My research examines the area of city center Athens in Greece and how the urban space changed and evolved throughout the centuries. Late antique Athens presents an image of a slow process of Christianisation compared to other large civic centres in the Byzantine Empire. In addition, it seems that the Athenians chose to use the existing space and reform the pagan buildings to serve church needs. The Akropolis Hill as well as the area around, which carried a strong pagan character, remained important but underwent significant changes. The result was an urban arrangement of multiple smaller neighbourhoods around churches located at the bottom of the hill sometimes on top of ruins and other times inside pagan sanctuaries that had already given up their initial role.