Dr Chris Callow BA, PhD (Birmingham)

Dr Chris Callow

Department of History
Lecturer in Medieval History

Contact details

Arts Building
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

I have research interests in the early middle ages with particular specialisms in Iceland and the Vikings.


I have been in my current post since 2005. Before that I held temporary positions in the Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity at Birmingham – including at the Ironbridge Institute – and at Birkbeck College and UCL. I have been a member of the Council of the Viking Society for Northern Research (2009-12). I was a founder member of Birmingham’s medieval studies research centre, Centre for the Study of the Middle Ages (CeSMA).

CeSMA offers an MA in Medieval Studies which offers a variety of pathways

From 2005-8 I was the University of Birmingham’s research champion for its Collaborative Research Network in Heritage, Cultural Production and Interpretation which fostered new interdisciplinary research projects in the arts and humanities. My first book, Landscape, Tradition and Power in Medieval Iceland is under contract with Brill. I am currently writing a second book, The Viking Diaspora (OUP) will present a new view of the viking phenomenon.



First year

  • Discovering the Middle Ages
  • Living in the Middle Ages
  • Practising History (Heroes and Villains: Medieval Outlaws)
  • Old Norse (available as an undergraduate Module Outside the Main Discipline (MOMD) and as part of the MA in Medieval Studies)

Second year

  • Option: Marriage, Sex and Death: the family 300-900
  • Group Research: Ethnicity and Identity in the early medieval world
  • Ancient and Medieval History in Theory and Practice

Third year

  • Special Subject: Viking Age and Later Medieval Iceland
  • Option: The Viking World


  • Approaches to Medieval History
  • Approaches to Medieval Studies
  • Conquest, Colonisation and Identity: Eurasian Frontiers in Texts and Material Culture
  • Vikings in the North Atlantic

Postgraduate supervision

I would welcome research students on a wide range of issues in the history and archaeology of early medieval western Europe, the Vikings and medieval Iceland and Scandinavia. Research proposals on the social, cultural or economic history within particular medieval regions or communities would also be possible. I have published on the writing of history in the middle ages would be interested in supervising similar topics on medieval narratives.

Current doctoral research topics:

pre-industrial farming practices in Iceland (Bernadette McCooey)
literate culture in medieval Scandinavia (Ryder Patzuk-Russell)
Past students: Dr Emma Southon (The early medieval family), viva passed without corrections, December 2012. Co-supervised with Dr Mary Harlow.

Find out more - our PhD History  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


My central research interest is the society and economy of Iceland, especially of the medieval period and wider issues which stem more or less directly from this including:

  • interdisciplinary approaches to early medieval European economic and social history
  • narratives; saga literature, including Sagas of Icelanders and Sturlunga saga
  • aspects of cultural resource management and the reception of the Vikings and the middle ages generally
  • history and man-made climate change

I was a member of the AHRC-funded Viking Identities Network (2006-9) led by Prof. Judith Jesch (School of English, University of Nottingham) and as part of this I organised the research seminar on modern perceptions of vikings which was held in Birmingham in December 2007.

I have also worked on the family and childhood in the period c.300-c.1200CE partly in collaboration with Dr Mary Harlow, in recent years giving papers on particular aspects of this at the Leeds International Congress, at the Oikos-Famlia conference in Göteborg and the Gender and Medieval Studies conference.

Other activities

  • AHRC Peer Review College member
  • Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
  • Friends of Birmingham Archives and Heritage (FOBAH) committee member
  • co-organiser of the Midlands Viking Symposium, an annual spring conference run jointly with Leicester and Nottingham universities presenting the latest academic research to the public.
  • organiser of ‘An End to History?’ a public conference which acted as a forum for academics and activists met to discuss action on man-made climate change in 2008 and which led to the publication an edited volume, History at the End of the World?. This conference has formed part of the ongoing activities of the Rescue!History network; another conference will take place in June 2014 at the Birmingham and Midland Institute. Further details to follow.


Recent publications


Callow, C & Evans, C 2016, 'The mystery of plague in medieval Iceland', Journal of Medieval History, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 254-84. https://doi.org/10.1080/03044181.2016.1149503

Callow, C 2012, 'Putting women in their place? Gender and landscape in Iceland's national medieval colonisation narrative.', Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, vol. 07/2011, no. 7, pp. 7-28. https://doi.org/10.1484/J.VMS.1.102612

Callow, C & Mouhot, J 2008, 'A Climatic warning from history', BBC History, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 42 (1 page article).

Callow, C 2006, 'First steps towards an archaeology of children in Iceland', Archaeologia Islandica, vol. 5, pp. 55-74.

Callow, C 2006, 'Reconstructuring the past in medieval Iceland', Early Medieval Europe, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 297-324. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0254.2006.00184.x


Callow, C 2017, Dating and Origins. in Á Jakobsson & S Jakobsson (eds), The Routledge Research Companion to the Medieval Icelandic Sagas. Ashgate.

Callow, C & Harlow, M 2012, 'Left over Romans: life course in the Late Antique West'. in M Harlow & L Larsson Loven (eds), Families in the Imperial and Late Antique World. Continuum.

Callow, C 2010, Iceland's medieval coastal market places: Dögurðarnes in its economic, social and political context. in J Brendalsmo, T Gansum & F-E Eliassen (eds), Strandsteder, utvikinglingssteder og Småbyer i vikingtid, middelalder og tidlig nytid (ca.800-ca.1800). Oslo, pp. 213-229.

Callow, C, Levene, M, Johnson, R & Roberts, P 2010, People, climate and landscape in medieval Iceland and beyond? in History at the End of the World? History, Climate and the Possibility of Closure.

Callow, C 2009, Iceland's medieval costal market places: Dogurdarnes in its economic, social and political context. in J Brendalsmo, F-E Eliassen & T Gansum (eds), Den urbane underskog: Strandsteder, utvikslingssteder og smabyer I vikingtid, middelalder og tidlig nytid. Novus.

Callow, C, Davies, W, Halsall, G & Reynolds, A 2006, Geography, Communities and Socio-Political Organization in Medieval Northern Iceland. in W Davies, G Halsall & A Reynolds (eds), People and Space in the Middle Ages, 300-1300. Studies in the Early Middle Ages, Brepols Publishers. https://doi.org/10.1484/M.SEM-EB.6.09070802050003050105020607

Callow, C, Adams, J & Holman, K 2004, Narrative, Contact, Conflict, and Coexistence: Norwegians in Thirteenth-Century Iceland. in Scandinavia and Europe 800-1350. Contact, Conflict, and Coexistence.

Book/Film/Article review

Callow, C 2010, 'Review of Oral Art Forms and their Passage into Writing. Edited by Else Mundal and Jonas Wellendrof', Early Medieval Europe, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 480-482.

Callow, C 2008, 'Review of West Over Sea. Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300. A Festschrift in Honour of Dr Barbara E. Crawford. Edited by Beverley Ballin Smith, Simon Taylor and Gareth Williams. The Northern World 31. Brill. Leiden, 2007. ISBN 978 90 04 15893 1. xxix + 581 pp. 68 illustrations', Saga-Book of the Viking Society, vol. XXXII, pp. 110-111.

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