Ms Yaxiang Lu

Ms Yaxiang Lu

School of Chemical Engineering
Doctoral Researcher

Contact details

School of Chemical Engineering
University of Birmingham
Birmingham B15 2TT



Yaxiang came to the University of Birmingham to start her PhD in September 2012. Her research is funded by the 'Li Siguang Scholarship', which is a joint scholarship program between the University of Birmingham (UoB) and China Scholarship Council (CSC) . Her research is focused on Advanced Nanoparticles for fuel cell application.


BSc, Chemistry

MSc, Analytical Chemistry



Yaxiang graduated in Chemistry from Jiangsu Normal University in 2009 and then she spent three years at Shanghai University where she got her MSc degree in Analytical Chemistry in 2012. Her excellent academic performance and high aspiration for research earned her an opportunity to pursue her PhD  at the University of Birmingham.

Doctoral research

PhD title
"Advanced nano-particles as electro-catalysts for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFC)"


The study of nano-particles has brought tremendous progress to fuel cell development in recent years, including high performance electro-catalysts, novel catalyst supports and new electrolyte ionomers. Although exciting results were obtained by ex-situ electro-chemical measurement, most of nano-particles still suffer from quite poor electrode performance in practical fuel cells. An innovative solution is needed to improve and address these issues. This research is mainly focused on two areas:

1. To improve the electrode performance in practical polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs): novel electro-catalysts with Pt-nano-wire based hybrid nano-structures for enhanced catalytic activity and stability.

2. The optimization of the behavior of electrolyte ionomer aggregates in catalyst electrodes.



Pt-nanowire based hybrid nano-structures

Benefiting from the extremely small thickness (less than half micrometer in comparison with ca. 10 micrometers in conventional catalyst electrodes) and the special properties of Pt-nanowires, Pt-nanowire based thin film catalyst electrodes exhibits promising catalytic properties in PEFCs. Focusing on the promoter effect of hybrid nano-structure on Pt-nano-wires towards the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) activities in thin film catalyst electrodes, this work is to study the interaction between various nano-particles within hybrid nano-structures and their adhesion with catalyst support and electrolyte membranes. 

Particle behavior of electrolyte ionomer aggregates

It has been reported that the optimization of the behavior of electrolyte ionomer aggregates could improve electrode performance. By physical and chemical treatment to electrolyte ionomer aggregates before fabricating catalyst electrodes, we could obtain a better dispersion and an enhanced contact between catalyst particles and electrolyte ionomers, thus reducing the charge transfer resistance and improving the utilization of both catalyst and electrolyte ionomer, finally achieving an enhanced catalytic activity of electrodes.

Other activities

•Served as a volunteer in China Pavilion in the 2010 World EXPO

•Part-time technical support in SGS-CSTC Standards Technical Services Co.Ltd.

•Participated in the exhibition of 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cell to students' on Environment Day


•    Lu, Y.; Li, L.; Ding, Y. et al. Hydrothermal synthesis of functionalized CdS nanoparticles and their application as fluorescence probes in the determination of uracil and thymine. Journal of Luminescence, 2012, 132: 244–249. 

•    Li, L.; Lu, Y.; Ding, Y. et al. Facile Aqueous Synthesis of Functionalized CdTe nanoparticles and Their Application as Fluorescence Probes for Determination of Adenine and Guanine. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 2012, 90: 173–179.

•     Li, L.; Lu, Y.; Ding, Y. et al. Determination of Paracetamol Based on its Quenching Effect on the Photo-luminescence of CdTe Fluorescence Probes. Journal of Fluorescence, 2012, 22: 591–596.