Dr Lloyd Brown

Dr Lloyd Brown

Birmingham Law School

Contact details

Office 1112 Frankland Building, Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Lloyd researches in the areas of property law and environmental law.  Prior to his appointment as Lecturer in Law, Lloyd was a Teaching Fellow and Visiting Lecturer at the University of Birmingham.  He has also held teaching positions at Cardiff University, of which he is an alumnus.


  • LLB, Cardiff University, 2011
  • PhD, Cardiff University, 2015
  • PGCHE, University of Birmingham, expected 2020


Lloyd is an alumnus of Cardiff University and graduated LLB Hons in 2011.  In September 2011 Lloyd was awarded a prestigious Knowledge Economy Skills Scholarship (KESS) to carry out doctoral research in the area of environmental law.  He successfully defended his PhD thesis, titled Banks and Secured Lending: Environmental Risks and Due Diligence, in July 2015.  In September 2018 he designed and taught an English Legal System module at Beijing Normal University (BNU) as a Visiting Lecturer.


  • Environmental Energy Law, LLM
  • Equity and Trusts, LLB
  • Foundation Law 10 and 20 credits, Birmingham International Academy
  • Legal Connections, LLB
  • Legal Skills and Methods, LLB

Postgraduate supervision

My research interests lie in the area of environmental law, and particularly in respect to land pollution. For example, my doctoral research analysed the impact that Part IIA of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, otherwise known as the "contaminated land regime", had on UK banks. Thus, I am also interested in how environment-related risks affect the financial markets generally, together with how risks impact and drive financial institutions' appetite to manage non-financial risks through the provision of due diligence techniques in their day-to-day loan finance activities. I have also researched and written on how the age of austerity and Brexit may have detrimentally affected the ability for environmental regulation and regimes to carry out their objectives.

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


His interests lie generally in the laws that regulate real property, the financial markets and the environment.  In particular, he has focused on how the contaminated land regime, as statutorily enforced by Part IIA of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, has affected commercial loan finance in UK banks.  Through semi-structured interviews with “elite” banking respondents, his doctoral research collected empirical data which identified the environmental risks that may presently impact bank lenders, together with the due diligence techniques that lenders have developed to obviate such non-financial risks.  Lloyd has also written articles on the soil pollution regimes in the USA and China and has assessed the impact of austerity and Brexit on the enforcement of Part IIA in England and Wales.  His interests in this area also led him to write about environmental issues during corporate insolvencies.  Furthermore, having taught Equity and Trusts Law for several years, Lloyd has also written on the role that pension funds have in assessing Environmental Social Governance (ESG) risks during their investment decisions and the extent to which non-financial risks should be perceived as financially material risks.  He is also interested in legal history and is researching the Doctors’ Commons.  Further publications, by doctrinal and empirical methods, are what Lloyd seeks to achieve.


Recent publications


Brown, L 2020, 'Cowan v Scargill and the fiduciary duty of investment: has the nature of the investment duty changed and what is currently driving “socially responsible investing” in pension schemes?', Trusts & Trustees.

Brown, L 2019, 'Towards "Green" Trusteeship: new statutory amendments for occupational pension trustees', Trusts & Trustees, pp. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/tandt/ttz095

Brown, L 2019, 'What's the lender liability risk for soil pollution in the People's Republic of China? An evaluation of China's new Soil Pollution and Control Law in the light of the USA and UK regimes', Environmental Law Review, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 173-188. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461452919862972

Brown, L 2018, 'Bad debt and green issues: managing environmental risks in borrowers' corporate insolvencies', Environmental Law Review, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 137-150. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461452918789873

Brown, L 2016, 'The contaminated land regime and austerity', International Journal of Law in the Built Environment, pp. 210-225. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJLBE-11-2015-0019

Brown, L 2015, 'Land pollution, environmental risks and bank lending: An empirical analysis', Environmental Law Review, pp. 237-251.


Brown, L 2019, '‘He that toucheth pitch shall be defiled therewith’: 1Challenges for Contaminated Land Remediation after Brexit', Environmental Law Review, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 3-5. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461452919833852

View all publications in research portal


Contaminated land