Dr Lavanya Diwakar MSc, MRCP

Dr Lavanya Diwakar

Institute of Applied Health Research
Honorary Research Fellow, Health Economics

Contact details

Health Economics Unit
Public Health Building
College of Medical and Dental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Diwakar is a Consultant in Immunology at the University Hospitals of North Midlands.

She is currently funded by the Wellcome Trust for a PhD in Health Economics. Her project is aimed at carrying out an economic evaluation of paediatric allergy services in the West Midlands. She is looking at ways to incorporate end user preferences into planning allergy services for the West Midlands and will estimate the costs and effectiveness of various possible pathways for delivery of these services.

Lavanya is also a NICE scholar (2017-18). Her project with NICE is aimed at improving dissemination of research and modelling pathways for delivery of paediatric allergy services in the West Midlands.


  • Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists (FRCPath, Immunology) 2013
  • MSc (Health economics and Health policy), University of Birmingham 2010
  • Member of Royal College of Physicians (UK) 2004
  • General Medial Council (UK) 2001


Doctoral research

PhD title
Economic evaluation of Paediatric Allergy pathways for the West Midlands


Recent publications


Chong, AC, Diwakar, L, Kaplan, CM, Fox, AT, Abrams, EM, Greenhawt, M, Oppenheimer, JJ & Shaker, MS 2023, 'Provision of Food Allergy Care in the United Kingdom and United States: Current Issues and Future Directions', Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 2054-2066. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaip.2023.03.029

Outcomes following SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency in the UK group 2022, 'Outcomes following SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with primary and secondary immunodeficiency in the UK', Clinical and Experimental Immunology, vol. 209, no. 3, uxac008, pp. 247-258. https://doi.org/10.1093/cei/uxac008

Diwakar, L, Cummins, C & Roberts, T 2020, 'Understanding Parent Preferences for NHS Paediatric Allergy Services', Clinical and Experimental Allergy .

Diwakar, L, Cummins, C, Lilford, R & Roberts, T 2017, 'A systematic review of pathways for the delivery of allergy services', BMJ open, vol. 7, e012647. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012647

Diwakar, L, Cummins, C, Ryan, R, Marshall, T & Roberts, T 2017, 'Prescription rates of adrenaline auto-injectors for children in UK general practice: a retrospective cohort study using the Health Improvement Network database: AAI prescriptions amongst UK children', British Journal of General Practice . https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp17X689917

Koufopoulou, M, Sutton, A, Breheny, K & Diwakar, L 2016, 'Methods used in economic evaluations of Tuberculin skin tests and interferon gamma release assays for the screening of latent tuberculosis infection: A systematic review', Value in Health, vol. 19, no. 2, 27021762, pp. 267-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2015.11.006

Diwakar, L, Ewan, P, Huber, PAJ, Clark, A, Nasser, S & Krishna, MT 2016, 'The impact of national guidelines on venom immunotherapy practice in the United Kingdom', Clinical and Experimental Allergy , vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 749-753. https://doi.org/10.1111/cea.12728

Clark, TJ, Middleton, LJ, Cooper, NA, Diwakar, L, Denny, E, Smith, P, Gennard, L, Stobert, L, Roberts, TE, Cheed, V, Bingham, T, Jowett, S, Brettell, E, Connor, M, Jones, SE & Daniels, JP 2015, 'A randomised controlled trial of outpatient versus inpatient polyp treatment (OPT) for abnormal uterine bleeding', Health Technology Assessment, vol. 19, no. 61, pp. 1-194. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta19610

Hernandez-Munoz, L, Woolley, S, Luyt, D, Stiefel, G, Kirk, K, Makwana, N, Melchior, C, Dawson, T, Wong, G, Collins, T & Diwakar, L 2015, 'Evaluation of AllergiSense Smartphone Tools for Adrenaline Injection Training', IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics . https://doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2015.2497717

Cooper, NAM, Clark, TJ, Middleton, L, Diwakar, L, Smith, P, Denny, E, Roberts, T, Stobert, L, Jowett, S & Daniels, J 2015, 'Outpatient versus inpatient uterine polyp treatment for abnormal uterine bleeding: randomised controlled non-inferiority study', BMJ, vol. 350, h1398. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h1398

Diwakar, L, Morris, RK, Barton, P, Middleton, LJ, Kilby, MD & Roberts, TE 2013, 'Evaluation of the cost effectiveness of vesico-amniotic shunting in the management of congenital lower urinary tract obstruction (based on data from the PLUTO Trial)', PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 12, e82564. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082564

Morris, K, Malin, GL, Quinlan-Jones, E, Middleton, LJ, Diwakar, L, Hemming, K, Burke, D, Daniels, J, Denny, E, Barton, P, Roberts, TE, Khan, KS, Deeks, JJ & Kilby, MD 2013, 'The Percutaneous shunting in Lower Urinary Tract Obstruction (PLUTO) study and randomised controlled trial: evaluation of the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of percutaneous vesicoamniotic shunting for lower urinary tract obstruction', Health Technology Assessment, vol. 17, no. 59, pp. 1-232. https://doi.org/10.3310/hta17590

Crooks, NH, Patel, JM & Diwakar, L 2012, 'Correspondence regarding: Icatibant in the treatment of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema', Journal of the Intensive Care Society, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 359-360.

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Diwakar, L & Hassan, A 2013, Anaphylaxis- Principles and Practice: Presentation and Differential Diagnosis . in MT Krishna (ed.), Anaphylaxis- Principles and Practice. 1 edn, vol. 1, Nova Science Publishers, pp. 29-48.


Diwakar, L & Arshad, SH 2013, Anaphylaxis: Clinical approach and differential diagnosis. in Anaphylaxis - Principles and Practice. Nova Science Publishers, pp. 29-48.

View all publications in research portal