Dr Marianne Wade

Photo of Dr Marianne Wade

Birmingham Law School
Reader in Criminal Justice

Contact details

Birmingham Law School
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Dr Wade’s activities focus on cross-border criminal justice co-operation and particularly related developments within the EU. Work focusing on the crimes of terrorism and trafficking human beings and their prevention, investigation and prosecution at a national, regional and global level forms part of this. The genesis of a European public prosecutor’s office and the concept of European citizenship particularly as it relates to defence rights are further focal points. Comparative legal scholarship constitutes an important component of this work.

A key aspect of Dr. Wade’s work is informing policy. Examples of this are the EuroNEEDs study (preliminary report published in 2011 and cited by the European Commission in its Impact Assessment as evidence in its proposal for a European Public Prosecutor’s Office), evidence provided to the House of Lords EU Select Committee and a study delivered to the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament on “Developing a Criminal Justice System for the European Union”. Previously Dr Wade has provided expert advice to i.a. the German Federal and State Committee of Data Protection Commissioners, the Rule of Law Delegation of the OSCE Spillover Mission to Skopje, the international prosecutor’s office of the ECCC, the UNDP’s POGAR conference, the President of the German Prosecutor-Generals’ working group and the Dutch Ministry of Justice.

Dr Wade is the Director of the Institute of Judicial Administration and the Co-Director (Law) of the Centre for Crime, Justice and Policing, a Fellow of the Institute of Global Innovation and a member of West Midlands Police Counter-Terrorism Reference Group.


  • LLB Law and German – University of Bristol
  • Magistra Iura – University of Göttingen, Germany
  • Doc. Jur - University of Göttingen, Germany


Dr Wade was educated in Norway, the UK and Germany before she began working for the Department of Criminology of the University of Göttingen and then the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law both in Germany. She joined the University of Birmingham in 2011.


  • Criminology (LLB)
  • Counter-terrorism (LLB)
  • Criminal Law (LLB)
  • Global Crime Problems (LLM, module leader)
  • EU Criminal Law and Justice (LLM, module leader)

Postgraduate supervision

European Criminal Law
European Criminal Justice
Comparative criminal and criminal procedure law
Structural Developments in Criminal Justice
Terrorism – Phenomena and Responses
Trafficking Human Beings

Current doctoral students:

The Challenges Associated with Identifying Victims of Trafficking Human Beings – Matthew Davis
The Suitability of Trial by Jury for Trafficking in Persons Cases – Jack Murphy

Find out more - our PhD Law  page has information about doctoral research at the University of Birmingham.


Dr Wade’s interests relate strongly to the reality of cross-border criminal justice cooperation and the impact of criminal justice measures on people’s lives. As a consequence the notion of EU citizenship, the development of a European Public Prosecutor’s Office and the impact of Counter-terrorism policy are areas of specific focus.

This builds on comparative work on criminal justice structures across the world. Dr Wade has previously done criminological work on surveillance and legal comparative work on prosecution services and criminal justice structures.

Other activities

Dr Wade speaks regularly at academic (e.g. European Society of Criminology Plenary, 2018) and practitioner conferences (ERA, Europol, Eurojust).

She also works as a member of the legal expert advisory board of the NGO Fair Trials International, is a member of the UK European Criminal Law Association and a Fellow of the Daimler-Benz Foundation.

Peer Reviewing activities include evaluation of EU projects (FP6, FP7, H2020 including Marie Curie) for CUP, Routledge and a variety of academic journals.

She is an associate editor of the European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research and an editorial board member of Crime, Law and Social Change as well as Sicherheit und Frieden.

She is regularly interviewed by screen and print media including the BBC, ITV, (German) BR and (Austrian) ATV and will speak at the upcoming TedX University of Birmingham event on 16th February 2019.

  • Co-Director of the Institute of Judicial Administration
  • Co-Director (Law) of the Centre for Crime, Justice and Policing
  • Fellow of the Institute of Global Innovation
  • West Midlands Police Counter-Terrorism Reference Group Member


Recent publications


Wade, M & Luna, E (eds) 2012, The Prosecutor in Transnational Perspective. Oxford University Press.


Wade, ML 2021, 'The EPPO and the pitfalls of actuarial justice', Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 265-280. https://doi.org/10.1177/1023263X211006516

Wade, M 2020, 'True EU citizenship as a precursor to genuine criminal justice in Europe: an analysis of EU citizenship as it relates to a sustainable area of freedom, security and justice', Criminal Law Forum, vol. 31, pp. 291-344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10609-020-09396-9

Wade, M 2019, 'Meeting the demands of justice whilst coping with crushing caseloads? How Sykes and Matza help us understand prosecutors across Europe', Journal of Criminal Justice and Security, vol. 2018, no. 5-6, pp. 1-35. <http://krimteme.fkn.unsa.ba/index.php/kt/article/view/242>

Wade, M 2015, 'Securing Defence Rights in Transnational Proceedings', European Journal of Crime Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 145-169. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718174-23022065

Wade, M 2013, 'A European Public Prosecutor: Potential and Pitfalls', Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 506-609. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10611-012-9406-x

Wade, M 2013, 'The European union as a counter-terrorism actor: right path, wrong direction?', Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 355-383. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10611-013-9472-8

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Wade, M 2019, Combatting trafficking human beings: a step on the road to global justice? in J Winterdyk & J Jones (eds), The Palgrave International Handbook of Human Trafficking. 1st edn, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63192-9_108-1

Wade, M 2016, Countering Violent Extremism - The Role of the European Union. in F Ejdus & P Jureković (eds), Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans. Federal Ministry of Defence and Sports of Republic of Austria, Vienna, pp. 179-200, Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans”, Belgrade, Serbia, 27/09/15.

Wade, M 2016, Why some old dogs must learn new tricks: recognising the new in EU criminal justice? in R Colson & S Field (eds), EU Criminal Justice and the Challenges of Diversity: Legal Cultures in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. Cambridge University Press, pp. 65-84.


Wade, M 2017, Online Searches. in K Ligeti (ed.), Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Hart Publishing.

Wade, M 2017, Prosecutorial Case-ending Options. in K Ligeti (ed.), Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Hart Publishing.

Wade, M 2017, The European Public Prosecutor – Controversy Expressed in Structural Form. in T Rafaraci (ed.), Future developments of judicial cooperation in criminal matters in the light of the establishment of a European Public Prosecutor’s Office.

Wade, M 2017, Track and Trace. in K Ligeti (ed.), Toward a Prosecutor for the European Union, Volume 2: Draft Rules of Procedure. Hart Publishing.

Commissioned report

Wade, M 2014, Developing a Criminal Justice Area in the European Union. European Union, Brussels.

View all publications in research portal