Dr Stefan Krause

Senior Lecturer in Water Sciences

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences

Stefan Krause

Contact details

University of Birmingham
B15 2TT


Dr Stefan Krause is a Senior Lecturer in Water Sciences in the School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences. His research investigating the impacts of global environmental change on hydrological fluxes, biogeochemical cycling and ecohydrological feedback functions in complex landscapes with coupled groundwater-surface water systems.

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09/2008 – 08/2009:  Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

04/2005:  Dissertation: Dr. rer. nat.

  • PhD thesis:  ”Modelling water balance and nutrient dynamics in a groundwater-influenced catchment of the Havel River“ (in German)

10/2000 – 03/2005:  PhD student at the Institute for Geo-ecology, University of Potsdam

09/2000:  Diploma in Geo-ecology

11/1999 – 08/2000:  Research visit and diploma thesis at the Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB), Berlin, Germany, Supervisors: Prof. G. Nuetzmann, Prof. A. Bronstert

  • Dissertation: “Investigation of subsurface runoff processes in the vadose zone and ground water in the ’North German Lowlands’ using simulation models“ (in German)

10/1995 – 09/2000:  Studies of Geo-ecology at University of Potsdam, German


01/2012:  Senior Lecturer in Water Sciences, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK

10/2007 – 01/2012:  Lecturer in Environmental Geoscience at the School of Physical and Geographical Sciences, Keele University, UK

04/2006 – 10/2007:  Research Fellow at the “Centre for Sustainable Water Management” of the “Lancaster Environmental Centre”, University of Lancaster, (Fellowship of the German Research Council “Hyporheic Zone Processes - Understanding the role of the dynamic impacts of hyporheic zone processes on water balance and nutrient dynamics at the groundwater - surface water interface”)

09/2005 – 04/2006:  Postdoctoral Research Associate at the “Centre for Sustainable Water Management” of the “Lancaster Environmental Centre”, University of Lancaster

07/2005 – 09/2005:  Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Potsdam, Germany 

05/2005 - 07/2005:  Postdoctoral Research Associate at the “Centre for Sustainable Water Management” of the “Lancaster Environmental Centre”, University of Lancaster

10/2000 – 03/2005:   Research Assistant at the Department of Climatology & Hydrology, University of Potsdam, Germany (from 01/2002 – 03/2005 employed in joint research project “River Basin Management at the Havel-River”)

01/1999 – 09/1999:  Student Research Assistant at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research


MSc - Hydrogeology:

  • Surface water Interactions
  • Groundwater Management and Exploration
  • Environmental Geophysics
  • Hydrogeology Dissertations

MSc River and Environmental Management:

  • Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions

UG Env. Earth Sciences:

  • Natural Hazards
  • Resources of the Earth
  • Engineering Geology
  • Geology Topics
  • Env. Geoscience Dissertations

Postgraduate supervision

Silvia Folegot (2014 - ) "Prediction of drought impacts on thermal and water quality extremes" funded by European Climate Knowledge and Innovation Community (EIT - Climate KIC), co-supervisors: D.M. Hannah and W. Buytaert (Imperial College London)

Xiaotong Huang (2014 - ) ”The impact of Large Woody Debris on groundwater – surface water exchange and nutrient attenuation in lowland streams”, co-supervisors: D.M. Hannah

Roswen Leonard (2013 - ) “The ecohydrological functioning of the Canadian Western Boreal Plain and its response to wildfire” NERC funded. co-supervisors:  N. Kettridge

Rebwar Nasir (2013 - ) "Geophysical methods for identifying streambed structural heterogeneity and implications for groundwater-surface water exchange flow" Scholarship of the Kurdish-Iraqi Government, co-supervisors:  M. Rivett

Liliana Rose (2012-) "Combining novel tracer approaches and coupled groundwater-surface water models for quantifying patterns of aquifer-river exchange at sub-catchment scales" NERC funded, co-supervisors: D.M. Hannah, J. Fleckenstein (UFZ Leipzig)

Muneera Alharbi (2012-) "Impact of climate change on water resources in Saudi Arabia. Scholarship of the Saudi-Arabian Government",  co-supervisors: D.M. Hannah, M. Widmann

Safieh Javadinejad (2012-) "Improved river basin management and adaption strategies through better understanding of climate change impacts", co-supervisors: D.M. Hannah, M. Widmann

Abdul AlJuhani (09/2012 - ) “Water resource management of urban aquifers and wadi systems in Rhiyadh, Saudi Arabia”, co-supervisors:  J. Tellam

John Weatherill (2010-) "Novel approaches for tracing multi-component reactive transport and contaminant transformation patterns at aquifer-river interfaces" Environment Agency, Keele EPSAM, co-supervisors: Kevin Voyce (Environment Agency), Nigel Cassidy (Keele University), Sami Ullah (Keele University)

Amir Levy (2010-) "The effect of glacier fluctuation on shallow hydrogeological systems of glaciers in South East Iceland" Keele EPSAM, co-supervisors: Z. Robinson (Keele University), R. Waller (Keele University)


Dr. Krause’s research investigating the impacts of global environmental change on hydrological fluxes, biogeochemical cycling and ecohydrological feedback functions in complex landscapes with coupled groundwater-surface water systems. His work particularly focuses on the analysis and quantification of multi-component reactive transport processes at aquifer-river interfaces and how these are influenced by changes in land-use and climate.

This research combines novel modelling techniques with the development of innovative experimental technologies for investigating the interlinked cycling of nutrients and reactive transport of contaminants. He is applying novel distributed sensor network technology together with reactive “smart tracers” for investigating the efficiency of interconnected nitrogen and carbon cycling in reactive “hot-spots” and “hot-moments” at aquifer-river interfaces in dependency of microbial metabolic activity and carbon respiration rates. Moreover, he is developing adaptive modelling strategies for coupled simulation of groundwater and surface water flow at catchments scale which are applied for analysing the implications of environmental change on water transport and nutrient conditions in groundwater and surface waters.

In addition to reactive transport and transformation in coupled groundwater-surface water systems, Dr. Krause’s research interests extend to the ecohydrological implications of nutrient cycling and contaminant transport at aquifer-river interfaces as well as the development of management strategies and political instruments to promote the attenuation potential in these systems.

Dr Krause has  more than ten years experience in leadership and management of interdisciplinary international research projects in ecohydrological process dynamics and biogeochemical cycling at groundwater-surface water interfaces, and a strong record in securing external research funding (> £4.5M by NERC, EPSRC, EU-FP7, RGS-IBG, Environment Agency, Leverhulme Trust, Climate-KIC - EIT, Leibnitz Association, DFG – German Science Foundation).

Current and ongoing research projects include: 

  • Where rivers, groundwater and disciplines meet: a hyporheic research network. Leverhulme Trust International Network Grant (Principal Investigator; 2013-2016,  £108,574; together with J. Zarnetske (Michigan State University), A. Ward (University of Iowa), S. Larned (NIWA), E. Marty (CSIC-CEAB), T. Datry (IRSTEA), J. Fleckenstein, C. Schmidt (UFZ-Leipzig) and A. Milner (UoB))

  • Active Distributed Temperature Sensing for high-resolution fluid-flow monitoring in boreholes. NERC TECHNOLOGY PROOF OF CONCEPT (Co-Investigator; 2015-2015, £153,806; together with V. Bense (UEA, PI) and J. Selker (OSU))

  • Prediction of drought impacts on thermal and water quality extremes. European Climate Knowledge and Innovation Community (EIT - Climate KIC) PhD studentship programme (Principal Investigator, together with D.M. Hannah and W. Buytaert (Imperial College London), 2013-2016, £104,381)

  • INTERFACES - Ecohydrological interfaces as critical hotspots for transformations of ecosystem exchange fluxes and biogeochemical cycling. (Principal Investigator and Coordinator, FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN, 2013-2017, 3.8M €)

  • Senior Visiting Fellowship at the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany (Principal Investigator 2013 - 2015, 18,000 €)

  • Smart tracers and distributed sensor networks for quantifying the metabolic activity in streambed reactivity hotspots (Principal Investigator, NERC-NE/I016120/1, 2011-2012, £64,800)

  • Risk assessment and potential for attenuation of Trichloroethylene in hyporheic sediments (Principal Investigator, Environment Agency, EPSAM, 2010-2013, £45,000)

  • Developing the use of redox sensitive tracers for quantifying metabolic activity in stream sediments Jacob Blaustein Fund, Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research (Principal Investigator, £2,200)

Other activities

  • Ecohydrology Journal: Editorial board member since 2011
  • Frontiers in Hydrosphere: Editorial Board member since 2013
  • Wires Water: International Advisory Board member since 2013
  • Grundwasser: Associate Editor since 2013
  • Water Resources Research: Guest editor for the special issue on: New modelling approaches and novel experimental technologies for improved understanding of process dynamics at aquifer-surface water interfaces (2013),
  • Ecohydrology: Guest editor for the special issue on: “Hydrology – Ecology Interfaces” 4 (4) (2011),
  • Advances in Water Research: Guest editor for the the special issue on: “Large scale interactions between rivers and aquifers” 33 (11) (2010),
  • Hydrological Processes: Guest editor for the the special issue on: “Hyporheic Zone Hydrology - Processes at the groundwater - surface water interface” 23 (13) (2009)
  • Supervision of visiting research students: Project management, coordination and supervision of EU funded (Leonardo Programme) visiting research students and visiting PhD students
  • Committee Member of the European Geoscience Union Sub-Divisions on Eco-Hydrology, Wetlands & Estuaries and Catchment Hydrology
  • Consultancy activities for international industry projects including: Underground Coal Gasification Partnership (UCGP, Coal India, Clean Coal UK, European Commission), German water resources in a changing climate (German Weather Service)
  • Memberships: European Geoscience Union (EGU), American Geoscience Union (AGU), International Association for Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH), International Commission on Ground Water (ICGW), International Commission on Water Quality (ICWQ), British Hydrological Society (BHS), Institute for Civil Engineers (ICE), Underground Coal Gasification Association (UCGA), UK Higher Education Academy, H2O-e.V. Charity for water resource management in developing countries


More than 90 scientific publications, including 44 peer-reviewed journal papers:

Scientific publications (peer reviewed):

  1. Gomez J.D., Krause S., Wilson J.L. Effect of low-permeability layers on spatial patterns of hyporheic exchange and groundwater upwelling. Water Resources Research (in review)
  2. Krause S., Klaar M., Hannah D.M., Trimmer M. J. Mant, S. Manning-Jones. The potential      of Large Woody Debris to enhance key ecosystem services in lowland rivers. Wires Water. accepted subject to minor revisions
  3. Ascott M., Krause S., Sage R. Refining Conceptual and Numerical Groundwater Models in Areas of Complex Superficial Geology for Abstraction Impact Assessment: A Case Study from the Upper Colne Catchment, UK. Hydrogeology Journal (in review)
  4. Tristram D., Levy A., Krause S., Weatherill J., Waller R., Robinson Z. Estimating groundwater recharge to an Icelandic lake with dynamically declining water level by Fibre-optic DTS. Freshwater Sciences (in review)
  5. Levy A., Robinson Z., Krause S., Waller R. Long-term variability of pro-glacial groundwater-fed systems in an area of glacial retreat, Skeiðarársandur, SE Iceland. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. major revisions
  6. Krause S., Boano F., Cuthbert M., Fleckenstein J., Lewandowski J. (2013). New Modelling Approaches and Novel Experimental Technologies for Improved Understanding of Process Dynamics at Aquifer-Surface Water Interfaces. Water Resources Research. accepted subject to minor revisions
  7. Pinay G., Peiffer S., Krause S., Hannah D.M., Fleckenstein J., Sébilo M. Bishop K., Hubert-Moy L. (2013). Upscaling nitrogen removal capacity from riparian zone to the landscape scale:
    A new framework. Ecosystems, Accepted subject to moderate revisions
  8. Krause S., Freer J., Hannah D.M., Howden N., Wagner T., Worral F. (2013). Transferring Catchment Similarity Concepts to Classifications of Dynamic Biogeochemical Behaviour of River Basins. Hydrological Processes. doi: 10.1002/hyp.10093
  9. J. J. Weatherill, S. Krause, K. J. Voyce, F. P. Drifjhout, N. J. Cassidy, A. Pearson. (2013). Delineating the discharge zone of a dissolved trichloroethene plume by a novel nested monitoring approach. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. In print
  10. Blume T., Lewandowski J., Meinikmann K., Krause S. (2013). Efficiency and Limitations of Experimental Methods for Identifying Aquifer-Lake Interactions at Multiple Scales. Water Resources Research. DOI: 10.1002/2012WR013215
  11. Krause S. and T. Blume. (2013). Impact of seasonal variability and monitoring mode on the adequacy of fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing at aquifer-river interfaces, Water Resour. Res., 49, 2408–2423, doi:10.1002/wrcr20232.
  12. Rose L., Krause S., Cassidy N.J. (2013). Capabilities and limitations of tracing spatial temperature patterns by fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing, Water Resour. Res., 49,1741–1745, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20144.
  13. Käser D., Binley A., Krause S., Heathwaite L. (2013) Prospective modelling of 3-D hyporheic exchange based on high-resolution topography and stream elevation. Hydrological Processes. Published online, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.9758
  14. Krause S., Tecklenburg C., Munz M., Naden E. (2013) Streambed nitrogen cycling beyond the hyporheic zone: Flow controls on horizontal patterns and depth distribution of nitrate and dissolved oxygen in the up-welling groundwater of a lowland river. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 118, 54–67, doi:10.1029/2012JG002122.
  15. Krause S., Taylor S.L., Weatherill J., Levy A., Haffenden A., Cassidy N.J. (2013) Fibre-optic Distributed Temperature Sensing for Characterizing Impacts of Vegetation Coverage on Thermal Patterns. Ecohydrology Journal, 6, 754-764, DOI: 10.1002/eco.1296
  16. Angermann L., Krause S., Lewandowski J. (2012). Application of heat pulse injections for investigating shallow hyporheic flow in a lowland river, Water Resour. Res., 48, W00P02, doi:10.1029/2012WR012564.
  17. Krause S., T. Blume, N.J. Cassidy. (2012) Application of Fibre-optic DTS to identify streambed controls on aquifer-river exchange fluxes in lowland rivers. Hydrol. Earth      Syst. Sci., 16 (6), 1775-1792, DOI: 10.5194/hess-16-1775-2012
  18. Krause S., Munz M., Tecklenburg C., Binley A. (2012) The impact of groundwater forcing on hyporheic exchange - Reply to Comment on Reducing monitoring  gaps at the aquifer-river interface Hydrological Processes, 26 (10), 1589-1592, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.927
  19. Krause S., Hannah D.M., Fleckenstein J.H., Heppell C.M., Pickup R., Pinay G., Robertson A.L., Wood P.J. (2011) Inter-disciplinary perspectives on processes in the hyporheic zone. Ecohydrology Journal. 4(4), 481-499
  20. Munz M., Krause S., Tecklenburg C., Binley A., (2011) Reducing monitoring gaps at the aquifer-river interface by modelling groundwater-surface water exchange flow patterns. Hydrological Processes, 25 (23), 3547–3562. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8080
  21. Krause S., Hannah D.M., Wood P.J., Sadler J. (2011) Hydrology and Ecology interfaces: processes and interactions in wetland, riparian and groundwater-based ecosystems. Ecohydrology Journal 4(4), 476-480
  22. Krause S., Hannah D.M., T. Blume. (2011) Heat transport patterns at pool-riffle sequences of an UK lowland stream. Ecohydrology Journal 4(4), 549-563, DOI: 10.1002/eco.199
  23. Fleckenstein J.H., Krause S., Hannah D.M.H., Boano F. (2010) Groundwater-surface water interactions: New methods and models to improve understanding of processes and dynamics. Advances in Water Resources. 33 (11), 1291-1295
  24. Krause S., Hannah DM., Fleckenstein JH. (2009) Hyporheic hydrology: interactions at the groundwater-surface water interface. Hydrological Processes. 23 (15), 2103-2107
  25. Krause S., Heathwaite AL., Binley A., Keenan P. (2009) Nitrate concentration changes along the groundwater – surface water interface of a small Cumbrian river. Hydrological Processes. 23 (15), 2195-2211. doi: 10.1002/hyp.7213
  26. Krause S., Habeck A., Bronstert A., Zehe E. (2009) The impact of groundwater – surface water interactions on the nitrate retention of a riparian floodplain in North Germany. Journal of River Basin Management. 4, 1-14 .
  27. Käser D., Binley A., Heathwaite L., Krause S. (2009) Spatio-temporal variations of hyporheic flow in a riffle-step-pool sequence. Hydrological Processes. 23 (15), 2138 - 2149
  28. Krause S., Heathwaite A.L., Miller F., Hulme P., Crowe A. (2008) Groundwater-dependent wetlands in the UK and Ireland: controls, eco-hydrological functions and assessing the likelihood of damage from human activities. Journal of Water Resources and Management. 21 (12), 2015-2025, doi:10.1007/s11269-007-9192-x
  29. Krause S., Jacobs J., Habeck A., Bronstert A., Zehe E. (2008) Assessing the impact of changes in landuse and management practices on the diffusive pollution and retention of nitrate in a riparian floodplain. Science of the Total Environment. 389 (1), 149-164
  30. Buytaert, W., Reusser, D., Krause, S., Renaud, J-P, (2008) Why can't we do better than Topmodel? Hydrological Processes. 22 (20), 4175 - 4179
  31. Krause S., Bronstert A., Zehe (2007) E. Groundwater - surface water interactions in a North German lowland floodplain - implications for the river discharge dynamics and riparian water balance. Journal of Hydrology.  47 (3-4), 404-417
  32. Krause S., Bronstert A., Zehe E. (2007) Groundwater – surface water exchange fluxes in a pleistocene lowland catchment and the impacts on riparian zone water balance and nitrate conditions. In: Water Quality and Sediment Behaviour of the Future: Predictions for the 21st Century. IAHS Publication 314. Wallingford. 98 - 107
  33. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2007) Water Balance Simulations and Groundwater - Surface Water – Interactions in a Mesoscale Lowland River Catchment. Hydrological Processes, 21, 169 - 184, doi: 10.1002/hyp.6182
  34. Krause S., Jacobs J., Bronstert A. (2007) Modelling the impacts of land-use and drainage density on the water balance of a lowland–floodplain landscape in northeast Germany, Ecological Modelling. 200 (3-4), 475-492, doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2006.08.015
  35. Krause S. (2006) Assessing the implications of land management changes on the water balance of lowland floodplains in Northern Germany. Forum der Geooekologie. 17 (1), 32-36
  36. Krause S., Bronstert A.  (2005) An advanced approach for catchment delineation and water alance modelling within wetlands and floodplains. Advances in Geosciences. 5, 1-5
  37. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2005). Abflussbildungsprozesse und Grundwasser-Oberflächenwasser-Interaktionen in Flachlandeinzugsgebieten am Beispiel der Unteren Havel. Forum für Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung. 13, 97-103. (in German)
  38. Bronstert A.,  Biegel M., Habeck A., Itzerott S., Jacobs J., Kneis D., Krause S., Lahmer W., Schanze J., Pfützner B., Schönfelder I. (2005) Bewirtschaftungsmöglichkeiten im Einzugsgebiet der Havel. Limnologie aktuell, 11, 204-220 (in German)
  39. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2004) Approximation of Groundwater - Surface Water – Interactions in a Mesoscale Lowland River Catchment, Hydrology: Science & Practice for the 21st Century, 2004 British Hydrological Society (2), (408-415)
  40. Krause S., Bauer A., Morgner M., Bronstert A. (2004) Wasserhaushaltsmodellierung als      Beitrag zur Erstellung eines nachhaltigen Flussgebietsmanagements an der Unteren Havel. Forum für Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 05/02, 123-128. (in German)
  41. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2004). Wasserhaushaltssimulationen unter Einbeziehung von      Grundwasser - Oberflächenwasser - Kopplung zur Optimierung szenarienbasierter Handlungsoptionen für ein nachhaltiges Flussgebietsmanagement an der Unteren Havel. In: Ludwig, Reichert, Mauser (Hrsg.) Neue Methodische Ansätze zur Modellierung der Wasser- und Stoffumsätze in großen Einzugsgebieten. Kassel University Press, 61-74. (in German)
  42. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2003) Beschreibung des Wasserhaushalts an der Unteren Havel als Voraussetzung für ein nachhaltiges Flussgebietsmanagement - Modellierung der Grundwasser - Oberflächenwasser - Interaktionen mittels Modellkopplung. In Klima - Wasser - Flussgebietsmanagement - im Lichte der Flut. Forum für Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 04, 143-147. (in German)
  43. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2002) Gekoppelte Modellierung von Abflussbildung und Oberflächenwasser - Grundwasser - Interaktionen in einem Flachlandeinzugsgebiet an der Unteren Havel. In Flussgebietsmanagement - 6. Workshop zur großskaligen Modellierung in der Hydrologie, Hennrich, Rode, Bronstert (Hrsg.) Kassel University Press, (33-44). (in German)
  44. Krause S., Bronstert A. (2002). Modellierung des Wasserhaushaltes im Gebiet der Unteren Havel - Möglichkeiten der Darstellung der Grundwasser – Oberflächenwasser - Interaktionen mittels Modellkopplung. Forum für Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 01, 83-87. (in German)

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