The present study aims to investigate how Sri Lanka, a distant oriental space, as an object of curiosity portrayed in the eyes of medieval Arabs using twelve case studies from less widely known travel and geographic texts. I use modern philosopher Lajos Brons's three alterity dimensions i.e., sophisticated, crude, and quasi (Brons, 2015) analyse the selected texts. My central argument throughout this dissertation is that Sri Lanka was not in conflict with the medieval Muslim world and did not pose an immediate political, religious and military threat to them like European Christendom did in the medieval period. Indeed, this territory established fruitful commercial, religious and cultural exchanges with the Arab world and hailed as a horizon of wonders, marvels, and mysteries and rated as one of the rich territories in the Indian Ocean during the period in question. Conceivably, the encounters between these two regions formed a “quasi-alterity” or innocuous othering in religious, cultural, and social spheres.