Dr Daniel Drage BSc. (Hons), PhD

Dr Daniel Drage

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Lecturer in Environmental Health

Dr Drage has a range of experience using mass spectrometry techniques to investigate the presence and effects of persistent and emerging organic contaminants in a range of indoor and outdoor environments. He has made contributions to the fields of human exposure, wildlife exposure as well as waste management.


  • PhD in Environmental Chemistry – University of Birmingham, UK – 2013
  • BSc. (Hons) in Environmental Science – University of Birmingham, UK - 2009


Daniel finished his BSc in Environmental Science in 2009 at the University of Birmingham where he focused his final year on in-stream ecology and environmental chemistry. He remained at Birmingham to study for his PhD, which was awarded in 2013. He investigated the presence of brominated flame retardants and by-product emissions in the steel industry and their fate in the environment – which resulted in several publications in high impact scientific journal

Upon receiving his PhD he accepted a job as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Here he worked on several projects including the modelling of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and emerging contaminants in wastewater and landfills.

Since returning to the University of Birmingham, Daniel has worked on a range of projects funded by the Environmental Protection Agency of Ireland – including WAFER, SAFER and FUEL which have investigated brominated flame retardants (BFRs), organophosphorus flame retardants and perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) in the waste industry, as well as ELEVATE which investigated human exposure to BFRs and PFAS in indoor environments.


Human Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants

Environmental and wildlife effects of organic contaminants

Understanding of the movement of restricted organic contaminants into the waste industry


1. D.S. Drage, S. Waiyarat, S. Harrad, M. Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, S.K. Boontanon, Temporal trends in concentrations of legacy and novel brominated flame retardants in house dust from Birmingham in the United Kingdom, Emerg. Contam. 6 (2020) 323–329. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.emcon.2020.08.003.

2. A.D.W. Tongue, K.J. Fernie, S. Harrad, D.S. Drage, R.A.R. McGill, S.J. Reynolds, Interspecies comparisons of brominated flame retardants in relation to foraging ecology and behaviour of gulls frequenting a UK landfill, Sci. Total Environ. 764 (2021) 142890. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.142890.

3. M. Sharkey, S. Harrad, M. Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, D.S. Drage, H. Berresheim, Phasing-out of legacy brominated flame retardants: The UNEP Stockholm Convention and other legislative action worldwide, Environ. Int. 144 (2020) 106041. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106041.

4.  M.A.-E. Abdallah, N. Wemken, D.S. Drage, C. Tlustos, C. Cellarius, K. Cleere, J.J. Morrison, S. Daly, M.A. Coggins, S. Harrad, Concentrations of perfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Ireland: Implications for adult and nursing infant exposure, Chemosphere. 246 (2020) 125724. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125724.

5. S. Harrad, D.S. Drage, M. Sharkey, H. Berresheim, Perfluoroalkyl substances and brominated flame retardants in landfill-related air, soil, and groundwater from Ireland, Sci. Total Environ. 705 (2020) 135834. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135834.

6. D.S. Drage, F.A. Harden, T. Jeffery, J.F. Mueller, P. Hobson, L.-M.L. Toms, Human biomonitoring in Australian children: Brominated flame retardants decrease from 2006 to 2015, Environ. Int. 122 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.044.

7. S. Harrad, N. Wemken, D.S. Drage, M.A.-E. Abdallah, A.-M. Coggins, Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Drinking Water, Indoor Air and Dust from Ireland: Implications for Human Exposure, Environ. Sci. Technol. 53 (2019) 13449–13457. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b04604.

8. D.S. Drage, A.L. Heffernan, T.K. Cunningham, L.L. Aylward, J.F. Mueller, T. Sathyapalan, S.L. Atkin, Serum measures of hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in reproductive-aged women in the United Kingdom, Environ. Res. 177 (2019) 108631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108631.

9. N. Wemken, D.S. Drage, M.A.-E. Abdallah, S. Harrad, M.A. Coggins, Concentrations of Brominated Flame Retardants in Indoor Air and Dust from Ireland Reveal Elevated Exposure to Decabromodiphenyl Ethane, Environ. Sci. Technol. 53 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b02059.

10. X. Wang, A.P.W. Banks, C. He, D.S. Drage, C.L. Gallen, Y. Li, Q. Li, P.K. Thai, J.F. Mueller, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls and legacy and current pesticides in indoor environment in Australia – occurrence, sources and exposure risks, Sci. Total Environ. 693 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133588.

11.  N. Wemken, D.S. Drage, C. Cellarius, K. Cleere, J.J. Morrison, S. Daly, M.A.-E. Abdallah, C. Tlustos, S. Harrad, M.A. Coggins, Emerging and legacy brominated flame retardants in the breast milk of first time Irish mothers suggest positive response to restrictions on use of HBCDD and Penta- and Octa-BDE formulations, Environ. Res. 180 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108805.

12. D.S. Drage, M. Sharkey, M.A.-E. Abdallah, H. Berresheim, S. Harrad, Brominated flame retardants in Irish waste polymers: Concentrations, legislative compliance, and treatment options, Sci. Total Environ. 625 (2018) 1535–1543. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2018.01.076.

13. M. Sharkey, M.A.-E. Abdallah, D.S. Drage, S. Harrad, H. Berresheim, Portable X-ray fluorescence for the detection of POP-BFRs in waste plastics, Sci. Total Environ. 639 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.132.

14. A.L. Heffernan, T.K. Cunningham, D.S. Drage, L.L. Aylward, K. Thompson, S. Vijayasarathy, J.F. Mueller, S.L. Atkin, T. Sathyapalan, Perfluorinated alkyl acids in the serum and follicular fluid of UK women with and without polycystic ovarian syndrome undergoing fertility treatment and associations with hormonal and metabolic parameters, Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 221 (2018) 1068–1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.IJHEH.2018.07.009.

15. D.S. Drage, J.F. Mueller, P. Hobson, F.A. Harden, L.-M.L. Toms, Demographic and temporal trends of hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDD) in an Australian population, Environ. Res. 152 (2017) 192–198. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2016.10.015

16. C. Gallen, G. Eaglesham, D. Drage, T.H. Nguyen, J.F. Mueller, A mass estimate of perfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) release from Australian wastewater treatment plants, Chemosphere. 208 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.06.024.

17. C. Gallen, D. Drage, G. Eaglesham, S. Grant, M. Bowman, J.F. Mueller, Australia-wide assessment of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in landfill leachates, J. Hazard. Mater. 331 (2017) 132–141. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JHAZMAT.2017.02.006.

18. M.A.-E. Abdallah, D.S. Drage, M. Sharkey, H. Berresheim, S. Harrad, A rapid method for the determination of brominated flame retardant concentrations in plastics and textiles entering the waste stream, J. Sep. Sci. 40 (2017) 3749–3922. https://doi.org/10.1002/jssc.201700497.

19. A.K. Anim, D.S. Drage, A. Goonetilleke, J.F. Mueller, G.A. Ayoko, Distribution of PBDEs, HBCDs and PCBs in the Brisbane River estuary sediment, Mar. Pollut. Bull. 120 (2017) 165–173. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MARPOLBUL.2017.05.002.

20. C. Gallen, D. Drage, S. Kaserzon, C. Baduel, M. Gallen, A. Banks, S. Broomhall, J.F. Mueller, Occurrence and distribution of brominated flame retardants and perfluoroalkyl substances in Australian landfill leachate and biosolids, J. Hazard. Mater. 312 (2016) 55–64. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.03.031.

21. W.A. Stubbings, D.S. Drage, S. Harrad, Chlorinated organophosphate and “legacy” brominated flame retardants in UK waste soft furnishings: A preliminary study, Emerg. Contam. 2 (2016) 185–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.EMCON.2016.12.001.

22. L.-M.L. Toms, M. Mazaheri, S. Brommer, S. Clifford, D. Drage, J.F. Mueller, P. Thai, S. Harrad, L. Morawska, F.A. Harden, Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in dust from primary schools in South East Queensland, Australia, Environ. Res. 142 (2015) 135–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ENVRES.2015.06.007.

23. D. Drage, J.F. Mueller, G. Birch, G. Eaglesham, L.K. Hearn, S. Harrad, Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia, Sci. Total Environ. 512–513 (2015) 177–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SCITOTENV.2015.01.034.

24. G.F. Birch, D.S. Drage, K. Thompson, G. Eaglesham, J.F. Mueller, Emerging contaminants (pharmaceuticals, personal care products, a food additive and pesticides) in waters of Sydney estuary, Australia, Mar. Pollut. Bull. 97 (2015) 56–66. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MARPOLBUL.2015.06.038.

25. D.S. Drage, E. Aries, S. Harrad, Studies into the formation of PBDEs and PBDD/Fs in the iron ore sintering process, Sci. Total Environ. 485–486 (2014) 497–507. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.093.

26. M.A.-E. Abdallah, D. Drage, S. Harrad, A one-step extraction/clean-up method for determination of PCBs, PBDEs and HBCDs in environmental solid matrices, Environ. Sci. Process. Impacts. 15 (2013) 2279–2287. https://doi.org/10.1039/C3EM00395G.

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