Author of The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Economy (2003); The Consumer in the Soviet Economy; Advertising and Socialism; Trade and Technology in Soviet-Western Relations; Western Economic Statecraft and From Stagnation to Catastroika; co-author, The Comparative Economics of Research, Development and Innovation in East and West. Co-editor, Regional Economic Change in Russia; Alexander Zinoviev as Writer and Thinker and Transformation From Below. Journal articles on technology transfer, economics of transition.
Consultant on the Russian and Baltic economies for the Economist Intelligence Unit and Oxford Analytica. Visiting Professor, University of Michigan, 1977; Senior Mellon Fellow, Harvard University, 1986/87; Senior Economic Affairs Officer, UN ECE, 1991-92; Distinguished Fellow, RFE/RL Research Institute, Munich, 1992; Visiting Professor, Institute of Economic Research, Kyoto, 2000 and (from 2003) Associate Fellow of the Royal Institute of International Affairs Russia and Eurasia Programme. Awarded an OBE for services to Soviet and Russian Studies 2011.
Interested in comparative economic systems, the Soviet and Russian economies, and economics of transition; currently working business-state relations in Russia and on the assessment of Russian economic policies.