Dr Alessio Gallina PT, PhD

Dr Alessio Gallina

School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Lecturer in Musculoskeletal Pain and Rehabilitation

Dr Gallina’s research focuses on neuromuscular adaptation to musculoskeletal pain and rehabilitation. He is specifically interested in understanding whether and how neuromechanical impairments have a role in the onset and maintenance of pain in chronic musculoskeletal disorders. His work combines electrophysiological and biomechanical techniques to study human movement in people with and without musculoskeletal disorders, and with experimentally-induced pain. The long-term goal of Dr Gallina’s research is to identify key neuromechanical features that are clinically relevant for the prevention and rehabilitation of musculoskeletal disorders.


  • BSc Physiotherapy, Universita’ degli Studi di Torino, Italy
  • MSc Exercise, Testing and Research in Rehabilitation Medicine, Universita’ di Pisa, Italy
  • PhD Rehabilitation Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada


Dr Gallina graduated in Physiotherapy in 2009. He started his research career working as a research coordinator for the Laboratory for Engineering of the Neuromuscular System in Torino. In these years, he learnt how to use high-density electromyography and became interested in neuromuscular control, while completing a MSc in Exercise, Testing and Research in Rehabilitation Medicine. In 2013 he moved to Vancouver, Canada, to pursue his PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences on the effects of clinical and experimental knee pain on the regional activation within the vasti muscles. He further developed his skills in electrophysiology and techniques for stimulation of sensory afferents in his postdoc in Kinesiology at the University of British Columbia. In May 2019 Dr Gallina started a position as a Lecturer in the School of Sports, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, within the Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain.


Dr Gallina contributes to modules within the Physiotherapy Programmes

Postgraduate supervision

Dr Gallina is interested in supervising master and PhD students in the following areas:

  • Neuromuscular control
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Rehabilitation
  • Techniques for electrophysiology
  • Neuromechanics
If you are interested in any of the topics above, please contact Dr Gallina at the contact details above.


Research interests:

  • Neuromechanical adaptation to clinical and experimental pain
  • Neuromechanical predictors of musculoskeletal pain onset and maintenance
  • Electrophysiological techniques and neuromuscular control

Other activities

Society Memberships:

  • International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology (2014 - present)
  • International Society of Biomechanics (2011-2014, 2017 - present)
  • Societá Italiana Fisioterapia (2010-present)

Editorial board memberships:

  • Frontiers in Integrative Physiology
  • Archives of Physiotherapy

Reviewer activities:

  • Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, Muscle & Nerve, Frontiers in Physiology, Human Movement Science, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, Medicine Science Sports Exercise, Multiple Sclerosis Related Disorders, Journal of Neurophysiology, PLOS One, Applied Physiology Nutrition Metabolism, Clinical Biomechanics, Biomedical Engineering Online, Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Clinical Physiology Functional Imaging, Archives of Physiotherapy



  • Miller KJ, Gallina A, Ivanova TD, Snow NJ, Neva JL, Ledwell NM, Zhao ZG, Menon C, Boyd LA, Garland SJ. The effect of combining repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation with robot-assisted movement training on voluntary wrist muscle activation following stroke. Clinical Neurophysiology, 2019, 130:1271:9.
  • Gallina A, Wakeling J, Hodges PW, Hunt MA, Garland SJ. Regional Vastus Medialis and Lateralis Activation in Females with Patellofemoral Pain. Medicine Science Sports Exercise, 2019, 51:411:20.
  • Gallina A, Salomoni SE, Hall L, Tucker K, Garland SJ, Hodges PW. Location specific responses to nociceptive input support the purposeful nature of pain adaptation. PAIN, 2018, 159:2192-200.
  • Gallina A, Garland SJ, Wakeling JM. Identification of regional activation by factorization of high-density surface EMG signals: A comparison of Principal Component Analysis and Non-negative Matrix factorization. Journal of Electromyography Kinesiology, 2018 Aug;41:116-123.
  • Garland SJ, Gallina A, Pollock CL, Ivanova TD. Effect of standing posture on inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in gastrocnemius motoneurons. Journal of Neurophysiology, 2018 Jul 1;120(1):263-271.
  • Gallina A, Render J, Santos J, Shah H, Taylor D, Tomlin T, Garland SJ. Influence of knee joint position and sex on vastus medialis regional architecture. Applied Physiology Nutrition Metabolism, 2018, 43(6): 643-646.
  • Gallina A, Hunt MA, Hodges PW, Garland SJ. Vastus lateralis motor unit firing rate is higher in females with patellofemoral pain. Archives Physical Medicine Rehabilitation, 2018; 99(5):907-913.
  • Gallina A, Blouin JS, Ivanova TI, Garland SJ. Regionalization of the stretch reflex in the human vastus medialis. The Journal of Physiology, 2017; 595(14):4991–5001
  • Neva JL, Gallina A, Peters S, Garland SJ, Boyd LA. Differentiation of motor evoked potentials elicited from multiple forearm muscles: an investigation with high-density surface electromyography. Brain Research, 2017; 1676:91-99.
  • Cabral H, Souza LM, Mello RGT, Gallina A, de Oliveira LF, Vieira TM. Is the firing rate of motor units represented in different vastus medialis regions modulated similarly during isometric contractions? Muscle & Nerve, 2018; 57(2):279-286.
  • Pollock CL, Carpenter MC, Hunt MA, Gallina A, Vieira TMM, Ivanova TD, Garland SJ. Physiological arousal accompanying postural responses to external perturbations after stroke. Clinical Neurophysiology, 2017; 128(6):935-944.
  • Gallina A, Peters S, Neva JL, Boyd L, Garland SJ. Selectivity of conventional electrodes for recording motor evoked potentials: an investigation with high-density surface electromyography. Muscle & Nerve 2017; 55(6):828-834.
  • Gallina A, Ivanova TD, Garland SJ. Regional activation within the vastus medialis in stimulated and voluntary contractions. Journal of Applied Physiology 2016; 121(2):466-77.
  • Gallina A, Pollock CL, Vieira TMM, Ivanova TD, Garland SJ. Between-day reliability of triceps surae responses to standing perturbations in people post-stroke and healthy controls: A high-density surface EMG investigation. Gait & Posture 2016; 44:103-9.
  • Gallina A, Vieira TMM. Territory and fiber orientation of vastus medialis motor units: a surface electromyography investigation. Muscle & Nerve 2015; 52(6):1057-65.
  • Gallina A, Botter A. Spatial localization of electromyographic amplitude distributions associated to the activation of dorsal forearm muscles. Frontiers Physiology (Integrative) 2013; 4:367.
  • Gallina A, Merletti R, Gazzoni M. Innervation zone of the vastus medialis muscle: position and effect on surface EMG variables. Physiological Measures 2013; 34(11):1411-22.
  • Gallina A, Ritzel CH, Merletti R, Vieira T. Do surface electromyograms provide physiological estimates of conduction velocity from the medial gastrocnemius muscle? Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2013; 23(2):319-25.
  • Gallina A, Merletti R, Gazzoni M. Uneven spatial distribution of surface EMG: what does it mean? European Journal of Applied Physiology 2013; 113(4):887-94.
  • Gallina A, Merletti R, Vieira T. Are the myoelectric manifestations of fatigue distributed regionally in the human medial gastrocnemius muscle? Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2011; 21(6):929-38.


  • Gallina A, Gazzoni M, Falla D, Merletti R. (2016). Surface EMG Biofeedback. In: Merletti R and Farina D, Surface Electromyography: Physiology, Engineering, and Applications, 1st ed. John Wiley and Sons, pp.485-500.

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