Professor Justin Waring

Health Services Management Centre
Professor of Medical Sociology & Healthcare Organisation

Contact details

School of Social Policy, HSMC
Park House
University of Birmingham
B15 2RT, United Kingdom

Justin Waring is Professor of Medical Sociology and Healthcare Organisation at the Health Services Management Centre, University of Birmingham. His research deals with the changing organisation and management of healthcare systems, and public services more broadly.

His primary interest is to understand how new organisational forms and processes interact with institutionalised professional practices, cultures and identities; and how such institutional influences can both stimulate or stymie reform. He is interested in the application of social theory to different social, cultural and organisational contexts, as a means of both explaining social phenomena and extending theoretical rigour. The conceptual and theoretical foundations of his work involves making connections between medical and organisational sociology, sociology of the professions and public services management. He specialises in the use of ethnographic and mixed method research techniques. 

ORCID Profile


  • PhD, University of Nottingham
  • MSc
  • BA, University of Liverpool


Recent publications


Jones, VR, Waring, J, Wright, N & Fenton, S-J 2024, 'A Protocol for a Rapid Realist Review of Literature Examining Co-Production in Youth Mental Health Services', Youth, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-14.

Waring, J, Bishop, S, Clarke, J & Roe, B 2023, 'Becoming active in the micro-politics of healthcare re-organisation: The identity work and political activation of doctors, nurses and managers', Social Science and Medicine, vol. 333, 116145.

Waring, J, Martin, GP, Hartley, P, Partridge, JSL & Dhesi, JK 2023, 'Implementing a perioperative care of older people undergoing surgery (POPS) service: findings from a multi-site qualitative implementation study', Age and Ageing, vol. 52, no. 8, afad149.

Waring, J 2023, 'New development: Clinicians in management—past, present, future?', Public Money & Management, pp. 1-4.

Jeffries, M, Salema, N-E, Laing, L, Shamsuddin, A, Sheikh, A, Avery, T, Chuter, A, Waring, J & Keers, RN 2023, 'Using sociotechnical theory to understand medication safety work in primary care and prescribers’ use of clinical decision support: a qualitative study', BMJ open, vol. 13, no. 4, e068798.

Liberati, EG, Martin, GP, Lamé, G, Waring, J, Tarrant, C, Willars, J & Dixon-Woods, M 2023, 'What can Safety Cases offer for patient safety? A multisite case study', BMJ Quality & Safety.

Waring, J, Bishop, S, Black, G, Clarke, J & Roe, B 2023, 'What can clinical leaders contribute to the governance of integrated care systems?', BMJ Leader.

Michail, M, Robinson, J, Witt, K, Occhipinti, J-A, Skinner, A, Lamblin, M, Veresova, M, Kartal, D & Waring, J 2023, 'Which programmes and policies across health and community settings will generate the most significant impacts for youth suicide prevention in Australia and the UK? Protocol for a systems modelling and simulation study', BMJ open, vol. 13, no. 8, e071111.

Cribb, A, O'Hara, JK & Waring, J 2022, 'Improving responses to safety incidents: we need to talk about justice', BMJ Quality & Safety, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 327-330.

Waring, J, Bishop, S, Black, G, Clarke, JM, Exworthy, M, Fulop, NJ, Hartley, J, Ramsay, A & Roe, B 2022, 'Navigating the micro-politics of major system change: The implementation of Sustainability Transformation Partnerships in the English health and care system', Journal of Health Services Research & Policy.

Waring, J 2022, 'Pieces of the puzzle: The opportunities and challenges of integrative learning systems for patient safety', Journal of Health Services Research & Policy, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 1-2.

Fisher, RJ, Chouliara, N, Byrne, A, Cameron, T, Lewis, S, Langhorne, P, Robinson, T, Waring, J, Geue, C, Paley, L, Rudd, A & Walker, MF 2021, 'Large-scale implementation of stroke early supported discharge: the WISE realist mixed-methods study', Health Services and Delivery Research, vol. 9, no. 22, pp. 1-180.

Clarke, J, Waring, J, Bishop, S, Hartley, J, Exworthy, M, Fulop, N, Ramsay, AIG & Roe, B 2021, 'The contribution of political skill to the implementation of health services change: a systematic narrative and narrative synthesis', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 21, no. 1, 260 .


Millar, R, Waring, J & Lalani, M 2023, Quality and the NHS: Fair-Weather Friends or a Long-Standing Relationship? in M Exworthy, R Mannion & M Powell (eds), The NHS at 75: The State of UK Health Policy. Bristol University Press, pp. 136-156. <>

Literature review

Burn, E & Waring, J 2022, 'The evaluation of health care leadership development programmes: a scoping review of reviews', Leadership in Health Services.

View all publications in research portal