Dr Carlo Luiu BSc, MSc, PhD, MCIHT

Dr Carlo Luiu

School of Chemical Engineering
Research Fellow

Contact details

The Institute for Global Innovation – Resilient Cities theme
54 Pritchatts Road
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Carlo Luiu is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Global Innovation (IGI). His principal research interests lie in the field of urban resilience, sustainable transportation, transport and health and transport inequalities. He is currently working for the Resilient Cities Programme, aimed at investigating the drivers of urban distress and the conditions for securing city resilience, with a focus on global cities that are undergoing transitions.


  • PhD in Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, 2019
  • MSc in Urban, Regional and Environmental Planning, Sapienza – University of Rome, Italy, 2013
  • BSc in Regional, Urban and Environmental Planning, University of Sassari, Italy, 2008


Carlo is a Research Fellow at the Institute for Global Innovation (IGI). He is an interdisciplinary researcher, currently part of the Resilient Cities research programme, working on urban and transport resilience in Global South cities. His research covers a broad range of topics within the transport and mobility field, including transport and health, air quality, e-mobility, transport inequalities, mobility needs and barriers of vulnerable groups, especially older people.

Carlo joined the Resilient Cities research programme at IGI after the completion of his PhD at the School of Engineering. at the University of Birmingham (2019), where he developed and employed a theoretical framework to investigate the factors affecting the fulfilment of travel needs amongst the older population.


Current projects

Exploring solutions to reduce emissions from motorcycle taxis in Kenya (NERC Disciple Hopping for Environmental Solutions – Principal Investigator)

The project investigates the environmental and health implications associated with motorcycle taxis usage in Nairobi (Kenya). It aims at identifying solutions to reduce air and noise pollution impacts, with a particular focus on exploring the benefits and barriers of the transition to e-mobility for the motorcycle taxis sector.
The study explores
1) the role of the motorcycle taxis within the transport system in Nairobi and understand what type of mobility they enable;
2) the environmental implications of the increase in the number of motorcycle taxis within Nairobi, including associated health implications for the people working in the sector
3) the implications for policy engagement and transport policy recommendations that could make the motorcycle taxis sector more environmentally sustainable.

Investigating the transformative adaptation of Kenyan infrastructure (IGI)

The study investigates the wider community severance impacts of the development of new High-Volume Transport infrastructures in the informal settlement of Kibera, Nairobi (Kenya). The study employs a systems approach to explore how changes in connectivity have an impact on the resilience, and well-being of a community; how these communities react and/or adapt to such changes during the development of the projects; and assess the wider transport, environmental and socio-economic impacts of such infrastructure development.

Urban Transport Resilience of the Kenyan Older Population living in informal settlements (IGI – Principal Investigator)

The project investigates the mobilities of older people living in Kenyan informal settlements. The project is based in the informal settlement of Kibera, Nairobi (Kenya), and it explores how transport infrastructures and services, health, built environment, household characteristics and individual copying strategies affect mobility needs fulfilment during later life.

Investigating WMCA’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic (IGI)

This project investigates the West Midlands Combined Authority (WMCA) response to the COVID-19 pandemic that led to the development of the WMCA Roadmap to Community Recovery. The study aims at assessing and documenting the processes and mechanisms that WMCA put in place to address the community recovery in the West Midlands region and provide reflections for future crisis/pandemics.

Recalibrating the Sustainable Development Goals: How to make Climate Action central to the SDGs? (IGI)

The project investigates the links between climate change and the other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the potential for climate change as a cross-cutting theme for the next iteration of the UN development goals.

Other activities

  • Member of the British Society of Gerontology Transport & Mobility Special Interest Group.
  • Member of the Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation (CIHT).
  • Member of World Conference on Transport Research Society (WCRTS).
  • Associate Member of the Centre for Urban Wellbeing


  • Radcliffe, J., Bryson, J. R., Cox, E., Leach, J. M., Luiu, C., Reardon, L., 2022, A regional approach to COVID19 recovery: lessons from the West Midlands, Town Planning Review, 93 (1), 7-14.
  • Luiu, C., 2021, Pedestrian safety, older people. In Vickerman, R. (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Transportation, 1st Edition, Elsevier, pp. 429–434.
  • Luiu, C. and Tight, M., 2021, Travel difficulties and barriers in later life: Evidence from the UK National Travel Survey, Journal of Transport Geography, 91, 102973.
  • West Midlands Combined Authority, 2020, Levelling-up the West Midlands - Our roadmap to community recovery and prospectus for government, Birmingham, West Midlands Combined Authority.
  • Luiu, C., Tight, M. and Burrow, M. 2018. An investigation into the factors influencing travel needs in later life. Journal of Transport and Health, 11, 86-99.
  • Luiu, C., Tight, M. and Burrow, M. 2018. Factors Preventing the Use of Alternative Transport Modes to the Car in Later Life. Sustainability, 10, 1982.
  • Luiu, C., Tight, M. and Burrow, M. 2018. A conceptual framework to assess the unmet travel needs in later life. Journal of Transport and Health, 9, 321-333.
  • Luiu, C., Eskandari Torbaghan, M., and Burrow, M. 2018. Rates of Return for Railway Infrastructure Investment in Africa. K4D Helpdesk Reports. Brighton, Institute for Development Studies.
  • Luiu, C., Tight, M. and Burrow, M. 2017. The unmet travel needs of the older population: a review of the literature. Transport Reviews, 37, 488-506.
  • Eskandari Torbaghan, M., Luiu, C. and Burrow, M. 2017. Applications of digital and innovative construction techniques in lower-income countries. K4D Helpdesk Reports. Brighton, Institute for Development Studies.
  • Luiu, C., Tight, M. and Burrow, M. 2015. Design of urban transport systems to meet the needs of an older population. In: Macário, R. (Ed.) The 14th International Conference on Mobility and Transport for Elderly and Disabled Persons (TRANSED 2015). Lisbon, Portugal.

View all publications in research portal

Culture and collections

Schools, institutes and departments

Services and facilities