Emeritus Professor Julian Cooper

Emeritus Professor Julian Cooper

Centre for Russian, European and Eurasian Studies
Emeritus Professor of Russian Economic Studies

Contact details

Centre for Russian, European and Eurasian Studies
School of Government and Society
Muirhead Tower
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston, Birmingham,
B15 2TT, United Kingdom


PhD (Birmingham)

BSc Econonomics (Bath)


Julian Cooper is Professor Emeritus at the Centre for Russian and East European Studies of the University of Birmingham and was Director of the Centre from 1990 to 2001 and again during 2007-08. He is also an Associate Fellow of the Chatham House Russia and Eurasia Programme. His research is concerned with the development of the Russian economy, with particular emphasis on Russia’s external economic relations, prospects for diversification away from resource-led growth, and the economics of defence and security.. He has participated in projects and consultancy for the UK government, OECD, European Commission, NATO, ILO, SIPRI and other international organisations


Research interests

Professor Cooper's research is concerned with the development of the Russian economy, with particular emphasis on Russia’s external economic relations, prospects for diversification away from resource-led growth, and the economics of defence and security.  He has participated in projects and consultancy for the UK government, OECD, European Commission, NATO, ILO, SIPRI and other international organisations



Russian/Soviet Military Economics

‘The Russian State Armament Programme’, 2018-2027, NATO Defense College, Rome, Russian Studies, 01/2018, 2018, May (http://www.ndc.nato.int/research/research.php?icode=0 )

Russia’s Invincible Weapons: Today, Tomorrow, Sometime, Never?, The Changing Character of War Centre, Pembroke College, Oxford, May 2018 (http://www.ccw.ox.ac.uk/blog/2018/4/30/russias-invincible-weapons-today-tomorrow-sometime-never )

‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2018, Abingdon, Routledge, 2018, pp.175-179.

‘The Russian budgetary process and defence: finding the ‘golden mean’’, Post-Communist Economies, vol.29, no.4, 2017, pp.476-490.

‘Finding the “golden mean”: Russia’s resource commitment to defence’, Revue Défense Nationale, no.802, June 2017

‘Russia’s Military Economy’ in Kuhrt, Natasha and Valentina Feklyunina (eds.), Assessing Russia’s Power: A Report, (King’s college Londin and Newcastle University), 2017, pp.17-20 (https://www.bisa.ac.uk/files/working%20groups/Assessing_Russias_Power_Report_2017.pdf)

‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2017, Abingdon, Routledge, 2017, pp.191-196

‘If War Comes Tomorrow. How Russia Prepares for Possible Armed Aggression’, Royal United Services Institute, Whitehall Report, 4-2016 (https://rusi.org/publication/whitehall-reports/if-war-comes-tomorrow-how-russia-prepares-possible-armed-aggression)

'The Military Face of "Militant Russia"' Russia in Global Affairs, 2016, no.1, January-March 2016,  (http://eng.globalaffairs.ru/number/The-Military-Face-of-Militant-Russia--17979)

 ‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2016, Abingdon, Routledge, 2016, pp.169-173

‘Russia’s state armament programme to 2020: a quantitative assessment of implementation’,, 2011-2015, FOI Report, FOI-R-4239-SE, Swedish Defence Research Agency, March 2016
(https://www.foi.se/reportsummary?reportNo=FOI-R--4239--SE )

'Voennoe litso Voinstvennoi Rossii', Rossiya v global'noi politike,vo.13, no.6, November-December 2015,

 ‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2015, Abingdon, Routledge, 2015, pp.164-167

'Sanctions will Hurt Russia's Rearmament Plans', The Moscow Times, 12 August 2014 (also as 'How Sanctions will Hurt Russia's Rearmament Plans', Chatham House Expert Comment,13 August 214)

‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2014. Abingdon, Routledge, March 2014,pp.163-167

'Russian Military Expenditure: Data, Analysis and Issues’, FOI Report, FOI-R-3688-SE, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), September 2013 http://www.foi.se/Documents/foir_3688.pdf

 ‘Defence economics’ (Russia) in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2013. Abingdon, Routledge, March 2013, pp.205-208

 ‘From USSR to Russia: the fate of the military economy’ in Paul Hare and Gerard Turley (eds.), Handbook of the Economics and Political Economy of Transition, Routledge, London and New York, 2013, pp. 98-107 (ISBN 978-0-414-581 12-6)

 'Military expenditure in the Russian Federation 2012-2015', Research note, SIPRI, August 2012

‘Russian defence economics’ in International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2012. Abingdon, Routledge, March 2012, pp.188-191

 ‘Military procurement in Russia’ in Roger N. McDermott, Bertil Nygren and Carolina Vendil Pallin (eds), The Russian Armed Forces in Transition, London:  Routledge, 2012 (December), pp.169-189

 ‘Russia’ in SIPRI Yearbook 2011, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011,  pp.163-166

 ‘Military expenditure in the Russian federal budget, 2010-13’: a research note published on website of Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, December 2010

 ‘The ‘Security Economy’’ in Galeotti, Mark (ed.) (2010), The Politics of Security in Russia. Ashgate, Farnham and Burlington, pp.145-169 (ISBN 978077554674085)

 ‘Military expenditure in the Russian 2010 draft federal budget’: a research note for Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, December 2009:

 ‘Military expenditure in the Russian Federation, 2007-2009: a research note for  Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, July 2009

‘The Funding of the Power Agencies of the Russian State’ in The Journal of Power Institutions in Post-Soviet Societies, Issue 6/7, 2007 (December) (an electronic journal: http://www.pipss.org/document562.html)

 ‘Military Expenditure in the Three-year Federal Budget of the Russian Federation’, a research working paper for Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

 ‘Developments in the Russian arms industry’ in SIPRI Yearbook 2006, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute - Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006 (June), pp. 431- 448.

 ‘Military Expenditure in the 2005 and 2006 Federal Budgets of the Russian Federation’: a research note for Stockholm International Peace, January 2006

 ‘Society-military relations in Russia: the economic dimension’ in Stephen L Webber and Jennifer G Mathers (eds.), Military and Society in post-Soviet Russia, Manchester UP, 2006, pp. 131-156 ). (ISBN: 07190 61490)

 ‘The Arms Industries of the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Belarus’, SIPRI Yearbook 2004,  Stockholm International Peace Research Institute/Oxford University Press, 2004, pp.431-446

  ‘Arms Industries of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus’ , SIPRI Yearbook 2004, SIPRI/Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004, pp.431-446

 ‘The Russian Military-Industrial Complex: Current Problems and Future Prospects’ in Pentti Forsström (ed.),Russia’s Potential in the 21st Century, National Defence College, Helsinki, 2001, pp. 43-56

 ‘Russian military expenditure and arms production’, SIPRI Yearbook 2001, SIPRI/Oxford University Press,Oxford, 2001

 ‘Minatom: The Last Soviet Industrial Ministry’ in S Harter and G Easter (eds), Shaping the Economic Space in Russia, Ashgate, Aldershot, 2000, pp.147-161

 (with K Dexter and M Harrison), The numbered factories and other establishments of the Soviet defence industry, 1928-1967: a guide, Part 1, Factories and shipyards, The University of Birmingham, Centre for Russian and East European Studies, Soviet Industrialisation Project Series, Occasional Paper no.2, 1999  (also athttp://warwick.ac.uk/staff/Mark.Harrison/VPK/

‘The Military Expenditure of the USSR/The Russian Federation, 1987-97’ in SIPRI Yearbook 1998, SIPRI/Oxford University Press, 1998, pp.243-259

 'The future role of the Russian defence industry' in R.Allison and C.Bluth, Security  Dilemmas in Russian and Eurasia, Royal Institute of International Affairs,London,  1998, pp.94-117 

 'Russia' in Andrew J Pierre (ed), Cascade of Arms: Managing Conventional Weapons Proliferation, Brookings Institution Press, Washington, D.C./The World Peace Foundation, Cambridge, MA, 1997, pp.173-202

 'Russia and Ukraine' (contribution to chapter on defence industries, SIPRI Yearbook 1997, SIPRI/Oxford UniversityPress, 1997, pp.254-260.

 'The Conversion of the Former Soviet Defence Industry' in D Dyker (ed.), Investment Opportunities in Russia and the CIS, The Brookings Institution/RIIA, Washington, D.C., 1995, pp.127-174.

 'Defense Industries in Russia and the Other Post Soviet States' in B Parrott (ed.),  State Building and Military Power in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, M E  Sharpe, Armonk, NY, 1995, pp.64-82.

 'Russia' (contribution to chapter, 'World military expenditure', SIPRI Yearbook 1995: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security, SIPRI/Oxford University Press, 1995, pp.399-408.

 'Conversion is Dead. Long Live Conversion!', Journal of Peace Research, vol.32, no.2, 1995, pp.129-132.

 'Demilitarizing the Russian Defence Economy: A Commentary', Security Dialogue, 1995, vol.26, no.1, pp.35-39.

 'Transformation of the Russian Defence Industry', Jane's Intelligence Review, October 1994, pp.445-447.

 'The Soviet defence industry heritage and economic restructuring in Russia' in  L.B.Wallin (ed.), The Post-Soviet Military Industrial Complex, Swedish National Defence Research Establishment, Stockholm, 1994, pp.29-48.

 'Transforming Russia's Defence Industrial Base', Survival, Winter 1993-94, pp.147-162

 'Regional'naya fokusirovka konversii oboronnoi promyshlennosti', Voprosy Ekonomiki i Konversii, 1993, Spetsial'nyi vypusk, pp.61-62.

 'Defence Industry Conversion in NATO Partner Countries', NATO's Sixteen Nations, 1993, no.5-5, pp.21, 24-5, 28.

 The Conversion of the Former Soviet Defence Industry, RIIA, Post-Soviet Business Forum, 1993

 'The Soviet Union and the Successor Republics: Arms Industries Coming to Terms with Disunion' in H.Wulf (ed.),Arms Industry Limited, Oxford University Press/SIPRI, 1993, pp.87-108

 'Defence Industrial Conversion in the East: the Relevance of Western Experience' in R.Weichhardt (ed.),External Economic Relations of the Central and East European Countries, Brussels, NATO, 1992, pp.151-168

 'The Contradictions of Soviet Defence Industry Conversion' in C.Wolf and S W  Popper (eds.), Defense and the Soviet Economy: Military Muscle and Economic Weakness, RAND, Santa Monica, 1992, pp.264-290   

 The Soviet Defence Industry: Conversion and Reform, Pinter/RIIA, 1991, pp. 111 (also, same title, RIIA/Council of Foreign Relations Press, New York, 1991)

 'Soviet Arms Exports and the Conversion of the Defence Industry' in L.Bozzo (ed.), Exporting Conflict: International Transfers of Conventional Arms, Cultura Nuova, Florence, 1991, pp.135-142

 'Military Cuts and Conversion in the Defence Industry', Soviet Economy, vol.7,  no.2, 1991, pp.121-142

 'Soviet Military has a Finger in Every Pie', Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,   December 1990, pp.22-25

 'The Soviet Defence Industry and Conversion', The RUSI Journal, Autumn 1990,  pp. 51-56

 'The Soviet defence industry and conversion: the regional dimension' in L.Paukert and P.Richards (eds.),Defence Expenditure, Industrial Conversion and Local Employment, ILO,Geneva, 1991, pp.157-178

 'The Defense Industry and Civil-Military Relations', in T.J.Colton and T.Gustafson (eds.), Soldiers and the Soviet State, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1990,   pp.164-191

'Soviet Resource Options: Civil and Military Priorities', in T.Hasegawa and A.Pravda (eds.), Perestroika: Soviet Domestic and Foreign Policies,  RIIA/Sage, London, 1990,  pp.141-154

 'Management of the Defence Industry', in C.Jacobsen (ed.), Strategic Power: USA/USSR, Macmillan, London, 1990, pp. 325-334

 'West-Ost Technologietransfer und Sowjetische Verteidigungsindustrie', in C.M.Davis, H.-H.Höhmann and H.-H. Schröder (eds.), Rüstung, Modernisierung, Reform, Bund Verlag, Cologne, 1990, pp.213-230

 'Nuclear Milking Machines and Perestroika', Detente,  no.14, 1989, pp. 11-13

 'The Military and Higher Education in the USSR', Annals of the American Academy of Political Science, vol.502, 1989, pp.108-11

 The Defense Sector and Change in the Soviet Economy, A report sponsored by  CSIS and Kiser Research Inc., Washington, D.C., 1989

 'The Soviet Union', in P. Burke (ed.), The Nuclear Weapons World, Pinter, London, 1988, pp.121-176

 The Scale of Output of Civilian Products by Enterprises of the Soviet Defence Industry, CREES Discussion Paper, SITS 3,University of Birmingham, 1988

 'The Elite of the Defence Industry Complex', in D.Lane (ed.), Elites and Political Power in the USSR, Edward Elgar, Aldershot, 1988, pp.167-187

 'Civil and Military Engineering', in M.J.Berry (ed.), Science and Technology in the USSR, Longman, Harlow, 1998, pp.271-292

 'Technology Transfer between Military and Civilian Ministries', in US Congress, Joint Economic Committee, Gorbachev's Economic Plans, vol.1, Washington, D.C., USGPO, 1987, pp.388-404

 'Technologisches Niveau der sowjetischen Verteidigungsindustrie', in H.Adomeit, H.-H.Höhmann and G.Wagenlehner (eds.), Die Sowjetunion als Militärmacht, Kohlhammer,Stuttgart, 1987, pp.184-199

'The civilian production of the Soviet defence industry', in R.Amann and J. Cooper, Technical Progress and Soviet Economic Development, Blackwell, Oxford, 1986, pp.31-50.

 'The Soviet Union', in S. McLean (ed.), How Nuclear Weapons Decisions are Made, Oxford Research Group/Macmillan,London, 1986, pp.1-31

 'Comments on George Weickhardt's article', Soviet Economy, vol.2, no.3, July-September 1986, pp.221-227

 'Western Technology and the Soviet Defense Industry', in B.Parrott (ed.), Trade, Technology, and Soviet-American Relations, CSIS/Indiana University Press,Bloomington,1985, pp.169-202

 Defence Production and the Soviet Economy, 1929-1941, CREES Discussion Paper, SIPS 3,University of Birmingham, 1976.

 Russian/Soviet Economy, Politics and Society

(With Silvana Malle) ‘The pendulum moves from Europe to Asia. Modernizing Siberia and the Far East. Economic and security issues’, Journal of Eurasian Studies, 2013, no. 3, pp.1-18.

 Background‘ and ‘Russia’ in Dragneva, R. and Wolczuk, K. (eds.), Eurasian Economic Integration. Law, Policy and Politics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2013 (October)  

‘Die eurasische wirtschaftliche Integration nimmt Fahrt auf’, Russland-Analysen, no.257, 17 May 2013, pp. 2-10. (ISSN 1613-3390) (http://www.laender-analysen.de/russland/pdf/Russlandanalysen257.pdf)

‘The life and death of the Soviet economic system’ in Martin Malek and Anna Schor-Tschudnowskaja (eds.),Zerfall der Sowjetunion: Ursachen – Begleiterscheinungen – Hintergrűnde, Nomos, Baden-Baden, 2013, pp.235-250. (ISBN 978-3-8329-6320-0)

 ‘The Russia economy twenty years after the end of the socialist economic system’, Journal of Eurasian Studies, vol.4, no.1, January, 2013, pp.54-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euras.2012.07.002, (ISSN 1879-3665)

 ‘Eurasian Economic Integration - different this time?’, Baltic Rim Economies, 2012, no.6, pp.38-39. (http://www.utu.fi/fi/yksikot/tse/yksikot/PEI/BRE/Documents/BRE%206-2012%20web.pdf)

 ‘WTO membership as priority’, interview, Azerbaijan news agency, News.Az (in Russian), 12 July 2012 (http://news.az/articles/politics/64197

‘VTO bez Rosii – eto absurd’ interview, Robsbalt information agency, 4 July 2012  (http://www.rosbalt.ru/main/2012/07/04/1007155.html

‘Reviewing Russian Strategic Planning: The Emergence of Strategy 2020’, NDC Research Review, NATO Defense College, Rome, June 2012 (22 pp) (http://www.ndc.nato.int/research/series.php?icode=9)  

‘Global risks for the Russian economy’, Contribution to Valdai Club discussion, 27 January 2012 (http://valdaiclub.com/economy/37780.html )

 ‘Plans to create a Eurasian Economic Union by 2015 are unrealistic’ interview, News.Az (Azerbaijan), 17 December 2011 (http://news.az/articles/economy/51105 )

 ‘Investment environment continues to improve post Putin re-election - Russian expert viewpoint’, interview, business news website of the Japanese External Trade Organisation (JETRO), November 2011 (http://www.jetro.go.jp/biznews/4eb7703642680 ) (in Japanese)

‘Russia and the Global Financial-Economic Crisis’ in Julie Wilhelmsen and Elana Wilson Rowe (eds.), Russia’s Encounter with Globalization, London: Palgrave Macmillan, October 2011 (ISBN 978-0-230-28488-3)*

 ‘Introduction’ (to special issue, ‘Expanding the horizons of Comparative Economic Studies’), The Journal of Comparative Economic Studies, vol.6, March 2011, pp.3-6

 ‘Protektioniznm -  ne v interesakh Rossii’, Rosbalt biznes, 12 October 2010 (interview on Russia’s WTO accession)

'Russia’s trade relations within the Commonwealth of Independent States’ in Elana Wilson Rowe and Stina Torjesen, The Multilateral Dimension in Russian Foreign Policy, Routledge, London and New York, 2009, pp. 163-180

‘No Safe Haven’, The World Today, November 2008, pp.10-12

 House of Lords, European Union Committee, 14th Report of Session 2007-08, The European Union and Russia. Report with Evidence, The Stationery Office, London, 2008, Minutes of Evidence, pp.15-30 (with P Hanson).

 ‘Russia as a BRIC: Only a Dream?’, University of Birmingham, European Research Institute, European Research Working Paper Series, WP13, July 2006

 (with M Bradshaw), ‘Russia’s New Economy’ in Peter Daniels, Andrew Leyshon, Mike Bradshaw and Jonathan Beaverstock (eds.), Geographies of the New Economy; Critical Reflections, Routledge, London and New York, 2006  (ISBN: 041 5357837)

 ‘Can Russia Compete in the Global Economy?’, Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2006, vol.47, no.4, pp.407-425.

 ‘Of BRICS and Brains: Comparing Russia with China, India and Other Populous Emerging Economies’,Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2006, vol.47, no.3, pp.241-270.

‘The Rise and Fall of Economic Securitization’, in Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renzwith Julian Cooper, Securitising Russia: The Domestic Politics of Putin, Manchester University Press: Manchester, 2006 (June), pp.151-176 (ISBN: 0719072247)

 ‘Russia stares into abyss’, Sunday Business,6 September 1998

 (With M.Bradshaw) ‘The Impact of Economic Disunion’, Brunel's Steel World Quarterly, August 1992, pp.15-19.

 (With W.Brus, M.Ellman and D.M.Nuti), ‘Outlook for the Socialist Economies’ Marxism Today, February 1982, pp.22-28

 ‘Developments in Industry’ in R.Weichhardt (ed.), The Soviet Economy under Gorbachev, NATO, Brussels, 1991, pp.68-81

 Contribution to Round Table discussion on 'second economy' in USSR, Ekonomicheskaya Gazeta, 1990, no.36 (September), pp.20-21(in Russian)

 ‘The Soviet Economy in Transition’ in J.Bloomfield (ed.), The Soviet Revolution,Lawrence and Wishart,London, 1989, pp.117-133

 ‘The Prospects for the Socialist Economy’ in W.Joyce, H.Ticktin and S.White (eds.), Gorbachev and Gorbachevism, Frank Cass,London, 1989, pp.64-70

Science, Technology and Innovation

‘Russia’s human capital and the task of modernisation’, Baltic Rim Economies. Quarterly Review, 2011, no.2, 31 May, p.37  (ISSN 1459-9759)(http://www.tse.fi/FI/yksikot/erillislaitokset/pei/Documents/BRE2011/BRE%202-2011%20final%2030.5.2011.pdf )

‘The Innovative Potential of the Russian Economy’, Russian Analytical Digest, No.88, 29 November 2010, pp. 8-12. (also in German, ‘Das Innovatsionspotential der russischen Wirschaft’, Russland-analysen, No. 209, 5 November 2010, pp.8-12)

 ‘The National Innovation System of the Russian Federation’ in V. K. Narayanan and Gina Collarelli O’Connor (eds.), Encylopedia of Technology and Innovation Management, Wiley, Chichester, 2010, pp.367-374

 “V Rossii po-prezhnemu net effektivnoi natsional’noi innovatsionnoi sistemy”,  Nezavismaya Gazete, Naukasupplement, 14 January 2009 (http://www.ng.ru/science/2009-01-14/11_innovation.html )

 ‘The Internet as an Agent of  Socio-Economic Modernisation in the Russian Federation’ in M Kangaspuro and J Smith (eds.), Modernisation in Russia since 1900, Finnish Literature Society, Helsinki, 2006, pp. 285-304 (ISBN 951-746-854-7)

 ‘The Role of the State in Promoting Technical Progress’ in R Weichhardt (ed.), Economic Developments and Reforms in Cooperation Partner Countries: The Role of the State with Particular Focus on Security and Defence Issues (NATO Colloquium, 17-19 June 1998, Ljubljana, Slovenia), NATO, Brussels, 1998, pp. 210-222

(With H Balzer, I Linnakko, et al.), Science, Technology and Innovation Policies: Federation of Russia, vol.1, Evaluation Report, OECD, Paris, 1994 (115 pp)

‘Scientific Institutions, Metals, Engineering’ in A Brown et al, Cambridge Encylopedia of Russia and the Former Soviet Union, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994, pp.291-295; 405-407

 ‘Soviet Technology and the Potential of Joint Ventures’ in A.B.Scherr, I.S.Korolev, I.P.Faminsky, T.M.Artemova and E.L.Yakovleva (eds.), International Joint Ventures: Soviet and Western Perspectives, Quorum Books, New York, 1991, pp.37-53

‘Commentary’ in C.Sinclair (ed.), The Status of Civil Science in Eastern Europe, Kluwer,Dordrecht, 1989, pp.335-338

 ‘Science and Technology’ in R.W.Davies (ed.), The Soviet Union, Unwin Hyman,Boston andLondon, 1988, pp.105-118

‘Civil and Military Engineering’ in M.J.Berry (ed.), Science and Technology in the USSR, Longman,Harlow, 1988, pp.271-292

 ‘Industry and Higher Education under Gorbachev’, Industry and Higher Education, vol.2, 1988, pp.217-222

 ‘Shake, Rattle and Roll’ (Soviet science and technology - 70th anniversary article), Times Higher Education Supplement, 6 November 1987

With R.Amann (eds.), Technical Progress and Soviet Economic Development, Blackwell, Oxford, 1986 (214 pp.)

 ‘Technology in the Soviet Union’, Current History, October 1986, pp.317-320; 340-342

 ‘Western Technology and Soviet Economic Power’ in M.E.Schaffer (ed.), Technology Transfer and East-West Relations, Croom Helm, London, 1985, pp.80-110

 ‘Technological Innovation in the USSR’ in R.Langdon (ed.), Design Policy, The Design Council, London, 1984, vol.2, pp.62-7

 ‘The Application of Industrial Robots in the USSR’, Omega, vol.12, no.3, 1984, pp.291-298

 ‘Il futuro della scienza e della tecnologia nell' URSS’ in Incontro sul Futuro (atti i convegno), Edizioni del Sole 24Ore,Milan, 1984, pp.123-128

 With R.Amann (eds.), Industrial Innovation in the Soviet Union, Yale University Press, London and New Haven, 1982 (526 pp.)

 ‘Organisation of Soviet Science; Engineering’ in A.Brown et al. (eds.), The Cambridge Encylopedia of Russia and the Soviet Union, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1982, pp.258-263; 343-344

 Scientists and Soviet Industry: A Statistical Analysis, The University of Birmingham, CREES Discussion Paper, 1981

 ‘The Scientific and Technical Revolution in the USSR’, Co-Existence, vol.18, no.2, 1979, pp.175-192

 Industrial Robots in the USSR, The Universityof Birmingham, CREES Discussion Paper,  1979

 Innovation for Innovation in Soviet Industry, The University of Birmingham, CREES Discussion Paper, 1979

 With R.Amann and R.W.Davies (eds.), The Technological Level of Soviet Industry,Yale University Press,London and New Haven, 1977 (575 pp.)

 ‘The Scientific and Technical Revolution in Soviet Theory’ in F.J.Fleron (ed.), Technology and Communist Culture, Praeger, New York, 1977, pp.146-179

 (With R.Amann and R.W.Davies), ‘No change on the Eastern Front’, New Scientist, vol.76, no.1079, 24 November 1977, pp.471-480

 ‘Research, Development and Innovation in the USSR’ in Z.Fallenbuchl (ed.), Economic Development in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, Praeger, New York, 1975, pp.159-196

 The Comparative Technological Level of the Soviet Iron and Steel Industry, The Universityof Birmingham,CREES Discussion Paper, 1975

 The Concept of the Scientific and Technical Revolution in Soviet Theory, The University of Birmingham, CREES Discussion Paper, 1973

 Russia/Soviet History

 (With Maureen Perrie and E A Rees) (eds.), Soviet History, 1917-1953, Macmillan,London, 1995 (273 pp)  (in honour of R W Davies).

 ‘Construction..Reconstruction..Deconstruction’ in C.Merridale and C.Ward (eds.), Perestroika: The Historical Perspective, Edward Arnold,London, 1991, pp.161-167

 (With R.W.Davies and M.J.Ilic) Soviet Official Statistics on Industrial Production, Capital Stock and Capital Investment, 1928-1941, SIPS Occasional Paper, CREES, The University of Birmingham, No.1, 1991

 (With R.A.Lewis) ‘Research and Technology’ in R.W.Davies (ed.), From Tsarism to the New Economic Policy, Macmillan, London, 1990, pp.189-211

 (With S.G.Wheatcroft and R.W.Davies) ‘Soviet Industrialisation Reconsidered: Some Preliminary Conclusions about Economic Development between 1926 and 1941’, The Economic History Review, vol.37, no.2, May 1986, pp.264-294

 ‘Comment on Zaleski’ in R.W.Davies (ed.), Soviet Investment for Planned Industrialisation, 1929-1937: Policy and Practice, Berkeley Slavic Specialities,Berkeley, Ca., 1984, pp.84-87

 The Strategy of Development of the Soviet Machine Tool Industry, 1926-1941, The University of Birmingham,CREES Discussion Paper, The University of Birmingham, 1977

 ‘To Catch Up and Overtake - Soviet Industrialisation, 1929-1941’, Socialist Europe, no.2, 1977, pp.3-8 JMC, May 2018