed race’ and de-coloniality within the Black Atlantic diasporic context.

Lynn M. Thomas is a Professor of African History at the University of Washington, Seattle with adjunct appointments in Anthropology and Gender, Women & Sexuality Studies. Among other scholarship on gender and beauty, she was a co-editor of the volume ‘The Modern Girl Around the World: Consumption, Modernity, and Globalization’ (2008) and has published extensively on the history of skin lighteners in South Africa and beyond. Her most recent articles can be found in ‘Gender and History’ and ‘African Studies’. Her book, ‘Beneath the Surface: A Layered History of Skin Lighteners’, is forthcoming with Duke University Press in 2019.

Andrew Thompson is a Reader in Clinical Psychology at The University of Sheffield and a visiting Professor at the University of Hull -  He is registered as a Clinical Psychologist and as a Health Psychologist and works one day per week in the NHS.  His research interests focus upon adjustment to conditions that affect appearance, particularly skin conditions.  He is a co-author on a handbook on the provision of cognitive behavioural support in visible difference and has over 50 peer reviewed publications.  He is an advisor to The All Party UK Parliamentary Group on Skin and The Katie Piper Foundation. 

Laura Vandenbosch (PhD) is an assistant professor at the Leuven School for Mass Communication Research, University of Leuven (Belgium). The relationship between media and adolescent body image is the core subject of her research, leading to publications in several fields including femininity/masculinity, developmental psychology, sexology, body image, social relationships and communication theory. Currently, she is involved in several (international) research projects aimed to study how media may affect adolescent well-being by focusing on factors that have not been understood well, such as the role of a positive body image, self-objectification and sexuality.

Anna Westin (London School of Theology). Anna lectured and completed her PhD in existential phenomenology and addiction at St. Mary's University, and has also lectured at Richmond, the American University in London and LST. Her current research interests and publications explore ethics, healing, mental illness and pain. Anna has published in the Journal of Medical Ethics and the New Bioethics Journal, and is involved in community initiatives on creativity and justice. 

Candice Whitaker (Leeds Beckett University). I am a PhD student interested in body image and wellbeing in schoolboys. My research utilises participatory action based methods to explore schoolboy's experience and understanding of body image in their own words. With a particular focus on increasing masculine discourses of body image, my project aims to encourage critical engagement with social representations of embodied masculinities, in order to gain further understanding of the specific issues that adolescent boys may face.

Jennifer White (University of Southampton). PhD research: ‘Transitions into the Legal Labour Market: Exploring the Experiences of Graduates Entering the Legal Profession in 2015’. Research interests are pay-gap; transitions to work; legal profession; economic downturn; gendered work identities; embodiment; graduate employment; feminist economics; cosmetics industry; cosmetic surgery; carcinogenic beauty practices.

Hugh Whittall (Nuffield Council on Bioethics). Hugh oversees all areas of the Council’s work and contributes to its long-term strategy. Before taking the role of Director in February 2007, he held senior positions at the Department of Health, the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, and the European Commission.

Heather Widdows (University of Birmingham) works in the Philosophy Department at the University of Birmingham. She works on Global Ethics, Bioethics, Virtue Ethics and Feminist Theory. She is currently working on beauty as an ethical and increasingly global ideal and has a forthcoming book with Princeton University Press, Perfect me!, on the topic.

Verina Wild is a post doc researcher at the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich at the Institute of Ethics, History and Theory of Medicine. She works in the area of bioethics/public health ethics. Her main research interest is health in relation to vulnerability and justice. Working areas are for example: Hymen reconstruction, migrant health, drug research during pregnancy, mobile health technologies. 

Stephen Wilkinson (Lancaster University). Stephen's most recent research is on reproductive ethics and the regulation of reproductive technologies, especially the ethics of selective reproduction (practices that involve choosing between different possible future people).  A book on this topic (Choosing Tomorrow's Children, Oxford University Press) was published in 2010. A previous phase of work focussed on the commercial exploitation of the human body and culminated in his first book, Bodies for Sale (Routledge, 2003). He has also written on various other ethics topics including: biomedical research, conjoined twins, futility, mental illness, passive euthanasia, and resource allocation.

Dr Naomi Woodspring was a Research Fellow, University of the West of England as part of the Bristol Ageing Better project and is currently a Visiting Fellow. She is also a Fellow at the Schumacher Institute. Since completing her PhD in 2014 she has published two books – Baby Boomers, Time and Ageing Bodies and Baby Boomers, Age and Beauty. Prior to returning to university as a late life learner, she had her own consulting firm working with non-profit agencies and for-profit businesses seeking sustainable solutions to organisational and community challenges. She has also worked as a psychotherapist in a wide variety of settings from a managing a community prison project to Native American communities.

Katharine Wright (Nuffield Council on Bioethics) has been Assistant Director at the Nuffield Council for the past eight years, responsible for projects exploring the ethical aspects of dementia (2009), the donation of bodily material (2011), information-sharing in the context of donor conception (2013), children’s participation in clinical research (2015), and cosmetic procedures (ongoing). Before joining the Council she worked at the House of Commons, Department of Health and the NHS Litigation Authority in a variety of roles concerned with health policy, law and ethics.

Amelia Zadro is currently completing an undergraduate Psychology degree online through a university in Melbourne, I have also been working as a Model internationally for 5 years. I am very interested in bioethics in relation to the fashion/advertising industry and also the growing effects of social media in this area. I have a lot of personal knowledge from my experience of psychological issues experienced by women working within the fashion industry. I am very eager to participate in studies that are currently being conducted in this area in hope to learn what current research is exploring and so I can conduct proper studies myself in the future. I would also love to be a part of any discussions around issues in this area. Many people I work with have strong feelings around bioethical issues in fashion but are disconnected from the scientific research/factual side. I hope to learn as much as possible and work to minimise this gap and towards prompting change at a broader, functional and/or political level in education, laws and encouraging social norms that will promote self-acceptance and challenge the current body-image crisis in society.

Hannah Zeilig (University of the Arts London) works on how the arts and humanities can illuminate age and ageing, as well as the insights that can be gleaned from inter-disciplinary research. Throughout 2014 she pursued her interest in the cultural representation of age and ageing with the Cosmetic Science department at LCF. This has resulted in the project ‘Fine Lines’ in collaboration with Caroline Searing that investigates the language of cosmetic advertising (with a particular focus on cosmeceuticals) pre and post the introduction of botox. She has also curated an international two-day conference 'Mirror Mirror' (2013) at the London College of Fashion that queried representations of age and ageing.

Paquita de Zulueta (Imperial College London) is a part-time sessional GP in North West London and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer at Imperial College. She is also a qualified coach and cognitive behavioural therapist (CBT). She holds a wide-ranging portfolio of lectures, workshops, articles and book chapters in clinical ethics and currently teaches undergraduates, postgraduates and established practitioners at Imperial College and elsewhere. Her current interest is developing and sustaining compassion in healthcare and healthcare professionals’ wellbeing.