Thanos obtained BEng in Manufacturing Engineering from Technological Education Institute of Piraeus in Greece in 1999 and BEng in Mechanical Engineering in 2001 from the University of Birmingham. Three years later (2004) Thanos obtained his PhD from the University of Birmingham.
From Birmingham, Thanos moved to Johnson Matthey plc, where he was a Research Scientist (2004-2005), in environmental catalysts and catalytic systems. In October 2005, he joined the University of Birmingham as a Lecturer 2005- 2010, Senior Lecturer (2010- 2011) and Reader in Thermodynamics since March 2011.
Thanos has published over 100 papers in journals and conference proceedings in the areas of fuels and fuel treatments, IC engines, combustion and emissions control technologies. His research covers both fundamentals and industrial applications and he is inventor on three patents. He has received funding awards from UK Research Councils, the Technology Strategy Board, local government together with money from industrial sources to finance the research.