Md Rezaul Karim

Photo of Md Rezaul Karim

Birmingham Law School
Doctoral researcher

Contact details


  • LLM, University of Birmingham, UK
  • LLB and LLM, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh


I have finished my LLB and LLM from the University of Dhaka in Bangladesh. I hold another LLM from the University of Birmingham, UK. I started my career as an Assistant Judge in the judicial service of Bangladesh. Later, I was serving in Bangladesh civil service until the start of my PhD.

Doctoral research

PhD title
Graduation of Bangladesh from LDC to Developing Country and its Impact on Bangladesh’s International Trade Supervisors: Dr Luca Rubini and  Dr Maria Corvaglia
Law PhD / PhD by Distance Learning / MPhil / MJur


The principle of special and differential treatment (SDT) has shaped trading relations of the developed and developing countries for many decades. But the doctrine has come under fire from almost every stakeholder. Its effectiveness and contribution to the development needs of the underdeveloped countries have constantly been questioned both by the providers and recipients of the treatments. The least developed countries (LDC), the worst-performing group in international trade, are provided with more favourable SDT. However, when an LDC performs relatively better, they are graduated out of the category by forecloses those trade-related extra favours. How does graduation affect a country’s trade, particularly if it were benefitting from the additional assistance? Bangladesh is in the graduation process and set to leave the LDC category by 2026. How are its trade relations and trade competitiveness going to be affected by graduation?

My research will examine the existing structure of SDT measures vis-à-vis their stated goal of economic development and assess how they are impacted by graduation using Bangladesh as a case study in order to test the effectiveness of the principle and find out ways to make the principle more productive.

Other activities