Dr Bodo Winter

Photograph of Dr Bodo Winter

Department of English Language and Linguistics
Lecturer in Cognitive Linguistics

Contact details

University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

I am a lecturer in cognitive linguistics. My research focuses on metaphor, gesture, language evolution and statistical methodology.

Webpage: http://www.bodowinter.com


  • PhD in Cognitive and Information Sciences, University of California, Merced
  • MA in General Linguistics, University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa


I began working at the University of Birmingham in 2016. I received an MA in General Linguistics from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and a PhD in Cognitive and Information Sciences from the University of California, Merced. I also worked as a doctoral fellow and research assistant at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig.


I teach a range of BA and MA modules, including Language and the Mind, Psycholinguistics, Language and the Senses, Lexical Semantics and Applied Statistics for Linguists.

Postgraduate supervision

I am interested in supervising MA and PhD research in the areas of:

  • Quantitative linguistics and statistical approaches to corpus linguistics
  • Cognitive linguistics, metaphor and gesture
  • Language evolution and computational modeling
  • Evolutionary phonology, exemplar models of speech


My research focuses on the intersection of language and perception. In my PhD work, I utilize corpus methods to study the distributional characteristics of English sensory words such as “fragrant” and “cloying”. I have also worked extensively on such topics as metaphor, language evolution, gesture, sound symbolism and politeness. The different strands of my research are unified by a strong commitment to rigorous statistical methods and reproducible research practices.


  • Winter, B., & Wedel, A. (2016). The co-evolution of speech and the lexicon: The interaction of functional pressures, redundancy and category variation. Topics in Cognitive Science.
  • Winter, B., & Wieling, M. (2016). How to analyze linguistic change using mixed models, Growth Curve Analysis and Generalized Additive Modeling. Journal of Language Evolution, 7-18.
  • Winter, B., & Wedel, A. (2016). Commentary: Desiccation and tone within linguistic theory and language contact research. Journal of Language Evolution, 1, 80-82.
  • Matlock, T., & Winter, B. (2015).  Experimental semantics. In B. Heine and H. Narrog (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis (pp. 771-790). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Winter, B., & Matlock, T., Shaki, S., & Fischer, M. (2015). Mental number space in three dimensions. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 57, 209-219.
  • Mason, P., Dominguez, D., J.F., Winter, B., & Grignolio, A. (2015). Hidden in plain view: Degeneracy in complex systems. BioSystems, 128, 1-8.
  • Winter, B., & Marghetis, T., & Matlock, T. (2015). Of magnitudes and metaphors: Explaining cognitive interactions between space, time and number. Cortex, 64, 209-224.
  • Winter, B. (2014). Spoken language achieves robustness and evolvability by exploiting degeneracy and neutrality. BioEssays, 36, 960-967.
  • Winter, B. (2014). Horror movies and the cognitive ecology of primary metaphors. Metaphor & Symbol, 29, 151-170.
  • Brown, L., Winter, B., Idemaru, K., & Grawunder, S. (2014). Phonetics and politeness: Perceiving Korean Honorific and non-honorific speech through phonetic cues. Journal of Pragmatics, 66, 45-60.
  • Huette, S., Winter, B., Matlock, T., Ardell, D. H., & Spivey, M. H. (2014). Eye movements during listening reveal spontaneous grammatical processing. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 410.
  • Röttger, T., Winter, B., Grawunder, S., Kirby, J., & Grice, M. (2014). Assessing the incomplete neutralization of final devoicing in German. Journal of Phonetics, 43, 11-25.
  • Winter, B., Perlman, M., & Matlock, T. (2014). Using space to talk and gesture about numbers: Evidence from the TV News Archive. Gesture, 13, 377-408.
  • Bentz, C., & Winter, B. (2013). Languages with more second language learners tend to lose nominal case. Language Dynamics & Change, 3:1, 1-27.
  • Lancia, L., & Winter, B. (2013). The interaction between competition, learning and habituation dynamics in speech perception. Laboratory Phonology, 4:1, 221-257.
  • Winter, B., & Matlock, T. (2013). Making judgments based on similarity and proximity. Metaphor & Symbol, 28:4, 219-232.
  • Winter, B. (2013). Linear models and linear mixed effects models in R with linguistic applications. arXiv:1308.5499.
  • Huette, S., Winter, B., Matlock, T., & Spivey, M. J. (2012). Processing motion implied in language: eye-movement differences during aspect comprehension. Cognitive Processing, 13:1, 193-197.
  • Winter, B., & Bergen, B. (2012). Language comprehenders represent object distance both visually and auditorily: evidence for the immersed experiencer view. Language and Cognition, 4:1, 1-16.
  • Winter, B., & Grawunder, S. (2012). The phonetic profile of Korean formality. Journal of Phonetics, 40, 808-815.
  • Winter, B. (2010). A note on the higher phylogeny of Austronesian. Oceanic Linguistics, 49:1, 282-287.