Dr Shin-Yi (Chloe) Chiou PT, PhD

Dr Shin-Yi (Chloe) Chiou

School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Associate Professor in Motor control and Rehabilitation

Contact details

School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Chiou’s research focuses on studying motor cortical involvement in trunk control in older adults and in people living with spinal cord injury. Her work utilises neurophysiological measures, such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, peripheral electrical stimulation, and electromyography, to investigate the control of movement and how it is affected or adapted with ageing and following a spinal cord injury. Her research aspiration is to improve the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises using accessible and affordable rehabilitation methods.  


  • BSc - Department of Physical Therapy, China Medical University, Taiwan.
  • PhD - Department of Physical Therapy and Assistive Technology, National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan. 
  • PGCHE - Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education, University of Birmingham, UK.


Dr Chiou qualified as a physiotherapist in 2007 and received her PhD in Physiotherapy from National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, in 2013. She attended Imperial College London as a post-doctoral research associate at the MSk laboratory until April 2018. She became a lecturer in the School of Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation Sciences at University of Birmingham in May 2018.

Her research utilises neurophysiological measures to investigate the control of movement and how it is affected or adapted following injuries (e.g. spinal cord injury, stroke, nerve compression). Her research interests also include improving the effectiveness of therapeutic exercises using neuromodulatory strategies and understanding relationships between structure and function of neural pathways using novel neuroimaging approaches. 


Dr Chiou contributes to modules within the BSc and MSc in Physiotherapy and Sport and Exercise Sciences.

Postgraduate supervision

Dr Chiou is interested in supervising both master and doctoral research students in the following areas:

Neurological physiotherapy, low back pain, postural control, age-related changes in nervous systems and control of movement.

If you are interested in studying any of these subjects, please contact Dr Chiou on the contact details above.


Research group: Motor control and Rehabilitation

Reserarch Website: www.birmingham.ac.uk/arm-cycling

Research Interests:

  • Age-related changes in brain plasticity and postural control in older adults.
  • Neural adaptations of trunk motor control following spinal cord injury.
  • Novel technology in musculoskeletal physiotherapy.
  • Optimising surgical outcome in patients with nerve compression.
  • Neuroimaging in the brain and in spinal nerves.

Researcher identifier number:

Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shin_Yi_Chiou

Other activities

Dr Chiou is a member of Society for Neuroscience and Physiological Society. She also acts as a reviewer for various international peer-reviewed journals including Gait & Posture, Experimental Brain Research, International Biomechanics, BMJ Open, European Journal of Applied Physiology.


Books and Book Chapters

  • Chang HC, Chen IH, Chiou SY, Cheng FY, and Wu HY. Chinese translation: Jan Mehrholz. Physical Therapy for the Stroke Patient: Early Stage Rehabilitation. Janet H Carr and Roberta B Shepherd. Chapter 5 – Optimizing Functional Motor Recovery after Stroke. 2015. ISBN13:9789863680925.

Peer-reviewed Papers in International Journals

  • van Helden, J, Martinez-Valdes, E, Strutton, PH, Falla D, *Chiou, SY. (2022) High-Density Surface Electromyography is Reliable in Assessing Characteristics of the Thoracic Trunk Extensors During Static and Dynamic Tasks. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4081561.
  • Chiou SY, Clarke E, Lam C, Harvey T, Nightingale TE (2022). Effects of arm-crank exercise on fitness and health in adults with chronic spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Front. Physiol.13:831372.
  • Jones EJ, Chiou SY, Atherton PJ, Phillips BE, Piasecki M (2022). Ageing and exercise induced motor unit plasticity. J Physiol. 600:1839-1849.
  • Rowland RS, Jenkinson N, *Chiou SY (2021). Age-related differences in corticospinal excitability and anticipatory postural adjustments of the trunk. Front. Aging Neurosci. 13:718784.
  • Goodyear V.A, Boardley I, Chiou SY, Fenton SA, Makopoulou K, Stathi A, et al (2021). Social media use informing behaviours related to physical activity, diet and quality of life during COVID-19: a mixed methods study. BMC Public Health; 21:1333.
  • Papi E, Chiou SY, McGregor AH (2020). Feasibility and acceptability study on the use of a smartphone application to facilitate balance training in the ageing population. BMJ Open;10:e039054. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039054.
  • Chiou SY, Strutton PH (2020). Crossed Corticospinal Facilitation Between Arm and Trunk Muscles Correlates With Trunk Control After Spinal Cord Injury. Front Hum Neurosci;14:583579. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.583579. eCollection 2020.
  • Chiou SY, Morris L, Gou W, Alexander E, Gay E (2020). Motor cortical circuits contribute to crossed facilitation of trunk muscles induced by rhythmic arm movement. Sci Rep;10(1):17067. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-74005-z
  • Zou L, …., Chiou SY, Xiao T (2019). Superior Effects of Modified Chen-Style Tai Chi versus 24-Style Tai Chi on Cognitive Function, Fitness, and Balance Performance in Adults over 55. Brain Sci;9. pii: E102. doi:10.3390/brainsci9050102.
  • Chiou SY, Strutton PH, Perez MA (2018). Crossed Corticospinal Facilitation between Arm and Trunk Muscles in Humans. J Neurophysiol;120(5):2595-2602.
  • Chiou SY, Hurry M, Reed T, Quek JX, Strutton PH. Cortical contributions to anticipatory postural adjustments in the trunk. J Physiol. 2018; 596:1295-1306.
  • Chiou SY, Koutsos E, Georgiou P, Strutton PH. Association between spectral characteristics of paraspinal muscles and functional disability in patients with low back pain: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 2018; 8(2):e017091.
  • Chiou SY, Hellyer PJ, Sharp DJ, Newbould RD, Patel MC, Strutton PH. Relationships between the microstructure and function of lumbar nerve roots as assessed by diffusion tensor imaging and neurophysiology. Neuroradiology. 2017;59(9):893-903.
  • Chiou SY, Gottardi SE, Hodges PW, Strutton PH. Corticospinal Excitability of Trunk Muscles during Different Postural Tasks. PLoS One. 2016;11:e0147650.
  • Chiou SY, Wang, RY, Liao, KK, Yang, YR. Motor Status Following Stroke Predicts Facilitation in Lesioned Motor Cortex during Contractions of the Unaffected Limbs. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2016; 40:15-21.
  • Chiou SY, Jeevathol A, Odedra A, Strutton PH. Voluntary activation of trunk extensors appears normal in young adults who have recovered from low back pain. Eur J Pain. 2015; 19:1506-15.
  • Chiou SY, Wang RY, Roberts RE, Wu YT, Lu CF, Lia KK, Yang YR. Fractional Anisotropy in Corpus Callosum is Associated with Facilitation of Motor Representation during Ipsilateral Hand Movements. PLoS One. 2014;9:e104218.
  • Chiou SY, Shih YF, Chou LW, McGregor AH, Strutton PH. Impaired neural drive in patients with low back pain. Eur J Pain. 2014;18:794-802.
  • Chiou SY, Wang RY, Liao KK, Yang YR. Homologous Muscle Contraction during Unilateral Movement Does Not Show a Dominant Effect on Leg Representation of the Ipsilateral Primary Motor Cortex. PLoS One. 2013;8:e72231.
  • Chiou SY, Wang RY, Liao KK, Wu YT, Lu, CF, Yang YR. Co-activation of primary motor cortex ipsilateral to muscles contracting in a unilateral motor task. Clin Neurophysiol. 2013;124:1353-1363.
  • Yang YR, Tseng CY, Chiou SY, Liao, KK, Cheng SJ, Lai, KL, Wang RY. Combination of rTMS and treadmill training modulates corticomotor inhibition and improves walking in Parkinson Disease: a randomized trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2013;27:79-86.
  • Lin KP, Liao KK, Lai KL, Lin YY, Chiou SY, Wu ZA. Effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation to motor cortex on pain perception and nociceptive reflex. Chin J Physiol. 2012;30:163-168.
  • Chiou SY, Kao YH, Kuo HY, Chen CL, Shih YF, Lee HC, Chen WY. Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis: Is Brace Necessary after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Formos J Phys Ther. 2010;35:24-37.
  • Wu Y, Chiou SY, Wang RY, Yang YR. Test-retest reliability of the Chinese version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale in individuals with stroke. Formos J Phys Ther. 2008;33:239-245.

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