Dr Atina Krajewska

Dr Atina Krajewska

Birmingham Law School
Senior Birmingham Fellow

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Atina Krajewska’s work focuses on the developments of human rights law in the area of health and medicine. She has published in the area of genomics, reproductive rights, and global health law and governance. Her book on Genetic Information and the Scope of Personal Autonomy in European Law, published in Poland in 2008, has had considerable impact on legislative decisions of Government and Parliament bodies in Poland. Its relevance has been noted by the Polish Minister of Science and Higher Education and the Chancellery of the Polish Senate. Over the years, she received funding from different funding bodies in Germany, Poland and the UK, including the British Academy, the ESRC, the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), Max Plank Institute, and the Polish Science Foundation (FNP). 


  • Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, Graduate School of Education, University of Exeter, UK.
  • PhD in Law (International and European Law), Department of Law Administration and Economics and the Willy Brandt Centre for German and European Studies, University of Wroclaw, Poland.
  • Master in British Studies, Centre for British Studies, Humboldt University in Berlin, Germany.
  • Master of Law, Department of Law and Administration, University of Wroclaw, Poland (5-year degree).


Atina joined the Birmingham Law School as a Senior Birmingham Fellow in January 2018. Prior to that she worked at the Sheffield Law School, Cardiff School of Law and Politics and at the University of Exeter, where she taught Medical Law and Ethics, EU law, and Tort Law at both the undergraduate and postgraduate level. She obtained her PhD at the University of Wrocław, Poland, in 2007. She also holds a "Master in British Studies" from the Humboldt University in Berlin. During her doctoral studies she was a research fellow at the Institute for German, European & International, Medical Law, Public Health Law and Bioethics at the University of Mannheim in 2005, and at the Max Planck Institute for Public Comparative and International Law in Heidelberg in 2006.  In 2007 she was awarded a BA postdoctoral visiting fellowship at the Egenis Centre at the Exeter University.

Postgraduate supervision

Atina is committed to supporting post-graduate students in research and taught programmes. She is always happy to hear from students interested in doctoral studies in the following subjects:

  • Reproductive Rights
  • Global, International, and Transnational Health Law
  • Human Rights and Health
  • Medical and Health Law
  • Comparative Law

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


In her research Dr Atina Krajewska focuses on the developments of human rights law in the area of health and biomedicine. Underpinning her research is the attempt to investigate the question of how the international community should manage health challenges and scientific progress. Her current research includes three main strands. The first strand is a continuation of research in the area of privacy, informational autonomy and data protection law in Europe in the context of genetic and genomic science. On the basis of this work she acted as an expert to the Polish Minister of Science and Higher Education and the Polish Senate. The second strand extends her studies into the field of reproductive rights, in which Atina is currently conducting a study on single persons in fertility treatment. She is particularly interested in the notion of invisible subjects and the mechanisms of acquiring visibility through law. The third, connected, strand of her research focuses on the formation of Global Health Law as a rising system of transnational law. Her research in this field elaborates on increasingly prominent debates regarding post-traditional patterns of constitutional organization and global justice and bears diversely on distinct legal spheres of medical and public health law, public international law, and the sociology of law



  • Genetic Information and the Scope of Personal Autonomy in European Law (Informacja genetyczna a zakres autonomii jednostki w europejskiej przestrzeni prawnej), Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego: Wroclaw 2008. (in Polish);

Journal Articles (peer-reviewed)

  • Wearing Genes to Work – do we care about genetic discrimination in employment? (2017) 2 Anti-discrimination Law Review, 44-71.
  • Genetic Non-Discrimination Legislation (GINA in USA and equivalents elsewhere), Encyclopaedia of Life Sciences, Jan 2017: http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0027006.html.
  • Digitalisation and information law as part of the developing global health law system, 2 International Journal of Technology, Policy, and Law 2-4, 2016, 104 - 125.
  • Bioethics and Human Rights in the Constitutional Formation of Global Health. 4 Laws 4, 2015, 771-802.
  • Access of single women to fertility treatment: a case of accidental discrimination, 23 Medical Law Review 4, 2015, 620-645.
  • International Biomedical Law in Search for Its Normative Status, 36 Revista de derecho y genoma humano/ Law and the Human Genome Review, January-June 2012, 121-146.       
  • The right to personality in (post-)genomic medicine – new way of thinking for the new frontier, 1 European Human Rights Law Review, 2011, 54-70.
  • with G Laurie, P Mallia, D Frenkel, H Moniz, S Nordal, C Pitz, J Sandor, Managing access to biobanks: How can we reconcile individual privacy and public interests in genetic research?, 10 Medical Law International 4, 2010, 315-337.                 
  • Conceptual quandaries over genetic data – a comparative perspective, 16 European Journal of Health Law 1, 2009, 27-43.
  • Fundamental rights concerning biomedicine in the EU Constitution and their effect on the diverse legal systems of Member States, 6 German Law Review 11, 2005, 1993-1710.
  • The notion of human dignity in European law in light of the advances in biomedicine (Pojęcie godności w prawie europejskim w kontekście rozwoju biomedycyny), 4 Problemy Współczesnego Prawa Miedzynarodowego, Europejskiego i Porownawczego 1, 2006, 121-145.
  • The origins of religious freedom in the European Union, 2 Dolnośląski Przegląd Europejski 18, 2002, 4-21.

Book Chapters (peer-reviewed)                   

  • with Dimitros Tsarapatsanis, The Legal Status of the Fetus as a Patient in Europe, in: D. Schmitz, A. Clarke, W. Dondorp (eds), The Fetus as a Patient: A Contested Concept and its Normative Implications, Routledge (2018) (forthcoming).
  • Into the light of good governance: transparency in health law, R. Grzeszczak (ed.), Challenges of good governance in the European Union, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2016, 259-283.
  • The International Law and Regulation of Medical Genetics and Genomics: From International to Transnational Biomedical Law? In Kumar D & Chadwick R (Ed.), Genomics and Society Ethical, Legal, Cultural and Socioeconomic Implications, Elsevier Academic Press: 2015, 363-388.
  • Medical research on human biological material (Badania naukowe na ludzkim materiale biologicznym) in: Rozynska, J. and Waligora, M. (eds), Badania naukowe z udzialem ludzi w biomedycynie. Standardy miedzynarodowe. Warsaw: Wolters Kluwers 2012, 161-180.
  • Legal Ambiguities concerning Medical Genetics in Poland, in P. T. Robbins/F.Huzair (eds), Promises of the Life Sciences Industry in Central and Eastern Europe. The International Library of Ethics, Law and Technology Series, Springer: Berlin-Heidelberg-New York 2012, 79-110.
  • Right to Health Care in the EU (Prawo ochrony zdrowia w UE), in J. Barcz (ed) Prawo Unii Europejskiej. Polityki Społeczne (XXVII), Wydawnictwo EuroPrawo: Warszawa 2010, 89-114.
  • The legal protection of genetic information in medical research in the European context: property or privacy approach? (Der rechtliche Schutz von genetischen Informationen in der medizinischen Forschung im europäischen Kontext: eigentums- oder persönlichkeitsrechtlicher Ansatz?) in Tagungsband der 46. Assistententagung ‘Recht und Medizin’, Nomos Verlag: Baden-Baden 2006, 191-206.
  • Religious freedom in the European Union – current issues (Wolnosc Religijna w Unii Europejskiej), Rocznik Centrum Studiów Niemieckich i Europejskich im. Willy Brandta (Yearbook of the Willy Brandt Centre for German and European Studies) 2004, 83-91.

Expert Policy Reports (invited or commissioned)   

  • Expert report on the Ministry of Defence Programme on DNA testing of soldiers and MOD employees for the Agency for Health Technology Assessment in Poland (AHTAPol) – accepted May 2014.
  • Expert report on the EU Commission’s Proposal for a Regulation on clinical trials on medicinal products for human use (COM (2012) 369) commissioned by the Polish Senate – accepted in Sep 2012, available via: http://www.senat.gov.pl/gfx/senat/pl/senatekspertyzy/184/plik/oe-195_.pdf;
  • Expert report on the Implementation of the OECD Guidelines on the quality assurance of molecular genetic testing commissioned by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (18.000 words in Polish) – accepted 23 Dec 2011;
  • Co-authored justification of the bill concerning the implementation of the EU tissues and cells directive 2004/23/EC and in vitro fertilisation submitted to the Polish Parliament on 29 Jul 2009, under parliamentary review.

View all publications in research portal