Professor Hanshan Dong BSc, MPhil, PhD, CEng, FIMMM

Professor Hanshan Dong

School of Metallurgy and Materials
Professor of Surface Engineering
Co-Director of EPSRC CDT in Innovative Metal Processing (IMPaCT)

Contact details

(+44) (0) 121 414 5197
(+44) (0) 121 414 7373
School of Metallurgy and Materials
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Hanshan Dong is Professor of Surface Engineering and Leader of Surface Engineering Research Group at the University of Birmingham.

He is a leading surface engineering expert in developing novel surface engineering technologies (such as S-phase surface engineering, ceramic conversion, graphene-based coatings, active-screen plasma co-alloying and triple-glow plasma multi-functionalisation), surface engineering design and modelling, and characterisation of surface engineered materials (such as environmental nanoindentation, XTEM & interface bonding).

Hanshan has published more than 300 papers in international journals (~200) and conferences together with 6 patents, 1 book and 5 book chapters. During the past 10 years, he has successfully been awarded for 20 research projects and received major grants from EC, EPSRC, TSB and the Royal Society. He won the Harvey Flower Titanium Prize 2004 awarded by IoM3 ‘in recognition of his contribution to the science and technology of surface engineering of titanium alloys’.

He is active in international surface engineering activities including visiting professorships, plenary and invited lectures to major international conferences, organisation of national and international conferences and is on the editorial board of academic journals.


Fellow of IoM3 & Chartered Engineer, 2001

PhD in Metallurgy & Materials (Surface Engineering), Birmingham University, 1997

MSc in Tribology, Dong-Hua University, China, 1986

BSc in Materials Science and Engineering, Shanghai University, China, 1983


Hanshan Dong received his BSc degree in Materials Science and Engineering from Shanghai University, China in 1983 and his MPhil degree in Tribology from Dong-Hua University, Shanghai, China in 1986.

Prior to commencing his PhD studies in Surface Engineering at the University of Birmingham in 1992, he had been a lecturer and then senior lecturer at the prestigious Dong-Hua University, Shanghai, China for 6 years.

Following 8 years of PhD studies and postdoctoral research at the University of Birmingham, he became a Lecturer in 2000 and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2005, Reader in 2007 and Professor in 2010.


Undergraduate Programmes

  • Biomaterials
  • Materials for Sports Equipment
  • Advanced Materials
  • Surface Engineering
  • Case Studies – Metallic Materials for Body Implants

Postgraduate Programme

  • Surface Engineering
  • Biomaterials

Postgraduate supervision

Current Postgraduate Students & Projects

  • Miss Qiongxi Liu (PhD), ‘Stability of diamond-like carbon coatings under high-temperature and high-pressure’
  • Miss Shiling Zhang (PhD), ‘Ceramic conversion treatment of Zr-alloys for nuclear and medical applications’
  • Mr Shaojun Qi (PhD), ‘Development of high-performance & cost-effective graphene-containing coatings for engineering components’
  • Mr Elliot Walkers (PhD/Integrated Study), ‘Combat coking of Ni-based alloys by new alloy development and surface engineering’
  • Miss Tatiana Mukinay (PhD/Integrated Study), ‘Generation of multi-functional Ti surfaces by combining 3D printing with surface engineering’
  • Mr Xiaochao Ji (PhD), ‘Development carbon nano tubes reinforced carbon-based composites coatings’
  • Mr Behnam Dashtbozorg(PhD), ‘Towards long-life anti-bacterial stainless steel  surfaces by active-screen plasma for food processing and medical applications’
  • Miss Yana Liang (PhD), ‘Surface multifunctionalisation of carbon nano fibres using novel triple-glow plasma technology for high-performance energy storages’
  • Miss Ikra Khan (PhD/Integrated Study), ‘Generation of high-efficacy anti-bacterial and highly biocompatible Ti surfaces by laser surface patterning and ceramic conversion’
  • Mr James Aleksandra (PhD/Integrated Study), ‘Combat infection of external fixation devices via Ag-CCT and Ag-S-phase technologies’
  • Miss Yuan Liang (MSc), ‘Response HFQ formed Al alloy to solution treatment & Ageing’

For a full list of available Doctoral Research opportunities, please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings.


Research themes

Advanced Surface Engineering Technologies

  • Rapid ceramic conversion treatment of Ti- & Zr-based alloys
  • S-phase surface engineering of corrosion-resistant Fe-Cr, Co-Cr & Ni-Cr alloys
  • Active-screen plasma co-alloying with both intestinal and substitutional elements
  • Triple-glow plasma surface multi-functionalisation of metals, polymers and carbon fibres
  • Cost-effective large area graphene-containing nano- composite coatings
  • Electro-deposition of graphene-based coatings
  • Plasma low-temperature reduction of graphene oxide coatings
  • Micro- & nano- surface patterning

Surface Engineering Design, Modelling & Simulation

  • Duplex and multilayer surface system design,
  • Multi-scale modelling of multi-layered surfaces
  • Simulation of surface engineering processes

Characterisation & Evaluation of Engineered Surfaces


  • Environmental nano-indentation
  • Interface bonding evaluation  
  • Rolling/sliding/fretting wear testing
  • Corrosion, oxidation & corrosion-wear

Current funded research projects

  • Functionalised innovative carbon fibres developed from novel precursors with cost efficiency and tailored properties (EC FP7 FIBRALSPEC Project)
  • EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Innovative Metal Processing (EPSRC IMPaCT)
  • Modified cost effective fibre based structures with improved multi-functionality and performance (EC H2020 MODCOMP Project)
  • Stability of S-phase under thermal and radiation conditions (Royal Society-Newton Mobility Grant)
  • Fabrication of metallic mould with micro/nano dual-scale structures for microfluidic chips (British Council Newton Fund)
  • Low cost materials processing technologies for mass production of light vehicles (EC H2020  LoCoMaTech Project)
  • High-Impact Injection Moulding Platform for mass-production of 3D and/or large micro-structured surfaces with antimicrobial, self-cleaning, anti-scratch, anti-squeak and aesthetic functionalities (EC H2020 HIMALAIA Project)

Other activities

  • Member, Surface Engineering Committee, IoM3
  • Member, EPSRC Peer Review College, UK
  • Deputy Editor, China Surface Engineering
  • Associate Editor, International Journal of Surface Science & Engineering
  • Member, Editorial Board of International Journal: Surface Engineering
  • International adviser, editorial committee of Journal ''Materials Protection' '(in Chinese)
  • Member, Editorial Board of  International Journal, Manufacturing Review
  • Member, Editorial Board of  International Journal, Biosurface and Biotribology


I. Patents

Bell T., Dong H. and Li C. X.: ‘Plasma surface treatment of Co-Cr biomaterial’, European Patent EP 1 499 755B1 (21 May 2008)

Dong H., Bloyce A., Morton P. M. and Bell T.: ‘Methods of case hardening of titanium alloys', European Patent EP1000180 (17 November 2001)

Dong H., Bloyce A., Morton P. M. and Bell T.: 'Surface oxidation of a titanium or titanium alloy article’, US Patent 6210807 (3 April 2001)

Morton P.H., Bloyce A. and Dong H.: ‘Titanium alloy product and methods for their production ', US Patent 5792289 / European Patent EP0722510 (11 August 1998)

II. Edited Works


Dong H. (ed.), (2010) Surface Engineering of Light Alloys – Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge

Special issue of journal:

H. Dong and Y. Wang (guest eds.), Surface and Coatings Technology, 236 (2013), Special section, pp. 1-69 (ISSN 0527-8972)

C. Han, D. Lü, H.Dong, X. Li, Z.Gao and Z. Shao (guest eds), Physics Procedia, 50(2013), 1-482 (ISSN 1875-3893)

Dong H. (guest ed.) (2010),: Surface Engineering, 26 (1-2), , Special Issue Maney Publishing

III. Book chapters

Jian Chen, Ben D Beake, Hanshan Dong and Gerard A Bell (2014): Environmental nanomechanical testing of polymers and nanocomposites, in Atul Tiwari (Ed.): Nanomechanical Analysis of High Performance Materials, Springer Netherlands, pp63-84

Dong H. (2010), Ch. 3, Tribological properties of titanium alloys, in Dong H. (ed.): Surface Engineering of Light Alloys – Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, pp58-80

Li X. and Dong H. (2010), Ch. 14: Ceramic conversion of titanium-based materials, in Dong H. (ed.): Surface Engineering of Light Alloys – Aluminium, Magnesium and Titanium Alloys, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, pp475-500

Dong H. (2005), Ch 9: Thermochemical Surface Engineering, in Xu B. S. and Liu S. C. (eds.) Chinese Material Engineering Canon: Vol.16 Surface Engineering, Chemical Industry Press, Beijing, 2006, pp601-660

Dong H. (2003), Ch. 7: Surface Engineering in Sport, in Jenkins M. (ed.) Materials in Sports Equipment, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, , pp 160-195

IV. Academic Journal Papers (since 2015)

S. Corujeira Gallo, X. Li, K. Futterer, C. A. Charitidis and H. Dong: ‘Carbon nanofibers functionalized with active screen plasma-deposited metal nanoparticles for electrical energy storage devices’, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, online published on June 16, 2017 (DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b05567)

Linhai Tian, Xiaoying Li and Hanshan Dong, ‘Novel wear-resistant anti-bacterial stainless steel surfaces’, Surface Engineering, online published on 19 April 2017 DOI:10.1080/02670844.2017.1316453).

Xiaochao Ji, Wei Zhang, Xiaoying Li, Helong Yu, Hanshan Dong: ‘A novel hybrid method combining ASP with PECVD for in-situ low temperature synthesis of vertically aligned carbon nanotube films’, Diamond and Related Materials, 77 (2017), 16–24

K. Lin, X. Li, H. Dong, S. Du, Y. Lu, X. Ji, D Gu: ‘Surface modification of 316 stainless steel with platinum for the application of bipolar plates in high performance proton exchange membrane fuel cells’, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 42(2017), 2338-2348

Zhenxue Zhang, Xiaoying Li, Eluxka A Sanchez, Gonzalo G Fuentes, Hanshan Dong: ‘Friction and Wear Behaviour of Molybdenum Based TZM Alloy Sliding against Al2O3 and Si3N4 Balls’, Tribology International , 110(2017), 348-357

D. Bhaduri, P. Penchev, S. Dimov, S. Soo, S. Sten, U. Harrysson, Z. Zhang & H. Dong: ‘Laser polishing of 3D printed mesoscale components’, Applied Surface Science, 405 (2017), 29–46

Saeed Zare Chavoshi, S. Corujeira Gallo, Xichun Luo and H. Dong: ‘High temperature nanoscratching of single crystal silicon under reduced oxygen condition’, Materials Science & Engineering A, A 684 (2017) 385–393

Yangchun Dong, Kailun Zheng, Jonathan Fernandez, Xiaoying Li, Hanshan Dong,Jianguo Lin: ‘Experimental investigations on hot forming of AA6082 usingadvanced plasma nitrocarburised and CAPVD WC: C coated tools’, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 240 (2017), 190–199

S. Corujeira Gallo, C. Charitidis, and H. Dong: ‘Surface functionalization of carbon fibers with Active Screen plasma’, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology, A35 (2017) 021404

J Zhou, S Roshanmanesh, F Hayati, V Jantara Junior, T Wang, S Hajiabady, X Y Li, H Basoalto, H Dong and M Papaelias: ‘Improving the reliability of industrial multi-MW wind turbines’, Insight – Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring, 59(2017), 1-7

Xiaohua Zhang, Daoxin Liu, Xiaoying Li, Hanshan Dong and Yuntao Xi, ‘The effect of Cu/Ni multilayer film with different modulation ratios on fretting damage behaviour of Ti alloy’, Materials, 2017, 10, 585

L.A.Espitia, HanshanDong, Xiao-YingLi, C.E.Pinedo, A.P.Tschiptschin: ‘Scratch test of active screen low temperature plasma nitride AISI410 martensitic stainless steel’, Wear, 376/377 (2017) 30–36

V. L. Jantara Junior, J. Zhou, S. Roshanmanesh, F. Hayati, S. Hajiabady, X. Li, H. Dong & M. Papaelias, ‘Evaluation of damage mechanics of industrial wind turbine gearboxes’, Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring,  59(2017), 81

D. Bhaduria, A. Batala, S.S. Dimova, Z. Zhang, H. Dong, M. Fallqvistc, R. M’Saoubid, ‘On design and tribological behaviour of laser textured surfaces’, Procedia CIRP, 60 (2017) 20 – 25

S. Corujeira Gallo and H. Dong: ‘Effect of microstructure on the plasma surface treatment of carbon fibres’, Journal of Composites Materials’, online published on December 20, 2016 (DOI: 10.1177/0021998316684935)

Carlos Eduardo Pinedo, Sharys Ivonn Varela Larrotta, Arthur Seiji Nishikawa, Hanshan Dong, Xiao-Ying Li, Rodrigo Magnabosco, André Paulo Tschiptschin: ‘Low Temperature Active Screen Plasma Nitriding of 17-4 PH Stainless Steel’, Surface and Coatings Technology, 308 (2016), 189–194

Y. Dong, P. Svoboda, M. Vrbka, D.Kostal, F. Urban, J. Cizek, P. Roupcova, H. Dong, I. Krupka, M. Hartl: ‘Towards near-permanent CoCrMo prosthesis surface by combining micro-texturing and low temperature plasma carburising’,  Journal of the Mechanical Behaviour of Biomedical Materials , 55 (2016), 215-227

K. Lin, Y. Lu, S. Du and H. Dong: ‘The effect of active screen plasma treatment conditions on the growth and performance of Pt nanowire catalyst layer in DMFCs’, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41 (2016), 7622-7630

J. Feng, Y. Qin, and H. Dong: ‘Investigation into initiation and propagation of cracks in thecoated surfaces of spur gears with submodelling and irreversible cohesive-zone modelling techniques’, Manufacturing Review, 3 (2016) 6

X. Li, L. Tian, W. Dou, K. Lin and H. Dong: ‘Microstructure and corrosion wear of plasma nitrided LDX2101 lean duplex stainless steel, China Surface Engineering, 28 (2015), No.3, 1-9. (in Chinese)

K. Lin, X. Li, L. Tian, H. Dong: ‘Active screen plasma surface alloying of 316 stainless steel with nitrogen and niobium for the application of bipolar plates in PEMFCs’, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy,40 (2015), 10281–10292

Jian Chen, Xiangru Shi, Shaojun Qi, Miklós Mohai, Imre Bertóti, Ying Gao, Hanshan Dong: ‘Reducing and multiple-element doping of graphene oxide using an active screen plasma treatment’, Carbon, 95 (2015), 338-346

H. Dong and S. Qi: ‘Realising the potential of graphene-based materials in bio surfaces – a future perspective’, Biotrobology and Biosurafces, 1 (2015), 229-249

Kaijie Lin, Xiaoying Li, Linhai Tian, Hanshan Dong: ‘Active screen plasma surface alloying of 316 stainless steel with nitrogen and silver for the application of bipolar plates in PEMFCs’, Surface and Coatings Technology, 23 (2015), 112-118

Z. X. Zhang, X. Y. Li and H. Dong: ‘Plasma nitriding and characterisation of FeAl40 Iron Aluminide’, Acta Materialia, 86 (2015), 341-351

L. A. Espitia, H.Dong, X. Li, C. E. Pinedo & A. P.Tschiptschin, ‘Cavitation erosion resistance and wear mechanisms of active screen low temperature plasma nitrided AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel’, Wear, 332-333 (2015), 1070-1079

Chenfei Song, Xiaoying Li,  Hanshan Dong, Bingjun Yu, Zhiming Wang, Linmao Qian: ‘Nondestructive tribochemistry-assisted nanofabrication on GaAs surface’, Scientific Report, 2015; 5:9020