Dr Julian Lonbay

Photo of Dr Julian Lonbay

Birmingham Law School
Senior Lecturer
Postgraduate Research Admissions Tutor
eLearning development

Contact details

+44 (0)121 414 6310
+44 (0)121 414 3585
Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Dr Julian Lonbay researches and advises on the law relating to legal education, lawyers and other professionals; and cross-border practice and the rules affecting such practice. He has participated in many conferences, research projects and events around the world. In 2008-2009 he headed a pan-European team reviewing legal education and training In Turkey in an EU funded project. In November 2010 he gave a paper at the Moscow State University Higher School of Economics, Faculty of Law in Moscow on Reflections on the European dimension in legal education in EuropeIn November 2011, he was invited by the OSCE & National Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Republic to give two papers at a conference on “Strengthening the Legal Profession and Access to Justice” in Baku, Azerbaijan and in October 2013 he gave a paper on deontology at the European Commission conference on the free movement of lawyers, for example. He is currently a consultant to the EU and Council of Europe advising on the initial training of lawyers in Georgia.


  •  LLB (Dundee, Scotland)
  •  Doctor of Law (EUI, Florence, Italy)


Dr Julian Lonbay studied for his law degree in Scotland at Dundee University and undertook his doctoral studies in Fiesole at the European University Institute. He has been based at Birmingham Law School since 1979. Julian was a Professeur Invité at the Faculty of Law and Economic Science in the University of Limoges in France between 1981-2009, a visiting professor at the Law School of the University of Indiana, in Bloomington, Indiana, USA, 1985-1987 and was the Commerzbank Visiting Professor of Law at Bucerius Law School in Hamburg, Germany in 2003. He has lectured and given papers at universities in London, Stockholm, Wuhan, Maastricht, Brussels, Leuven, San Francisco, New York, Washington DC, Saint Louis, Strasbourg, Warsaw, Ankara, Seville, Valencia, Barcelona, Rio de Janeiro, Kuala Lumpur and in many other countries.


  •  Legal Foundations of the European Union (LLB)
  •  Regulation of the Legal Profession (LLB)(module leader)
  •  Introduction to the Study of Law (ISOL) (module leader)
  •  Trading with the European Union (LLM) (module leader)
  •  EU Competition Law (LLM)(module leader)
  •  Introduction to Common Law (LLM) (course leader)
  •  European Human Rights Law (LLM) (module leader)
  •  International Human Rights Law (LLM) (module leader)
  • Advanced Law of the EU  (LLB) (module leader)

Postgraduate supervision

Law of the European Union, generally and in particular;

  • the law relating to lawyers and other professionals; 
  • cross-border practice and the rules affecting such practice
  • legal education

Current doctoral supervision

Dr Lonbay is currently supervising one doctoral student undertaking research in the following area:

  • Torture and Failure to Exhaust Domestic Remedies as indicators of a failure to secure judicial independence
  • EU & WTO Law in the gas market, in relation to Gazprom


Dr Lonbay’s research centres on the law relating to legal education; lawyers and other professionals; and cross-border practice and the rules affecting such practice. He has undertaken several major research projects in these areas. The first was for the United Kingdom and Irish Law Societies on the implementation of Directive 89/48/EEC on the mutual recognition of professional qualifications within the EU and EEA. He has also completed a project for the European Commission creating a Website that allows lawyers to facilitate their mobility around the Community (ELIXIR). He has worked for Lord Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Legal Education and Conduct (ACLEC) on continuing legal education in the EU and completed an extensive Report on specialist nurses within the EU for the EC Commission (MARKT). Julian was the Director of the Institute of European Law until September 2000.

Other activities

Dr Lonbay sits on the Learning and Teaching Committee and Research Board as well as School Committee. He also serves on the School’s post graduate scholarship and PTA panel.

Julian is the UK representative on the Training Committee of the Council of the Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) (since 2001), which he chaired from 2003-2010. He is a member of the International Relation Council of the Union of Turkish Bars,  a member of the governing Council of their EU Law centre and consultant to their Monitoring and Evaluation of Law Education Committee. Julian is a past president of the European Law Faculties Association (ELFA) and was member of the Legal Education Council of PILNET. He has been on the Advisory Board of the UK Centre for Legal Education (UKCLE), the Society of Legal Scholars (SLS) Standing Education Committee, and acted as Treasurer for British Association of Comparative Law (BACL) for many years. He is an elected Associate member of the International Association of Comparative Law and the International Association of Procedural Law.




  • Training Lawyers in the European Community (with others) (the Law Society, 1990)
  • International Professional Practice (with Dr Spedding) (Chancery Law/Wiley, 1992)
  • Legal Education in Turkey, (UTBA, 2014) ( with M Toprak)

Edited books

  • Frontiers of Competition Law (Chancery Law, Wiley, 1994)
  • Enhancing the Legal Position of the European Consumer (BIICL, 1996)
  • Remedies for Breach of EC Law before National Courts (Wiley, 1997) (with Andrea Biondi)
  • Pharmaceutical Medicine, Biotechnology and European Law (with Richard Goldberg) (CUP, 2001)

Chapters in books

  • Chapter “Legal clinics in Turkey” in Sarker (ed) Clinical Legal Education in Asia Accessing Justice for the Underprivileged (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015) (with M Toprak)
  • “Introduction” in Alpa G and Marini M Training of Lawyers in Europe (Pisa Univ Press, 2009) pp.99-100         
  • “Reflections on Education and Culture" in Craufurd Smith, R., (ed.) Culture and European Community Law (OUP, September 2004) pp. 243- 273
  • “Free movement of persons in the European Union: the legal framework” Arnull & Wincott (eds) Accountability and Legitimacy in the EU (OUP, 2002) pp. 927 - 970
  • “The Free Movement of Health Care Professionals in the European Community” in Goldberg & Lonbay (eds.) Pharmaceutical Medicine, Biotechnology and European Law (Cambridge, CUP, 2001) pp.45-75
  • “The regulation of legal practice in the UK and beyond” in UK Law for the Millennium (2nd ed. BIICL, London, 2000) pp.594-633
  • “The Mutual Recognition of Professional Qualifications in the EC” in Professional Liability Law and Insurance (Second Edition), Ray Hodgin, (ed.) London, LLP, 1999) pp.1-40
  • “Mutual Recognition of Legal Qualifications in Europe” in Proceedings from the Annual Research Conference of the Law Society 1998 Governing the Profession pp.51–57
  • Entries on “Education Policy” and “Students” in Expert Guide to the European Union, Monar, Neuwahl, O'Keeffe & Robinson, Eds. (London, Butterworths, 1997) pp.108-109 & 284-285
  • (with A Biondi) “Introduction” in Remedies for Breach of EC Law, J Lonbay & A Biondi, Eds. (Chichester, Wiley 1997), xv- xvii.
  • “Education” in European Union Law Reporter, Volume 4, (Bicester, CCH-Kluwer 1997) pp.13001-13564
  • “The Treatment of skills in Legal Education among Member States of the EC “ in An Agenda for Comparative Legal Skills Research: the European Community and the Commonwealth, Hassett, Bell & O'Leary, Eds. (London, Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, 1996) pp.10-25
  • (with Prof. S. Bermudes) “Lawfirm Organisation (National and Transnational)” in Actes du 9ième Congrès Mondial de Droit Judiciaire (Portugal, 1996)
  • “The mutual recognition of professional qualifications in the EC” in Hodgin (ed.) Professional Liability: Law and Insurance (LLP, 1996) pp.1-37
  • “Governmental and Professional Power and Influence in Legal Education in Europe" in Governments and Professional Education, (ed. Becher) (The 1993 SRHE (Society for Research into Higher Education) Conference Precedings) (Open U.P., 1993, pp.76-86)
  • International Professional Practice Chancery Law/Wiley, (1992), (475pp) (with Dr Spedding)
  • Chapters on Iran, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Africa and Ireland for International Professional Practice (November 1993)
  • Chapters on Norway, Iceland, Finland, Illinois, Liechtenstein and Singapore for International Professional Practice (May 1994)
  • "Towards Educational Rights" in Blackburn (ed.) Rights of Citizenship (Mansell Publishing - Cassell, 1993) pp.215-235
  • "Differences in the legal education in the Member States of the European Community" in Bruno de Witte and Caroline Forder (eds) The common law of Europe and the future of legal education, (Kluwer, 1992) pp.75-94
  • "Implementing the right to education in England", in D. Hill and R. Beddard (eds) Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Progress and Achievement, Macmillan Publishers 1992, Chapter 9, pp.163-183.
  • Training Lawyers in the European Community The Law Society, London 1990 (518pp) Editor and contributor (all chapters except UK, Greece and Benelux) (with Neville Brown, Margaret Platt & Takis Tridimas)
  • "State control of Education" in United Kingdom Law in the 1990's, (ed. Gardner P.) (United Kingdom Comparative Law Series Volume 10) 1990, pp.293-309


Journal Papers

  • “The Education, Licensing, and Training of Lawyers in the European Union, Part II: The Emerging Common Qualifications Regime and its Implications for Admissions in Europe” (2010) 79 Bar Examiner 25
  • "Assessing the European Market for Legal Services: Development in the Free Movement of lawyers in the European Union" (2010) 33 Fordham International Law Journal pp.1629
  • A European qualification framework for social sciences: how does law fit in? - Julian Lonbay discusses progress made in developing an overall qualifications framework for legal education in Europe (2009) 19 Directions in Legal Education pp.6-8
  • “The CCBE and ELFA projects on internationalising legal education in Europe” (2008) 26(4) Penn State International Law Review pp. 889-898
  • “The education licensing, and training of lawyers in the European Union, Part 1 Cross border practice in the Member States”  The Bar Examiner (2008) Vol. 77 Issue Number 4,  pp 6-17
  • “The CCBE and ELFA projects on internationalising legal education in Europe”  Penn State International Law Review (2008) Vol. 26 Issue number 4, pp. 889-898
  • Tuning Legal Studies in Europe: Initial Findings http://papers.ssrn.com/abstract=1677820 with others: Tom Latrup Pederson (Aarhus), Michiel van de Kasteelen (Utrecht), Anne Pelissier (Strasbourg), Jacek Petzel (Warsaw), John Bell (Cambridge), Lars Skjold Wilhelmsen (Bergen), Julia Gonzales (Deusto) and Robert Wagenaar (Groningen)   82pp (2009)
  • “Executive Summary: Tuning Legal Studies in Europe: Initial findings”  EJLE (2007) Vol. 4 Issue 2
  • “Editorial” European Journal of Legal Education”   (2007) Vol 4(1) 1   
  • Editorial: “Lawyers in Europe embrace common training outcomes”  European Journal of Legal Education (2007) Vol. 4  Issue 2, pp116-119
  • “Tuning Legal Studies: Can we find commonality”? (2005) European Journal of Legal Education 1-4.
  • “Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility in a Global Context”, (2005) Washington University Global Studies Law Review 609-616
  • “The Free Movement of Persons” (2004) International & Comparative Law Quarterly 479-487
  • Editorial in (2004) EJLE (2pp) pp. vi-vii
  • “Have law degree - will travel: Case C-313/01 Christine Morgenbesser v Consiglio dell’ordine degli avvocati di Genova” (2004) EJLE 69 – 71
  • "University Training: The implications of the Bologna Declaration for the UK" in (2002) XXXV Rassegne forense 89-98
  • Guest editor, (2002) 9 International Journal of the Legal Profession Issue 2
  • Editorial (2002) 9 International Journal of the Legal Profession 93-95
  • "The Educational work of the CCBE and FBE" (2001) European Journal of Legal Education 43-58
  • Lawyer Ethics in the 21st century: The global practice - Reconciling Regulatory and Deontological Differences - The European Experience (2001) 34 Vanderbilt Journal Transnational Law 907-929
  • Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions, (2001) 50 International and Comparative Law Quarterly,  168-175
  • Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions, (1998) 47 International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 224-231
  • Case-note on Gebhard in (1996) 33 Common Market Law Review, 1073- 1087
  • “Lawyers bounding over borders; the draft directive on lawyer’s establishment” (1996) 21 European Law Review 50-59
  • Memorandum by Dr Julian Lonbay, House of Lords Session 1994-1995 14th Report of the Select Committee on the European Communities The Right of Establishment for Lawyers (11 July 1995) (House of Lords Paper 82), pp.66-68.
  • "Current Developments in EC law:- Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications and working conditions" (1995) 44 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 705-712
  • "Current Developments in EC law:- Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications and working conditions" (1994) 43 International & Comparative Law Quarterly 217-221
  • "Basic competence in European Community Law for all lawyers" (1993) 18 European Law Review 408-416
  • "Current Developments in EC law:- Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions" (1992) 41 International & Comparative Law Quarterly pp.714-719
  • "Current Developments in EC law:- Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions" (1992) 41 International & Comparative Law Quarterly pp.212-215
  • "Picking over the bones; the rights of establishment reviewed" (1991) 16 European Law Review 507-520
  • "Luxembourg: Legal Advice Monopoly" (1991) Lawyers in Europe 11/21
  • "Training for Europe" (1991) Lawyers in Europe 11/20
  • "Diplomas Update" (1991) Lawyers in Europe 7/21
  • "Forgotten Professions" (1991) Lawyers in Europe 10/20
  • "Diplomas Directive: Recognising Legal Qualifications in the EEC" (1991) Lawyers in Europe Issue 7, pp.10 -13, Issue 8 pp.5-10
  • "Recent Developments in Spanish Legal Training" (1990) Lawyers in Europe 5/22
  • "Lawyers and Europe" (1990) Bulletin of the Birmingham Law Society 5
  • "Current Developments in EC law:- Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions" (1990) 39 International & Comparative Law Quarterly pp.704-707
  • "Education and Law: The Community Context" (1989) 14 European Law Review 363-387
  • "A review of recent tax cases ..." (1989) 14 European Law Review 48-56
  • "1992 and the free movement of goods" (1989) 1 Law for Business 331-334
  • "Free movement of persons, recognition of qualifications, and working conditions" (1989) 38 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 211-214
  • "Cross-frontier provision of services by lawyers" (1988) 13 European Law Review 347-350
  • "Free movement of professionals" (1988) 13 European Law Review 275-279
  • "The Single European Act" (1988) XI Boston College International and Comparative Law Review 31-74
  • "Reforming the European Communities" (1987) 12 Holdsworth Law Review 81-119
  • "The free movement of goods and intellectual property rights", (1983) Holdsworth Law Review 54-68
  • "The Campbell & Cosans case: A right to Education" 1983 Interights 16-20
  • "Human Rights in Education under the European Convention on Human Rights", 1983 Modern Law Review 345-350

Official Reports

  • Study of Specialist Nurses in the European Union, European Commission (Internal Market DG/04). 1999 [FUNDED RESEARCH] Published in August 2000 and translated, in part, into French and German, approx. 800pp A Study of specialist nurses in the EU http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/qualifications/specific-sectors_en.htm#nurses-otherdocs
  • Lord Chancellor’s Advisory Committee on Legal education (ACLEC) research on Continuing Legal Education in the EU and Australia: Report written and submitted (20pp) and used by the Committee (mostly verbatim) in its Second Report on Legal Education (July 1997) (and duly acknowledged)
  • The JURISMUS project conference (held under the auspices of the EU GROTIUS programme) in Brussels in September 1997 was successful and the exchange of lawyers was completed.  Dr Lonbay is a member of the Academic Committee of the Jurismus project. The IEL's WWW site carry information relating to this conference and programme [FUNDED RESEARCH] Report on IEL WWW under “Lawyers”
  • Chapter in a Report to the Dutch Ministry of Education on “Reception of EU educational law in the UK and the UK IGC negotiating posture” (November 1995)
  • The Training Needs of Solicitors in the Light of the New Opportunities in the Single Market and in Eastern and Central Europe (The Law Society, 1992) (58pp) [FUNDED RESEARCH]
  • Report on the EEA Legal Professions (The four Law Societies', May 1993) (215pp) [FUNDED RESEARCH]
  • "Lawfirm Organisation (National and Transnational)" for the International Association of Procedural Law (September 1991)
  • Sundry Reports for the Four Law Societies' of the UK and Ireland Project (see below) [FUNDED RESEARCH]

Other Publications


European law; regulation of professions; legal education and training of lawyers; free movement rules relating to mobility of professions in Europe; continuing legal education in Europe