Honorary Fellows

The History of Medicine Unit over the years has had a number of Honorary Fellows. Honorary Fellows are scholars who are actively engaged in supervising teaching or collaborative research in the Unit, or are otherwise engaged with the professional work of the Unit. Fellowships last between one and three years and are subject to renewal at the conclusion of that period.

Dr Henry Connor

Dr Connor’sareas of research include 1) the history of anaesthesia, particularly military anaesthesia and 2) the history of provincial medicine and provincial medical societies and associations in the nineteenth century.

He is a member and previous council member of the History of Anaesthesia Society. He is a member of several socieities relating to the history of medicine and has lectured to the History of Medicine Society of Wales, the Birmingham Society for the History of Medicine, the Herefordshire Medical Society and the West Sussex History of Medicine Society during 2008-9. 

Publications since 2011:

Was James Young Simpson asked to administer chloroform à la Reinein 1848? History of Anaesthesia Society Proceedings2011; 44: 20-9

All Saints Church in Hereford and the Brethren of St. Antoine-de-Viennois Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists Field Club2011; 59: 85-90

Benjamin Ward Richardson and his Contribution to Anaesthesia. In: Askitopoulou H, ed. History of Anaesthesia VII. Proceedings of the 7thInternational Symposium on the History of Anaesthesia. Heraklion: Crete University Press, 2012: 461-480

Medical Politician and Man of Olympian Vision and Energy: Dr. William Penny Brookes (1809-95) of Much Wenlock. Journal of Medical Biography2012; 20: 111-125

Wenlock and Mandeville (Editorial) Journal of Medical Biography2012; 20: 93-94

Thomas Paytherus – entrepreneurial surgeon-apothecary and ardent Jennerian. Journal of Medical Biography2013; 21: 169-179 (Jointly with Clark DM)

Edward Lawrie revisited. History of Anaesthesia Society Proceedings2013; 46: 107-124

Siegle’s Steam Spray Inhaler. Journal of Medical Biographyaccepted for publication.

Lady Brilliana Harley (1598-1643): Her medicines and her doctors. Journal of Medical Biographypublished online March 2014

Dr Frank Crompton 

Dr. Frank Crompton holds an M.Ed. and a Ph.D. from the University of Birmingham. He was for 25 years Principal Lecturer in History at what is now the University of Worcester.

For over 5 years he was also Director of Graduate Research at that institution. He published Workhouse Children, Sutton, in 1997. He has also published in print and digitally numerous articles. He is now Historical Advisor to the George Marshall Medical Museum, Worcester. He was responsible for setting up this museum and has since been involved in raising funds for, and implementing, developments at the Museum. He has recently been working with the History of Medicine Unit in developing a website, including a very large archive of 19th-century patients' records from Worcester Lunatic Asylum. This work is ongoing. An Archive book on Pauper Lunacy Records is complete and the 'machine readable archive' is now up and running. This will be subject to continuous updating in the future. Frank is also creating a sister museum to the George Marshall Medical Museum. This museum is opening in the Spring of 2012. The museum is called Museum@WRI (reflecting its location, in the old Worcester Royal Infirmary Building that opened in 1774 in Castle Street, Worcester). He is now Research Fellow to both museums.

Dr Craig Fees

Craig Fees is the founding archivist for the Planned Environment Therapy Trust Archive and Study Centre, a specialist repository devoted to environmental and related group therapies. In this role, his main concern since 1989 has been with establishing and developing a research resource, while encouraging and facilitating the research and publications of others. His current research interests include the history of 20th century therapeutic environments for children, and therapeutic communities in mental hospitals since 1940.

He is a member of the Child Care History Network Committee, a member of the International Editorial Board of the journal Therapeutic Communities, a member of the Oral History Society Committee, and a Registered Member of the Archives and Records Association. 

Recent involvements:

- Project Director for the Heritage Lottery Fund-supported "Therapeutic Living With Other People's Children: an oral history of residential therapeutic child care c. 1930-c. 1980"

Current involvements:

- Honorary Teaching Fellow at the University of Dundee, where he is course author and tutor in oral history in the Centre for Archive and Information Studies.

With an interest in Public History, his recent publications include:

Fees, C (2010), "A Fearless Frankness: The professional formation of psychiatrist Donald Winnicott, and a crucial lost episode in the history of therapeutic residential child care”, Children Webmag (September)

Fees, C (2008) "Lost Bridges and Residential Therapeutic Child Care:Howard Jones (1918 –2007) and Reluctant Rebels", Children Webmag (May)

Teresa Huguet-Termes



(Joint editor with Jon Arrizabalaga and Harold J Cook), Health and Medicine in Hapsburg Spain: Agents, Practices, Representations, 158 pp. London, The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine UCL, 2009 (Medical History Supplement, n. 29), ISBN: 0-85484 128-8.

(Joint editor with Christopher Bonfield and Jonathan Reinarz), Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960, for publication by Peter Lang, Forthcoming 2011.

(Editor), City and hospital in the European West (13th-17th centuries), for publication by the Spanish National Research Council and Pagès, Lerida, Forthcoming 2011.


(With J. Arrizabalaga), ‘Hospital care for the insane in Barcelona, (1400-1700), in Elena Carrera (ed.), Madness and melancholia in Early Modern Spain, Special issue of The Bulletin of Spanish Studies, Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America, Volume 87 Issue 8, pp. 81-104.

‘Islamic pharmacology and Pharmacy in the Latin West: An Approach to Early Pharmacopoeias, European Review, vol. 16, n. 2, 2008, pp. 229-239.

‘New World materia medica in Spanish Renaissance medicine: from scholarly reception to practical impact’. Medical History, vol. 45, 2001, pp. 357-374.

Chapters in books:

‘Revisiting medicalisation at the Hospital: Health, medicine and the community in Barcelona, 1350-1714’ in Hospitals and Communities, 1100-1960, ed. C. Bonfield, J. T. Huguet-Termes, J. Reinarz, (Oxford, Peter Lang, forthcoming 2011), a paper of 8.000 words.

(With J. C. García Reyes), ‘War medicine and innovation in late 19th century Europe: A preliminary survey from the Franco-Prussian to the Second Carlist War’ in Health Institutions at the Origin of the Welfare Systems in Europe, ed. P. León-Sanz (Barañáin, Ediciones de la Universidad de Navarra, 2010), pp. 109-130.

‘Madrid hospitals in the context of the Hapsburg Empire’ in Health and Medicine in Hapsburg Spain: Agents, Practices, Representations, ed. T. Huguet-Termes, J. Arrizabalaga, H.J. Cook (London, The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL, 2009), pp. 64-85.

(With A. Carmona), ‘Drug therapy throughout the compounds of the Dispensatorium of Nuremberg: New perspectives for a theoretical evaluative approach to the polypharmacy of XVth C. through computer methodology’, Proceedings of the XXXIII International Congress for the History of Pharmacy (Stockholm, Sweden, n.d.), pp. 88-91.

(With A. Carmona), ‘Traditional herbal medicine through the first edition of the Florentine receipt book (1499)’ in Ethnomedicine Library. Health and Disease: Historical Routes (Genova, Erga Edizione, 1997), CD-Room edition.

Julia Hyland...

Julia Hyland is a Medical Effects Make-up Artist who re-creates medical conditions using specialist make-up techniques for the purpose of education.  Previously funded by The Wellcome Trust from 2006-2012 as Public Engagement/Outreach Officer for the History of Medicine Unit, Julia has worked extensively with people of all ages and backgrounds using her skills to enhance her workshops, lectures and demonstrations.  Julia is currently involved with the History of Medicine Unit and the Medical School where she continues to research conditions for the MbChB programme.


Teaching/Project Work includes:

  • MbChB, 2013:

Recreating Medical Effects as part of medical training for medical students with the Primary Care Clinical Science Department, University of Birmingham

  • Drama and Medicine, 2012-13:

Discussing the role of medical effects make-up in the media as part of the Special Study modules for medical students and demonstrating skin conditions such as Eczema, Ringworm and Scabies, part of the Interactive Studies Unit, University of Birmingham

  • Embarrassing Bodies 2012


Study with Dr June Jones into the misdiagnosis and under-representation of skin conditions in black and Asian skin.  Embarrassing Bodies picked up on this topic and have created a database for the diagnosis of skin conditions.

  • Mini Medical School (2007 - on-going bi-annual event): 

The Mini-Medical School is designed to give an insight into the training received as part of a Medical Degree, I discuss history of medicine topics and demonstrate skin conditions to volunteers, including Bubonic Plague, Smallpox, Syphilis.

  • Handsworth Health and Heritage, 2010


An initiative supported by English Heritage and Birmingham City Council to develop a community research project examining the health history of Handsworth, Birmingham, recreated Medical conditions including Syphilis, Industrial wounds, Facial Scarring.


  • Hyland J, Spring 2014, Covering up - The Art of Skin Camouflage’, The Journal, Institute of Science and Technology, Sheffield, pp. 58-60
  • Hyland J, Spring 2008,  ‘The History of Medicine – Medical Effects make-up’, The Journal, Institute of Science and Technology, Sheffield, pp. 6-7
  • Hyland J, Summer 2010 ‘Cosmetics in the Eighteenth Century’, The Journal, Institute of Science and Technology, Sheffield, pp. 12-14




  • Dermatological conditions: ‘Helping GPs make the right diagnosis’


  • Hampton Court Palace, Unhealthy Histories;  Listen to Julia Hyland talk about the History of Syphilis


Relevant Historical Work:

Dr George Pollock

George Pollock is a retired medical graduate of Aberdeen University who, after hospital work and National Service in the Royal Army Medical Corps in Germany and Kenya, pursued a career in public health leading to his appointment as Medical Officer of Health and subsequently Director of Public Health of Coventry. He was fortunate enough to be able to combine the Coventry posts with a visiting senior lectureship in community medicine at Warwick University, and later at Birmingham University, which allowed him to develop and run courses in communicable disease control for trainee public health doctors. This work led him to research the earliest understanding of the nature of infectious diseases and the efforts made to prevent and control them, not only in England but also in France, the United States, Malta, Poland and Uganda in which countries he held temporary academic appointments. His MD in Public Health and Epidemiology from Birmingham University was based on the early part of this research and his first book reflected its completion. His main current research interest concerns the effects of the Second World War on the health of the civilian population.

Relevant Publications Books:Fevers and Cultures (2003) Radcliffe Medical Press, Abingdon An Epidemiological Odyssey (2012) Springer, Dordrecht

Chapter in BookThe Main Goals of the National Health Service in the United Kingdom In: Sofoluwe GO, Schram R, Ogunmakan DA (eds) Principles and Practice of Public Health in Africa (1998) University Press plc, Ibadan.

Dr Leonard Schwarz

Leonard Schwarz is Reader in English Urban History at the University of Birmingham. From the time of his postgraduate research he has, on and off, been studying eighteenth-century English history, particularly London, a topic that refuses to go away. He served for more than two decades in the Department of Economic and Social History, which was merged with the Modern History Department in 1997. He is convenor of the Birmingham Eighteenth-Century Centre, which was launched in 2005.

Current Research

This focuses on three areas:

(i) The Lives of the Poor in the West End of London, 1724-1867.

This is an ESRC-funded project, run jointly with Professor Jeremy Boulton of the University of Newcastle. Its aim is to recreate the life histories of the London poor by using the poor law records. By the time of its completion at the end of 2006 we anticipate having one of the largest - if not the largest - collection of life histories in existence in Britain before the twentieth century.

(ii) The economic and social history of English towns during the

I have also participated in a Leverhulme-funded project examining the links between urbanisation and industrialisation in the East and West Midlands on which a book is in the press.

(iii) Wages and living standards in England

This examines the changing nature of wages, the extent and nature of payment in kind, perquisites, the division of labour by age and sex and the connection of these with household and family structure. Experiencing Wages: employers, earners, pay systems and wage forms in Europe since 1500, was published in 2003 (jointly edited with P. Scholliers).

Past Research
This has focused on:

(i) English urban history between 1650 and 1850, concentrating particularly on London and on issues connected with employment, incomes, living standards, the gendering of work and the impact of industrialisation.

(ii) Households and survival strategies in England, 1650-1850

(iii) Interwar German and French economic development

(iv) English students: background and careers, 1900-1980. The core of this has been a database of University of Birmingham students; I have examined topics such as social mobility, choice of degree subjects, class achieved, subsequent career by sex, social class and geographical background.



Level 1

Research Seminar: Rogues, whores and thieves: inventing a criminal class

Level 2

Group Research: How to be a student

Option: Foundation of Modern Britain 1714-1815

Option The English Town, 1680-1840

Level 3

Special Subject: Family, sex and marriage in England, 1650-1850

Reviewing history (I) The English poor in the eighteenth century;

(II) Writing the history of eighteenth-century London.

Postgraduate Supervision

Masters level

British urban history 1650-1880, London 1660-1860, English social history 1650-1850, households and family structure 1600-1900, English economic history 1700-1840.

Doctoral level

Topics relating to social (especially urban) change in England 1650-1850; household and family structure 17th-19th centuries, London 1660-1860, poverty and the life cycle c. 1660-1870.

Select Publications

Experiencing Wages: employers, earners, pay systems and wage forms in Europe since 1500 was published in 2003 (jointly edited with P. Scholliers)

The Lives of the Poor in the West End of London, 1724-1867.

London in the Age of Industrialisation: Entrepreneurs, Labour Force and Living Conditions in the Capital, 1700-1850 (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992 republished 2004)

‘Custom, Wages and Workload in England during Industrialization’, Past and Present 2007 197: 143-175

‘Hanoverian London: the making of a service town’ in P. Clark and R. Gillespie eds., Two Capitals: London and Dublin 1500-1840 (British Academy, 2002)

London 1700-1840,' vol. ii of The Cambridge Urban History of Britain, ed. P. Clark (2000)

‘English servants and their employers in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries’ Economic History Review, 1999, pp. 236-256

`Trends in Real Wage Rates, 1700-1790’ Economic History Review 1990, pp.90-98

`Social Class and Social Geography: the Middle Classes in London at the end of the Eighteenth Century.', Social History vii (1982),pp.167-185, subsequently reprinted in The Eighteenth Century Town: A Reader in Urban History, ed. P. Borsay (1990)

`The Formation of the Wage: Some Problems' in Real Wages in 19th. and 20th. Century Europe. Historical and Comparative Perspective, ed. P.Scholliers. (Oxford, Berg, 1989), pp.21-39.

`The Standard of Living in the Long Run: London, 1700-1860', Economic History Review 1985, pp.24-41

The First Civic University: Birmingham 1880-1980 (2000).With E.W. Ives and D. Drummond,

'German technological development during the 1930s: the retrospective view of British engineers and scientists' in C. Buchheim and W. R. Garside, eds., After the Slump. Industry and Politics in 1930s Britain and Germany (Frankfurt, 2000).

`Searching for recovery: unbalanced budgets, deflation and recovery in France during the 1930s' in W. R. Garside, ed., Capitalism in Crisis: International Responses to the Great Depression (Leicester, Pinter Press, 1992)

Dr Leonard Smith


Dr Smith's areas of research are the History of Psychiatry and of Institutions for mentally disordered people in Britain and its former colonies. He has published extensively on the historical development of lunatic asylums. He has also undertaken research on economic, social and labour history in England in the period 1750 - 1939. Len Smith qualified as a psychiatric social worker in 1973, and has worked continuously in mental health services since that time.

Email: l.d.smith@bham.ac.uk



Insanity, Race and Colonialism: Managing Mental Disorder in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1838-1914, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Lunatic Hospitals in Georgian England, 1750 - 1830, London: Routledge, 2007.

'Cure, Comfort and Safe Custody'; Public Lunatic Asylums in Early Nineteenth-Century England. London: Leicester University Press, 1999.

Carpet Weavers and Carpet Masters: The Hand-Loom Carpet Weavers of Kidderminster, 1780 - 1850, Kidderminster: Kenneth Tomkinson, 1986.

The Carpet Weaver's Lament: Songs and Ballads of Kidderminster in the Industrial Revolution, Kidderminster: Kenneth Tomkinson, 1979.

Articles and Chapters in Edited Volumes:

‘“A Sad Spectacle of Hopeless Mental Degradation”: The Management of the Insane in West Midlands Workhouses, 1815-60’, in J. Reinarz and L. Schwarz (eds), Medicine and the Workhouse (Rochester and Woodbridge, Suffolk: University of Rochester Press, 2013).

‘Welcome Release: Perspectives on Death in the Early County Lunatic Asylums, 1810-50’, History of Psychiatry 23, 2012, 117-128.

'Caribbean Bedlam: The Development of the Lunatic Asylum System in Britain's West Indian Colonies, 1838-1914', The Journal of Caribbean History 44, 2010, 1-47.

'"The Keeper Must Himself Be Kept": Visitation and the Lunatic Asylum in England, 1750-1850', in G. Mooney and J. Reinarz (eds), Permeable Walls; Historical Perspectives on Hospital and Asylum Visiting (Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, 2009), 199-222.

'Your Very Thankful Inmate": Discovering the Patients of an early County Lunatic Asylum', Social History of Medicine 21, 2008, 237-252.

'A Gentleman's Mad-Doctor in Georgian England: Edward Long Fox and Brislington House', History of Psychiatry 19,2008, 163-184.

'Doctors and Lunatics: the Enigma of the Leicester Asylum, 1781 - 1837', in Jonathan Reinarz (ed.), Medicine and Society in the Midlands 1750 - 1950, Birmingham: Midland History Occasional Publications, 2007, 47-60.

'The Architecture of Confinement; Urban Public Asylums in England, 1750 - 1820', in L.Topp, J.E. Moran and J. Andrews (eds.), Madness, Architecture and the Built Environment: Psychiatric Spaces in Historical Context, London: Routledge, 2007, 41-61.

'Thomas Bakewell', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

'Joseph Mason Cox', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

'William Ellis', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

'Samuel Hitch', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

'Greeners and Sweaters: Jewish Immigration and the Cabinet-Making Trade in East London, 1880-1914', Jewish Historical Studies 39,2004, 103-120.

'The County Asylum in the Mixed Economy of Care, 1808 - 1845'. in J. Melling and B. Forsythe (ed.), Insanity, Institutions and Society, 1800 - 1914; A Social History of Madness in Comparative Perspective, London: Routledge, 1999, 33-47.

'"The Greatest Ornament of Our Native County"; Staffordshire General Lunatic Asylum, 1818 - 1862', Staffordshire Studies 11, 1999, 82-95.

'Sandfield House Lunatic Asylum, Lichfield, 1820 - 1856', Staffordshire Studies 10, 1998, 71-5.

'Insanity and Ethnicity: Jews in the Mid-Victorian Lunatic Asylum', Jewish History and Culture 1, 1998, 27-40.

'"A Worthy Feeling Gentleman"; Samuel Hitch at Gloucester Asylum, 1828 - 1846', in H.Freeman and G. Berrios (ed.), 150 Years of British Psychiatry, Vol. II, the Aftermath, London: Athlone, 1996, 479-499.

'The Pauper Lunatic Problem in the West Midlands, 1815 - 1850, Midland History 21, 1996, 101-118.

'"Levelled to the Same Common Standard?"; Social Class in the Lunatic Asylum, 1780 - 1860', in O. Ashton, R. Fyson, and S. Roberts (ed.), The Duty of Discontent; Essays for Dorothy Thompson. London, Mansell, 1995, 142-166.

'The "Great Experiment"; The Place of Lincoln in the History of Psychiatry', Lincolnshire History and Archaeology 30, 1995, 55-62.

'Close Confinement in a Mighty Prison; Thomas Bakewell's Campaign Against Public Asylums, 1815 - 1830', History of Psychiatry 5, 1995, 191-214.

'To Cure those Afflicted With the Disease of Insanity; Thomas Bakewell and Spring Vale Asylum', History of Psychiatry 4, 1993, 107-27.

'Duddeston Hall and the Trade in Lunacy, 1835 - 1865', The Birmingham Historian 8, 1992, 16-22.

'Eighteenth Century Madhouse Practice; the Prouds of Bilston', History of Psychiatry 3, 1992, 45-52.

'Behind Closed Doors; Lunatic Asylum Keepers, 1800 - 1860', Social History of Medicine 1, 1988, 301-27.

'Industrial Organization in the Kidderminster Carpet Trade, 1780 - 1850', Textile History 15, 1984, 75-100.

Captain Pete Starling

Pete Starling is the Director of the Army Medical Services Museum, located in Mytchett, Surrey. He is also the Apothecaries Lecturer in the History of Medicine to the Army Medical Services. He holds a Diploma in the History of Medicine from the Society of Apothecaries and has recently completed a MA at the University of Birmingham. He has written widely on the history of the Army Medical Services and co-authored A Surgical Artist at War, the paintings and sketches of Sir Charles Bell in 2005 and shortly after was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. Pete has organised two highly successful conferences in the history of military medicine both attracting an international audience.

Dr Stuart Wildman...

Dr Wildman is a former lecturer in nursing at the University of Birmingham. Following qualification as a nurse he worked in oncology, surgery and medicine before moving into nurse education. He has taught nursing in Birmingham, Wolverhampton and Coventry. His research interests focus on the history of nursing and health care, in particular hospital and home nursing in the nineteenth century. He has presented a number of papers, based on his research, at conferences in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Germany and Denmark. He is a member of the steering committee of the United Kingdom Association for the History of Nursing and a former chairman of the Royal College of Nursing, History of Nursing Society.

Selected Publications

Chapters in edited books

Wildman, S (2014) “Docile bodies” or “impudent” women: conflicts between nurses and their employers, in England, 1880 -1914. In Jutte, R. (Ed) Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte  (Medicine, Society and History, Yearbook of the Institute for the History of Medicine) Robert Bosch Institution, Stuttgart, 9-2

Wildman, S. (2009),“Nurses for all classes”: home nursing in England 1860-1900’ In: Hahner-Rombach. S, (Ed.)Everyday Nursing Life, Past and Present(Medicine, Society and History 32, Yearbook of the Institute for the History of Medicine), Robert Bosch Institution, Stuttgart, 47-62 

Wildman, S. (2007) “Changes in hospital nursing in the West Midlands, 1841 – 1901” In Reinarz, J., (Ed.) Medicine and Society in the Midlands, 1750-1950. Midland History Occasional Publications, Birmingham, 98-114 

Journal Articles

Wildman, S. Hewison A. (2009) ‘Rediscovering a History of Nursing Management: From Nightingale to the Modern Matron’ International Journal of Nursing Studies,46, (12), 1650–1661

Wildman, S. (2009) ‘Nursing and the issue of “party” in the Church of England: the case of the Lichfield Diocesan Nursing Association’. Nursing Inquiry, 16 (2), 94-102

Hewison A, Wildman S. (2008) ‘Looking back, looking forward: enduring issues in nursing management’; Journal of Nursing Management; 16, 1, 1-3

Wildman S (2003) ‘The development of nurse training in the Birmingham Teaching Hospitals 1869-1957’ International History of Nursing Journal, 7, 3, 56-65

Wildman S (2002) ‘Sudden death and the role of the coroner in eighteenth-century Sutton Coldfield’ Birmingham Historian22, 11-18

Wildman S (1999) ‘The development of nursing at the General Hospital, Birmingham 1779-1919’ International History of Nursing Journal4, 3, 20-28

Dr Andrew Williams

Dr Andrew Williams is a consultant community paediatrician, medical historian, curator of the archive at the Northampton General Hospital, and playwright. As a full time NHS consultant, he specialises in paediatric neurodisability and community child health as well as undertaking some palliative care. He is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and is a past President of the British Society for the History of Paediatrics and Child Health. His work on Thomas Willis and childhood epilepsy won the 2000 ILEA Gowers' Young Physicians Prize. He has published on different aspects of child health between the 16th–20th centuries and has taken his PhD at   Birmingham  University on the history of paediatrics and child health 1550-1750. He has given numerous presentations / lectures to medical and historical conferences, societies and other bodies. His previous research has been in the areas of childhood stroke and cerebrovascular disease as well as using children’s drawings of Thomas the Tank Engine as a universal paediatric neurodevelopmental test – the ThOMAs test. His present clinical research involves working through a Virtual Academic Unit in partnership with tertiary centres both nationally and internationally helping to define new variants of some of the neurodegenerative conditions for patients that he is managing as their consultant paediatrician. These conditions include pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1 (EXOSC3 phenotype), OPA1, metachromatic leukodystrophy and. He is the author of 'Quintessense'

He was an expert reviewer and contributor to the UNICEF sponsored ‘International Charter for Ethical Research Involving Children.’ (2013)

More recently, his historical research has been exploring the histories of paediatric neurology, childhood cerebrovascular disease, paediatric diets, headache in childhood, the changing understanding of the cardiopulmonary circulation in the mid 17th century, the care provided to crippled children  in the early 20th century through the Northampton Crippled Children’s Fund and lastly 18thcentury English Voluntary Hospital Child health care.

From 2008, he has also worked with the University of Northampton Drama and History Departments, writing plays on medically controversial matters and supervising undergraduate Northampton General Hospital Archive related projects


Williams A.N. A Virtual Academic Unit – the first 10 years.Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed  doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-308044 (2015)


Eggens V.R.C., Barth P.G., Niermeijer J. F., Berg J.N.,  Darin N., Dixit A., Flus J.,  Foulds N.,  Hortobágyi T., Jacques T., King M.D., Makrythanasis P., Máté A.,  O’Rourke D., Price S., Williams A.N., Wilson L.,Suri M., Sztriha L., Dijns-de Wissel M.B., van Meegen M.T., van Ruissen F., Aronica E., Troost D., Majoie C.B.L.M.,  Marquering H.A.,Poll-Thé B-T,  Baas F. EXOSC3 mutations in pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 1: novel mutations and genotype-phenotype correlations Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 2014 9:23. doi:10.1186/1750-1172-9-23.

Williams A.N, ‘Early Access in Paediatrics A need to evaluate’ Pharma TimesMagazine April 2014 p. 11

Williams A.N.; Sharma  R. Children in Hospitals before there were Children’s Hospitals:  Pediatrics Vol. 134 No. 3 September 1, 2014  pp. 425 -427 (doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-0746).


From Headache tablet to headache tablets. A history of headache in childhood. 2ndEdition  MacKeith Press, Clinics in Developmental Medicine Series. 2013

Williams A.N. Chan C. ‘Now Walks Like Others’ A preliminary enquiry into the Northampton Crippled Children’s Fund. Family and Community History October  2013 Vol 16: 128-144.

Williams A.N. ‘Facilitating future benefit when a participant has a degenerative illness and cannot give consent. ‘In: Graham, A., Powell, M., Taylor, N., Anderson, D. & Fitzgerald, R. (2013). Ethical Research Involving Children. Florence: UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti. p 118-119.


Levene A, Reinarz J. Williams AN. Child Patients and voluntary hospitals in eighteenth-century England. Family and Community History Vol. 15/1, April 2012 pp. 15-33.

Williams AN ‘John Locke, Rhicketts and the cardiopulmonary circulation’. Paediatric Cardiology (2012) 33:115-121.

Goyal P., Williams A.N. on ‘Ambroise Pare and 16thcentury paediatric surgery’ In; Children’s Surgery – A Worldwide History. (Ed) Raffensperger J.G . Farland & Co. Inc, London (2012).

Sharma R, Williams AN,  Zaw W, "Timing of gastrostomy insertion in children with a neurodisability: A cross-sectional study of early versus late intervention" BMJ Opendoi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-001793.


Williams A.N. Kirkham F.J “Childhood stroke: the unkindest cut of all. a history of cerebrovascular disease in childhood” in Stroke and Cerebrovascular Disease in Childhood Eds Kirkham FJ, and Ganesan V, Wiley-VCH


Denny G., Sundall P., Thornton SJ, Reinarz J., Williams A.N., Historical and contemporary perspectives on children's diets - Is choice always in the patients' best interest ? Medical Humanities 2010 36: 14-18.

Goyal P., Williams A.N. "'To Illustrate and Increase Chyrurgerie' Ambroise Paré (1510-90)", Journal of Pediatric Surgery 2010 Oct; 45(10):2108-14.

Williams A.N. “A History of Child Neurology and Neurodisability” In ‘History of Neurology’ (eds) Finger, Boller and Tyler. Published by Elsevier 2010. Handb Clin Neurol. 2009;95:317-34.