Professor Moataz Attallah BSc, MSc, PhD, AHEA

Dr Moataz Attallah

School of Metallurgy and Materials
Professor of Advanced Materials Processing
REF2021 Lead, Metallurgy & Materials

Contact details

Address
School of Metallurgy and Materials
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
UK

Professor Moataz Attallah holds a chair in advanced materials processing. He received his PhD in metallurgy and materials science from the University of Birmingham (2007), BSc (highest honours) and MSc degrees from the American University in Cairo (AUC) Egypt, in mechanical engineering, and materials/manufacturing engineering respectively. Following his PhD, Moataz worked as a research fellow at the University of Manchester Materials Science Centre from January 2007, prior to his appointment as a lecturer at the School of Metallurgy and Materials at the University of Birmingham in June 2010.

His research over the past 17 years focuses on developing a metallurgical understanding of the material-process interaction in advanced manufacturing processes (additive manufacturing, powder processing, friction joining, and superplastic forming) of metallic materials, focusing on the process impact on the microstructure and structural integrity development. His research is conducted through research partnerships with Rolls-Royce plc, MBDA, European Space Agency (ESA), ITP, Aero Engine Controls, Johnson-Matthey, BAE Systems, TWI, Safran group companies (Safran Power Units/MicroTurbo and Safran Landing Systems/Messier-Bugatti Dowty), Meggitt, Honda R&D, IHI Corporation, Prima Power (Italy), M&I Materials, Magnetic Shields Limited, the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC), and Guangdong Academy of Sciences (GDAS).

He co-authored over 100 journal and conference papers, 2 book chapters, and is a co-inventor on 8 patent applications.

His current grant portfolio as a PI includes 2 EU/H2020 projects, 5 industrial projects (with Safran Group, Honda R&D, MBDA, European Space Agency, and GDAS/China), 1 EPSRC, in addition to being a Co-I on 4 EPSRC projects, and previously leading 4 FP7, 1 KTP, and 3 industrial projects, with a career total grant income of £ 8M as a PI. He has published over 90 journal and conference papers and 2 book chapters (h-index: 23), in addition to being a co-inventor for 7 patent applications. He has given keynote and invited talks in conferences, universities, and research centres in the USA, Japan, Germany, China, Italy, Finland, Australia, Singapore, Mexico, and Egypt. His awards include the UK Ministry of Defence and the French Delegation Generale pour l’Armement Award in 2013, and the Safran Group Innovation Prize in 2014.

Moataz also serves as the academic leader for netshape manufacturing theme at the Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC).

Podcast: 3D printing – the future of construction? – Dr Moataz Attallah

Qualifications

  • Associate Module in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, The University of Birmingham, 2012.
  • PhD (Metallurgy & Materials Science), University of Birmingham, 2007 (Degree conferred 2008).
  • MSc (Materials & Manufacturing), The American University in Cairo, 2003.
  • BSc Hons (Mechanical Engineering), The American University in Cairo (Egypt), 2001.

Biography

Professor Moataz Attallah - Professor of Advanced Materials Processing

Moataz was born in Egypt, attending Orman Experimental Language School in Giza. He received his BSc (highest honours) and MSc in mechanical and materials/manufacturing engineering, 2001 and 2003 respectively, from the American University in Cairo, Egypt.

He went on to study for a PhD in Metallurgy and Materials Science from the University of Birmingham between 2003 and 2007. He then worked as a research fellow between January 2007 and June 2010 at the, University of Manchester’s School of Materials with Prof. Michael Preuss. He was a member of the Stress & Damage Characterisation Unit (led by Professor Phil Withers), which is the largest research group in Europe with a research portfolio focused on neutron and synchrotron x-ray diffraction. During that period, Moataz had a brief spell at Osaka University in Japan, where he worked on in-situ confocal microscopy in Prof. Komizo’s laboratory.

From June 2010, he returned to the University of Birmingham as a lecturer in advanced materials processing. He was appointed to a chair in advanced materials processing in August 2014. He leads the Advanced Materials and Processing Lab (AMPLab).

Moataz is also the academic theme leader for near net shape manufacturing theme for the Catapult’s Manufacturing Technology Centre (MTC). MTC provides an environment in which world-class providers of research and development in key manufacturing technologies work alongside high-value manufacturing industries in transferring and exchanging knowledge focussed on delivering user-driven advanced manufacturing solutions.

Teaching

EngD modules:

  • Physical Metallurgy in Titanium and Nickel (with Dr. Hector Basoalto)
  • Netshape Manufacturing

Undergraduate modules:

  • Fundamentals of Materials-Shaping (1FoM-b)
  • Contributions to 1DPs, 3AMP, and other modules.

Postgraduate supervision

PhD Students:

  • Rachel Jennings: Hybrid processing of Ni-superalloys using hot isostatic pressing and laser powder bed (funded by IHI Corporation).
  • Amanda Field: Development and additive manufacturing of fusion reactor components (funded by UKAEA/ICase award).
  • Bonnie Attard: Microstructural control in laser powder bed fusion of Ni-superalloys (funded by DSTL/ICase award).
  • Abdullah Al-Huzaim: Microstructural control in direct laser deposition of Ni-superalloys (funded by the Saudi Royal Commission for Al-Jubail).
  • Alessandro Sergi: Powder hot isostatic pressing of Ni-superalloys (funded by TWI).
  • Hollie Baker: Additive manufacturing of PGM-modified TiNi alloys (funded by Johnson Matthey).
  • Zhu Nan: Friction joining for the transportation industry (funded by Guangdong Municipal Government).
  • Richard Harlow (part-time): Shielding effects in direct laser deposition of Ti-alloys (funded by Rolls-Royce plc).
  • Ranxi Duan: Development of low-modulus Ti-alloys using additive manufacturing (funded by Sustec).
  • Peng Chen: Additive manufacturing of high entropy alloys (funded by Sustec).
  • Weihuan Kong: Additive manufacturing of drug-delivering implants.

EngD Students

  • Richard Ashwell: Novel friction joining technologies (funded by the MTC).
  • Riccardo Tosi: Enhancing productivity in additive manufacturing (funded by the MTC).

Research visitors:

Dr. Di Wang, South China University of Technology (SCUT).
Mr. Chaolin Tan, Guangdong Academy of Sciences.

Research

RESEARCH THEMES

  • Laser Net Shape Fabrication (using blown powder and powder laser bed).
  • Additive manufacturing of stents and drug-delivering implants.
  • Additive manufacturing of soft magnets.
  • Solid-Solid and Liquid-Solid Phase Transformations due to Friction-based Welding (linear friction, inertia, and friction stir) and laser fabrication (blown powder and laser bed) of Ti, Al, Ni, and ferrous alloys.
  • Residual Stress, Micromechanics, and phase transformations Characterisation using Neutron and Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction.
  • Phase Transformations in Ti-Alloys and Ni-superalloys.
  • In-Situ Observation of the Phase Transformations in Metallic Materials using High Temperature Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy.
  • Comparative Quantitative Microstructural Characterisation using electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction for structure-property modelling.
  • Severe Plastic Deformation in Al-Alloys: the consolidation behaviour of nanocrystalline powders, in combination with subsequent equal channel angular processing.
  • Plastic Deformation and Recrystallisation in Al-alloys.
  • Alloy development

RESEARCH ACTIVITY

The current projects are available under the student supervision section. Some of the topics include:

  • Mitigation of Cracking due to Laser Bed Fabrication of Nickel-base superalloys.
  • Microstructural Characteristics of Direct Laser Deposition (DLD) products in steels, Ni-superalloys, and Ti alloys.
  • Friction Welding of Titanium and Nickel Superalloys: Microstructural and Residual Stress Development.
  • Netshape Powder HIPping of Nickel Superalloys.
  • Laser Powder Bed Fabrication of Metallic Materials.
  • Combinatorial Synthesis of Titanium-based Alloys

Other activities

Moataz is the Chief Scientific Officer of Amphora Metallicus, a commercial trading division operating under Birmingham Enterprise (UoB’s technology commercialisation company), focusing on advanced manufacturing. The company has undertaken projects with companies in the nuclear, aerospace, space, and materials processing sectors.

Outreach

Moataz was selected as the face of the British Science Festival 2014 at the University of Birmingham, featuring on the festival brochures and street adverts. Moataz delivered talks in science festivals and schools on his research and on being a materials scientist.

Publications

Full list of publications can be found on Google Scholar:

  • P Bidare, I Bitharas, RM Ward, MM Attallah, AJ Moore. Fluid and particle dynamics in laser powder bed fusion. Acta Materialia 142, 107-120, 9, 2018.
  • S Irukuvarghula, H Hassanin, C Cayron, MM Attallah, D Stewart, M Preuss. Evolution of grain boundary network topology in 316L austenitic stainless steel during powder hot isostatic pressing. Acta Materialia 133, 269-281, 2017.
  • XQ Wang, LN Carter, B Pang, MM Attallah, MH Loretto: Microstructure and Yield Strength of SLM Fabricated CM247LC Ni-Superalloy. Acta Materialia 128, 87-95, 2017.
  • J Wu, XQ Wang, W Wang, MM Attallah, MH Loretto: Microstructure and Strength of Selectively Laser Melted AlSi10Mg. Acta Materialia 117, 311-320, 2016.
  • C Qiu, NJE Adkins, MM Attallah: Selective Laser Melting of Invar 36: Microstructure and Properties. Acta Materialia 103, 382-395, 2016.
  • S Li, H Hassanin, MM Attallah, NJE Adkins, K Essa: The Development of TiNi-based Negative Poisson's Ratio Structure using Selective Laser Melting. Acta Materialia 105, 75-83, 2016.
  • J Romero, MM Attallah*, M Preuss, M Karadge, PJ Withers, and SE Bray: Effect of the Forging Pressure on the Microstructure and Residual Stress Development in Ti-6Al-4V Linear Friction Welds. Acta Materialia 57 (10), 5582–5592, 2009.

View all publications in research portal

Expertise

Metallic materials used in aerospace; characterising their properties and manufacturing processes, especially friction welding and laser powder fabrication

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