My research examines the area of city centre Athens in Greece and how the urban space and the social life changed throughout the centuries. My research timeframe begins with the Roman conquest of Athens in 86 BC and ends with the Latin conquest of the city in AD 1204. Roman Athens was late to adopt Christianity compared to other large civic centres in the Byzantine Empire. In addition, due to its location, the ancient sources do not often directly mention Athens in their texts. This led many scholars into thinking that Athens had long periods of abandonment or that it lost its significance during its Byzantine history. However, archaeological evidence indicates that Athens did not only have a continuous inhabitation, but that it also created a regional culture, which expanded and thrived, affecting nearby areas as well. My research will examine various themes in the above timeframe to understand better the economy and the social life of Athens in Late Antiquity and Byzantium.