Dr William A Stubbings PhD

Salim Alam

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Research Fellow in Persistent Organic Pollutants

Contact details

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr William A Stubbings is a post-doctoral researcher with a high level of experience in environmental and analytical chemistry, specifically related to the determination of concentrations of organic contaminants, such as flame retardants, plasticisers, and their metabolites.


PhD Environmental Chemistry (University of Birmingham, UK)

MSc Air Pollution Management and Control (University of Birmingham, UK)

MGeol Geology (University of Leicester, UK)


Recent publications


Qin, Z, Liu, L, Stubbings, WA & Wang, S 2023, 'Analysis and subcellular distribution of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in rice tissues', Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-023-27564-3

Harrad, S, Sharkey, M, Stubbings, WA, Alghamdi, M, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M, Rosa, AH & Drage, D 2023, 'Chlorinated organophosphate esters in Irish waste foams and fabrics: Concentrations, preliminary assessment of temporal trends and evaluation of the impact of a concentration limit value', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 859, no. 1, 160250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160250

Qin, Z, Bian, R, Liu, L, Stubbings, WA, Zhao, X, Li, F, Wu, F & Wang, S 2023, 'Determination of polyoxymethylene-water partition coefficients for diverse organophosphate esters (OPEs) and prediction of the free-dissolved OPEs in OPE-contaminated soil', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 875, 162528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.162528

Harrad, S, Drage, D, Sharkey, M, Stubbings, W, Alghamdi, M, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M & Rosa, AH 2023, 'Elevated concentrations of halogenated flame retardants in waste childcare articles from Ireland', Environmental Pollution, vol. 317, 120732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120732

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2023, 'Temporal trends in concentrations of brominated flame retardants in UK foodstuffs suggest active impacts of global phase-out of PBDEs and HBCDD', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 863, 160956. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160956

Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Atmospheric concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, brominated flame retardants, and novel flame retardants in Lagos, Nigeria indicate substantial local sources', Environmental Research, vol. 204, no. Part B, 112091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.112091

Al-Omran, LS, Stubbings, WA & Harrad, S 2022, 'Concentrations and isomer profiles of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) in floor, elevated surface, and outdoor dust samples from Basrah, Iraq', Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 910-920. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2EM00133K

Abdullahi, M, Li, X, Abdallah, MA-E, Stubbings, W, Yan, N, Barnard, M, Guo, L-H, Colbourne, JK & Orsini, L 2022, 'Daphnia as a Sentinel Species for Environmental Health Protection: A Perspective on Biomonitoring and Bioremediation of Chemical Pollution', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 56, no. 20, pp. 14237-14248. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.2c01799

Drage, D, Sharkey, M, Al-Omran, LS, Stubbings, WA, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M, Rosa, AH & Harrad, S 2022, 'Halogenated flame retardants in Irish waste polymers: Concentrations, legislative compliance, and preliminary assessment of temporal trends', Environmental Pollution, vol. 309, 119796. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.119796

Sharkey, M, Drage, D, Harrad, S, Stubbings, WA, Rosa, AH, Coggins, M & Berresheim, H 2022, 'POP-BFRs in consumer products: evolution of the efficacy of XRF screening for legislative compliance over a 5-year interval and future trends', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 853, 158614. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.158614

Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, M, Misiuta, K, Onwuamaegbu, U, Holland, J, Smith, L, Parkinson, C, McKinlay, R & Harrad, S 2021, 'Assessment of brominated flame retardants in a small mixed waste electronic and electrical equipment (WEEE) plastic recycling stream in the UK', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 780, 146543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146543

Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, M, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2021, 'Concentrations of halogenated flame retardants and polychlorinated biphenyls in house dust from Lagos, Nigeria', Environmental Science Processes and Impacts , vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 1696-1705. https://doi.org/10.1039/d1em00316j

Review article

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Formal waste treatment facilities as a source of halogenated flame retardants and organophosphate esters to the environment: a critical review with particular focus on outdoor air and soil', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 807, no. Part 1, 150747. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150747

Eastwood, N, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Durance, I, Paavola, J, Dallimer, M, Pantel, JH, Johnson, S, Zhou, J, Hosking, JS, Brown, J, Ullah, S, Krause, S, Hannah, D, Crawford, S, Widmann, M & Orsini, L 2022, 'The Time Machine framework: monitoring and prediction of biodiversity loss', Trends in Ecology & Evolution, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 138-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2021.09.008

Akinrinade, OE & Stubbings, WA 2022, 'Waste streams as current sources of persistent organic pollutants and organophosphate esters in Africa - a critical review', Journal of Environmental Exposure Assessment, vol. 1, no. 21, pp. 1-23. https://doi.org/10.20517/jeea.2022.17

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