Professor Justin Waring

Health Services Management Centre
Professor of Medical Sociology & Healthcare Organisation

Contact details

School of Social Policy, HSMC
Park House
University of Birmingham
B15 2RT, United Kingdom

Justin Waring is Professor of Medical Sociology and Healthcare Organisation at the Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham. His research deals with the changing organisation and management of healthcare systems, and public services more broadly.

His primary interest is to understand how new organisational forms and processes interact with institutionalised professional practices, cultures and identitites; and how such institutional influences can both stimulate or stymie reform. He is interested in the application of social theory to different social, cultural and organisational contexts, as a means of both explaining social phenomena and extending theoretical rigour. The conceptual and theoretical foundations of hiswork involves making connections between medical and organisational sociology, sociology of the professions and public services management. He specialises in the use of ethnographic and mixed method research techniques. 

ORCID Profile


  • PhD, University of Nottingham
  • MSc
  • BA, University of Liverpool


Recent publications


Cribb, A, O'Hara, JK & Waring, J 2022, 'Improving responses to safety incidents: we need to talk about justice', BMJ Quality & Safety.

Fisher, RJ, Chouliara, N, Byrne, A, Cameron, T, Lewis, S, Langhorne, P, Robinson, T, Waring, J, Geue, C, Paley, L, Rudd, A & Walker, MF 2021, 'Large-scale implementation of stroke early supported discharge: the WISE realist mixed-methods study', Health Services and Delivery Research, vol. 9, no. 22, pp. 1-180.

Clarke, J, Waring, J, Bishop, S, Hartley, J, Exworthy, M, Fulop, N, Ramsay, AIG & Roe, B 2021, 'The contribution of political skill to the implementation of health services change: a systematic narrative and narrative synthesis', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 21, no. 1, 260 .

Petrakaki, D, Hilberg, E & Waring, J 2021, 'The cultivation of digital health citizenship', Social Science & Medicine, vol. 270, 113675.

Waring, J, Clarke, J & Vickers, R 2020, 'A comparative ethnographic study of collective knowledge brokering across the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic knowledge boundaries in applied health research', Evidence & Policy A Journal of Research Debate and Practice.

Aase, K & Waring, J 2020, 'Crossing Boundaries: Establishin a Framework for Researching Quality and Safety in Care Transitions', Applied Ergonomics.

Waring, J, Crompton, A, Overton, C & Roe, B 2020, 'Decentering health research networks: framing collaboration in the context of narrative incompatibility and regional geo-politics', Public Policy and Administration.

Waring, J, Roe, B, Crompton, A & Bishop, S 2020, 'The contingencies of medical restratification across inter-organisational care networks', Social Science and Medicine.

Keen, J, Abdulwahid, M, King, N, Wright, J, Randell, R, Gardner, P, Waring, J, Longo, R, Nikolova, S, Sloan, C & Greenhalgh, J 2020, 'The effects of interoperable information technology networks on patient safety: a realist synthesis', Health Services and Delivery Research.

Enhanced Peri-Operative Care for High-risk patients (EPOCH) trial group 2019, 'Effectiveness of a national quality improvement programme to improve survival after emergency abdominal surgery (EPOCH): a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial', The Lancet, vol. 393, no. 10187, pp. 2213-2221.

Bishop, S & Waring, J 2019, 'From boundary object to boundary subject; the role of the patient in coordination across complex systems of care during hospital discharge', Social Science & Medicine, vol. 235, 112370.

Waring, J & Bishop, S 2019, 'Health states of exception: unsafe non-care and the (inadvertent) production of bare life in complex care transitions', Sociology of Health and Illness, pp. 1-20.

Tyler, N, Wright, N & Waring, J 2019, 'Intervention to improve discharge from acute adult mental health inpatient care to community: systematic review and narrative synthesis', BMC Health Services Research.


Keen, J, Greenhalgh, J, Randall, R, Gardner, P & Waring, J 2019, 'Networked information technologies and patient safety: a protocol for a realist synthesis', BMC Systematic Reviews.


Bevir, M, Needham, C & Waring, J 2019, 'Inside co-production: ruling, resistance, and practice', Social Policy and Administration, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 197-202.

View all publications in research portal