Dr Eunice Otuko Apio

Birmingham Law School
Research Fellow in Gender and Transitional Justice

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Eunice Otuko Apio joined the Birmingham Law School in September 2017. Her interests are post conflict recovery and children born of sexualized violence in war and conflict zones. She is also a novelist. Eunice is currently working with Prof. Janine N. Clark on a five-year project funded by the European Research Council. The project is entitled "A Comparative Study of Resilience in Survivors of War Rape and Sexual Violence: New Directions for Transitional Justice" (CSRS).


  • PhD in Anthropology and history (University of Birmingham, UK).
  • Masters of Arts in Human Rights (Makerere University Kampala, Uganda)
  • Bachelor of Science in Science (Makerere University, Kampala).


Dr Eunice Otuko Apio is a Research Fellow in Gender and Transitional Justice at the University of Birmingham. She has been involved in Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration programmes in northern Uganda since 2001. She is the founder of Facilitation for Peace and Development, a human rights and development NGO based in northern Uganda. Eunice was a recipient of the Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowship at the University of Birmingham (UK) and All Saints University Lango (Uganda) in 2012/2014. During her Fellowship, she theorized war/conflict related births in northern Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sierra Leone. Her main research interests include persons born as a result of coercive, exploitative and violent sexual relations in war zones, forced wives, gender, ethnicity and kinship. Eunice’s PhD thesis is entitled ‘Children Born of War in Northern Uganda: Kinship, Marriage and the Politics of Post-conflict Reintegration in Lango Society’ (for an on-line version, see EThOS http://www.ethos.ac.uk/, the British Library operated UK e-theses service). In her free time, Eunice is an advocate and uses creative writing and conferences to communicate issues that affect vulnerable populations. She delivered a brief as a representative of Civil Society during the UN Security Council’s Open Debate on Children and Armed Conflict on 18 June 2015. Her 2018 novel, Zura Maids (Femrite Publications) creatively explores the experiences of victims/survivors of human trafficking in an African context.


Eunice has built her research experience on the subject of children born of sexual violence in war and conflict zones. She has worked on the case of children born of the Lord’s Resistance Army both for her Master’s and PhD dissertations. Her research benefits strongly from many years of experience working in DDR programmes in northern Uganda. Currently Eunice is working with Dr Janine N. Clark on a five year comparative study of resilience in survivors of war and sexual violence in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Colombia, and Uganda. The project is being funded through a European Research Council Consolidator Grant.

Other activities

  • Member of the International Network on Children Born of War.
  • Member of the Uganda Women Writer’s Association (FEMRITE).
  • Blog [Children born of War in Africa]: http://childrenbornofwarinafrica.wordpress.com.


  • Apio, E., 2007. Uganda’s Forgotten Children of War. In: R. C. Carpenter, ed. Born Of War: Protecting Children of Sexual Violence Survivors in Conflict Zones. Bloomfield: Kumarian Press, pp. 98-103.Zura Maids (FEMRITE PUBLICATIONS).
  • Zura Maids (a novel).


  • Challenging Conceptions: Children born of wartime rape and sexual exploitation. May 10-11, 2018 – The Murrow Room, The Fletcher School.
  • Pontificate Council for Justice and Peace – Vatican City: Panel on The law on non-international armed conflicts: Protection of Women and Girls; Protection of Human Dignity in Light of International Law in non-international armed conflicts and “new conflicts” (Course for Catholic Military Chaplains), 26 October 2015.
  • UN Security Council: Children and Armed Conflict – Civil Society Representative and briefer, 18 June 2015
  • Key note paper on Born of War: Forgotten Victims of Sexual Violence in Conflict, Hosted by: C-Fam at the Armenian Cultural Center, New York City, 12th March 2015
  • International workshop on children born of war: Wolfson College Cambridge, 13-14th December 2013; presented a paper on ‘negotiating integration in northern Uganda’ based on a case study on the social (family) life of the Lango people between April 2013-september 2013.
  • International conference: children and youth affected by armed conflict: where to go from here? September 2003; presented a research paper titled ‘social spaces: exploring the fit for children born of war (CBOW) in northern Uganda’ which was among the five shortlisted as best research initiative by the organisers.
  • Panel on psychosocial research concerning children born of war, Greifswald, Germany: presented and discussed a paper titled, ‘resilience beyond Programmes [focusing on children born of war in Uganda, DRC, Darfur and Sierra Leone]’ (31st May -1st June 2013)
  • Peace Research Institute Oslo [PRIO] and the Norwegian ministry of foreign affairs: "the legacy of war-time rape: mapping key concepts and issues on children born of war” – authored and will present a paper titled ‘resilience beyond programmes – the case of children born of war in northern Uganda’ (27th and 28th October, 2011)
  • European Survey Research Association – ESRA: Warsaw 2009; analysing children born of war across time, nations and disciplines: authored & presented a paper titled children of the east Africa great lakes: war breeds 29th June to 5th July 2009.
  • Panel of authors on DDRR processes with university of Alberta, Canada (March 2007); contributed a chapter titled ‘finding the balance of DDR in northern Uganda’ for a volume for publication during the phase iii of university of Alberta, Edmonton study on rehabilitation. Children and war: impact, protection and rehabilitation (2006/2007)
  • Xvii world congress of the international association of youth and family judges and magistrates Belfast, northern Ireland, 27th august 2006 to 1st September 2006; authored and presented a paper titled ‘Uganda’s forgotten children of war’.
  • Assessing DDR processes jointly organised by university of Alberta, Canada and Kofi Annan International Peace Training Centre, held in Accra- Ghana (August 2006).
  • Fourth world congress on family law and children’s rights - Cape Town (March 2005); authored and presented the preliminary findings of my MA Thesis ‘challenges of integrating children in armed conflict: the case of children born of abducted girls in northern Uganda’.

View all publications in research portal