Professor Janine Natalya Clark

Birmingham Law School
Professor of Transitional Justice and International Criminal Law

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Janine Natalya Clark joined Birmingham Law School in October 2014. She was promoted to Reader in 2016 and promoted to Professor in 2018. Her research interests include resilience, social-ecological systems, transitional justice, posthumanism/new materialism and reconciliation.

Janine is close to completing a five-year European Research Council (ERC) project, entitled A Comparative Study of Resilience in Survivors of War Rape and Sexual Violence: New Directions for Transitional Justice (CSRS). Her interdisciplinary work relating to the project has been published in a wide range of peer-reviewed journals, including International Affairs, the International Journal of Transitional justice, the Journal of International Criminal JusticeTheoretical CriminologyInternational Studies Review, the British Journal of Sociology and Memory Studies.

Janine’s newest monograph – Resilience, Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Transitional Justice: A Social-Ecological Framing – was published by Routledge in October 2022 and is available open access. The second book resulting from the ERC project – Resilience, Adaptive Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice: How Societies Recover after Collective Violence – was published open access by Cambridge University Press in September 2021. Janine co-edited the book with Professor Michael Ungar, founder of the Resilience Research Centre at Dalhousie University in Canada.


  • LLB (Bristol)
  • MA (Leeds)
  • PhD (Nottingham)


Professor Clark received her PhD from the University of Nottingham in 2006 and subsequently spent three years in the International Politics department at Aberystwyth University as an ESRC Postdoctoral Fellowship and Leverhulme Early Career Fellow respectively. In 2014, she was awarded a Leverhulme Research Fellowship. Before joining Birmingham Law School in October 2014, she held Lecturer positions in the Post-War Reconstruction and Development Unit at the University of York (2009-2010), the School of Politics, International Studies and Philosophy at Queen’s University in Belfast (2010-2011) and in the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield (2011-2014). She was promoted to Chair in 2018.

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Clark is interested in supervising research in the following areas:

Transitional justice
Armed conflict

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Professor Clark’s research interests include transitional justice, resilience, social-ecological systems, posthumanism, armed conflict and post-conflict reconciliation. Her most recent research was funded by the European Research Council (grant number 724518). 

Other activities

Professor Clark is a member of the UK governments Team of Experts on the Prevention of Sexual Violence in Conflict. She is a member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of International Criminal Justice. She established the University of Birmingham’s Fieldwork Group; this brings together scholars and researchers from different disciplines across the university who engage in challenging fieldwork.


Recent publications


Clark, J 2022, Resilience, Conflict-Related Sexual Violence and Transitional Justice: A Social-Ecological Framing. 1st edn, Routledge, London.


Clark, J 2023, 'Music, resilience and 'soundscaping': some reflections on the war in Ukraine', Cultural Sociology, vol. 2023, pp. 1-21.

Clark, J 2022, 'Disability and fieldwork: a personal reflection', Qualitative Research, pp. 1-9.

Clark, J, Jefferies, P & Ungar, M 2022, 'Event centrality and conflict-related sexual violence: a new application of the Centrality of Event Scale (CES)', International Review of Victimology.

Clark, J 2022, 'Following one's nose: 'Smellwalks' through qualitative data', Qualitative Research.

Clark, J 2022, 'Harm, relationality and more-than-human worlds: developing the field of transitional justice in new posthumanist directions', International Journal of Transitional Justice.

Clark, J 2022, 'On disability, humour and rabbit holes: a personal reflection', Disability & Society, vol. 37, no. 9, 2103792, pp. 1541-1545.

Clark, J 2022, 'Resilience in the context of conflict-related sexual violence and beyond: a "sentient ecology" framework', British Journal of Sociology, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 352-369.

Clark, J 2022, 'Social ecologies of health and conflict-related sexual violence: translating 'healthworlds' into transitional justice', Journal of Human Rights.

Clark, J 2022, 'The living past in the lives of victims-/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence: temporal implications for transitional justice', Memory Studies, pp. 1-20.

Clark, J 2022, 'Thinking about resilience through the interdisciplinary lens of connectivity: a study of conflict-related sexual violence', Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, vol. 2022, 2084237.

Clark, J 2021, ''The everyday work of repair': exploring the resilience of victims-/survivors of conflict-related sexual violence', Millennium: Journal of International Studies, pp. 456-493.

Clark, J 2021, 'Beyond a 'survivor-centred approach' to conflict-related sexual violence?', International Affairs, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 1067-1084.

Clark, J, Jefferies, P, Foley, S & Ungar, M 2021, 'Measuring resilience in the context of conflict-related sexual violence: a novel application of the Adult Resilience Measure (ARM)', Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Clark, J 2021, 'Resilience as a multi-directional movement process: a conceptual and empirical exploration', British Journal of Sociology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 1046-1061.

View all publications in research portal


Education and Sensitization in the Fight against Sexual Violence in Conflict: Tackling Prejudice and Social Stigma in Bosnia-Herzegovina

  • Sexual violence in conflict
  • International criminal courts
  • Transitional justice