Professor Ian Boardley HNC, BSc, PhD, PGCert

Dr Ian Boardley

School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences
Head of Impact & Engagement
Professor in Sport and Exercise Psychology
Chair of Health and Safety Committee, College of Life and Environmental Sciences

Contact details

School of Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Professor Boardley is internationally known for his expertise on the psychosocial processes governing moral behaviour in physical activity contexts. This work includes moral behaviours that occur on the sports field (e.g., prosocial and antisocial behaviour), as well as those that occur in sport, exercise, and dance (use of supplements and image and performance enhancing drugs). Ian’s research has been supported by funding from the World Anti-Doping Agency, the International Olympic Committee, the European Union, and the Economic and Social Research Council. Ian has further research interests in coaching efficacy, social identity, and how athletes' perceptions of their coach influence athletes’ cognitions, emotions, and behaviour.


  • Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice, 2013, University of Birmingham
  • PhD in Sport Psychology, 2008, University of Birmingham
  • BSc (Hons) in Sport Science (1st Class), 2005, University of Leeds
  • HNC Chemistry, 1993, University of Hull


After obtaining a BSc (Hons) in Sport Science (1st class) at the University of Leeds in 2005, Professor Boardley continued his studies at the University of Birmingham where he obtained a PhD in Sport Psychology. On completing his PhD in 2008, he immediately secured a post at the University of Birmingham as a Lecturer in Sport Psychology and Education. He was subsequently promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2016, to Reader in 2020, and then to Professor in 2022.


Ian leads the Interdisciplinary Research and Impact module on the MSci programme, as well as teaching on the undergraduate Moral Behaviour and Doping in Sport and Mental Health in Sport modules. He also supervises students on the Year 3 Project module.

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Boardley currently supervises five doctoral researchers and one Masters student, and would welcome applications from potential students in his areas of research interest.


Ian Boardley’s research investigates personal and social factors influencing moral behaviour in sport and exercise. His work investigates antecedents of on-field behaviours such as helping (i.e., prosocial) and injuring (i.e., antisocial) other players, as well as off-field behaviours, with a particular focus on the use of performance enhancing drugs in sport (i.e., doping) and exercise (i.e., anabolic steroid use). His work in the field of doping has been supported by funding from the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), International Olympic Committee (IOC), European Union (EU), and Economic and Social Research Council (ESCRC). His research interests also include examining factors influencing coaching efficacy and social identity and their influences on athlete behaviour and motivation. A fairly unique aspect of Ian’s research is the use of both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, dependent on the specific research question/s being addressed.

Other activities

  • Associate Editor for the Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (2013 – present)
  • Member of the steering committee for the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Clean Sport Special Interest Group (2015 – present)
  • Founder member of the Clean Sport Alliance (2016 – present)
  • Member of UKAD’s Innovation Commission


Recent publications


Boardley, ID, Chandler, M, Petróczi, A, Patterson, L & Backhouse, SH 2024, 'Addressing the unique needs for anti-doping and clean-sport education of para-athletes and athlete-support personnel: an international Delphi study', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy.

Ntoumanis, N, Dølven, S, Barkoukis, V, Boardley, ID, Hvidemose, JS, Juhl, CB & Gucciardi, DF 2024, 'Psychosocial predictors of doping intentions and use in sport and exercise: a systematic review and meta-analysis', British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Hope, VD, Bond, VW, Boardley, I, Smith, J, Campbell, J, Bates, G, Ralphs, R, Hout, M-CV & McVeigh, J 2023, 'Anabolic androgenic steroid use population size estimation: a first stage study utilising a Delphi exercise', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 461-473.

Blank, C, Weber, K, Boardley, ID, Abel, T, Schobersberger, W & Patterson, LB 2023, 'Doping in Paralympic sport: perceptions, responsibility and anti-doping education experiences from the perspective of Paralympic athletes and parasport coaches', Frontiers in sports and active living, vol. 5, 1166139.

Zhang, S & Boardley, I 2023, 'Measuring sport fantasy proneness and deflated reality in sport and performance: Development and validation of two context-specific instruments', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 69, 102491.

Harris, TS, Smith, AL & Boardley, I 2023, 'Morality- and Norm-Based Subgroups of Disability-Sport Athletes Differ on Their Anticipated Guilt and Intentions Toward Doping', Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly.

Martinelli, LA, Thrower, SN, Heyes, A, Boardley, ID, Backhouse, SH & Petróczi, A 2023, 'The good, the bad, and the ugly: A qualitative secondary analysis into the impact of doping and anti-doping on clean elite athletes in five European countries', International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 3-22.

Zhang, S & Boardley, I 2023, 'The ‘selves’ in banned performance enhancement: Investigating narcissism and compassion in the context of doping', Performance Enhancement & Health, vol. 11, no. 1, 100243.

Herbison, JD, Sutcliffe, JT, Martin, LJ, McLaren, CD, Slatcher, RB, Benson, AJ, Boardley, I, Côté, J & Bruner, MW 2022, 'Capturing coaches' identity leadership within youth sport', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 61, 102208.

Wilkins, L, Dunn, A, Carter, BNZ & Boardley, ID 2022, 'Exploring the relationship between mindset and psychological factors linked to doping', Performance Enhancement and Health, vol. 10, no. 4, 100238.

Bates, G, Ralphs, R, Bond, VW, Boardley, I, Hope, V, Hout, M-CV & McVeigh, J 2022, 'Systems mapping to understand complexity in the association between image and performance enhancing drugs (IPEDs) and harm', International Journal of Drug Policy, vol. 107, 103801.

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Kavussanu, M, Boardley, I & Stanger, N 2024, Antecedents and consequences of moral behavior in sport. in L Davis, R Keegan & S Jowett (eds), Social Psychology in Sport. 2nd edn, Human Kinetics. <>


Boardley, I, Chandler, M, Petróczi, A, Patterson, L & Backhouse, S 2023 'Identifying the Unique Needs for Clean-Sport Education for Para-Athletes and Athlete-Support Personnel: An International Delphi Study' SportRxiv.

Review article

Hearne, E, Atkinson, A, Boardley, I, McVeigh, J & Hout, MCV 2024, '‘Sustaining masculinity’: a scoping review of anabolic androgenic steroid use by older males', Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 27-53.

Petróczi, A & Boardley, I 2022, 'The Meaning of “Clean” in Anti-doping Education and Decision Making: Moving Toward Integrity and Conceptual Clarity', Frontiers in sports and active living, vol. 4, 869704.

View all publications in research portal


Sport psychology; prosocial and antisocial behaviours in sport; issues surrounding coach confidence and effectiveness; doping in sport and exercise

Alternative contact number available for this expert: contact the press office


Sport psychology; prosocial and antisocial behaviours in sport; issues surrounding coach confidence and effectiveness; doping in sport and exercise

Alternative contact number available for this expert: contact the press office