Module convenor: Dr Katherine Brown
This module examines how religious ideologies, practices and institutions have been politically mobilised in the public sphere of states. Divisive social conflict and communal violence have resulted from this mobilisation, challenging conventional secular notions of national identity and political community.
This module asks a series of important questions: How have nationalist, developmental and democratic agendas in the post-colonial era contributed to the emergence of assertive, contentious religious identities? How have religious beliefs, communities, and historical memories been transformed by this mobilization? In what ways have these visions of religious nationalism transformed political, economic and social dynamics?
We will examine a variety of cases to give greater substantive understanding and analytical focus. An indicative but not exhaustive range of examples are the Hindutva and communal violence in India, Buddhist nationalism in Myanmar, and ethno- Islamic radicalism and pogroms in Indonesia, gender and sexual violence of Catholic nationalism in Poland, and the ethno-religious civil war in the Balkans.
Assessment: One 3,000-word essay and one 1,000-word critical evaluation piece