Professor Anthony Arnull

Photo of Professor Anthony Arnull

Birmingham Law School
Barber Professor of Jurisprudence
Deputy Head of School

Contact details

Address
Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
United Kingdom

Anthony Arnull specialises in the law of the European Union. He worked at the European Court of Justice from 1989-92 and was Head of Birmingham Law School between 2006 and 2009. He was Acting Head of the College of Arts & Law at Birmingham from April to August 2015. Professor Arnull is the author of The General Principles of EEC Law and the Individual (Leicester University Press, 1990); The European Union and its Court of Justice (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed, 2006); and European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2017). He is co-editor of (and a contributor to) The Oxford Handbook of European Union Law (Oxford University Press, 2015) and Consultant Editor of the European Law Review, having been its co-editor from 1996 to 2007. Professor Arnull has given evidence to a number of UK Parliamentary Select Committees and acted as Specialist Adviser to the House of Lords EU Committee in 1998. In 2013-14, Professor Arnull was an output assessor for Sub-Panel 20 (Law) in the Research Excellence Framework (REF).

Qualifications

  • BA (Sussex)
  • PhD (Leicester)
  • Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales

Biography

After studying at the School of European Studies, University of Sussex, and the Institut d'Etudes EuropéennesUniversité Libre de Bruxelles, Professor Arnull qualified as a solicitor with a ‘magic circle’ firm in the City of London. He began his academic career in 1983 at the University of Leicester, where he was awarded his doctorate in 1988. From 1989 to 1992, Professor Arnull worked at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg as a référendaire in the chambers of Advocate General FG Jacobs. He was appointed Wragge Professor of European Law at the University of Birmingham in 1991 and took up his post there the following year. He became Barber Professor of Jurisprudence in 2008. He is currently serving as Director of Education for the College of Arts & Law.

Teaching

  • Legal Foundations of the European Union (LLB)
  • Law of the European Union (LLB)
  • European Union Competition Law (LLM)
  • EU Constitutional Law (LLM)
  • Law of the Internal Market (LLM)

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Arnull is happy to supervise doctoral students working on legal aspects of the European Union, particularly (but not exclusively):

  • The history, role and jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice
  • The configuration of the European Union’s judicial system
  • The legal mechanisms for protecting fundamental rights in the European Union
  • The relationship between European Union law and national law

Professor Arnull is currently supervising the following doctoral students:

  • Constantina Lazaridou, ‘The protection of fundamental rights in the European single market.’
  • Annalies Muscat, ‘The treatment of dominant undertakings under EU competition law: time for a new approach?’
  • Savas Turan, ‘Kurdish rights and prospects for Turkish accession to the European Union.’

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.

Doctoral research

PhD title
'The Impact on the Individual of the General Principles of the Law of the European Economic Community.'

Research

Professor Arnull's research has focused mainly on the law of the European Union, in particular the role and jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice; the configuration of the European Union's judicial system; and the relationship between European Union law and national law, especially that of the United Kingdom. His monograph on the European Court of Justice, now in its second edition, has been described as ‘an excellent book…useful, well-conceived and thoroughly well-executed…’

His recent work has examined the response of the Member States to decisions of the European Court of Justice perceived as ‘activist’; the changing style of scholarship on European Union law; the approach of the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords to European Union law; the process which led to the Treaty of Lisbon and the various crises by which that process was punctuated; the events surrounding the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon by Ireland; the principle of effective judicial protection in European Union law; the effect of the Treaty of Lisbon on the European Court of Justice; judicial dialogue in the European Union; and the role academics might play in responding to the case law of the European Court of Justice.

Other activities

  • Director of Education, College of Arts and Law (2013-16)
  • Deputy Director of Education, College of Arts and Law (2011-13).
  • Member, Promotions Panel, College of Arts and Law (2010- ).
  • Member, Management Group, Birmingham Law School (2010- ).
  • Chair, Comprehensive Programme Review (LLB) (2010-11).
  • Head of Education, Birmingham Law School (2010-11).

Publications

Books

  1. The General Principles of EEC Law and the Individual (1990), 296 pp. + index.
  2. The European Union and its Court of Justice (1999), 577 pp. + tables and index.
  3. Wyatt & Dashwood's European Union Law (with A Dashwood, M Ross and D Wyatt) (4th ed., 2000), 790 pp. + tables and index.
  4. Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union (ed, with D Wincott) (2002), 512 pp. + index. Translated into Polish as Odpowiedzialność i legitymizacja Unii Europejskiej (Wydawnictwo Sejmowe, 2007).
  5. The European Union and its Court of Justice (2nd ed, 2006), 682 pp. + tables and index.
  6. Wyatt & Dashwood’s European Union Law (with A Dashwood, M Dougan, M Ross, E Spaventa and D Wyatt) (5th ed., 2006), 1191 pp. + tables and index.
  7. Continuity and Change in EU Law: Essays in Honour of Sir Francis Jacobs (ed, with P Eeckhout and T Tridimas) (2008), 461 pp. + tables and index.
  8. A Constitutional Order of States? Essays in EU Law in Honour of Alan Dashwood (ed, with C Barnard, M Dougan and E Spaventa) (2011), 620 pp. + tables and index.
  9. The Oxford Handbook of European Union Law (ed, with D Chalmers) (OUP, 2015, 1014 pp. + index). Published in pbk 8 June 2017.
  10.  European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction (OUP, 2017, 144 pp + index).

Contributions to books and edited collections

  1. General Note on the Single European Act in Simmonds (ed), Encyclopedia of European Community Law (loose-leaf).
  2. Annotation on Article 145 EEC in Simmonds (ed), Encyclopedia of European Community Law (loose-leaf).
  3. Annotation on Article 149 EEC in Simmonds (ed), Encyclopedia of European Community Law (loose-leaf).
  4. United Kingdom Report in Reports of the 13th Congress of the Fédération Internationale pour le Droit Européen, Volume 2:  'The Effect of Community Law on National Employment Law' (Thessaloniki, 1988), pp. 303-321.
  5. Applying the common rules on the free movement of persons - The role of the national judiciary in the light of the jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice (with F G Jacobs), in Schermers et al., eds., Free Movement of Persons in Europe (1993), pp.272‑285.
  6. Chapter 5, The Court of Justice of the European Communities, in Wyatt and Dashwood, European Community Law (3rd ed., 1993), pp.104‑166.
  7. Chapter 6, The Court of First Instance, in Wyatt and Dashwood, European Community Law (3rd ed., 1993), pp.167‑178.
  8. The scope of the common commercial policy: a coda on Opinion 1/94, in Emiliou and O'Keeffe (eds.), The European Union and World Trade Law (1996), pp.343‑360.
  9. The role of the European Court of Justice under the three pillars, in Heere (ed.), Contemporary International Law Issues: Conflicts and Convergence (1996), pp.214‑218.
  10. Challenging Community acts - an introduction, in Micklitz and Reich (eds.), Public Interest Litigation before European Courts (1996), pp.39‑55.
  11. Liability for legislative acts under Article 215(2) EC, in Heukels and McDonnell (eds.), The Action for Damages in Community Law (1997), pp.129‑151.
  12. Entries on Community preference, equality, general principles of Community law, good administration, legal certainty, legitimate expectations, non-retroactivity and  proportionality in Monar, Neuwahl, O'Keeffe and Robinson (eds.), Butterworths Expert Guide to the European Union (1996).
  13. Rights and remedies: restraint or activism? in Lonbay and Biondi (eds.), Remedies for Breach of EC Law (1997), pp.15‑23.
  14. Interpretation and precedent in European Community law, in Andenas and Jacobs (eds.), European Community Law in the English Courts (1998), pp.115‑136.
  15. Interpretation and precedent in English and Community law: evidence of cross‑fertilisation? in Andenas (ed.), English Public Law and the Common Law of Europe (1998), pp.93‑130.
  16. Taming the beast? The Treaty of Amsterdam and the Court of Justice in O'Keeffe and Twomey (eds.), Legal Issues of the Amsterdam Treaty (1999), pp.109‑121.
  17. Le rôle de la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes après l'entrée en vigueur du traité d'Amsterdam in Clergerie (ed.), Le Pouvoir Judiciaire Communautaire (2000), pp. 55‑65.
  18. The action for annulment: a case of double standards? in O'Keeffe and Bavasso (eds.), Judicial Review in European Law (Liber Amicorum in Honour of Lord Slynn of Hadley) (2000), pp.177‑190.
  19. Left to its own devices? Opinion 2/94 and the protection of fundamental rights in the European Union, in Dashwood and Hillion (eds.), The General Law of EC External Relations (2000), pp.61‑78.
  20. Judicial architecture or judicial folly?  The challenge facing the EU, in Dashwood and Johnston (eds.), The Future of the Judicial System of the European Union (2001), pp.41-51 (also published at (1999) 24 European Law Review 516).
  21. Introduction: the European Union’s accountability and legitimacy deficit, in Arnull and Wincott (eds), Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union (2002), pp.1-9.
  22. The rule of law in the European Union, in Arnull and Wincott (eds), Accountability and Legitimacy in the European Union (2002), pp.239-255.
  23. The Community Courts, in Cini (ed), European Union Politics (2003), pp.179-191.
  24. The past and future of the preliminary rulings procedure, in Andenas and Usher (eds), The Treaty of Nice and Beyond: Enlargement and Constitutional Reform (2003), pp.345-354 (also published at (2002) 13 European Business Law Review 183-191).
  25. Protecting fundamental rights in Europe’s new constitutional order, in Tridimas and Nebbia  (eds), EU Law for the Twenty-First Century: Re-Thinking the New Legal Order, Volume I (2004), pp.95-112.
  26. The Americanization of EU law scholarship, in Arnull, Eeckhout and Tridimas (eds), Continuity and Change in EU Law: Essays in Honour of Sir Francis Jacobs (2008), 415-431.
  27. Postscript, in Moser and Sawyer (eds), Making Community Law: The Legacy of Advocate General Jacobs at the European Court of Justice (2008), 228-234.
  28. European Community legal instruments, in Cane and Conaghan (eds), The New Oxford Companion to Law (2008), 415-416.
  29. European Court of Justice, in Cane and Conaghan (eds), The New Oxford Companion to Law (2008), 419-420.
  30. European Union law: a tale of microscopes and telescopes, in Egan, Nugent and Paterson (eds), Research Agendas in EU Studies: Stalking the Elephant (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), 168-188.
  31. Entries on common market (p.468), European Commission (pp.842-843), European Community (pp.843-844), European Council (p.844), European Parliament (pp.846-847), European Union (pp.848-849), European Union citizenship (p.849), formal notice (p.968), infringement action (pp.1183-1184), interprétation conforme (p.1222), Lisbon (Treaty of) (pp.1361-1362), preliminary ruling (pp.1771-1772), Treaty on European Union (p.2295), in Greenberg (ed), Jowitt’s Dictionary of English Law (3rd ed, Sweet & Maxwell, 2010).
  32. Europe’s Nemesis? The Long Road to the Lisbon Treaty, in Koch, Hagel-Sørensen, Haltern and Weiler (eds), Europe: The New Legal Realism. Essays in Honour of  Hjalte Rasmussen (DJØF Publishing, 2010), 11-37.
  33. Keeping their heads above water? European law in the House of Lords, in Lee (ed), From House of Lords to Supreme Court: Judges, Jurists and the Process of Judging (Hart, 2011), 129-148.
  34. Ireland and the Lisbon Treaty: all’s well that ends well? in Arnull, Barnard, Dougan and Spaventa (eds), A Constitutional Order of States: Essays in EU Law in Honour of Alan Dashwood (Hart, 2011), 39-57.
  35. What is a general principle of EU law? in de la Feria and Vogenauer (eds), Prohibition of Abuse of Law: A New General Principle of EU Law? (Hart, 2011), 7-23.
  36. The European Court of Justice after Lisbon, in Trybus and Rubini (eds), The Treaty of Lisbon and the Future of European Law and Policy (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012), 34-54.
  37. Judicial dialogue in the European Union, in J Dickson and P Eleftheriadis (eds), Philosophical Foundations of European Union Law (OUP, 2012), 109-133.
  38. Judicial Activism and the European Court of Justice: How Should Academics Respond? in M Dawson, B De Witte and E Muir (eds), Judicial Activism at the European Court of Justice (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013), 211-232.
  39. Commentary on Article 19 TEU, in H-J Blanke and S Mangiameli (eds), The Treaty on European Union (TEU): A Commentary (Heidelberg, Springer, 2013), 759-783.
  40. Protocol (No 30) on the application of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union to Poland and the United Kingdom, in S Peers, T Hervey, J Kenner and A Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights: A Commentary (Hart, 2014), 1595-1612.
  41. Judicial review in the European Union, in A Arnull and D Chalmers (eds), The Oxford Handbook of European Union Law (OUP, 2015), 376-402.
  42. The effect of EU law, in D Patterson and A Södersten (eds), A  Companion to European Union Law and International Law (Wiley Blackwell, 2016), 62-79.
  43. ‘The Court of Justice Then, Now and Tomorrow’ in M Derlén and J Lindholm (eds), The Court of Justice of the European Union: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (Oxford, Hart, 2018) 1-16.
  44. ‘Remedies before national courts’ in R Schütze and T Tridimas (eds), Oxford Principles of European Union Law, Volume I: The European Union Legal Order (Oxford, OUP, 2018) 1011-1039.

Longer articles and working papers

  1. Article 177 and the retreat from van Duyn (1983) 8 European Law Review 365-382.
  2. Sex discrimination and social security: a European perspective (1984) Journal of Social Welfare Law 334-344.
  3. English courts and Article 177 of the EEC Treaty (with Alan Dashwood) (1984) 4 Yearbook of European Law 255-302.
  4. Article 119 and equal pay for work of equal value (1986) 11 European Law Review 200-208.
  5. The incoming tide: responding to Marshall (1987) Public Law 383-399.
  6. Integration with a human face (1987) 3 International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations 243-260.
  7. The use and abuse of Article 177 EEC (1989) 52 Modern Law Review 622-639.
  8. References to the European Court (1990) 15 European Law Review 375-391.
  9. Does the Court of Justice have inherent jurisdiction? (1990) 27 Common Market Law Review 683-708.
  10. What shall we do on Sunday? (1991) 16 European Law Review 112-124.
  11. Challenging EC anti-dumping regulations: the problem of admissibility [1992] European Competition Law Review 73-81.
  12. Owning up to fallibility: precedent and the Court of Justice (1993) 30 Common Market Law Review 247‑266.
  13. Judging the new Europe (1994) 19 European Law Review 3‑15.
  14. Refurbishing the judicial architecture of the European Community (1994) 43 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 296‑316.
  15. Private applicants and the action for annulment under Article 173 of the EC Treaty (1995) 32 Common Market Law Review 7-49.
  16. EC law and the dismissal of pregnant servicewomen (1995) 24 Industrial Law Journal 215‑234.
  17. The European Court and judicial objectivity: a reply to Professor Hartley (1996) 112 Law Quarterly Review 411‑423.
  18. Opinion 2/94 and its implications for the future constitution of the Union, in The Human Rights Opinion of the ECJ and its Constitutional Implications, CELS Occasional Paper No. 1 (University of Cambridge, 1996), pp. 1‑13.
  19. Private applicants and the action for annulment since Codorniu (2001) 38 Common Market Law Review 7-52.
  20. Modernising the Community Courts (2000) 3 Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies 37-63.
  21. From Charter to Constitution and beyond: fundamental rights in the new European Union [2003] Public Law 774-793.
  22. The Member States of the European Union and Giscard’s blueprint for its future (2004) 27 Fordham International Law Journal 503-543.
  23. A constitutional court for Europe? (2003-04) 6 Cambridge Yearbook of European Legal Studies 1-34.
  24. From Bit Part to Starring Role? The Court of Justice and Europe’s Constitutional Treaty (2005) 24 Yearbook of European Law 1-25.
  25. Me and my shadow: the European Court of Justice and the disintegration of EU law (2008) 31 Fordham International Law Journal 1174-1211. Translated into Romanian as ‘Solitar: Curtea Europeană de Justiţie şi dezintegrarea dreptului Uniunii Europene’ (2011) Revista Română de Drept European 28-54.
  26. The Law Lords and the European Union: swimming with the incoming tide (2010) 35 European Law Review 57-87.
  27. The Principle of Effective Judicial Protection in EU Law: An Unruly Horse? (2011) 36 European Law Review 51-70.
  28. Judicial Activism and the Court of Justice: How Should Academics Respond? Maastricht Faculty of Law Working Paper No 2012-3 (17 January 2012) http://www.rechten.unimaas.nl/maastrichtworkingpapers. Also available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1986817.
  29. The UK Supreme Court and references to the CJEU (2017) 36 Yearbook of European Law 314-357.

Shorter articles and notes

  1. Cassis de Dijon: growth stunted?  (1982) 7 European Law Review 393-399.
  2. Copyright and industrial designs: a reappraisal (1982) 132 New Law Journal 1043-1045.
  3. Cassis de Dijon and intellectual property: a case of unfair competition (1983) 133 New Law Journal 347-349.
  4. Harmonisation: the long and winding road, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, July 1983, 3-19.
  5. The rise and fall of Cassis de Dijon, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, July 1983, 3‑7.
  6. Article 177 and when to refer, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, July 1983, 8-13.
  7. Judicial review of anti-dumping measures (1983) 8 European Law Review 403-405.
  8. Judicial review of economic discretion in the European Community (1984) 134 New Law Journal 287-289.
  9. Recent developments in European Community law, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, May 1984, 12-29.
  10. Direct effect of directives - Becker revisited (1984) 9 European Law Review 265-267.
  11. Sanctioning discrimination (1984) 9 European Law Review 267-272.
  12. Article 30 and domestic price controls (1984) 9 European Law Review 272-275.
  13. VAT and zero-rating:  a one-way ticket (1984) 134 New Law Journal  1058.
  14. BL shown the red light (1984) 9 European Law Review 353-356.
  15. Reflections on judicial attitudes at the European Court   (1985) 34 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 168-177.
  16. Social security and the EEC: the human face of Community law, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, February 1985, 2-9.
  17. Oil on troubled waters: Bulk OilSun International, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, February 1985, 15-17.
  18. European rights and national remedies (with Jon Holyoak) (1985) 10 European Law Review 137-141.
  19. Soccer's own goal, 'Out of Court' column, The Guardian, July 5, 1985.
  20. Making the European Convention work (1985) Public Law 378-385.
  21. Social advantages and the language barrier (1985) 10 European Law Review 346-348.
  22. National remedies restricted (with Jon Holyoak) (1985) 10 European Law Review 476-477.
  23. Equal pay and the EEC, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, February 1986, 19-22.
  24. Tortious remedies for breach of EEC law: BourgoinMAFF, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, February 1986, 36-38.
  25. Libel action out of focus: HasselbladOrbinson, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, February 1986, 41-43.
  26. Some more equal than others? (1986) 11 European Law Review 229-232.
  27. Sex discrimination and retirement, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, December 1986, 43-49.
  28. The double effect of the single European, 'Out of Court' column, The Guardian, December 5, 1986.
  29. The Single European Act (1986) 11 European Law Review 358-363.
  30. Sex discrimination in occupational pension schemes (1986) 11 European Law Review 363-366.
  31. The direct effect of directives: grasping the nettle (1986) 35 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 939-946.
  32. The Budget case (1986) 11 European Law Review 431-435.
  33. The beat goes on (1987) 12 European Law Review 56-61.
  34. Equal treatment and job classification schemes (1987) 12  European Law Review 62-63.
  35. A new directive on equal treatment (1987) 12 European Law Review 63-64.
  36. Europe takes a small step forward: the Single European Act, Newsletter of the Law Society’s Solicitors’ European Group, April 1987, 2-6.
  37. Equal treatment and social security (1987) 12 European Law Review 276-278.
  38. Legal principles and practical politics (1987) 12 European Law Review 448-451.
  39. Tasting the difference (1987) 12 European Law Review 451-457.
  40. The scope of Article 177 (1988) 13 European Law Review 40-42.
  41. Having your cake and eating it ruled out (1988) 13 European Law Review 42-45.
  42. Equal treatment and the self-employed (1988) 13 European Law Review 58-60.
  43. National courts and the validity of Community acts (1988) 13 European Law Review 125-131.
  44. Widow's mite (1988) 13 European Law Review 135-140.
  45. Of strip cartoonists, vets and gunsmiths (1988) 13 European Law Review 260-267.
  46. The Duke case: an unreliable precedent (1988) Public Law 313-320.
  47. Judgment of Solomon (1988) 13 European Law Review 414-415.
  48. Metropolitan misfortune (1989) 14 European Law Review 166-169.
  49. The legal status of recommendations (1990) 15 European Law Review 318-321.
  50. The legal order of the ECSC (1990) 15 European Law Review 321-326.
  51. La primauté du droit communautaire au Royaume-Uni (1990) Revue Française de Droit Administratif 985-986.
  52. When is pregnancy like an arthritic hip? (1992) 17 European Law Review 265‑273.
  53. The evolution of the Court's jurisdiction under Article 177 (1993) 18 European Law Review 129‑137.
  54. La participation du Royaume‑Uni devant la Cour de Justice des Communautés Européennes (1992) Rivista di Diritto Europeo 349‑352.
  55. Annotation on Case C‑83/91 Meilicke v. ADV/ORGA, judgment of 16 July 1992, (1993) 30 Common Market Law Review 613‑622.
  56. Anyone for tripe? (1993) 18 European Law Review 314‑323.
  57. Annotation on Joined Cases C‑320/90, C‑321/90 and C‑322/90, Telemarsicabruzzo SpA and others v. Circostel and others, judgment of 26 January 1993; Case C‑157/92, Pretore di Genova v. Banchero, Order of 19 March 1993; Case C‑386/92, Monin, Order of 26 April 1993, (1994) 31 Common Market Law Review 377‑386.
  58. The Court to which Eurosceptics do not do justice (1995) 3 European Brief 8‑9.
  59. The Community judicature and the 1996 IGC (1995) 20 European Law Review 599‑611.
  60. Annotation on Case T‑96/92, Comité Central d'Entreprise de la Société Générale des Grandes Sources and Others v. Commission, judgment of 27 April 1995, and Case T‑12/93, Comité Central d'Entreprise de la Société Anonyme Vittel and Others v. Commission, judgment of 27 April 1995, (1996) 33 Common Market Law Review 319‑335.
  61. Judicial architecture or judicial folly? The challenge facing the European Union (1999) 24 European Law Review 516‑524 (reprinted in Dashwood and Johnston (eds.), The Future of the Judicial System of the European Union (2001), pp. 41-51).
  62. Les incidences du traité d'Amsterdam sur la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes (2000) Revue des Affaires Européennes 223‑230.
  63. The past and future of the preliminary rulings procedure (2002) 13 European Business Law Review 183-191.
  64. Annotation on Arsenal Football Club plc v. Matthew Reed (2003) 40 Common Market Law Review 753–769.
  65. European patent litigation: out of the impasse? (with Robin Jacob) [2007] European Intellectual Property Review 209-214.
  66. Annotation on Case C-432/05, Unibet (London) Ltd and Unibet (International) Ltd v. Justitiekanslern (2007) 44 Common Market Law Review 1763-1780.
  67. Gambling with competition in Europe’s internal market [2009] European Competition Law Review 440-446.
  68. Annotation on Joined Cases C-39/05 P and C-52/05 P, Sweden and Turco v. Council, judgment of the Grand Chamber of 1 July 2008 (2009) 46 Common Market Law Review 1219-1238.
  69. Arrêt «Inuit» : la recevabilité des recours en annulation introduits par des particuliers contre des actes réglementaires (2014) Journal de droit européen 14-16.
  70. Broken bats (2016) 41 European Law Review 473-474.
  71. EU Recommendations and Judicial Review (2018) European Constitutional Law Review 1-13.

European Law Review editorials

  1. The ECJ, the UK and the IGC (1996) 21 European Law Review 349‑350.
  2. National parliaments and the democratic deficit (1996) 21 European Law Review 433‑434.
  3. Underpinning the Community's judicial architecture (1997) 22 European Law Review 1‑2.
  4. Dealing with delinquent Member States (1997) 22 European Law Review 101‑102.
  5. Tulips or nettles from Amsterdam? (1997) 22 European Law Review 289‑290.
  6. Competition, the Commission and some constitutional questions of more than minor importance (1998) 23 European Law Review 1-2.
  7. Collective dominance: trump card or joker? (1998) 23 European Law Review 199-200.
  8. Trouble in Alicante (1998) 23 European Law Review 395-396.
  9. The incidental effect of directives (1999) 24 European Law Review 1‑2.
  10. Further changes to the jurisdiction of the CFI? (1999) 24 European Law Review 213-214.
  11. Renumbering the Treaties: another fine mess... (1999) 24 European Law Review 213‑214.
  12. Beefing up the rule of law (2000) 25 European Law Review 1‑2.
  13. The new judicial architecture takes shape (2000) 25 European Law Review 217-218.
  14. Democracy in Europe (2000) 25 European Law Review 217‑218.
  15. Size matters (2001) 26 European Law Review 1‑2.
  16. Product liability and the effect of directives (2001) 26 European Law Review 213-214.
  17. What is governance? (2001) 26 European Law Review 411-12.
  18. From Opinion 2/94 to the future of Europe (2002) 27 European Law Review 1-2.
  19. 2¼ lbs. of jam weighs about a kilogram (2002) 27 European Law Review 239-240.
  20. 1952-2002: plus ça change… (2002) 27 European Law Review 509-510.
  21. The future of the European Law Review (2003) 28 European Law Review 1-2.
  22. War-torn (2003) 28 European Law Review 301-302.
  23. The future of the Convention method (2003) 28 European Law Review 573-574.
  24. The Presidents’ tale (2004) 29 European Law Review 1-2.
  25. April shower for Jégo-Quéré (2004) 29 European Law Review 287-288.
  26. Ireland’s qualified success (2004) 29 European Law Review 581-582.
  27. A pre-emptive strike from the Palais Royal (2005) 30 European Law Review 1-2.
  28. Overdose (2005) 30 European Law Review 327-328.
  29. Arrested development (2005) 30 European Law Review 605-606.
  30. Out with the old… (2006) 31 European Law Review 1-2.
  31. Does Europe need a Fundamental Rights Agency? (2006) 31 European Law Review 285-286.
  32. Family reunification and fundamental rights (2006) 31 European Law Review 611-612.
  33. When is an act not an act? (2007) 32 European Law Review 1-2.
  34. Patent failure? (2007) 32 European Law Review 293-4.
  35. Double take (2007) 32 European Law Review 605-606.

Blog posts

  1. ‘A storm in a glass of water?’ Birmingham Brief, 10 November 2016
  2. ‘Brexit and muddled thinking’ OUPblog, 3 February 2017
  3. References to the European Court of Justice and the February 2018 decisions of the District Court, Amsterdam 
  4. Brexit and the art of the deal

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