Dr William A Stubbings PhD

Salim Alam

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Research Fellow in Persistent Organic Pollutants

Contact details

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr William A Stubbings is a post-doctoral researcher with a high level of experience in environmental and analytical chemistry, specifically related to the determination of concentrations of organic contaminants, such as flame retardants, plasticisers, and their metabolites.


PhD Environmental Chemistry (University of Birmingham, UK)

MSc Air Pollution Management and Control (University of Birmingham, UK)

MGeol Geology (University of Leicester, UK)


Recent publications


Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Jin, J, Cline-Cole, R, Abdallah, MA-E & Harrad, S 2024, 'Impact of Legislation on Brominated Flame Retardant Concentrations in UK Indoor and Outdoor Environments: Evidence for Declining Indoor Emissions of Some Legacy BFRs', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 58, no. 9, pp. 4237-4246. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.3c05286

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Cline-Cole, R, Abdallah, MAE & Harrad, S 2024, 'Rising concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in Nigerian foodstuffs despite global restrictions', Emerging Contaminants, vol. 10, no. 1, 100264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emcon.2023.100264

Wang, H, Qin, Z, Bian, R, Stubbings, WA, Liu, L, Li, F, Zhao, X, Wu, F & Wang, S 2024, 'Single injection by LC-ESI-MS/MS for simultaneous determination of organophosphate tri- and di-esters in plant tissue based on ultrasonic-assisted sequential extraction and single-step purification', Food Chemistry, vol. 437, no. Part 2, 137917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2023.137917

Eastwood, N, Zhou, J, Derelle, R, Abdallah, MA-E, Stubbings, WA, Jia, Y, Crawford, SE, Davidson, TA, Colbourne, JK, Creer, S, Bik, H, Hollert, H, Orsini, L & Weigel, D 2023, '100 years of anthropogenic impact causes changes in freshwater functional biodiversity', eLife, vol. 12, RP86576. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.86576.1, https://doi.org/10.7554/elife.86576

Qin, Z, Liu, L, Stubbings, WA & Wang, S 2023, 'Analysis and subcellular distribution of organophosphate esters (OPEs) in rice tissues', Environmental Science and Pollution Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-023-27564-3

Harrad, S, Sharkey, M, Stubbings, WA, Alghamdi, M, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M, Rosa, AH & Drage, D 2023, 'Chlorinated organophosphate esters in Irish waste foams and fabrics: Concentrations, preliminary assessment of temporal trends and evaluation of the impact of a concentration limit value', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 859, no. 1, 160250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160250

Qin, Z, Bian, R, Liu, L, Stubbings, WA, Zhao, X, Li, F, Wu, F & Wang, S 2023, 'Determination of polyoxymethylene-water partition coefficients for diverse organophosphate esters (OPEs) and prediction of the free-dissolved OPEs in OPE-contaminated soil', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 875, 162528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.162528

Harrad, S, Drage, D, Sharkey, M, Stubbings, W, Alghamdi, M, Berresheim, H, Coggins, M & Rosa, AH 2023, 'Elevated concentrations of halogenated flame retardants in waste childcare articles from Ireland', Environmental Pollution, vol. 317, 120732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2022.120732

Rosa, AH, Stubbings, WA, Akinrinade, OE, Jeunon Gontijo, ES & Harrad, S 2023, 'Neural network for evaluation of the impact of the UK COVID-19 national lockdown on atmospheric concentrations of PAHs and PBDEs', Environmental Pollution. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2023.122794

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2023, 'Temporal trends in concentrations of brominated flame retardants in UK foodstuffs suggest active impacts of global phase-out of PBDEs and HBCDD', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 863, 160956. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160956

Akinrinade, OE, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Ayejuyo, O, Alani, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Atmospheric concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls, brominated flame retardants, and novel flame retardants in Lagos, Nigeria indicate substantial local sources', Environmental Research, vol. 204, no. Part B, 112091. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2021.112091

Al-Omran, LS, Stubbings, WA & Harrad, S 2022, 'Concentrations and isomer profiles of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDDs) in floor, elevated surface, and outdoor dust samples from Basrah, Iraq', Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 910-920. https://doi.org/10.1039/D2EM00133K

Abdullahi, M, Li, X, Abdallah, MA-E, Stubbings, W, Yan, N, Barnard, M, Guo, L-H, Colbourne, JK & Orsini, L 2022, 'Daphnia as a Sentinel Species for Environmental Health Protection: A Perspective on Biomonitoring and Bioremediation of Chemical Pollution', Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 56, no. 20, pp. 14237-14248. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.2c01799

Review article

Wang, S, Jin, J, Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Gbadamosi, MR, Abdallah, MA-E & Harrad, S 2024, 'Organophosphate triesters and their diester degradation products in the atmosphere: A critical review', Environmental Pollution, vol. 346, 123653. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2024.123653

Ma, Y, Stubbings, WA, Abdallah, MA-E, Cline-Cole, R & Harrad, S 2022, 'Formal waste treatment facilities as a source of halogenated flame retardants and organophosphate esters to the environment: a critical review with particular focus on outdoor air and soil', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 807, no. Part 1, 150747. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.150747

View all publications in research portal