Dr Philip Kinghorn

Dr Philip Kinghorn

Institute of Applied Health Research
Senior Research Fellow

Contact details

Health Economics Unit
Institute of Applied Health Research
IOEM Building
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Philip is a Senior Research Fellow in the Health Economics Unit.  His research interests relate to the measurement and valuation of outcomes in economic evaluation.  In particular, Philip is interested in the inclusion of broader outcomes within economic evaluations of health and social care interventions and the use of the capability approach within health economics.


  • Phd in Health Economics (2010), University of East Anglia
  • MA in Economics (2004), University of East Anglia
  • BA (Hons) in Economics & Politics (2003), University of East Anglia


Philip was awarded his PhD in Health Economics in 2010 by the University of East Anglia. The PhD explored the use of the Capability Approach to assess and value quality of life, using chronic pain as a case study.

In 2010, Philip took up a post as a Research Fellow in the Health Economics Research Unit at the University of Aberdeen, initially working on an NIHR funded and MRC managed project to value patients’ experiences of receiving health care services.

In 2012 Philip moved to the Health Economics Unit at the University of Birmingham to work on a European Research Council funded project relating to end of life care (EconEndLife).   With the EconEndLife project concluding in 2015, Philip began an MRC funded project to establish a monetary threshold for ICECAP in the context of public health and social care in the spring of 2016.  The project was funded as a New Investigator Grant.

Philip has experience of conducting qualitative research, systematic reviews and of using online survey methods.   He is currently a reviewer for Health Economics, Social Science & Medicine, Value in Health and Health Expectations and has peer reviewed funding applications for NIHR, MRC and the Chief Scientist's Office (Scotland).


Philip is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.


  • Lecturing on the MSc in Health Economics and Health Policy
  • Dissertation Supervision: MSc in Health Economics & Health Policy
  • Module Coordinator: ‘Health Economics’, Undergraduate Taught Economics Programmes


  • Module Co-Coordinator: Policy and Economics of Healthcare Delivery.  MSc in Health Economics & Health Policy.
  • Lecturer: Risk Management Module.  MSc in Occupational Health
  • Undergraduate & postgraduate microeconomics (lectures & tutorials)

Postgraduate supervision

  • Co-Supervisor for Alastair Canaway's PhD, "Capturing Family Benefits of End of Life Care for use in Economic Evaluation".  Graduated Winter 2015.
  • Co-supervisor for Chidubem Ogwulu’s PhD, “Developing and piloting approaches for the valuation of outcomes associated with sexually transmitted infections in order to construct quality adjusted life years (QALYs) for use in economic evaluation”.  Graduated Winter 2018.
  • Co-supervisor for Henry Nwankwo’s PhD, “The impact of different trajectories of dying and associated care settings on the opportunity for a good death”.  Graduated Summer 2020. 

Philip is interested in supervising doctoral research related to the following topics:

  • Applications of the Capability approach within health economics
  • The application of health economic methods to social care
  • Assessing & valuing outcomes for inclusion in economic analysis
  • Costs and outcomes associated with the provision of informal care

Doctoral research

PhD title
Developing a Capability Approach to Measure and Value Quality of Life: An Application to Chronic Pain.


Philip was recently awarded an MRC New Investigator Grant.  The project, “Investigating deliberative methods for setting a monetary capability threshold in the context of social care and public health”, commenced in May 2016.

Until September 2015, Philip was working on an ERC funded project, relating to end of life care. The project addressed the following issues, which have been neglected in the literature so far:

  1. How to define the end of life period
  2. Measure outcomes from end of life care
  3. Quantitatively value end of life care
  4. Value the benefits of end of life care to persons close to the patient
  5. Combine across measures
  6. Choose decision-rules for end of life care

Philip is a co-applicant on the NIHR HTA funded project "A study to assess feasibility of a randomised multi-centre clinical trial in children and adults, to examine the clinical and cost-effectiveness of pressure garments to improve scarring."

In addition, Philip has had involvement with a National School for Primary Care Research funded project: "Meanings, Costs & Consequences of Patient and Public Involvement".

Research Groups and Centres:

  • Health Economists’ Study Group
  • International Health Economics Association
  • European Health Economics Association

Other activities

  • Module Co-Coordinator: Policy and Economics of Healthcare Delivery.  MSc in Health Economics & Health Policy.
  • Module Lead: Health Economics.  Undergraduate Economics Programme.
  • Frontline advisor for the West Midlands Research Design Service.
  • Postgraduate Research Lead within the Institute of Applied Health Research.


Kinghorn P, Afentou N (2020) Proxy responses to ICECAP-A: Exploring variation across multiple proxy assessments of capability well-being for the same individuals. PLoS ONE 15(7): e0236584. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236584

Kinghorn P, (2019) “Using deliberative methods to establish a sufficient state of capability well-being for use in decision-making in the contexts of public health and social care” Social Science & Medicine: In Press: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112546

Kinghorn P & Coast J, “Appropriate frameworks for economic evaluation of end of life care: A qualitative investigation with stakeholders” Palliative Medicine. Article first published online: March 27, 2019, doi.org/10.1177/0269216319839635 

Proud L, McLoughlin C, Kinghorn P. (2018) “ICECAP-O, The Current State of Play: A Systematic Review of Studies Reporting the Psychometric Properties and Use of the Instrument Over the Decade Since Its Publication”, Quality of Life Research. 28(6): 1429-1439.

Bailey C, Kinghorn P, Hewison A, Radcliffe C, Flynn T, Huynh E, & Coast J. “Hospice patients participation in choice experiments to value supportive care outcomes”, BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.  Published Online First: 12 November 2018. doi: 10.1136/bmjspcare-2018-001582

Canaway A, Al-Janabi H, Kinghorn P, Bailey C & Coast J. (2019) “Close person spill-overs in end of life care: using hierarchical mapping to identify whose outcomes to include in economic evaluation” PharmacoEconomics.  37(4):573-583. doi: 10.1007/s40273-019-00786-5.

Moiemen N, Mathers J, Jones L, Bishop J, Kinghorn P, Monahan M, Calvert M, Slinn G, Gardiner F, Bamford A, Wright S, Litchfield I, Andrews N, Turner K, Grant M, Deeks J. (2018) “Pressure garment to prevent abnormal scarring after burn injury in adults and children: the PEGASUS feasibility RCT and mixed-methods study”. Health Technology Assessment. 22:36 (ISSN 1366-5278). 

Blackburn S, McLachlan S, Jowett S, Kinghorn P, Gill P, Higginbottom A, Rhodes C, Stevenson F, Jinks C. (2018) “The extent, quality and impact of patient and public involvement in primary care research: a mixed methods study” BMC Research Involvement and Engagement. 4:16, DOI: 10.1186/s40900-018-0100-8

Coast J, Bailey C, Orlando R, Armour K, Perry R, Jones L & Kinghorn P. (2018) “Adaptation, acceptance and adaptive preferences in health and capability well-being measurement amongst those approaching end of life”.  The Patient - Patient-Centered Outcomes Research. 11:5, pp539-546: DOI 10.1007/s40271-018-0310-z

Kinghorn P & Coast J. (2018) “Assessing the capability to experience a ‘good death’: A qualitative study to directly elicit expert views on a new Supportive Care Measure grounded in Sen’s Capability Approach”. PLOS ONE.  DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193181

Jones L, Calvert M, Moiemen N, Deeks JJ, Bishop J, Kinghorn P, Mathers, J. “Outcomes important to burns patients during scar management and how they compare to the concepts captured in burn-specific patient reported outcome measuresBurns.  In Press: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2017.09.004

Andrews A, Jones LJ, Moiemen N, Calvert M, Kinghorn P, Litchfield I, Bishop J, Deeks JJ, Mathers J. “Below the surface: Parents’ views on the factors that influence treatment adherence in paediatric burn scar management – a qualitative studyBurns.  In Press: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2017.09.003

Huynh E, Coast J, Rose J, Kinghorn P, Flynn T.  (2017) “Values for the ICECAP-Supportive Care Measure (ICECAP-SCM) for use in economic evaluation at end of life”.  Social Science & Medicine, 189; pp114-128; doi. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.07.012

Ogwulu C, Jackson LJ, Kinghorn P, Roberts TE.  (2017) “A Systematic Review of Techniques Used to Value Temporary Health StatesValue in Health.  20:8; pp1180-1197.

Kamaruzaman H, Kinghorn P, Oppong R. (2017) “Cost-effectiveness of surgical interventions for the management of osteoarthritis: a systematic review of the literature” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders.  18:183, DOI 10.1186/s12891-017-1540-2.

Andronis L, Kinghorn P, Qiao S, Whitehurst D, Durrell S, McLeod H. “Cost-effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological interventions for low back pain: a systematic literature review”Applied Health Economics and Health Policy.  Online first (Aug 2016): doi: 10.1007/s40258-016-0268-8

Canaway A, Al-Janabi H, Kinghorn P, Bailey C, Coast J. (2016) “Development of a measure (ICECAP-Close Person Measure) through qualitative methods to capture the benefits of end-of-life care to those close to the dying for use in economic evaluation.”  Palliative Medicine.  31:1, pp53-62. doi: 10.1177/0269216316650616

Campbell CL, Bailey C, Armour K, Perry R, Orlando R, Kinghorn P, Jones L, Coast J. (2016) “A team approach to recruitment in hospice research: Engaging patients, close persons and health professionals.”  International Journal of Palliative Nursing.  22:7, pp324-332.

Bailey C, Orlando R, Kinghorn P, Armour K, Perry R, Jones L, Coast J. (2016) “The ICECAP-SCM tells you more about what I’m going through” - Measuring quality of life amongst patients receiving supportive and palliative care.  Palliative Medicine. 30:7, pp642-652. DOI: 10.1177/0269216315624890

Coast J, Huynh E, Kinghorn P, Flynn T (2016) “Complex Valuation: Applying ideas from the complex intervention framework to valuation of a new measure for end of life care”, PharmacoEconomics, 34, 499-508.

Kinghorn P (2015)“Exploring Different Interpretations of the Capability Approach in a Health Care Context: Where next?”, Journal of Human Development & Capabilities. 16:4, 600-616

Coast J, Kinghorn P, Mitchell P (2015) “The development of capability measures in health economics: opportunities, challenges and progress”, The Patient: Patient-Centred Outcomes Research. 8, 119-126

Kinghorn P, Robinson A, Smith RD, (2015) “Developing a Capability-Based Questionnaire as an Alternative Method for Assessing Well-Being in Patients with Chronic Pain”, Social Indicators Research, 120:897–916.

Adlard N, Kinghorn P, Frew E (2014) “Is the UK NICE ‘reference case’ influencing the practice of paediatric QALY measurement within economic evaluations?” Value in Health, 17, 454-461.

Ryan M, Kinghorn P, Entwistle VA, Francis JJ (2014) “Valuing Patients’ Experiences of Healthcare Processes: Towards broader applications of existing methods”, Social Science and Medicine, 106, 194-203

Kinghorn P & Coast J (2013) “A health economists’ response to the review of the Liverpool Care Pathway” Journal of Palliative Medicine, 16(12) 1614-1616.

Entwistle V, Firnigl D, Ryan M, Francis J, Kinghorn P (2012) “Which experiences of health care matter to service users and why? A critical interpretive synthesis and conceptual map.” Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, 17 (2) 70-78.

Book Chapters:

Coast J, Bailey C, Canaway A, Kinghorn P. (2016) “Measuring and Valuing Outcomes for Care at the End of Life: The Capability Approach” in Care at the End of Life: An economics Perspective, Springer International Publishing, London.