Professor Duncan Shepherd BEng, PhD, CEng, FIMechE

Professor Duncan Shepherd

Department of Mechanical Engineering
Professor of Bio-medical Engineering
Head of Mechanical Engineering

Contact details

Address
Mechanical Engineering
University of Birmingham
Edgbaston
Birmingham
B15 2TT
UK

Duncan Shepherd is a Professor of Bio-medical Engineering.

Duncan has published over 90 peer-reviewed journal papers and book chapters in the field of Bio-medical Engineering, mainly on the design and testing of medical devices.  He has received major grants from Arthritis Research (UK), Commission of the European Communities, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the medical device industry.  He has been invited to give talks on his research in Australia, Canada, India, Malaysia, the USA and the UK.  His main areas of teaching are modules on mechanical engineering design and bio-medical engineering.

Qualifications

  • Fellow of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (FIMechE), 2008
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, 2007
  • Member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (MIMechE) and Chartered Mechanical Engineer (CEng), 2001
  • PhD in Bio-engineering, University of Leeds, 1997
  • BEng in Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, 1993

Biography

Duncan Shepherd gained a BEng in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Leeds in 1993.  He went on to undertake research in Bio-engineering in the Research School of Medicine, University of Leeds.  In 1997 was awarded a PhD for research on the mechanical properties of articular cartilage. 

From 1997 until 2004 he worked in Department of Bio-Medical Physics & Bio-Engineering at the University of Aberdeen.  He started work as a Research Fellow and in 2000 he was awarded a prestigious Leverhulme Trust Special Research Fellowship to undertake research on the design of a novel wrist implant.  In 2002 he became a Lecturer in Bio-engineering. 

Duncan moved to the University of Birmingham in 2004 as a Lecturer to help establish a new research area in Bio-medical Engineering, located within the School of Mechanical Engineering. He was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2006, Reader in 2011 and Professor in 2014.  He became Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering in January 2016.

Teaching

Teaching Programmes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Postgraduate supervision

Duncan Shepherd’s main research interests are in the design and testing of implantable medical devices. He has received major grants from Arthritis Research UK, the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the medical device industry. He has supervsied doctoral research on the following topics:

Design of spinal implants
Design of finger joint replacement implants
Design and testing of total disc arthroplasty
Development of spinal devices
Design of surgical instrumentation for minimally invasive surgery

Dr Shepherd is interested to hear from prospective doctoral research students wishing to undertake research in the design and testing of medical devices (e.g. spinal implants, small joint replacement, trauma devices) and the mechanical properties of natural tissues (eg, articular cartilage).

Research

RESEARCH THEMES

Bio-medical Engineering, Design and Testing of Medical Devices, Measurement of Mechanical Properties of natural tissues. 

RESEARCH ACTIVITY

Spinal implant testing

With funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Duncan has developed a spinal implant testing facility at the University of Birmingham.  A spine simulator is being used to investigate:

  • Tribology of disc arthroplasty
  • Mechanical properties of elastomeric disc arthroplasty
  • Mechanical properties of nucleus replacement implants

Design of medical devices

Duncan has experience in designing a range of medical devices including small joint arthroplasty, sternal fixation devices and surgical instruments.  He uses solid modelling and finite element analysis to optimise designs, and has experience of working within the regulatory framework for the design of medical devices.  He also has a range of experience of using materials testing machines to test medical devices to International Standards.

Mechanical Properties of natural tissues

Duncan has experience of measuring a range of mechanical properties of natural tissues.  This research has included measurements of the viscoelastic properties of articular cartilage and the intervertebral disc, using Dynamic Mechanical Analysis.

Other activities

  • Member of the Academic Standards Committee of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Engineering
  • Editorial Board Member of The Open Biomedical Engineering Journal
  • Assistant Editorial Board Member of the European Spine Journal
  • Editorial Board Member for Cogent Engineering
  • Editorial Board of Lubricants

Publications

Recent publications

Article

Gonzalez Alvarez, A, Dearn, K & Shepherd, D 2019, 'Design and material evaluation for a novel lumbar disc replacement implanted via unilateral transforaminal approach' Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 91, pp. 383-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.12.011

Burton, HE, Burton, HE, Eisenstein, NM, Eisenstein, NM, Lawless, BM, Jamshidi, P, Segarra, MA, Addison, O, Shepherd, DET, Attallah, MM, Grover, LM & Cox, SC 2019, 'The design of additively manufactured lattices to increase the functionality of medical implants' Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 94, pp. 901-908. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2018.10.052

Fell, NLA, Lawless, BM, Cox, SC, Cooke, ME, Eisenstein, NM, Shepherd, DET & Espino, DM 2018, 'The role of subchondral bone, and its histomorphology, on the dynamic viscoelasticity of cartilage, bone and osteochondral cores' Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2018.12.006

Mahmood, H, Shepherd, DET & Espino, DM 2018, 'Surface damage of bovine articular cartilage-off-bone: the effect of variations in underlying substrate and frequency' BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 19, no. 1, 384. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-2305-2

Alvarez, AG, Dearn, KD, Lawless, BM, Lavecchia, CE, Vommaro, F, Martikos, K, Greggi, T & Shepherd, DET 2018, 'Design and mechanical evaluation of a novel dynamic growing rod to improve the surgical treatment of Early Onset Scoliosis' Materials and Design, vol. 155, pp. 334-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2018.06.008

Kubiak, A, Lindqvist-Jones, K, Dearn, K & Shepherd, D 2018, 'Comparison of the mechanical properties of two designs of polyaxial pedicle screw' Engineering Failure Analysis. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfailanal.2018.08.023

Dorrepaal, RM, Lawless, BM, Burton, HE, Espino, DM, Shepherd, DET & Gowen, AA 2018, 'Hyperspectral chemical imaging reveals spatially varied degradation of polycarbonate urethane (PCU) biomaterials' Acta Biomaterialia. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2018.03.045

Thomas-Seale, L, Kirkman-Brown, J, Espino, D, Attallah, M & Shepherd, D 2018, 'The barriers to the progression of additive manufacture: perspectives from UK industry' International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 198, pp. 104-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.02.003

Hassanin, H, Finet, L, Cox, SC, Jamshidi, P, Grover, LM, Shepherd, D, Addison, O & Attallah, M 2018, 'Tailoring selective laser melting process for titanium drug-delivering implants with releasing micro-channels' Additive Manufacturing. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addma.2018.01.005

Lavecchia, CE, Espino, D, Moerman, K, Tse, K, Robinson, D, Lee, PVS & Shepherd, D 2018, 'Lumbar Model Generator: a tool for the automated generation of a parametric scalable model of the lumbar spine' Journal of The Royal Society Interface, vol. 15, no. 138, 20170829, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2017.0829

Sadeghi, H, Lawless, BM, Espino, D & Shepherd, D 2018, 'Effect of frequency on crack growth in articular cartilage' Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol. 77, pp. 40-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.08.036

Alnaimat, FA, Dearn, K & Shepherd, D 2017, 'Crack growth in medical-grade silicone and polyurethane ether elastomers' Polymer Testing, vol. 62, pp. 225-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymertesting.2017.07.002

Cox, S, Jamshidi, P, Eisenstein, N, Webber, M, Burton, H, Moakes, R, Addison, O, Attallah, M, Shepherd, D & Grover, L 2017, 'Surface Finish has a Critical Influence on Biofilm Formation and Mammalian Cell Attachment to Additively Manufactured Prosthetics' ACS Biomaterial Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsbiomaterials.7b00336

Poster

Thomas-Seale, L, Kirkman-Brown, J, Kanagalingam, S, Attallah, M, Espino, D & Shepherd, D 2018, 'The future of additive manufacture: drawing innovation from spatio-temporal analysis of human development' 8th World Congress on Biomechanics, Dublin, Ireland, 8/07/18 - 12/07/18, .

Thomas-Seale, L, Kanagalingam, S, Shaw, D, Triantaphyllou, A, Essa, K, Kirkman-Brown, J, Attallah, M, Espino, D & Shepherd, D 2017, 'Multiscale Design for the Additive Manufacture of Medical Devices' The 23rd Congress of the European Society of Biomechanics, Seville, Spain, 2/07/17 - 5/07/17, .

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