Dr Sarah Greene PhD

Dr Sarah Greene

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
Proleptic lecturer in palaeoclimatology
NERC Independent Research Fellow

Contact details

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Sarah is a palaeoclimatologist, geobiologist, and Earth system modeller studying the biogeochemical cycling of carbon between the atmosphere, the ocean, and marine sediments. Particular research interests include rapid carbon cycle perturbations (Mesozoic mass extinctions, Palaeogene hyperthermals), protracted multi-mullion year carbon cycle trends (co-evolution of life and the carbon cycle), and how biogeochemical cycling within marine sediments influences palaeoclimatological and palaeoenvironmental records.

ORCID 0000-0002-3025-9043


  • B.S. Geological Sciences, 2005 (University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA)
  • B.A. German, 2005 (University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA)
  • Ph.D Geological Sciences, 2011 (University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA)

Postgraduate supervision

Paleoclimate, carbon cycle, mass extinctions, Earth system modelling, biogeochemical cycles, large igneous provinces, sedimentology, geobiology, carbonate chemistry, machine learning, decolonizing STEM


Recent publications


Dunne, E, Farnsworth, A, Greene, S, Lunt, DJ & Butler, R 2021, 'Climatic drivers of latitudinal variation in Late Triassic tetrapod diversity', Palaeontology, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 101-117. https://doi.org/10.1111/pala.12514

Wang, C, Bendle, JA, Yang, H, Yang, Y, Hardman, A, Yamoah, A, Thorpe, A, Mandel, I, Greene, SE, Huang, J & Xie, S 2021, 'Global calibration of novel 3-hydroxy fatty acid based temperature and pH proxies', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 302, pp. 101-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2021.03.010

Adloff, M, Ridgwell, A, Monteiro, FM, Parkinson, I, Dickson, AJ, Pogge von Strandmann, P, Fantle, M & Greene, S 2021, 'Inclusion of a suite of weathering tracers in the cGENIE Earth system model – muffin release v.0.9.23', Geoscientific Model Development, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 4187–4223. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-14-4187-2021

Yager, J, West, AJ, Thibodeau, A, Corsetti, F, Rigo, M, Berelson, W, Bottjer, D, Greene, S, Ibarra, Y, Jadoul, F, Ritterbush, K, Rollins, N, Rosas, S, Di Stefano, P, Sulca, D, Todaro, S, Wynn, P, Zimmerman, L & Bergquist, B 2021, 'Mercury contents and isotope ratios from diverse depositional environments across the Triassic–Jurassic boundary: towards a more robust mercury proxy for large igneous province magmatism', Earth Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2021.103775

Jones, TD, Eley, YL, Thompson, W, Greene, SE, Mandel, I, Edgar, K & Bendle, JA 2020, 'OPTiMAL: a new machine learning approach for GDGT-based palaeothermometry', Climate Of The Past, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 2599–2617. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-16-2599-2020

Petryshyn, VA, Greene, S, Farnsworth, A, Lunt, DJ, Kelley, A, Gammariello, R, Ibarra, Y, Bottjer, DJ, Tripati, A & Corsetti, FA 2020, 'The role of temperature in the initiation of the end-Triassic mass extinction', Earth Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103266

Adloff, M, Greene, S, Parkinson, IJ, Naafs, BDA, Preston, W, Ridgwell, A, Lunt, DJ, Castro Jiminez, JM & Monteiro, FM 2020, 'Unravelling the sources of carbon emissions at the onset of Oceanic Anoxic Event (OAE) 1a', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 530, 115947. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115947

Greene, S, Ridgwell, A, Kirtland Turner, S, Schmidt, DN, Palike, H, Thomas, E, Greene, L & Hoogakker, B 2019, 'Early Cenozoic decoupling of climate and carbonate compensation depth trends', Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 930-945. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019PA003601

Jones, S, Hoggett, M, Greene, S & Dunkley-Jones, T 2019, 'Large Igneous Province thermogenic greenhouse gas flux could have initiated Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum climate change', Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 5547. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12957-1

Vervoort, P, Adloff, M, Greene, S & Kirtland Turner, S 2019, 'Negative carbon isotope excursions: an interpretive framework', Environmental Research Letters, vol. 14, no. 8. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab3318

Henehan, MJ, Ridgwell, A, Thomas, E, Zhang, S, Alegret, L, Schmidt, DN, Rae, JWB, Witts, JD, Landman, NH, Greene, S, Huber, BT, Super, J, Planavsky, NJ & Hull, PM 2019, 'Rapid ocean acidification and protracted Earth system recovery followed the end-Cretaceous Chicxulub impact', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 116, no. 45, pp. 22500-22504. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1905989116

Wang, C, Bendle, J, Greene, S, Griffiths, ML, Huang, J, Moossen, H, Zhang, H, Ashley, K & Xie, S 2019, 'Speleothem biomarker evidence for a negative terrestrial feedback on climate during Holocene warm periods', Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol. 525, 115754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2019.115754

Other contribution

Giles, S, Greene, S, Ashley, K, Dunne, E, Edgar, K & Hanson, E 2020, Getting the basics right: a field-teaching primer on toilet stops in the field.. https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-11723

Greene, S, Ashley, K, Dunne, E, Edgar, K, Giles, S & Hanson, E 2020, Toilet stops in the field: An educational primer and recommended best practices for field-based teaching.. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/gnhj2


Greene, S, Antell, G, Atterby, J, Bhatia, R, Dunne, E, Giles, S, Groh, S, Hanson, E, Hilton, J, Knight, H, Kraftl, P, Morgan, E, Rhodes, I, Rockey, F, Singh, S, Stevenson, C, Sun, S, Warren, B, Wheeley, J & Yamoah, K 2021 'Safety and belonging in the field: a checklist for educators' EarthArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31223/x53p6h

View all publications in research portal