Professor Hugh Houghton FHEA

Professor Hugh Houghton

Department of Theology and Religion
Professor of New Testament Textual Scholarship
Director of the Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing
Director of Research, Department of Theology and Religion

Contact details

Department of Theology and Religion
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

I work on the text of the New Testament in Latin and Greek, using and developing electronic tools to create digital editions of individual manuscripts and biblical books which will provide the basis for future generations of scholarship. I have been on the committee of the International Greek New Testament project for over a decade, and in 2016 was appointed Executive Editor for the Pauline Epistles. I have led a number of research projects, including the European Research Council COMPAUL project, which ran from 2011–16, and the Workspace for Collaborative Editing, creating an online environment for editing New Testament materials. From 2018–23, I am principal investigator on the European Research Council CATENA project, and co-investigator on the AHRC Codex Zacynthius project from 2018–20. In recent years, I have identified new witnesses to the earliest Latin translations of the Gospels, worked on the online Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Bezae and published a study of the evidence for the gospel text used by Augustine. My recent publications include a monograph on The Latin New Testament with Oxford University Press and an English translation of the rediscovered fourth-century Commentary on the Gospels by Fortunatianus of Aquileia. Both of these are available online in open access.

I was appointed Director of ITSEE and Director of Research for the Department of Theology and Religion in 2017. I am one of the convenors of the Birmingham Colloquium on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament and a Director of the International Patristics Conference. I serve as executive editor of the Texts and Studies book series and on various editorial boards including the Corpus Christianorum series latina (Brepols).

My personal website can be found at:

Feedback and office hours

My office is G38 in 3 Elms Road, behind the ERI Building, although I am also to be found in the ITSEE Project Room (G37)

All post should be addressed to me at ITSEE, Department of Theology and Religion, Room 205, ERI Building, Pritchatts Road, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT.


  • PhD (Birmingham)
  • MPhil (Cantab.)
  • MA (Cantab.)
  • BA (Leeds)


Hugh Houghton is Professor of New Testament Textual Scholarship and Director of the Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing. He holds two degrees in Classics from Cambridge, specialising in the linguistics of early Christian texts, and degrees in Theology from Leeds and Birmingham. His first appointment at the University of Birmingham was in 2003 as a Teaching Fellow in the Institute for Archaeology and Antiquity, writing and delivering courses on Greek and Latin language and literature. He has been involved with ITSEE since its inception, working as a Research Fellow on the Vetus Latina Iohannes and Codex Sinaiticus projects. He was Principal Investigator on the COMPAUL project funded by the European Research Council from 2011 to 2016; from 2010 to 2013, he was also Principal Investigator on the “Workspace for Collaborative Editing”, a collaborative endeavour between the universities of Birmingham, Münster and Trier funded by the AHRC/DFG. He is currently Principal Investigator of the European Research Council CATENA project and co-investigator of the AHRC Codex Zacynthius Project. Professor Houghton has served as an advisor for several projects, including the Biblindex database hosted by Sources Chrétiennes in Lyon, France, the Museum of the BIble Greek Paul project and the Digital Edition of Aphra Behn. He was one of the UK representatives on the European Science Foundation Interedition initiative. He is currently Executive Editor for the Pauline Epistles and Treasurer of the International Greek New Testament Project, a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and Executive Editor of the book series Texts and Studies published by Gorgias Press. He was appointed one of the two General Editors for the Novum Testamentum Graecum Editio Critica Maior edition of the Pauline Epistles by the German Bible Society in 2017.

Professor Houghton's publications include two well-received monographs with Oxford University Press: Augustine's Text of John (2008) and The Latin New Testament (2016). He produced the first-ever translation of the rediscovered fourth-century Commentary on the Gospels by Fortunatianus of Aquileia for the CSEL, and has recently overseen a collation of the Old Latin evidence for the principal Pauline Epistles. He has edited five volumes of collected papers in the fields of New Testament and early Christian writings, with more in preparation. During his research, Dr Houghton identified two new manuscript witnesses to the Old Latin versions of the Gospels and was instrumental in the rediscovery of complete sets of images of two tenth-century bibles which were destroyed in the Spanish Civil War. He has worked on a number of digital editions, including, the electronic transcription of Codex Bezae and, and has presented papers at conferences on biblical and patristic literature in the UK, Europe and North America, including a keynote address at the Sixteenth Oxford Patristics conference.

Professor Houghton has served on numerous advisory and editorial boards, including the journal New Testament Studies.


Professor Houghton has taught modules on New Testament Greek and the Pauline Epistles, as well as the Special Study Module and Undergraduate Dissertation.

Postgraduate supervision

I would be glad to hear from potential students interested in:

  • The New Testament in Latin
  • The New Testament in Greek
  • The Bible in Early Christian Authors

Birmingham offers a doctoral degree by Distance Learning, with regular supervisions by video conference. Even though it is best for doctoral students to come to Birmingham and work along team members in ITSEE, I have found Distance Learning to be a very successful model for those unable to relocate.

I am currently lead supervisor for the following doctoral research projects:

  • The Text and Transmission of 2 Thessalonians (Grant Edwards)
  • Photius and the Pauline Epistles (Chiara Coppola)
  • Family Π in the Synoptic Gospels (Timothy Mitchell)
  • The Vulgate Revision of the New Testament Outside the Gospels (Anna Persig)
  • The Pseudo-Oecumenian Catena on Romans (Jacopo Marcon)
  • Chrysostom's Homilies on Romans (Peter Montoro)
  • The Text and Transmission of Colossians (Zachary Skarka)
  • The Arabic Tradition of the Epistle to the Romans (Duane McCrory)
  • The Catena on the Acts of the Apostles (Emanuele Scieri)
  • Codex Boernerianus (Alex Fisher)

Completed doctoral projects for which I was lead supervisor include:

  • Origen's Quotations of Romans, 2 Corinthians and Galatians (Matthew Steinfeld)
  • An Online Environment for Collaborative New Testament Research (Troy Griffitts)
  • The Pseudo-Oecumenian Catena on Galatians (Dora Panella)
  • Tertullian's Text of the New Testament outside the Gospels (Benjamin Haupt)

For details of other recent and ongoing doctorates in the field of New Testament Textual Criticism, visit

Find out more - our PhD Theology and Religion  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


  • CATENA - a five-year project on Greek New Testament commentary manuscripts funded by the European Research Council.
  • COMPAUL - a five-year project investigating the earliest Latin and Greek commentaries on the Pauline Epistles as sources for the biblical text funded by the European Research Council. The project examined the commentators' treatment of the biblical text, the manuscript transmission of these works and the re-use of these texts in later writings.
  • Vetus Latina Iohannes - an edition of the earliest Latin translations of the Gospel according to John, based on surviving manuscripts and quotations in Christian authors.
  • An edition of the Old Latin versions of the principal Pauline Epistles (Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians).
  • Workspace for Collaborative Editing - an online environment for editing evidence for the text of the New Testament,  developed in Birmingham and Germany.
  • International Greek New Testament Project - working towards the Editio Critica Maior, the fullest presentation of the evidence for the Greek New Testament.
  • Insular Latin Gospel Books - a project to transcribe and examine their text.
  • Codex Zacynthius Project - a new edition, transcription and translation of the earliest New Testament catena manuscript using multispectral images.

Other activities

  • Department of Theology and Religion, Collaborative Programmes Officer (St Mary's College, Oscott)
  • Departmental Representative, Anglican Chaplaincy Trust
  • Executive Editor (Pauline Epistles), Treasurer and Webmaster for the International Greek New Testament Project (
  • Executive Editor of the book series Texts and Studies (Gorgias Press)
  • Academic Board of Corpus Christianorum
  • Advisory Board of the Museum of the Bible Greek Paul Project
  • Advisory Board of the Digital Aphra Behn Project
  • Board of Directors, International Patristics Conference
  • Co-organiser, Birmingham Colloquium
  • Member of the Society of Biblical Literature, Studiorum Noui Testamenti Societas (SNTS), International Association of Patristic Studies, Association of Manuscripts and Archives in Research Collections, European Association of Digital Humanities


For full details of my publications ordered by date, including links to free online versions, visit my personal web-page at:


  • H.A.G. Houghton, David C. Parker, Holger Strutwolf (ed.), The New Testament in Antiquity and Byzantium: Traditional and Digital Approaches to its Texts and Editing. A Festschrift for Klaus Wachtel. (ANTF 52). Berlin & New York: De Gruyter, 2019.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, C.M. Kreinecker, R.F. MacLachlan, C.J. Smith, The Principal Pauline Epistles: A Collation of Old Latin Evidence. (NTTSD 59). Leiden: Brill, 2019.
  • H.A.G. Houghton (ed.), Liturgy and the Living Text of the New Testament. (Texts and Studies 3.16). Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, 2018. 
  • H.A.G. Houghton, Fortunatianus of Aquileia, Commentary on the Gospels. English translation and introduction, in association with Lukas J. Dorfbauer. CSEL extra seriem. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter, 2017. 
  • H.A.G. Houghton, The Latin New Testament: A Guide to Its History, Texts, and Manuscripts. Oxford: OUP, 2016.
  • H.A.G. Houghton (ed.), Commentaries, Catenae and Biblical Tradition (Texts and Studies 3.13) Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, 2016.
  • H.A.G. Houghton (ed.), Early Readers, Scholars and Editors of the New Testament (Texts and Studies 3.11) Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, 2014.
  • M. Vinzent, L. Mellerin and H.A.G. Houghton (eds), Biblical Quotations in Patristic Texts (Studia Patristica 54) Leuven: Peeters, 2013.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, Augustine's Text of John. Patristic Citations and Latin Gospel Manuscripts. (Oxford Early Christian Studies) Oxford: OUP, 2008.
  • H.A.G. Houghton and D.C. Parker (eds), Textual Variation: Theological and Social Tendencies? (Texts and Studies 3.6) Piscataway NJ: Gorgias Press, 2008.


  • P.H. Burton, H.A.G. Houghton, R.F. MacLachlan, D.C. Parker (edd.) Vetus Latina 19. Iohannes. Freiburg: Herder, 2011–.
           Fascicle 1: John 1:1–4:48 (2011).
           Fascicle 2: John 4:48–9:41 (2013).
  • Various Contributors, Codex Bezae Digital Transcription. Cambridge: University Library, 2012. Electronic Edition, hosted at . [Birmingham epapers Greek] [Birmingham epapers Latin]
  • Various Contributors, Codex Sinaiticus Digital Edition. London: British Library, 2009. Electronic Edition, hosted at [Birmingham epapers]
  • P.H. Burton, J. Balserak, H.A.G. Houghton, D.C. Parker (edd.) Vetus Latina Iohannes. The Verbum Project. The Old Latin Manuscripts of John's Gospel. 2007. Electronic edition, hosted at

Selected articles and book chapters

  • H.A.G. Houghton, “An Initial Selection of Manuscripts for the Editio Critica Maior of the Pauline Epistles” in H.A.G. Houghton, David C. Parker and Holger Strutwolf (edd.), The New Testament in Antiquity and Byzantium: A Festschrift for Klaus Wachtel. (ANTF 52). Berlin & New York: De Gruyter, 2019. (pp. 343–359).
  • H.A.G. Houghton, "The Text of the Gospel and Letters of John” in J.M. Lieu and M.C. de Boer (edd.), The Oxford Handbook of Johannine Studies. Oxford: OUP, 2018 (pp. 5–22).
  • H.A.G. Houghton, “The Gospel according to Mark in Two Latin Mixed-Text Manuscripts.” Revue Bénédictine 126.1 (2016) 16–58.
  • H.A.G. Houghton and C.J. Smith, “Digital Editing and the Greek New Testament” in Claire Clivaz, Paul Dilley and David Hamidović (edd.), Ancient Worlds in Digital Culture. (Digital Biblical Studies 1). Leiden: Brill, 2016. (pp. 110–27).
  • H.A.G. Houghton, “A Flock of Synonyms? John 21:15–17 in Greek and Latin Tradition” in Peter Doble and Jeffrey Kloha (edd.), Texts and Traditions. Essays in Honour of J.Keith Elliott. (NTTSD 47.) Leiden: Brill, 2014. (pp. 220–238).
  • H.A.G. Houghton, The Biblical Text of Jerome's Commentary on Galatians Journal of Theological Studies 65.1 (2014) 1–24.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, The Electronic Scriptorium: Markup for New Testament Manuscripts, in Claire Clivaz, Andrew Gregory and David Hamidovic (edd.), Digital Humanities in Biblical, Early Jewish and Early Christian Studies, Leiden: Brill (2013), pp. 31–60.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, The Use of the Latin Fathers for New Testament Textual Criticism in B.D. Ehrman and M.W. Holmes (edd.), The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Quaestionis (second edition; NTTSD 42), Leiden: Brill, 2012, pp. 375–405.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, Chapter Divisions, Capitula Lists, and the Old Latin Versions of John” Revue Bénédictine 121.2 (2011) 316–356.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, The St Petersburg Insular Gospels: Another Old Latin Witness” Journal of Theological Studies 61.1 (2010) 110–127.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, A Newly Identified Old Latin Gospel Manuscript: Würzburg Universitätsbibliothek” Journal of Theological Studies 60.1 (2009) 1–21.
  • H.A.G. Houghton, Augustine's Adoption of the Vulgate Gospels” New Testament Studies 54.3 (2008) 450–64.

View all publications in research portal


  • Latin and Greek manuscripts of the New Testament

Media experience

  • The Conversation, BBC Radio 4, Premier Christian Radio, KCBS San Francisco


  • Using new digital technologies to make editions and transcriptions of manuscripts
  • Biblical manuscripts and electronic editing 
  • The Text of the New Testament
  • Early Christian writers