Dr Raymond Oppong

Raymond Oppong

Institute of Applied Health Research
Lecturer in Health Economics

Contact details

Health Economics
Institute of Applied Health Research
Occupational Health Building
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Raymond Oppong is a Lecturer at the Health Economics Unit, University of Birmingham. 

He is an enthusiastic researcher who is interested in issues such as economic evaluation in the area of musculoskeletal disease, antimicrobial resistance, quality of life research and economic analysis alongside multinational, cluster and factorial trials. 

He has published in journals such as British Journal of General Practice, The European Journal of Health Economics and Rheumatology and has disseminated his work to audiences around Europe.

He has completed a part-time PhD entitled "Economic analysis alongside multinational studies" at the University of Birmingham.


  • PhD in Health Economics. University of Birmingham 2017
  • MSc Health Economics and Health Policy University of Birmingham 2006
  • BA (Hons) Economics and Geography Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology 2003


Before joining the Health Economics Unit, Raymond Oppong qualified with a BA (Hons) in Economics and Geography (first class) from the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Ghana. He went on to work as a teaching assistant at the Department of Economics, KNUST Kumasi, Ghana. 

In 2006, Raymond obtained an MSc in Health Economics and Health Policy from the University of Birmingham. He has since worked as a Research Fellow and Lecturer at the Health Economics Unit. 

Raymond currently works in collaboration with the Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre at Keele University on a number of trial based and modelling studies within musculoskeletal disease. 



Raymond’s currently conducts health economics research alongside studies undertaken by the Arthritis research UK at Keele University. This forms part of the ongoing collaboration between the health economics unit and Keele University. The studies that he is currently working on includes: Self-Management in Osteoarthritis of the Hand (SMOoth), The Staffordshire Arthritis, Musculoskeletal and Back Assessment Study (SAMBA) and the back pain modelling study.

Raymond also works on the EU funded Genomics to combat Resistance against Antibiotics in Community-acquired LRTI in Europe (GRACE) project. He is currently working on two different studies within GRACE. The first is an observational study aimed at exploring the incidence, aetiology, and resistance patterns of bacteria in order to develop an optimal strategy for diagnosing community-acquired LRTI. He has been working on assessing the cost of resistance alongside this study.

The second study consists of two different trials. The first trial is a randomised controlled double blinded trial which is aimed at determining which patients benefit from antibiotic treatment and the second trial is a randomised controlled factorial trial which looks at the effects of a web based GP training intevention on antibiotic prescribing. He has been involved in estimating the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the interventions in this study.

As part of the GRACE project, he was also involved in an observational study of the management of patients with acute cough/LRTI. He used various statistical methods to estimate the cost of treating LRTI in 13 European countries, looked at the impact of using different value sets for EQ-5D, assessed the construct validity of EQ-5D in patients with acute cough/lower respiratory tract infections and looked at the cost-effectiveness of point of care C-reactive protein in reducing antibiotic prescribing.

He is currently working on other projects such as the high dependency care (HDC) project, which is aimed at  testing the validity of PCCMDS and the HRGs relating to paediatric HDC.


Kamaruzaman H, Kinghorn P, Oppong R (2017) Cost-effectiveness of surgical interventions for the management of osteoarthritis: A systematic review of the literature. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 18:183 DOI 10.1186/s12891-017-1540-2

Oppong R, Smith RD, Little P, Verheij T, Butler CC, Goossens H, Moore M, Coast J (2016) Kosteneffectiviteit van amoxicilline en kost van resistentie Huisarts Nu 45(5), 192

Roddy E, Jordan K, Oppong R, Chen Y, Jowett S, Dawes P, Hider SL, Packham J, Stevenson K, Zwierska I, Hay EM (2016) Re-consultations, self-reported health status, and costs following treatment at a Musculoskeletal Clinical Assessment and Treatment Servive (CATS): a twelve-month prospective cohort study BMJ Open 6:e011735  doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011735

Oppong R, Smith RD, Little P, Verheij T, Butler CC, Goossens H, Coenen S, Moore M, Coast J (2016) Cost-effectiveness of amoxicillin for lower respiratory tract infections in primary care: an economic evaluation accounting for the cost of antimicrobial resistance British Journal of General Practice DOI: 10.3399/bjgp16X686077

Frempong S, Goranitis I, Oppong R (2015) Economic evaluation alongside factorial trials: A systematic review of empirical studies Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research 15(5) 

Oppong R, Jowett S, Roberts T (2015) Economic evaluation alongside multinational studies: A systematic review of empirical studies PLoS ONE 10(6) 

Oppong R, Jowett S, Nicholls E, Whitehurst D, Hill S, Hammond A, Hay E, Dziedzic K (2015) Joint protection and hand exercise for hand osteoarthritis: An economic evaluation comparing methods for the analysis of factorial trials Rheumatology 54(5) PP 876-883 

Dziedzic K, Healey E, Porcheret M, Ong B, Main C, Jordan K, Lewis M, Edwards J, Jinks C, Morden A, McHugh G, Ryan S, Finney A, Jowett S, Oppong R, Afolabi E et al. (2014) Implementing the NICE osteoarthritis guidelines a mixed methods study and cluster randomised trial of a model osteoarthritis consultation in primary care. The Management of OsteoArthritis In ConsultationS (MOSAICS) study protocol Implementation Science 9:95 

Mistry H, Hyeladzira Garnvwa, Oppong R (2014) Critical Appraisal of Published Systematic Reviews Assessing the Cost-Effectivenss of Telemedicine Studies Telemedicine and e-Health (in press)

Morris KP, Oppong R, Holdback N, Coast J (2014) Defining criteria and resource use for high dependency care in children: an observational study Archives of Disease in Childhood (in press)

Mistry H, Oppong R, Frew E. (2014) Health Economics education (HEe) website: A tool to enhance health economics teaching in the United Kingdom.  The Journal of Economic Education, 45(1) 79

Oppong R, Mistry H, Frew E (2013) Health Economics Education in Undergraduate Medical Training: Introducing the Health Economics education (HEe) Website BMC Medical Education 13 (126)

Oppong R, Jit M, Smith RD, Butler CC, Melbye H, Mölstad S, Coast J. (2013) Cost-Effectiveness of Point of Care C-Reactive Protein to Inform Antibiotic Prescribing Decisions British Journal of General Practice 63(612) PP e465-e471

Oppong R, Kaambwa B, Nuttall J, Hood K, Smith RD, Coast J. (2013) The Impact of Using Different Tariffs to Value EQ-5D Health State Descriptions: An Example from a Study of Acute Cough/Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Seven European Countries European Journal of Health Economics 14(2) PP 197-209

Oppong R, Kaambwa B, Nuttall J, Hood K, Smith RD, Coast J. (2011) Assessment of the Construct Validity of the EQ-5D in Patients with Acute Cough/Lower Respiratory Tract Infections Applied Research in Quality of Life 6(4) PP 411-423

Oppong R, Coast J, Hood K, Nuttall J, Smith R.D, Butler CC. (2011) Resource Use and Costs of Treating Acute Cough/Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in 13 European Countries: Results and Challenges European Journal of Health Economics 12(4) PP 319-329