Dr Marianne Wade

Photo of Dr Marianne Wade

Birmingham Law School
Reader in Criminal Justice

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Wade’s activities focus on cross-border criminal justice co-operation and particularly related developments within the EU. Work focusing on the crimes of terrorism and trafficking human beings and their prevention, investigation and prosecution at a national, regional and global level forms part of this. The genesis of a European public prosecutor’s office and the concept of European citizenship particularly as it relates to defence rights are further focal points. Comparative legal scholarship constitutes an important component of this work.

A key aspect of Dr. Wade’s work is informing policy. Examples of this are the EuroNEEDs study (preliminary report published in 2011 and cited by the European Commission in its Impact Assessment as evidence in its proposal for a European Public Prosecutor’s Office), evidence provided to the House of Lords EU Select Committee and a study delivered to the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament on “Developing a Criminal Justice System for the European Union”. Previously Dr Wade has provided expert advice to i.a. the German Federal and State Committee of Data Protection Commissioners, the Rule of Law Delegation of the OSCE Spillover Mission to Skopje, the international prosecutor’s office of the ECCC, the UNDP’s POGAR conference, the President of the German Prosecutor-Generals’ working group and the Dutch Ministry of Justice.

Dr Wade is the Director of the Insitute of Judicial Administration and the Co-Director (Law) of the Centre for Crime, Justice and Policing, a Fellow of the Institute of Global Innovation and a member of West Midlands Police Counter-Terrorism Reference Group.


  • LLB Law and German – University of Bristol
  • Magistra Iura – University of Göttingen, Germany
  • Doc. Jur - University of Göttingen, Germany


Dr Wade was educated in Norway, the UK and Germany before she began working for the Department of Criminology of the University of Göttingen and then the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law both in Germany. She joined the University of Birmingham in 2011.


  • Criminology (LLB)
  • Counter-terrorism (LLB)
  • Criminal Law (LLB)
  • Global Crime Problems (LLM, module leader)
  • EU Criminal Law and Justice (LLM, module leader)

Postgraduate supervision

  • European Criminal Law
  • European Criminal Justice
  • Comparative criminal and criminal procedure law
  • Structural Developments in Criminal Justice
  • Terrorism – Phenomena and Responses
  • Trafficking Human Beings

Current doctoral students

The Challenges Associated with Identifying Victims of Trafficking Human Beings – Matthew Davis

The Suitability of Trial by Jury for Trafficking in Persons Cases – Jack Murphy

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Dr Wade’s interests relate strongly to the reality of cross-border criminal justice cooperation and the impact of criminal justice measures on people’s lives. As a consequence the notion of EU citizenship, the development of a European Public Prosecutor’s Office and the impact of Counter-terrorism policy are areas of specific focus.

This builds on comparative work on criminal justice structures across the world. Dr Wade has previously done criminological work on surveillance and legal comparative work on prosecution services and criminal justice structures.

Other activities

Dr Wade speaks regularly at academic (e.g. European Society of Criminology Plenary, 2018) and practitioner conferences (ERA, Europol, Eurojust).

She also works as a member of the legal expert advisory board of the NGO Fair Trials International, is a member of the UK European Criminal Law Association and a Fellow of the Daimler-Benz Foundation.

Peer Reviewing activities include evaluation of EU projects (FP6, FP7, H2020 including Marie Curie) for CUP, Routledge and a variety of academic journals.

She is an associate editor of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research and an editorial board member of Crime, Law and Social Change as well as Sicherheit und Frieden.

She is regularly interviewed by screen and print media including the BBC, ITV, (German) BR and (Austrian) ATV and will speak at the upcoming TedX University of Birmingham event on 16th February 2019.

  • Co-Director of the Institute of Judicial Administration
  • Co-Director (Law) of the Centre for Crime, Justice and Policing
  • Fellow of the Institute of Global Innovation
  • West Midlands Police Counter-Terrorism Reference Group Member


Key Publications

  • ‘The European Public Prosecutor – Controversy Expressed in Structural Form’ in EU Criminal Justice. Rafaraci, T. and Rosanna Belfiore (ed.) 2019.
  • ‘Track and Trace’ in Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Ligeti, K. (ed.). Hart Publishing 2018. 
  • ‘Online Searches’ in Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Ligeti, K. (ed.). Hart Publishing 2018. 
  • ‘Prosecutorial Case-ending Options’ in Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Ligeti, K. (ed.). Hart Publishing 2018. 
  • ‘Why some old dogs must learn new tricks: recognising the new in EU criminal justice?’ in EU Criminal Justice and the Challenges of Diversity: Legal Cultures in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. Colson, R. & Field, S. (eds.). Cambridge University Press 2016, p. 65-84
  • ‘Countering Violent Extremism - The Role of the European Union’ in Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans. Ejdus, F. & Jureković, P. (eds.). Vienna: Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports of Republic of Austria, 2016, p. 179-200
  • 'Securing Defence Rights in Transnational Proceedings in European Journal of Crime', Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Volume 23, Issue 2, 2015, pp.: 145–169 (25)
  • “The European Union as a Counter-Terrorism Actor: Right Path, Wrong Direction?”, Crime, Law and Social Change, (2014) 62:355–383.
  • "Developing a Criminal Justice System for the European Union” European Parliament, 2014.
  • General Principles of Transnationalised Criminal Justice – Exploratory Reflections” Utrecht Law Review, 9, 4. September 2013, pp. 165-183.
  • “Judicial Control: The CJEU and the future of Eurojust” ERA Forum 14, 2, September 2013, pp. 201-214.
  • “A European Public Prosecutor: Potential and Pitfalls” in “Prosecutors in multi-level governance settings” – Crime, Law and Social Change 59, 4, March 2013, pp. 506-609.
  • “Prosecutors in Federal Structures” – transversal report in Ligeti, K. “Criminal Investigations in the EU” Hart, 2012 (with Nieto, A. and Morales, M)
  • Prosecuting Trafficking in Human Beings Cases” in Perrin, B., Reichel, P. & Winterdyk, J. Trafficking Human Beings, New York et al.: CRC Press, 2012.
  • Prosecutors as Judges”, Washington and Lee Law Review, (2010) vol. 67, issue 4, pp. 1413-1532, (with Erik Luna).
  • “Genocide: The Criminal Law between Truth and Justice” in International Criminal Justice Review, 2009,  19, p. 150 - 174 (Voted second runner up in the "2009 Richard J. Terrill Paper of the Year Award” February 2010).
  • “Fighting Terrorism – The Unprincipled Approach: The UK, the War on Terror and Criminal Law” in Wade, M & Maljević, A. (eds.) “A War on Terror? The European Stance on a new threat, changing laws and human rights.” Springer, New York, 2009. p. 393 – 420.
  • “Prosecutors and Drugs Policy: A Tale of Six European Systems” in: Utah Law Review, 2009, 1, p. 153 – 174.
  • “The Constitution says yes [but...] to the Lisbon Treaty - The Judgment of the Second Senate of the Federal Constitutional Court of 30 June 2009” in: eucrim, 2009, 1-2, p. 57 – 60.
  • “The Januses of Justice – How Prosecutors Define the Kind of Justice Done Across Europe“   European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 2008, Vol. 16/Issue 4, p. 433 - 455.
  • Coping with Overloaded Criminal Justice Systems,  Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, (with Joerg-Martin Jehle). 
  • Society as a Challenge for International Law) in Hempel, L. /Mettelmann, J. (eds.) "Bild, Raum, Kontrolle" Suhrkamp, Frankfurt. a. M., 2005, p. 293 - 307.
  • "The Legal Regulation of CCTV in Europe", Surveillance and Society, Vol. 2. 2004, p. 216 - 229 (published as Marianne Gras).


  • The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective, Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2012 (with Erik Luna).
  •  “A War on Terror? The European Stance on a new threat, changing laws and human rights.” Springer, New York, 2009. (edited with  Maljević, A.).
  • “Coping with Overloaded Criminal Justice Systems - The Rise of Prosecutorial Power”  Springer, 2006 (edited with  Jehle, J.-M. ).
  • "Videoüberwachung in Großbritannien" (Video Surveillance in Great Britain), Neue Kri­mi­nal­politik, Vol. 4/2001, p. 12 - 15  (published as Marianne Gras).
  • Kriminalprävention durch Videoüberwachung – Gegenwart in Großbritannien, Zukunft in Deutschland (Crime Prevention by Video Surveillance – Reality in Great Britain, the Future in Germany) Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2003 (published as Marianne Gras).

Reports for Policy-Makers

Edited Journals

  • Guest Editor “Fear v. Freedom Post 9/11 - the European Perspective” Double thematic issue: Terrorism and Surveillance, of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research,  New York, Springer, 2007, Volume 13/Issue 1-2, 158 pages.
  • Guest Editor „Prosecution Services – Key Player in Just and Effective Criminal Justice Systems“, Double thematic issue of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 2008, Vol. 14 ⁄ Issue 2-3, 328 pages (with Jehle J.-M.).

View all publications in research portal