My dissertation, “Noblewomen, Saints, and Social Change in Medieval Britain and Italy,” is an exploration of the ever-evolving relationship between British and Italian noblewomen in the tumultuous Middle Ages. It explores themes of religion, power, gender, emotion, apocalypticism, and the intersections thereof, with the objective of crafting a survey that explores the intricacies, emotions, anxieties, and sheer beauty of women’s responses to war, plague, and disaster, done through a series of focused case studies. The Middle Ages, particularly in its broad definition of 476 to 1500 AD, saw an immense amount of change in its landscape, political existence, its economy, and even its climate and the ramifications thereof. Religion, a timeless means of rationalising and coping with the world, became something so naturally turned to in times of change. Women, whose agency and inclusion in the public sphere has been underrated until relatively recently, were key in facilitating this change and turning to their parishes and shrines when in need of the comfort of the divine. Noblewomen, with a unique social position, were not excluded, and used their unique position and the agency that it brought in their varied and often artistically productive ways. In exploring these reactions, my dissertation explores not only medieval femininity and devotion, but also dynamics of class and power. In creating a comparison between Italy and Britain - two significant players in the Middle Ages, its events, and its religion - my study will show similarities in medieval culture while pushing back on the popular narrative of a monolithic medieval Europe.