Dr William A Stubbings PhD

Salim Alam

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Research Fellow in Persistent Organic Pollutants

Contact details

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr William A Stubbings is a post-doctoral researcher with a high level of experience in environmental and analytical chemistry, specifically related to the determination of concentrations of organic contaminants, such as flame retardants, plasticisers, and their metabolites.


PhD Environmental Chemistry (University of Birmingham, UK)

MSc Air Pollution Management and Control (University of Birmingham, UK)

MGeol Geology (University of Leicester, UK)


Recent publications


Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Atmospheric concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, brominated flame retardants, and novel flame retardants in Lagos, Nigeria indicate substantial local sources', Environmental Research, vol. 204, no. Part B, 112091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.112091

Al-Omran, LS, Stubbings, WA & Harrad, S 2022, 'Concentrations and isomer profiles of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) in floor, elevated surface, and outdoor dust samples from Basrah, Iraq', Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 910-920. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2EM00133K

Drage, D, Sharkey, M, Al-Omran, LS, Stubbings, WA, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M, Rosa, AH & Harrad, S 2022, 'Halogenated flame retardants in Irish waste polymers: Concentrations, legislative compliance, and preliminary assessment of temporal trends', Environmental Pollution, vol. 309, 119796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119796

Sharkey, M, Drage, D, Harrad, S, Stubbings, WA, Rosa, AH, Coggins, M & Berresheim, H 2022, 'POP-BFRs in consumer products: evolution of the efficacy of XRF screening for legislative compliance over a 5-year interval and future trends', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 853, 158614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.158614

Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, M, Misiuta, K, Onwuamaegbu, U, Holland, J, Smith, L, Parkinson, C, McKinlay, R & Harrad, S 2021, 'Assessment of brominated flame retardants in a small mixed waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) plastic recycling stream in the UK', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 780, 146543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146543

Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, M, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2021, 'Concentrations of halogenated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls in house dust from Lagos, Nigeria', Environmental Science Processes and Impacts , vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1696-1705. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1em00316j

Al-Omran, LS, Gbadamosi, M, Stubbings, WA, Drage, D, Abdallah, M & Harrad, S 2021, 'Organophosphate esters in indoor and outdoor dust from Iraq: implications for human exposure', Emerging Contaminants, vol. 7, pp. 204-212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emcon.2021.10.003

Wang, S, Li, Q, Stubbings, W, Li, L, Qin, J & Li, H 2021, 'The effect of Fenton reaction using H2O2 and water control on the distribution and accumulation of As speciation within the soil-rice system', Chemosphere, vol. 274, 129633. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129633

Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, M, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2020, 'Status of brominated flame retardants, polychlorinated biphenyls, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in air and indoor dust in AFRICA: a review', Emerging Contaminants, vol. 6, pp. 405-420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emcon.2020.11.005

Stubbings, W 2019, 'Analysis of brominated and chlorinated flame retardants, organophosphate esters, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in silicone wristbands used as personal passive samplers', Journal of Chromatography A , vol. 1588, pp. 41-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2018.12.041

Review article

Abdullahi, M, Li, X, Abdallah, MA-E, Stubbings, W, Yan, N, Barnard, M, Guo, L-H, Colbourne, JK & Orsini, L 2022, 'Daphnia as a Sentinel Species for Environmental Health Protection: A Perspective on Biomonitoring and Bioremediation of Chemical Pollution', Environmental Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.2c01799

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Formal waste treatment facilities as a source of halogenated flame retardants and organophosphate esters to the environment: a critical review with particular focus on outdoor air and soil', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 807, no. Part 1, 150747. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150747

Eastwood, N, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Durance, I, Paavola, J, Dallimer, M, Pantel, JH, Johnson, S, Zhou, J, Hosking, JS, Brown, J, Ullah, S, Krause, S, Hannah, D, Crawford, S, Widmann, M & Orsini, L 2022, 'The Time Machine framework: monitoring and prediction of biodiversity loss', Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 138-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2021.09.008

Akinrinade, OE & Stubbings, WA 2022, 'Waste streams as current sources of persistent organic pollutants and organophosphate esters in Africa - a critical review', Journal of Environmental Exposure Assessment, vol. 1, no. 21, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.20517/jeea.2022.17

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2021, 'Human exposure to halogenated and organophosphate flame retardants through informal e-waste handling activities - A critical review', Environmental Pollution, vol. 268, no. Part A, 115727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115727

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