Dr Ahmad El-kharouf PhD

Dr Ahmad El-kharouf

School of Chemical Engineering
Manager of the Centre for Doctoral Training in Fuel Cells and their Fuels
Research Fellow

Contact details

School of Chemical Engineering
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Ahmad El-kharouf is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Research in the School of Chemical Engineering at the University of Birmingham. He is also managing the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in Fuel Cells and their Fuels; a collaborative consortium between five leading UK universities (University of Birmingham, UCL, Imperial College London, University of Nottingham and Loughborough University) to train doctoral students for the growing fuel cell and hydrogen market.

Ahmad’s primary research focus is on the development of the next generation of automotive Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) through the optimisation of components and materials. The aim is to enable the operation of PEFCs at temperatures up to 120˚C and increase the stack volumetric and gravimetric power density. The work on this topic is conducted in close collaboration with leading industrial partners in the field. Moreover, Ahmad’s activity includes research on the development and testing of materials for PEM Electrolysers. 

Furthermore, Ahmad is involved in projects on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) development and the integration of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies in transport and stationary applications.

Google scholar , LinkedIn


  •  PhD Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, UK. Thesis entitled: ‘Understanding Gas Diffusion Layers (GDLs) properties and their effect on Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFCs) performance’
  • BSc (Hons) Mechatronics Engineering, University of Jordan


Activity on research themes including:

  • Development of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell components;
  • Interediate Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells;
  • Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells degradation and mitigation mechanisms;
  • PEM water electrolysers development and testing;
  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells degradation and mitigation mechanisms;
  • Integration of Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technologies on Vehicles;


Improving PEM water electrolyser’s performance by magnetic field application

Kaya, M., Demir, N., Rees, N. & El-Kharouf, A., 15 Apr 2020, In : Applied Energy. 264, 8 p., 114721.


The effect of aluminium addition on the high-temperature oxidation behaviour and Cr evaporation of aluminised and alumina-forming alloys for SOFC cathode air pre-heaters

ZHANG, K., El-Kharouf, A., Hong, J-E. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 17 Mar 2020, (Accepted/In press) In : Corrosion Science. CORSCI_2019_2563_R1.


Composite Polymers Development and Application for Polymer Electrolyte MembraneTechnologies—A Review

Gagliardi, G., Ibrahim, A., Borello, D. & El-Kharouf, A., 4 Mar 2020, In : Molecules.


Coupling of engine exhaust and fuel cell exhaust with vapour absorption refrigeration/air conditioning systems for transport applications: A Review

Venkataraman, V., El-Kharouf, A., Pandya, B., Amakiri, E. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 2020, In : Thermal Science and Engineering Progress. 18, 1


Titanium Nitride Polyaniline Bilayer Coating for Metallic Bipolar Plates used in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

El-Kharouf, A. & Cooper, L., 2020, In : Fuel Cells.


The effect of pre-heat treatment of AluChrom 318 on the corrosion behaviour and Cr evaporation in SOFC Cathode Air Pre-heater

ZHANG, K., El-Kharouf, A. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 8 Sep 2019, In : ECS Transactions. 91, 1, p. 2253-2260 8 p.


GO-nafion composite membrane development for enabling intermediate temperature operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Ibrahim, A., Chaggar, J., Hussain, O., Steinberger-Wilckens, R. & El-Kharouf, A., 25 Jun 2019, In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.


Coupling an SOFC with a Vapour Absorption Refrigeration and Cooling Unit

Amakiri, E., El-kharouf, A., Venkataraman, V. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 7 Jul 2018, Proceedings of the 13th European SOFC and SOE Forum, Lucerne, 4 to 6 July 2018. Bucheli, O. & Spirig, M. (eds.). Lucerne: European Fuel Cell Forum, 11 p. A0802


Evaluation of Inkjet Printed Protective Layer Coatings for SOFC Interconnects

Pandiyan, S., Bianco, M., Tomov, R., Galvez Sanchez, M., El-kharouf, A. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 17 May 2018, Proceedings of the 13th European SOFC and SOE Forum. Bucheli, O. & Spirig, M. (eds.). Lucerne: European Fuel Cell Forum, p. 1-12 12 p. B1302


Materials for Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFCs): Electrolyte Membrane, Gas Diffusion Layers, and Bipolar Plates

Musse Branco, C., El-kharouf, A. & Du, S., 17 Apr 2017, Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. Hashmi, S. (ed.). Oxford: Elsevier, p. 1-11 11 p.


The Effect of Clamping Pressure on Gas Diffusion Layer Performance in Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells

El-Kharouf, A. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 1 Dec 2015, In : Fuel Cells. 15, 6, p. 802-812 11 p.


Gas diffusion layer materials and their effect on polymer electrolyte fuel cell performance - Ex situ and in situ characterization

El-Kharouf, A., Rees, N. V. & Steinberger-Wilckens, R., 1 Jan 2014, In : Fuel Cells. 14, 5, p. 735-741 7 p.


High temperature (HT) polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) – A review

Chandan, A., Hattenberger, M., El-Kharouf, A., Du, S., Dhir, A., Self, V., Pollet, B. G., Ingram, A. & Bujalski, W., 1 Jun 2013, In : Journal of Power Sources. 231, p. 264-278 15 p.


Effect of clamping pressure on ohmic resistance and compression of gas diffusion layers for polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Mason, T. J., Millichamp, J., Neville, T. P., El-Kharouf, A., Pollet, B. G. & Brett, D. J. L., 1 Dec 2012, In : Journal of Power Sources. 219, p. 52-59 8 p.


Ex-situ characterisation of gas diffusion layers for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

El-Kharouf, A., Mason, T. J., Brett, D. J. L. & Pollet, B. G., 15 Nov 2012, In : Journal of Power Sources. 218, p. 393-404 12 p.


Proton exchange membrane fuel cell degradation and testing: Review

El-Kharouf, A., Chandan, A., Hattenberger, M. & Pollet, B. G., Nov 2012, In : Journal of the Energy Institute. 85, 4, p. 188-200 13 p.

For validation / Public - No restriction

Gas Diffusion Media and Their Degradation

El-kharouf, A. & Pollet, B. G., 2011, Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Degradation. Elsevier, p. 215-247 33 p.

For validation / Public - No restriction

View all publications in research portal