Professor Yulong Ding BEng, MSc, PhD, FRSC

Professor Yulong Ding

School of Chemical Engineering
Founding Chamberlain Chair of Chemical Engineering
Royal Academy of Engineering - Highview Chair of Cryogenic Energy Storage

Contact details

Address
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
UK

Yulong Ding holds the founding Chamberlain chair of Chemical Engineering and Highview-RAEng chair of cryogenic energy storage and is director of Birmingham Centre for Energy Storage. His research has been cross-disciplinary in particular at the interface of chemical engineering, chemistry, energy engineering, materials science & engineering. He has been a principal and a co-investigator of projects with a total exceeding £20M over the past 10 years. He has published over 400 technical papers with over 9000 citations (H index ~42) and 10 book chapters. He has filed over 15 patents and was named by the Thomson Reuters as a top 1% highly cited researcher in the engineering category over 2002-2012. He was an in inventor of the cryogenic energy storage technology, which was awarded the 2011 ‘The Engineer’ magazine Energy & Environmental and Grand Prix awards, and 2012 Rushlight Energy Environmental and Power Generation and Transmission awards.

Qualifications

  • Royal Academy of Engineering – Highview Professor of Cryogenic Energy Storage (since 2014)
  • Founding Chamberlain Professor of Chemical Engineering (since 2013)
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham (1997)
  • MSc in Thermal Energy Engineering, University of Science & Technology Beijing (1988)
  • BEng in Thermal Energy Engineering, University of Science & Technology Beijing (1985)
  • External examiner of MSc in Chemical & Process Engineering (since 2011)
  • Fellow of Royal Society of Chemistry (since 2011)

Biography

Yulong joined UoB in October 2013, and prior to this, he was Professor and director of Institute of Particle Science & Engineering at the University of Leeds. He joined Leeds in June 2001 after previous employments with Imperial College London (1997-1999), University of Birmingham (1999-2001), and University of Science and Technology Beijing (1988-1994). He was the founding director of the joint Institute for Energy Storage Research between University of Leeds and Institute of Process Engineering of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Postgraduate supervision

Yulong currently supervises 6 PhD students. For a full list please visit our Doctoral Research programme listings

Research

  • Thermal energy storage
    • Composite thermal energy storage materials based on phase change materials for applications across -196oC ~ + 1500oC
    • Components and devices based on the composite materials
    • System integration and optimisation
    • Scale up and advanced manufacturing technologies
  • Liquid air energy storage
    • Miniaturisation of liquefaction plants
    • Heat and cold storage
    • Integration into centralised and decentralised energy systems
  • Process intensification
    • Heat transfer intensification using particles across length scales
    • Sorption enhanced chemical reaction processes
    • Micro- and nano-fluidics
  • Heat transfer fluids
    • Nanofluids
    • High temperature heat transfer fluids (e.g. molten salts, VP1 based formulations)
    • Low temperature heat transfer fluids (e.g. liquid air and low melting point fluids at cryogenic region)
    • Heat transfer and fluid flow under supercritical conditions
  • Particle technology
    • Dissolution of structured particles
    • Gas fluidisation (bubbling and circulating fluidised beds)
    • Rotating drums / kilns
    • Packed beds
    • Milling and granulation; mixing and segregation
    • Granular flows and heat transfer
    • Manufacturing technologies for nanoparticles and nano-assembly
    • Encapsulation of phase change materials
    • Modelling of multiphase and multiscale systems using CFD, DEM, MD and CCDS

Other activities

Journal editing

  • Energy Storage Science & Technology, Editor-In-Chief, 2012 - Present
  • Journal of Crystallization Physics and Chemistry: Editorial Board, 2008 - Present
  • Chinese Journal of Powder Technology: Editorial Board, 2012 - Present
  • Particuology: Editorial Board, 2005 - Present
  • Particuology: Editor, special issue on energy storage – materials and process challenges, 2014
  • Journal of Nanoparticle Research: Editor, special Issue for the 1st ECI Conference on Nanofluids, 2007
  • Chemical Engineering Journal: Editor, special Issue for the 4th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, 2005
  • Powder Technology: Editor, special Issue for the 1st UK-China Particle Technology Forum, 2007
  • Particuology: Editor, special Issue for the 1st UK-China Particle Technology Forum, 2007

Membership of professional or similar bodies

  • 2015 – Present: Vice Chairman of Science Board of the Energy Storage Division of Chinese Association of Electrochemical and Physical Power
  • 2015 - Present: Innovate UK (formerly TSB UK) assessor for Energy Catalyst programmes
  • 2014 - Present: Advisory board member of Energy Storage Engineering Committee of Chinese Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology Society
  • Scientific committee member of PARTEC 2016, Germany
  • 2013: Overseas panel member of Natural Science Foundation of China (Engineering and Materials)
  • 2012 – Present: External examiner of MSc in Process Engineering, Queens University of Belfast, UK
  • 2012 – 2013: Panel member for setting the Helmholtz Institute on Renewable Energy Production (Material- and process-based solutions for a climate-neutral and sustainable energy production at acceptable costs) Helmholtz Association, Germany
  • 2011 – Present: European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) UK co-ordinator for Thermal Energy Storage on behalf of UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)
  • 2011 – 2014: Changjiang Chair Professor Screening (overseas) Assessor, Ministry of Education of China and Li Ka Shing Foundation of Hong Kong
  • 2010 – Present: Fellow of UK Royal Society of Chemistry
  • 2010 – 2014: Committee Member of Chinese Society of Particuology
  • 2009 – Present: Member of board of assessors for publications medal of UK Institution of Chemical Engineers
  • 2008 – 2009: Member of Society of Chemical Industry
  • 2006 – Present: Member of academic steering committee, GuiZhou Clean Energy Research Centre, P.R. China
  • 2005 - 2007: Committee member of the Virtual Centre for Industrial Process Tomography (VCIPT)
  • 2004 – Present: Member of Advisory Committee of the Chinese Society of Chemical Science and Technology, UK
  • 2003 – Present: Member of UK EPSRC Peer Review College and member of EPSRC Flow and Engineering Panels
  • 2002 – Present: Committee member of Particle Technology Subject Group of the Institution of Chemical Engineers
  • 2001 – 2013: Committee member of Particle Characterisation Interest Group of the Royal Society of Chemistry

Academic visiting positions

  • October 2013 – Present: Visiting professor, University of Leeds
  • June 2013 – Present:        Visiting Professor, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
  • November 2012 – Present: Visiting Professor, Nanjing University of Science & Technology, China
  • July 2012 – Present: Technical advisory board member, AnSteel Group
  • October 2011 – Present:  Visiting Professor, University of Science & Technology Beijing, China
  • May 2011 – Present:        Visiting Professor, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou, China
  • February 2010 – Present: Visiting Professor, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • June 2008 – Present: Visiting Professor, Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • August 2006 – Present:      Visiting Professor, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China

Publications

  1.  Y.L. Ding, Handbook of Energy Storage Technologies, Editor-in-Chief, 600 pages, China Chemical Society Press, expected November 2015.
  2. S.J. Antony, W. Hoyle and Y.L. Ding, Granular Materials – Fundamentals and Applications, 371 pages, London, Royal Society of Chemistry (ISBN 0-85404-586-4), 2004.
  3. T.J. Yang, D.Q. Cang and Y.L. Ding, Oxygen Enriched BF Pulverised Coal Injection, 341 pages, Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press (ISBN 7-5024-1769-9), 1996.

Parts of Books

  1. Y.L. Ding, Liquid air energy storage, a chapter for Storing Energy, Trevor Letcher eds, Elsevier BV, 2015.
  2. Y.L. Li, Y. Huang, J. Radcliffe and Y.L. Ding, Cryogenic Energy Storage, a chapter for Handbook of Clean Energy Systems, Wiley, 2014.
  3. Y.L. Ding, Y.L. Li and C.P. Liu, Solar electric energy storage overview, a chapter for Solar Energy Storage, Bent Sørensen eds, Elsevier BV, 2014.
  4. S. Witharana, H.S. Chen and Y.L. Ding, Nanofluids for Heat Transfer, a chapter for Handbook of Nanophysics, Klaus Sattler eds., CRC Press (ISBN-10: 1420075462, ISBN-13: 978-1420075465), 2010.
  5. M. Ghadiri, C.C. Kwan and Y.L. Ding, Analysis of Milling and the Role of Feed Properties. In: Chapter 14 of Handbook of Powder Technology, Salman A., Ghadiri M. and Hounslow M. eds., Elsevier Science B.V. (ISBN-10: 0444530800, ISBN-13: 978-0444530806), 605-634, 2007 
  6. M.J.W. Povey, T.S. Awad, R. Huo and Y.L. Ding, Crystallization in monodisperse emulsions with particles in size Range 20–200 nm, in Chapter 27 of Food Colloids, 399-411, Royal Society of Chemistry (ISBN 978-0854042715), 2007.
  7. Y.L. Ding, Transport phenomena, W. Sha, Advances in Materials Science and Engineering Research, 34-63, Beijing, Mechanical Industry Press, 2000.
  8. Y.L. Ding, S.J. Antony and J.P.K. Seville, Granular motion in the transverse plane of rotating drums, 336-354, S.J. Antony et al., Granular Materials – Fundamentals and Applications, 336-354, London, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2004.
  9. Y.L. Ding, Properties of coal for BF injection, T.J. Yang et al., Oxygen Enriched BF Pulverised Coal Injection, 20-58, Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press, 1996.
  10. Y.L. Ding, Hydrodynamics at the exit of lances for pulverised coal injection, T.J. Yang et al., Oxygen Enriched BF Pulverised Coal Injection, 59-127, Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press, 1996.
  11. Y.L. Ding, Gas-solid flows in pulverised coal injection units, T.J. Yang et al., Oxygen Enriched BF Pulverised Coal Injection, 128-190, Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press, 1996.
  12. Y.L. Ding, Numerical modelling of oxygen enriched pulverised coal injection, T.J. Yang et al., Oxygen Enriched BF Pulverised Coal Injection, 238-329, Beijing, Metallurgical Industry Press, 1996.

Refereed Journal Papers

2015

  1. Y. Jiang, A.J. O’Neill, Y.L. Ding (2015) Zinc oxide nanoparticle-coated films: fabrication, characterization, and antibacterial properties, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Accepted.
  2. L.G. Tong, A.J. Zhang, Y.L. Li, L. Yao, L. Wang, H.Z. Li, L.B. Li, and Y.L. Ding (2015) Exergy and energy analysis of a load regulation method of CVO of air separation unit , Applied Thermal Engineering, accepted for publication
  3. P.L. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Huang, C. Li, Z.J. Peng and Y.L Ding (2015) Thermal energy charging behaviour of a heat exchange device with a zigzag plate configuration containing multi-phase-change-materials (m-PCMs), Applied Energy, in press.
  4. G.H. Leng, Z.P. Lan, Z.W. Ge, Y. Qin, Z. Jiang, F. Ye and Y.L. Ding (2015) Progress in Thermal Energy Storage Research, Energy Storage Science & Technology, in press.
  5. Y. Qin, G.H. Leng, X. Yu, H. Cao, G. Qiao, Y. Dai, Y.L. Zhang, Y.L. Ding (2015) Sodium sulfate–diatomite composite materials for high temperature thermal energy storage, Powder Technology, in Press.

2014

  1. J.G. Cao, Y.L. Ding and C.Y. Ma (2014) Aqueous Al2O3 nanofluids: the important factors impacting convective heat transfer, Heat and Mass Transfer, 50, 1639-1648.
  2. Z.W. Ge, F. Ye and Y.L. Ding (2014) Composite materials for thermal energy storage: enhancing performance through microstructures, ChemSusChem, 7, 1318-1325.
  3. N.J. Watson, M.J.W. Povey, G.K. Reynolds, B.H. Xu and Y.L. Ding (2014) Acoustic emission monitoring from a lab scale high shear granulator—A novel approach, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 465, 262–274.
  4. C.P. Liu, C. Li, Y.L. Li, Y.L. Ding and L. Wang (2014) Review of heat transfer enhancement in gas-solid flow, Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, In Press.
  5. Q.M. Wan, Y. Jin, P. Sun and Y.L. Ding (2014) Rheological and tribological behaviour of lubricating oils containing platelet MoS₂ nanoparticles, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 16: 2386.
  6. Z.W. Ge, Y.L. Li, D.C. Li, Z. Sun, Y Jin, C.P. Liu, G.H. Leng, Y.L. Ding (2014) Thermal energy storage: challenges and the role of particle technology, Particuology, In Press.
  7. Y.L. Li, H. Cao, S.H. Wang, Y. Jin, D. Li, X. Wang and Y.L. Ding (2014) Load shifting of nuclear power plants using cryogenic energy storage technology, Applied Energy, 113, 1710-1716.
  8. S. Omran, P. Heggs, Y.L. Ding (2014) The influence of moisture content on the evaluation of latent heat of molten salts used for thermal energy storage applications, Energy Procedia, 46, 317-323.

2013

  1. C. Qi, Y. He, Y. Hu, B. Jiang, T. Luan, Y. Ding (2013) Experimental Study on Boiling Heat Transfer of α-Al­2O3-Water Nanofluid, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, 5(8), 895-901. 
  2. X. Chen, J. Liu, H. Wang, Y. Ding, Y. Sun and H. Yan (2013) One-step approach to novel Bi4V2O11 hierarchical hollow microspheres with high visible-light-driven photocatalytic activities, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1, 877–883.
  3. I.A. Wilson, A.J.R. Rennie, Y.L. Ding, P.C. Eames, P.J. Hall, N.J. Kelly (2013) Historical daily gas and electrical energy flows through Great Britain's transmission networks and the decarbonisation of domestic heat, Energy Policy, 61, 301-305
  4. Z. Ge, F. Ye, H. Cao, G. Leng, Y. Qin and Y.L. Ding (2013) Carbonate salts based composite materials for medium and high temperature thermal energy storage, Particuology, In Press.
  5. C. Wang, J Yang and Y. L. Ding (2013) Phase transfer based synthesis and thermophysical properties of Au/Therminol VP-1 nanofluids, Progress in Natural Science: Materials International, 23, 338–342.
  6. P. Song, Y.L. Ding and D Wen (2013) A reactive molecular dynamic simulation of oxidation of a silicon nanocluster, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15, 1-11.
  7. H Liu, W Hu, F Ye, Y Ding, J Yang (2013) Growth mechanism of Ag2S nanocrystals in a nonpolar organic solvent, RSC Advances 3 (2), 616-622.
  8. S. Witharana, I. Palabiyik, Z. Musina and Y. Ding (2013) Stability of glycol nanofluids–The theory and experiment, Powder Technology, 239, 72-77.
  9. L. Zhang, Y Li, X Liu, L. Zhao, Y.L. Ding, M. Povey and D.Q. Cang (2013) The properties of ZnO nanofluids and the role of H2O2 in the disinfection activity against Escherichia coli, Water Research, 47(12), 4013-21
  10. Y. Li, Y. Jin, Y. Huang, F. Ye, X. Wang, D. Li, C. Wang and Y.L. Ding (2013) Principles and new developments of thermal energy storage technology, Energy Storage Science & Technology, 2, 69-72.
  11. Y. Li, Y. Jin, Y. Huang, F. Ye, X. Wang, D. Li, C. Wang and Y.L. Ding (2013) Potential applications of thermal energy storage in electric power generation sector, 2, 165-171.
  12. C. Liu, Z. Sun, G. Lu, X. Song, Y.L. Ding, J.G. Yu (2013) Scale‐up design of a 300 kA magnesium electrolysis cell based on thermo‐electric mathematical models, In Press.
  13. Y.L. Li, S. Witharana, M. Lasfargues, H. Cao, Y. Huang, Y.L. Ding (2013) Wide spectrum solar energy harvesting through an integrated photovoltaic and thermoelectric system, Particuology, In Press.

2012

  1. H. Liu, Y. Wang, X. Gou, T. Qi, J. Yang and Y. Ding (2012) Three-dimensional graphene/polyaniline composite material for high-performance supercapacitor applications, Materials Science and Engineering B, 178, 293-298.
  2. S. Witharana, B. Phillips, S. Strobel, H. D. Kim, J.-B. Chang, J. Buongiorno, K. K. Berggren, L. Chen and Y.L. Ding (2012) Bubble Nucleation on Nano- to Micro-size Cavities and Posts: An Experimental Validation of Classical Theory, Journal of Applied Physics, 112, 064904.
  3. P.X. Song, D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding (2012) Nano-fuels: a new energy storage carrier, Energy Storage Science & Technology, 1, 41-49.
  4. W.W. Hu, H. Liu, F. Ye, Y.L. Ding and J. Yang (2012) A facile solution route for the synthesis of PbSe-Au nanocomposites with different morphologies, CrystEngComm, 14, 7049-7054.
  5. Z. Ge, F. Ye, M. Lasfargues, J. Yang and Y. Ding (2012) Recent progress and perspective of medium and high temperature thermal energy storage materials, Energy Storage Science & Technology, 2, 89-102.
  6. F.Y. Zhao, E Rank, D Liu, H.Q. Wang and Y.L. Ding (2012) Dual steady transports of heat and moisture in a vent enclosure with all round states of ambient air, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55, 6979–6993.
  7. S. Witharana, C. Hodges, D. Xu, X. Lai and Y.L. Ding (2012) Aggregation and settling in aqueous polydisperse alumina nanoparticle suspensions, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 14, 851 – 862.
  8. B. Ma, J. Li, Z. Peng and Y. Ding (2012) Paraffin based composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage: thermal conductivity enhancement, Energy Storage Science & Technology, 2, 131-138.
  9. Feng Ye, W. Hu, T. Zhang, J. Yang and Y.L. Ding (2012) Enhanced electrocatalytic activity of Pt-nanostructures prepared by electrodeposition using poly (vinyl pyrrolidone) as a shape-control agent, Electrochimica Acta, 83, 383–386.
  10. Y. Li and Y. Ding (2012) An integrated solar-cryogen hybrid power system. Renewable Energy 37 (2012) 76-81.
  11. P. Wang, Z. Peng, S. Wang, X. Wang and Y. Ding (2012) Numerical simulation of heat transfer behavior of a twisted pipe containing a phase change material, Energy Storage Science & Technology, 2, 116-122.
  12. Y. Li, X. Wang and Y. Ding (2012) A cryogen based peak-shaving technology: optimisation and techno-economic analysis, International Journal of Energy Research, in press.
  13. Y. Li and Y. Ding (2012) An optimal design methodology for large-scale gas liquefaction. Applied Energy, accepted.
  14. Y. Li, X. Wang and Y. Ding (2012) A tri-generation system design based on compressed air and thermal energy storage. Applied Energy, 99, 316-323.
  15. Y.L. Ding, J. Yun, X.H. Li, Y. Tang, Y. Jiang (2012) Evaluation of nano-packing on the shelf life of fresh-cut lotus root (NelumbonuciferaGaerth), Advances in Technology and Management, 165, 775-780.

2011

  1. M. Shen, N. Bennett, Y.L. Ding and K. Scott (2011) A concise model for evaluating water electrolysis, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 36, 14335 – 14341
  2. Y. Li, Y. Jin, H. Chen, C. Tan and Y. Ding (2011) An integrated system for thermal power generation, electrical energy storage and CO2 capture. International Journal of Energy Research, 35, 1158-1167.
  3. I. Palabiyik, Z. Musina, S. Witharana, and Y. Ding (2011) Dispersion stability and thermal conductivity of propylene glycol-based nanofluids, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13, 5049–5055.
  4. H. Chen, Y. Ding, Y. Li, X. Zhang and C. Tan (2011) Air fuelled zero emission road transportation: A comparative study. Applied Energy, 88, 337-342.
  5. X. Zhang, H. Chen, C. Tan, Y. Li and Y. Ding (2011)Analysis of novel combined power systems of energy storage-diesel engine. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 32, 1621-1626.
  6. E. K. Goharshadi, Y.L. Ding, X. Lai and P. Nancarrow (2011) Facile and green synthesis of ZnO nanostructures in a room temperature ionic liquid 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide1, Inorganic Materials, 47, 379-384.
  7. H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding, N.T. Cong, B.L. Dou, V. Dupont, M. Ghadiri and P.T. Williams (2011) A comparative study on hydrogen production from steam-glycerol reforming: thermodynamics and experimental. Renewable Energy, 36, 779-788.
  8. Y. Wang, Y. Huang, E. Chiremba, A. P. Roskilly, N. Hewitt, Y.L. Ding, D. Wua, H Yu, X. Chen, Y. Li, , J. Huang, R. Wang and J. Wu, Z. Xia, C. Tan (2011) An investigation of a household size trigeneration running with hydrogen, Applied Energy, 88, 2176-2182.
  9. S. Witharana, H.S. Chen and Y.L. Ding (2011) Stability of nanofluids in quienscient and shear flow fields, Nanoscale Research Letters, 6, 231.
  10. L.L. Zhang, S.Q. Li, X.M. Liu, D.Q. Cang and Y.L. Ding (2011) Disinfection of water and wastewater using ZnO nanofluids - effect of shaking speed of incubator, Advanced Materials Research, 183 – 185, 2298-2302.
  11. D. Olusanmi, K. Roberts, M.Ghadiri, Y.L. Ding (2011) The breakage behaviour of Aspirin under quasi-static indentation and single particle impact loading: effect of crystallographic anisotropy., International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 411, 49-63
  12. Y. He, C. Qi, Y. Hu, B. Qin, F. Li and Y.L. Ding (2011) Lattice Boltzmann simulation of alumina-water nanofluid in a square cavity, Nanoscale Research Letters, 6, 184.
  13. X.H. Li, W.L. Li, Y.G. Xing, Y.H. Jiang, Y.L. Ding and P.P. Zhang (2011) Effects of nano-ZnO power-coated PVC film on the physiological properties and microbiological changes of fresh-cut ‘Fuji’ apple, Advanced Materials Research, 152-153, 450-453.
  14. C.Y. Yang and Y.L. Ding (2011) Multi-scale modelling of liquid suspensions of micron particles in the presence of nanoparticles,  Advances in Transport Phenomena 2011, Accepted.
  15. G Okeke, S Witharana, SJ Antony and Y Ding (2012) Computational analysis of factors influencing thermal conductivity of nanofluids, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 12, 6365-6375.
  16. H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding, N.T. Cong, B.L. Dou, V. Dupont, M. Ghadiri and P.T. Williams (2011) Progress in low temperature hydrogen production with simultaneous CO2 abatement. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 89, 1774–1782.

2010

  1. V. Sibanda, Y.L. Ding, R.W. Greenwood, J.P.K. Seville and S.E. Iyuke (2010)  Predicting particle segregation during cross-flow filtration, Powder Technology, 25, 419–427.
  2. D. Xu, C. Hodges, Y. Ding, S. Biggs, A. Brooker and D. York (2010) Adsorption kinetics of laponite and ludox silica nanoparticles onto a deposited poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) layer measured by a quartz crystal microbalance and optical reflectometry, Langmuir, 26, 18105-18112.
  3. C.S. Hodges, Y.L. Ding, S.R. Biggs (2010) The influence of nanoparticle shape on the drying of colloidal suspensions, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 352, 99-106.
  4. Yi Jin, W.P. Lee, Z. Musina and Y.L. Ding (2010) A one-step method for producing microencapsulated phase change materials, Particuology, 8, 588-590.
  5. Y. Li, H. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Tan and Y.L. Ding (2010) Renewable energy carriers: hydrogen or liquid air  /  nitrogen? Applied Thermal Engineering, 30, 1985-199.
  6. H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding, Y.L. Li, X.J. Zhang and C.Q. Tan (2010) Air fuelled zero emission road transportation: A comparative study, Applied Energy, 88, 337–342.
  7. D. Olusanami, Y. Ding, M. Ghadiri and K.J. Roberts (2010) Effect of temperature and humidity on the breakage behaviour of aspirin and sucrose, Powder Technology, 201, 248-252.
  8. Y.L. Li, H.S. Chen and Y.L. Ding (2010) Fundamentals and applications of cryogen as a thermal energy carrier, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, in Press.
  9. Y.D. Wang, Y. Huang, A.P. Roskilly, Y.L. Ding and N. Hewitt (2010) Trigeneration running with raw jatropha oil, Fuel Processing Technology, in Press.
  10. B. Dou, Rickett, V. Dupont, P.T. Williams, H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri (2010) Steam reforming of crude glycerol with in-situ CO2 sorption, Bioresource Technology, 101, 2436-2442.
  11. D. Xu, C.S. Hodges, Y.L. Ding, S.R. Biggs, A. Brooker and D.J. York (2010) A QCM study on the adsorption of colloidal laponite at the solid/liquid interface, Langmuir, in press.
  12. C.S. Hodges, Y.L. Ding and S.R. Biggs (2010) The influence of nanoparticles on polystyrene adhesion, Advanced Powder Technology, 21, 13-18.
  13. Y.L. Ding, H.S. Chen, Z. Musina, Y. Jin, T.F. Zhang, S. Witharana and W. Yang (2010) Relationship between thermal conductivity and shear viscosity of nanofluids, Physica Scripta T, 2010 014078. 
  14. D.C. Venerus et al. (68 co-authors from 33 organisations worldwide) (2010) Viscosity measurements on colloidal dispersions (nanofluids) for heat transfer applications, Journal of Applied Rheology, accepted for publication.

2009

  1. W.L. Lee, A. Martinez, D. Xu, A. Brooker, D.J. York and Y.L Ding (2009) Effects of laponite and silica nanoparticles on the cleaning performance of amylase enzyme towards starch soils, Particuology, 7, 459-465.
  2. J. Buongiorno et al. (68 co-authors from 33 organisations worldwide) (2009) A benchmark study on the thermal conductivity of nanofluids, Journal of Applied Physics, in press.
  3. L. Wang, G. Lin, H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding, (2009), Convective heat transfer of Nano-enabled phase change material, Science in China - E Series, 52, 1744-1750
  4. Y.R. He, Y. Men, X. Liu, H. Lu, H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding (2009) Study on Forced Convective Heat Transfer of Non-Newtonian Nanofluids, Journal of Thermal Science, 18(1), 20-26.
  5. X. Fan, B.H. Ng, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, Impact of surface tension and viscosity on solid motion in a conical high shear mixer granulator, AIChE J., accepted for publication, 2009.
  6. H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding and A.A. Lapkin (2009) Rheological behaviour of nanofluids containing tube / rod-like nanoparticles, Powder Technology, 194, 132-141.
  7. H.S. Chen and Y.L. Ding, Heat transfer and rheological behaviour of nanofluids – a review, Advances in Transport Phenomena, accepted, 2009.
  8. B.H. Ng, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, Modelling of Dense and Complex Granular Flow in High Shear Mixer Granulator - a CFD Approach, Chemical Engineering Science, accepted, 2009.
  9. H.S. Chen, T. Zhang, B. Dou, V. Dupont, P.T. Williams, M. Ghadiri and Y.L. Ding (2009) Thermodynamic Analyses of Adsorption Enhanced Steam Reforming of Glycerol for Hydrogen Production, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34, 7208-7222.
  10. L. Zhang, Y. Jiang, Y.L. Ding, N. Daskalakis and L. Jeuken, M. Povey and D.W. York, Mechanistic investigation into antibacterial behaviour of suspension of ZnO nanoparticles against E. coli, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2009, Accepted.
  11. W.P. Lee, H. Chen, R. Dryfe and Y.L. Ding, Kinetics of Nanoparticles Synthesis by Liquid-liquid Interfacial Reaction, Colloids and Surfaces A, in press, 2009.
  12. H. Chen, Y.L. Ding, A. Lapkin and X. Fan, Rheological behaviour of ethylene glycol-titanate nanotube nanofluids, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, in press, 2009
  13. Binlin Dou, Valerie Dupont, P.T. Williams, H. Chen and Y.L. Ding, Thermogravimetric kinetics of crude glycerol, Bioresource Technology, 100 (9), 2613-2620, 2009.
  14. Y. He, Y. Men, Y. Zhao, H.L. Lu, Y.L. Ding, Numerical investigation into the convective heat transfer of TiO2 nanofluids flowing through a straight tube under the laminar flow conditions, Applied Thermal Engineering, 29(10), 1965-1972, 2009.
  15. H. Chen, N.T. Cong, W. Yang, C. Tan, Y.L. Li, Y.L. Ding, Progress in electrical energy storage system—a critical review, 19 (3), 291-312, Progress in Natural Science, 2009.
  16. H. Chen, S. Witharana, Y. Jin, C.Y. Kim, Y.L. Ding,  Predicting thermal conductivity of liquid suspensions of nanoparticles (nanofluids) based on rheology, 7(2), 151-157, Particuology, 2009
  17. H. Chen, Y.L. Ding and A. Lapkin, Rheological behaviour of nanofluids containing tube / rod-like particles, Powder Technology, in press, 2009.
  18. A. Hassanpour, C.C. Kwan, N. Rahmanian, Y.L. Ding, S.J. Antony, X. Jia and M. Ghadiri, Effect of granulation scale-up on the structure and strength of granules, Powder Technology, 189, 304-312, 2009.
  19. B.L. Dou, V. Dupont, G. Rickett, N. Blakeman, P.T. Williams, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri (2009) Hydrogen production by sorption-enhanced steam reforming of glycerol, Bioresource Technology, in press, 2009.
  20. M.J.W. Povey, T.S. Awad, R. Huo and Y.L. Ding (2009) Quasi-isothermal crystallisation kinetics, non-classical nucleation and surfactant-dependent crystallisation of emulsions, European Journal of Lipid Science & Technology, 111, 236-242.
  21. X.H. Li, Y.G. Xing, Y.H. Jiang, Y.L. Ding, and W.L. Li (2009) Antimicrobial activities of ZnO powder-coated PVC film to inactivate food pathogens, International Journal of Food Science & Technology, 44(11), 2161-2168.

2008

  1. D. Wen, Y.L. Ding and G. Lin, Phase change heat transfer of liquid nitrogen upon injection into aqueous based TiO2 nanofluids, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 10, 987-996, 2008.
  2. W. Yang and Y.L. Ding, Gas classification of particles using a packed bed, Particle and Particle System Characterisation, 25, 376-382, 2008.
  3. X. Fan, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding, P.K. Plucinski and A.A. Lapkin, Potential of ‘nanofluids’ to further intensify microreactors, Green Chemistry, 10, 670-677, 2008.                       
  4. Y. Song, N. McMillan, D. Long, J. Thiel, Y.L. Ding, H. Chen, N. Gadegaard and L. Cronin, Design of hydrophobic polyoxometalate hybrid assemblies beyond surfactant encapsulation, Chemistry - A European Journal, 14, 2349 – 2359, 2008.
  5. Y.L. Ding, Y. He, N.T. Cong, W. Yang and H. Chen, Hydrodynamics and heat transfer of gas-solid two-phase mixtures flowing through packed beds, Progress in Natural Science, 18, 1185-1196, 2008.
  6. M. Giraldo, Y.L. Ding and R.A. Williams, Boundary integral study of nanparticle flow behaviour in the proximity of a solid wall, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 41, 085503, 2008.
  7. L. Zhang, Y.L. Ding, M. Povey and D.W. York, ZnO nanofluids - a potential antibacterial agent, Progress in Natural Science, 18, 939-944, 2008.             
  8. E.K. Goharshadi, Y.L. Ding and P. Nancarrow, Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles in a room-temperature ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 69, 2057-2060, 2008.
  9. H. Chen, Y. He, J. Zhu, H. Alias, Y.L. Ding, P. Nancarrow, C. Hardacre, D. Rooney and C. Tan, Rheological and heat transfer behaviour of the ionic liquid, [C4mim][NTf2], International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 29, 149-155, 2008.                             
  10. B.H. Ng, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, On the relative importance of the kinetic and frictional contributions to granular motion in an annular Couette flow, Chemical Engineering Science, 63, 1733-17399, 2008.
  11. B.H. Ng, C.C. Kwan, Y.L. Ding, M. Ghadiri, X.F. Fan and D.J. Parker, Granular flow fields in vertical high shear mixer granulators, AIChE Journal, 54, 415-426, 2008.
  12. E.K. Goharshadi, Y.L. Ding and P. Nancarrow, Ultrasound-assisted green synthesis of nanocrystalline ZnO in the ionic liquid [hmim] [NTf2], Ultrasonics Sonochemistry, 16, 120-123, 2008.
  13. N. Rahmanian, M. Ghadiri and Y.L. Ding, Effect of scale of operation on granule strength in high shear granulators, Chemical Engineering Science, 63, 915-923, 2008.
  14. W. Yang, F. Yang and Y.L. Ding, A numerical investigation into the solids phase chromatography using a combined continuous and discrete approach, Particuology, 6, 557-571, 2008.

2007

  1. L. Gao, X. Zhou and Y.L. Ding, Effective thermal and electrical conductivity of carbon nanotube composites, Chemical Physics Letters, 434, 297-300, 2007.
  2. N.T. Cong, Y. He, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding and D. Wen, Heat transfer of gas-solid two-phase mixtures flowing through a packed bed under constant wall heat flux conditions, Chemical Engineering Journal, 130, 1-10, 2007.
  3. W. Yang, C.C. Kwan, Y.L. Ding, M. Ghadiri and K.J. Roberts, Milling of sucrose, Powder Technology, 174, 14-17, 2007.
  4. H. Watanabe, M. Ghadiri, T. Matsuyama, Y.L. Ding, K.G. Pitt, H. Maruyama, S. Matsusaka and H. Masuda, Triboelectrification of pharmaceutical powders by particle impact, International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 334, 149-155, 2007.
  5. L. Zhang, Y.L. Ding, M. Povey and D.W. York, Investigation into the antibacterial behaviour of suspensions of ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO nanofluids), Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 9, 479-489, 2007.
  6. B.H. Ng, C.C. Kwan, Y.L. Ding, M. Ghadiri and X.F. Fan, Solids motion in a conical frustum-shaped high shear mixer granulator, Chemical Engineering Science, 62, 756-765, 2007.
  7. Y. He, Y. Jin, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding, D. Cang, H. Lu, Heat transfer and flow behaviour of aqueous suspensions of TiO2 nanoparticles (nanofluids) flowing upward through a vertical pipe, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50, 2272-2281, 2007.
  8. Y. He, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding, and B. Lickiss, Numerical study of particle segregation of binary mixtures in a rotating drum mixer, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 85(A), 963-973, 2007.
  9. D. Wen, N.T. Cong, Y. He, H. Chen and Y.L. Ding, Heat transfer of gas-solid two-phase mixtures flowing through a packed bed, Chemical Engineering Science, 62, 4241-4249, 2007.
  10. Y.L. Ding, H. Chen, Y. He, A.A. Lapkin, M. Yeganeh, L. Siller and Y. Butenko, Forced convective heat transfer of nanofluids, Advanced Powder Technology, 18, 813-824, 2007.
  11. H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding, Y.R. He and C.Q. Tan, Rheological behaviour of ethylene glycol based titania nanofluids, Chemical Physics Letter, 444, 333-337, 2007.
  12. G. Koumpouras, E. Alpay, A. Lapkin, Y.L. Ding and F. Stepanek, The effect of adsorbent characteristics on the performance of a continuous sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming process, Chemical Engineering Science, 62, 5632-5637, 2007.
  13. H. Chen, Y.L. Ding, and C. Tan, Rheological behaviour of nanofluids, New Journal of Physics, 9, 1-24, 2007.                       
  14. Y.L. Ding, H. Chen, L. Wang, C.Y. Yang, Y. He, W. Yang, W.P. Lee, L. Zhang and R. Huo, Heat transfer intensification using nanofluids, KONA Powder and Particle, (25), 23-38 2007.
  15. H. Chen, W. Yang, Y. He, Y.L. Ding, L. Zhang, C. Tan, A. Lapkin and D.V. Bavykin, Heat transfer and flow behaviour of aqueous suspensions of titanate nanotubes (nanofluids), Powder Technology, 183, 63-72, 2007.                                                           
  16. B.H. Ng, C.C. Kwan, Y.L. Ding, M. Ghadiri, X.F. Fan, Solids motion of calcium carbonate particles in a high shear mixer granulator: a comparison between dry and wet conditions, Powder Technology, 177, 1-11, 2007.                                                
  17. B.H. Ng, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, Assessment of the Kinetic-Frictional Model for Dense Granular Flow, Particuology, 50-58, 2007.                                                     
  18. S.Y. Wang, Y. He, H. Lu, J. Zheng, G. Liu, and Y.L. Ding, Numerical simulations of flow behaviour of agglomerates of nano-size particles in bubbling and spouted beds with an agglomerate-based approach, Food and Bioproducts Processing,85, 231-240, 2007.
  19. Y. He, H. Chen, Y.L. Ding and J.R Lickiss, Solids motion and segregation of binary mixtures in a rotating drum mixer, Chemical Engineering Research and Design,  85, 963-873, 2007.
  20. S. Li, Q. Yao, B. Chen, X. Zhang and Y.L. Ding, Molecular dynamics simulations of granular surface flow in rotating drums, Chinese Science Bulletin, 52, 692–700, 2007.

2006

  1. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Heat transfer of gas flow through a packed bed, Chemical Engineering Science, 61, 3532-3542, 2006.
  2. S.Q. Li and Y.L. Ding Modelling of the behaviour of gas-solid two-phase mixtures flowing through packed beds, Chemical Engineering Science, 61, 1922-1931, 2006.
  3. D.S. Wen, H.S. Chen, Y.L. Ding and P. Dearman, Liquid nitrogen injection into a heat transfer fluid: pressure build-up and heat transfer, Cryogenics, 46, 740-748, 2006.
  4. Y.L. Ding, Hajar Alias, Dongsheng Wen, Richard A. Williams Heat transfer of aqueous suspensions of carbon nanotubes (CNT nanofluids), International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49, 240-250, 2006
  5. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding Natural convective heat transfer of suspensions of TiO2 nanoparticles (nanofluids), Transactions of IEEE on Nanotechnology, 5, 3, 220-227, 2006.
  6. Y.L. Ding, Z.L. Wang, D.S. Wen, M. Ghadiri, X. Fan and D. Parker Solids behaviour in a dilute gas-solid two-phase mixture flowing through monolith channels, Chemical Engineering Science, 61, 1561-1570, 2006.
  7. H. Watanabe, A. Samimi, Y.L. Ding, M. Ghadiri, T. Matsuyama and K. Pitt, Measurements of charge transfer due to single particle impact, Particle and Particle Systems Characterisation, 23, 2, 133-137, 2006.
  8. Y.R. He, H.L. Lu, D.S. Wen, Y.L. Ding, A numerical study on the gas fluidisation of secondary agglomerates of nanoparticles, Progress in Natural Science, 15, 111-116, 2006.
  9. Y.H. Jiang, D.P Liu, Y.L. Ding and  X.H. Liu, Study on polluting mechanism of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) released from polyvinyl chloride (PVC) packaging for apples, Progress in Natural Science, 15, 2006.
  10. Y. He, T.N. Cong and Y.L. Ding, Gas-solid two-phase mixtures flowing upward through a confined packed bed, Particle and Particle System Characterisation, 23, 1-10, 2006.
  11. Y.L.Ding, D. Wen and R.A. Williams, Pool boiling heat transfer of aqueous based TiO2 nanofluids, Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer, 13, 231-244, 2006.
  12. H. Lu, Y.L. Ding and Y. He, Numerical simulations of flow behaviour of gas-solid two-phase flows in turbulent fluidised beds, Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 2006.

2005

  1. Y.L. Ding, Z.L. Wang, D.S. Wen, M. Ghadiri, X.F. Fan and D.J. Parker, Solids behaviour in a gas–solid two-phase mixture flowing through a packed particle bed, Chemical Engineering Science, 60, 5231-5239, 2005.
  2. Y.L. Ding, Z.L. Wang, D.S. Wen, M. Ghadiri, Hydrodynamics of gas–solid two-phase mixtures flowing upward through packed beds, Powder Technology, 153, 13-22, 2005.
  3. Y.L. Ding, Z.L. Wang, M. Ghadiri, D.S. Wen, Vertical upward flow of gas–solid two-phase mixtures through monolith channels, Powder Technology, 153, 51– 58, 2005.
  4. Y.L. Ding and D.S. Wen, Particle migration in a flow of nanoparticle suspensions, Powder Technology, 149, 84-92, 2005.
  5. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Experimental investigation into the pool boiling heat transfer of aqueous based alumina nanofluids, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 7, 265-274, 2005.
  6. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Effect of particle migration on heat transfer in suspensions of nanoparticles flowing through minichannels, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 1, 2, 183– 189, 2005.
  7. D.J. Parker, X.F. Fan, R.N. Forster, P. Fowles, Y.L. Ding, J.P.K. Seville, Positron Imaging Studies of Rotating Drums, Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 83, 83-87, 2005.
  8. C.C. Kwan, H. Mio, Y.Q. Chen, Y.L. Ding, F. Saito, D.G., Papadopoulos, A.C. Bentham, M. Ghadiri, Analysis of the milling rate of pharmaceutical powders using the Distinct Element Method (DEM), Chemical Engineering Science, 60, 5, 1441-1448, 2005.
  9. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Formulation of nanofluids for natural convective heat transfer applications, International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 26, 855-864, 2005.

2004

  1. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Effective thermal conductivity of carbon nanotube suspensions (CNT nanofluids), AIAA Journal of Thermophysics and Heat Transfer, 18, 4, 481-485, 2004.
  2. D.S. Wen and Y.L. Ding, Experimental investigation into convective heat transfer of nanofluids at the entrance region under laminar flow conditions, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 24, 5181-5188, 2004.
  3. C.C. Kwan, Y.Q. Chen, Y.L. Ding, D.G. Papadopoulos, A.C. Bentham and M. Ghadiri, (2004) Development of a Novel Approach towards Predicting the Milling Behaviour of Pharmaceutical Powders, European Journal of Pharmaceutical Science, 23, 327-336, 2004.
  4. A. Hassanpour, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, Shear deformation of binary mixtures of dry particulate solids, Advanced Powder Technology, 15, 6, 687-698, 2004.
  5. Z.L. Wang, Y.L. Ding and M. Ghadiri, Flow of a gas-solid mixture through a packed bed, Chemical Engineering Science, 59, 3071-3079, 2004.
  6. Y.Q. Chen, Y.L. Ding, D.G. Papadopoulos, and M. Ghadiri, Milling of a-lactose monohydrate using a single ball mill, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 93, 4, 886-895, 2004.

2003

  1. S. Fitzpatrick, Y.L. Ding, C. Seiler, C. Lovegrove, S. Booth, R. Forster, D. Parker and J. Seville, Positron emission particle tracking studies of a Wurster process for coating applications, Pharmaceutical Technology, September, 70-78, 2003.
  2. A.C. Santomaso, Y.L. Ding, J.R. Lickiss and D.W. York, Investigation of the granular behaviour in a rotating drum operated over a wide range of rotational speed, Transaction of IChemE, 81, A, 936-945, 2003.

2002

  1. M. Stein, Y.L. Ding and J.P.K. Seville, Experimental verification of the scaling relationships for bubbling gas fluidised beds using the PEPT technique, Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 3649-3658, 2002.
  2. Y.L. Ding, R.N. Forster, J.P.K. Seville and D.J. Parker, Segregation of granular flow in the transverse plane of a rolling mode rotating drum, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 28, 635-663, 2002.
  3. Y.L. Ding, R.N. Forster, J.P.K. Seville and D.J. Parker, Granular motion in rotating drums: bed turnover time and slumping to rolling transition, Powder Technology, 124, 18-27, 2002.

2001

  1. Y.L. Ding, J.P.K. Seville, R.N. Forster and D.J. Parker, Scaling relationships for rotating drums, Chemical Engineering Science, 56, 3737-3750, 2001.
  2. Y.L. Ding, R.N. Forster, J.P.K. Seville and D.J. Parker, Some aspects of heat transfer in rolling mode rotating drums operated at low to medium temperatures, Powder Technology, 121, 168-181, 2001.
  3. Y.L. Ding, R.N.G. Forster, J.P.K. Seville and D.J. Parker, Solids motion in rotating drums operated at low to medium rotational speeds, Chemical Engineering Science, 56, 1769-1780, 2001.
  4. Y.L. Ding and E. Alpay, High temperature CO2 recovery from flue gases using hydrotalcite adsorbent, Transaction of IChemE (Part B: PSEP), 79, 45-51, 2001.

2000

  1. Y.L. Ding and E. Alpay, Equilibria and kinetics of CO2 adsorption on hydrotalcite adsorbent, Chemical Engineering Science, 55, 3461-3474, 2000.
  2. Y.L. Ding and E. Alpay, Adsorption enhanced steam-methane reforming, Chemical Engineering Science, 55, 3929-3940, 2000.
  3. M. Stein, Y.L. Ding, J.P.K. Seville and D.J. Parker, Solids motion in gas bubbling fluidised beds, Chemical Engineering Science, 55, 5291-5300, 2000.
  4. R.N. Forster, J.P.K. Seville, D.J. Parker and Y.L. Ding, Tracking of a single particle using the PEPT technology, KONA Powder and Particle, 18, 139-148, 2000.

1997- 1999

  1. Y.L. Ding and A.J. Merchant, Kinetics and mechanism of smelting reduction of fluxed chromite - Part 1: carbon-chromium-flux composite pellets in Fe-Cr-C-Si melts, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 26, 247-253, 1999.
  2. Y.L. Ding and A.J. Merchant, Kinetics and mechanism of smelting reduction of fluxed chromite - Part 2: chromite-flux pellets in Fe-C-Si melts, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 26, 254-261, 1999.
  3. Y.L. Ding and A.J. Merchant, Production of high carbon ferrochromium using melt circulation, Journal of USTB, 5, 192-202, 1998.
  4. Y.L. Ding and N.A. Warner, Kinetics and mechanism of the reduction of carbon-chromite composite pellets, Ironmaking and steelmaking, 24, 3, 224-229, 1997.
  5. Y.L. Ding and N.A. Warner, Reduction of carbon-chromite composite pellets with silica flux, Ironmaking and Steelmaking, 24, 4, 283-287, 1997.
  6. Y.L. Ding and N.A. Warner, Catalytic reduction of chromite by lime, Thermochimica Acta, 292, 85-94, 1997.
  7. Y.L. Ding, N.A. Warner and A.J. Merchant, Mathematical modelling of the reduction of carbon-chromite composite pellets, Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy, 26, 1-8, 1997.
  8. Y.L. Ding, N.A. Warner and A.J. Merchant, Reduction of chromite by graphite with CaO-SiO2 fluxes, Scandinavian Journal of Metallurgy, 26, 55-63, 1997.
  9. Y.L. Ding and N.A. Warner, Smelting reduction of carbon-chromite composite pellets Part I: Reduction kinetics and mechanism, Transaction of Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 106, C, 55-63, 1997.
  10. Y.L. Ding and N.A. Warner, Smelting reduction of carbon-chromite composite pellets Part II: Dissolution kinetics and mechanism, Transaction of Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 106, C, 64-68, 1997.

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