Dr Anita Slade PhD, MPhil, DipCOT

Dr Anita Slade

Institute of Applied Health Research
ITM Research Fellow

Contact details

Centre for Patient Reported Outcomes Research (CPROR)
Institute of Applied Health Research
Murray Learning Centre
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Anita Slade PhD is the ITM Research Fellow in the Centre for Patient Reported Outcomes (PRO) research at the University of Birmingham. She is experienced in evaluating and developing patient reported outcome measures in a range of clinical settings.   She is experienced in using Rasch analysis as a tool for evaluating health outcomes and educational assessments.   She has presented and lectured on health outcomes at a national and international level.



  • PhD by Publication, Leeds Beckett University 2008
  • MPhil, University of Leeds 2001
  • DipCOT, Combined Training Institute, Cardiff University 1978
  • HCPC registered (current)


Dr Slade is experienced in analysing and developing patient reported outcome (PRO) measures in health and social care. She is experienced in a wide range of quantitative statistical analysis techniques. She has project managed a number of complex projects which evaluated and developed PRO instruments in multiple therapeutic settings including international rehabilitation units. The main focus of her work and interests are around the analysis and development of PRO instruments using Rasch analysis. Rasch analysis examines the extent to which PRO instruments are delivering reliable and valid measurements of the underlying trait purported to be measured by the instrument.

Dr Slade is also an experienced undergraduate and post graduate lecturer, having taught on pre-reg BSc and MSc occupational therapy and physiotherapy programmes.  She has been a programme lead for advanced professional practice MSc in Occupational Therapy. She has also taught on a variety of MSc modules including MSc Clinical Research programmes. She has been module lead for evidence based practice and evaluating outcomes in health and social care modules.

Her clinical interests include rehabilitation, neurology, neurosurgery, rheumatology, orthopaedics, oncology and general medicine.  She was involved in the development of the SPIRIT PRO extension guidelines which were recently published.  She has supervised PhD, MSc and BSc dissertation projects using both qualitative and quantitative methodologies and is interested in supervising PhD’s with a strong PRO element.


Dr Slade teaches on a number of MSc and BSc modules.

Previous Teaching Experience

  • Sept 2010 to May 2016: BSc and MSc pre-registration Occupational Therapy, and MSc Advanced Professional Practice, Lecturer and Advanced Professional Practice lead Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health, Plymouth University.
  • Sept 2004 to Sept 2008:  MSc Pre-registration Occupational Therapy and Occupational Science, Senior Lecturer and      Practice Placement Co-ordinator, Faculty of Health, Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds.
  • Nov 2003 to Sept 2004:  BSc Pre-registration OccupationalTherapy, Senior Lecturer, School of Health and Social Sciences, Occupational Therapy, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield.

Programme Development

  • February 2016: Revalidation MSc Advanced Professional Practice, Plymouth University.
  • Jan 2010: Development and validation: MSc Pre-registration Occupational Therapy, Plymouth University.
  • Jan 2010: Revalidation BSc Occupational Therapy, Plymouth University.
  • Sept 2004 Development and validation: MSc Pre-registration Occupational Therapy Leeds Metropolitan University.

Postgraduate supervision

Current Supervision

Cruz Rivera., Samantha,Maximising the impact of patient-reported outcome (PRO) trial results to

benefit patients and society’ University of Birmingham.

Phd Completions

Lead Academic

Krizaj, T., (July 2017) Slovenian older people’s transition into a care home through the lens of engagement in occupations, University of Plymouth. UK.

Twinley, R., (May 2016) An exploration of woman to woman rape and the perceived impacts on survivors’ occupational performance


Ali, K.,(September 2016) Evaluation of preparedness of Dental Graduates for Foundation Training, University of  Plymouth. UK

MSc Advanced Professional Practice Completions

Cunningham, M. (2015)  An exploration of the lived experience of homelessness from an occupational perspective.MSc Advanced Professional Practice Occupational Therapy. Plymouth University. Winner of the Catherine Mounter Prize for the best Occupational Science MSc dissertation 2015.

Ryan, A. (2015)  The impact of housing precarity on the recovery and social inclusion of adults with severe mental illness (SMI): a systematic review and implications for practice.MSc Advanced Professional Practice Occupational Therapy. Plymouth University.

Rowson, L. (2014)  A Study of the perceptions of stroke survivors and their carers experience of Occupational Therapy from an Early Supported Discharge Team. MSc Advanced Professional Practice Occupational Therapy. Plymouth University.

I am interested in supervising projects that are evaluating or developing health outcome tools as a substantive part of the PhD.







Research groups and centres:





Other activities

Dr Slade has been an external examiner on a number of PhD panels where development of PRO have been the main focus of the PhD.


Recent publications

Boland, L., Slade, A.,Yarwood, R., & Bannigan, K. (2018). Determinants of Tenancy Sustainment Following Homelessness: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Public Health, 108(11), e1-e8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2018.304652

Slade, A.,Isa, F., Kyte, D., Pankhurst, T., Kerecuk, L., Ferguson, J., Lipkin, G., & Calvert, M. (2018). Patient reported outcome measures in rare diseases: a narrative review. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 13(1), 61. doi: 10.1186/s13023-018-0810-x

Calvert, M., Kyte, D., Mercieca-Bebber, R.,Slade, A. L.,Chan, A.-W., King, M., & and the SPIRIT-PRO Group. (2018). Guidelines for inclusion of patient-reported outcomes in clinical trial protocols: The SPIRIT-PRO Extension. JAMA, 319(5), 483-494. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21903

Aiyegbusi, O. L., Kyte, D. G., Cockwell, P., Marshall, T., Gheorghe, A., Keeley, T., Slade, A.,& Calvert, M. (2017). Measurement properties of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used in adult patients with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review.PLOS ONE

Aiyegbusi, O., Lee.,, Kyte, D., Cockwell, P., Marshall, T., Dutton, M., Slade, A., . . . Calvert, M. (2017). Using Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) to promote quality of care and safety in the management of patients with Advanced Chronic Kidney disease (PRO-trACK project): a mixed-methods project protocol. BMJ Open, 7(6). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016687 

Ali, K., Slade, A., Kay, E. J., Zahra, D., Chatterjee, A., & Tredwin, C. (2017). Application of Rasch analysis in the development and psychometric evaluation of dental undergraduates preparedness assessment scale.European Journal of Dental Education, 21(4), e135-e141. doi:10.1111/eje.12236

Ali, K., Slade, A.,Kay, E., Zahra, D. & Tredwin, C.( 2017). Preparedness of undergraduate dental students in the United Kingdom: a national study. Br Dent J,222,472-477.

Cunningham, M. J., & Slade, A. (2017). Exploring the lived experience of homelessness from an occupational perspective. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 1-14. doi: 10.1080/11038128.2017.1304572

Križaj T, Warren A, Slade A(online 2016 paper May 2018). “Holding on to What I Do”: Experiences of Older Slovenians Moving into a Care Home. The Gerontologist, doi:10.1093/geront/gnw150.

Ali, K., Tredwin, C., Kay, E. & SLADE, A.(2016). Stakeholders’ Perceptions About a Newly Established Dental School with a Problem-Based, Student-Led, Patient-Centered Curriculum: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Dental Education,80,291-300.

Ali, K., Tredwin, C., Kay, E. & Slade A.L.(2016). Transition of New Dental Graduates into Practice: A Qualitative Study. European Journal of Dental Education,80,291-300.

Ali, K., Tredwin, C., Kay, E. J., Slade, A.,  Pooler, J. (2014) 'Preparedness of dental graduates for foundation training: a qualitative study'. British Dental Journal, 217 (3).pp 145-149.

Freeman, J., Walters, R., Ingram, W. M., Slade, A. L.,Hobart, J. C., Zajicek, J. (2013) 'Evaluating change in mobility in people with Multiple Sclerosis: relative responsiveness of four clinical measures'. Multiple Sclerosis 19(2) pp.1632-1639.  

Zajicek, J., Hobart, J., Slade, A.,Barnes, D., Mattison, P. (2012) 'Multiple Sclerosis and Extract of Cannabis: results of the MUSEC trial'. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 83 (11).pp 1125-1132.