Risk, Abuse and Violence programme

RAV logoProgramme Lead:  Dr Caroline Bradbury-Jones

Aim of RAV

Our aim is to build a body of research and scholarly evidence in relation to Risk, Abuse and Violence that dovetails with and informs teaching and clinical activities in the University of Birmingham and builds on the evidence base within health and social care.  

Focus and vision

This research programme was formally established in September 2016 and builds on considerable research undertaken by core members in preceding years. Our vision is that RAV will give structure and identity to the risk, abuse and violence research activities in the School of Nursing. We will grow capacity and reach a critical mass within the RAV programme. We intend that the RAV programme will put University of Birmingham on the map as the university that undertakes high quality research and associated educational provision in risk, abuse and violence.

RAV members

The RAV team are based in the School of Nursing, University of Birmingham. 

The RAV team

  • Rafiyah Khan, Research Associate
  • Dr Geoff Debelle

Student members

Louise Isham
PhD student

I a doctoral student and qualified social worker, with practice experience in child protection and family substance misuse treatment.  My research interests focus on family violence and abuse, family caregiving and applied health and social care practice in these areas.

Susan Waigwa
PhD student F/T

I am a PhD student with qualifications as a social worker. My doctoral research is focused on health education as an intervention to prevent Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). FGM/C involves the total or partial removal of female genitalia without medical purpose. It has been associated with various physical and psychological health problems. It is illegal in most counties and is categorised as a form of abuse. Although the prevalence of FGM/C is concentrated in some African, Middle East and Asian countries, it is a global concern because migration has contributed to further geographical distribution to countries such as the United Kingdom (UK) and USA.  

Joht Singh Chandan
Part-Time PhD in Public Health

I am an Academic Foundation Doctor with a keen interest in Public Health. My interest in Public Health has largely originated from a BSc in Population Health and Primary Care. This alongside my ongoing experience as a voluntary police officer has stemmed my interest in the combined field of police and medical research. As a result, I am particularly interested in the area of child maltreatment. Child Maltreatment, estimated to affect more than 1 in 4 children, can lead to a variety of long term physical, psychological and social difficulties which can pose a significant public health burden. Further investigation into the effects of child maltreatment make up my area of research.

Rosa Keneally
PhD student F/T

An exploration of midwives’ experiences in their role in responding to DVA towards women in pregnancy (Bradbury-Jones, Ward & Clark)

Affiliated members

Alis Rasul
Clinical Team Leader for Health Visitors at Birmingham Community Healthcare

I'm currently undertaking a MSc in Safeguarding vulnerable children and adults. I am part of the Birmingham practitioners Safeguarding board, also a member of the CPHVA expert group which looks at the national practice of HVs including safeguarding. I am also an active member of the East Birmingham DV forum and also have recently started to sit on the Birmingham FGM forum. On a monthly basis I deliver a talk on public health issues on the local radio. I am in the process of writing an article not yet published on a new parenting programme which we ‎delivered in my locality. 

Affiliated membership to RAV

What is an affiliated RAV member?

The RAV team are based in the School of Nursing at University of Birmingham, but of course our networks are extensive and so we welcome membership through affiliation. Affiliated members comprise our collaborators and partners from multiple organisations (e.g. NSPCC, Women’s Aid, NHS, HEIs). Many are international for example, USA, Finland, New Zealand and Africa. There are no strict criteria on who can become an affiliated RAV member, but most have some form of collaborative connection with a member of the RAV team.

Affiliated membership provides RAV with external knowledge and engagement from a range of perspectives. This ensures that its development, growth and expansion are grounded in practice and policy, informed by global perspectives. The RAV programme is a useful forum for affiliated members, who link with the rest of the team and other affiliates, to form a strong, international, multidisciplinary group who collectively aim to tackle risk, abuse and violence in society.

What is expected of an Affiliated RAV member?

We expect affiliated members to engage with us in a way that most of us do anyway. However, the RAV programme provides a formal, recognised platform through which collaborations and connections can be facilitated. We hope that affiliated members will attend one of the workshops that take place three times per year – the focus of which is engagement and sharing. Affiliated RAV members have an individual bio and a photograph (encouraged but not essential).

How do I become a RAV member?

It’s really simple.  You can register using our online form:


  • Name


It may take a few weeks to process and you will receive confirmation once your application is received and uploaded to the RAV website.  You will be invited to update your profile every six months.

RAV Meetings

The RAV team meets monthly to discuss day-to-day RAV issues. Three times per year we hold wider meetings with affiliated members – we call these RAV workshops. These workshops are used for dissemination, sharing and communicating on RAV related activities. 

Examples of current/very recent RAV projects

2017      Bradbury-Jones, C., McGarry, J., Adams, P., Sheridan, J., Kishchenko, S., Sheridan, J., McFeely, C. & Hegarty, K. Developing an inter-professional U21 curriculum for Gender Based Violence as an interactive learning resource. U21.

2017      Hallett, N. & Wagstaff, C. Prevalence of aggression experienced by nursing students during clinical placements: Cross-sectional survey.

2017   Carrick-Sen, D Scoping of current gaps and service provision of Perinatal Mental Health Services in Birmingham and Solihull.

2017 Carrick-Sen, D Service user experience of perinatal mental health in Birmingham, using poetic narrative story-telling.

2017 Carrick-Sen, D; Young, M; Type and efficacy of natural sex selection methods: A systematic review.

2017 Carrick-Sen, D; Shepherd, L. Preventing adrenal renal crisis through a behaviour base intervention.

2016 Bradbury-Jones, C. & Ward, N. Gender, Sexual Diversity and Professional Practice Learning (The DAPPLE project). Education Enhancement Fund UoB.              

2016 Whittaker, A.; Elliott, L.; Dawe, S.; Harnett, P.; Taylor, J; Kirk, C.; Littlewood, P.; Stoddart, A. Improving outcomes for children and families affected by paternal substance use: a feasibility study of the Parents Under Pressure (PuP) programme with a focus on fathers.

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Taylor, J. Identification and Referral to Improve Safety (IRIS): Evaluation of two Birmingham sites.

2016 Taylor, J. & Bradbury-Jones, C. Child Protection Issues in Military Families. NSPCC.

2015 Whittaker, A.; Elliott, L.; O’Farrell, T.; Taylor, J; Klostermann, K.; Stoddart, A. Behavioural Couples Therapy as an adjunct to opioid substitution therapy for drug dependent parents.

2015 Lewis, A., Clark, M. & Bradbury-Jones, C. Public health nurses’ knowledge and confidence in promoting positive sexual health of young people who use technology to share self-images known as ‘selfies’ and/or ‘sexting’.

2015 Bradbury-Jones, C. & Hewison, A. When Elderly People Abuse their Carers: A mixed-methods study to investigate the health and social care needs of carers.

2015 Optimity Matrix; Taylor, J. Approaches to improve identification and referral of children and young people who display sexually harmful behavior. Economic evaluation.

2015 Levy, S.; Taylor, J. Child protection digital playground. Principal’s Teaching Award Scheme.  


5th November 2017

Winston Churchill Memorial Trust Travel Fellowship up-date

Context of my fellowship

I was thrilled early in 2017 to learn that I had been awarded a WCMT Fellowship. WCMT offer these fellowships every year and they are competitive, but I am glad that I gave it a shot. The purpose of the fellowships is to provide fellows with the opportunity to travel abroad and learn new ways of thinking or practicing that can have impact in the UK.

My fellowship has funded my travel to New Zealand from 18 Oct 2017-16 Dec 2017 to learn about their approach to tackling family violence. I chose New Zealand specifically because of their national programme for tackling family violence - The Violence Intervention Programme (VIP). New Zealand is not unique in having a problem with family violence; it is a global issue. However, they do have some depressing statistics. Between 2009-2015 there were 194 deaths, comprising: 92 intimate partner deaths; 56 child abuse and neglect deaths; 46 intrafamilial deaths (Family Violence Death Review Committee (2016).

I came here with some knowledge of the programme (and some assumptions about how it is implemented). My purpose is to find out first hand as much about it as possible and bring the learning back to the UK. I am contacting a range of informants across health, social care and voluntary sectors from diverse settings in order to provide the insights I need.

winston churchill memorial trust image

Hot desking? 

In order to visit as many people as possible I am travelling in a motorhome. This is relatively cost effective because it provides my temporary home on wheels. New Zealand is not great with public transport, so the campervan option seemed sensible. Office space takes on a new meaning and I spent several days during my first week holed up in this dilapidated old caravan on one camp site, making appointments and operationalising my itinerary. My hot desking has involved pitching up in the back of my camper, a campsite picnic table and a local café. Work still goes on and I have much to write about!

 hot desking RAV blog image

Family Violence Assessment and Intervention Guideline 

I am going to report more on the VIP in subsequent blogs as I piece together how it operates. I am now equipped with my own hard copy of the Family Violence Assessment and Intervention Guideline, published in 2016 by the Ministry of Health. An important aspect of the VIP is the explicit linkages between child abuse and intimate partner violence and the recommendation that these should be screened for in tandem.


Family Violence assessment image RAV

A systems approach to tackling family violence 

One message that is coming over clearly from everyone that I have spoken with so far is that addressing family violence needs to be multi-layered, strategic and adopt a systems approach. For the past few years I have been interested in health professionals’ responses to intimate partner violence and I have never looked at this in a vacuum. I know that it takes multiple, complex and long terms interventions to support health professionals in formulating effective responses. So, I am in full support of a systems approach. Over the next weeks I will learn more about exactly how this translates in the context of New Zealand.

A few days ago, I screeched to a halt in my campervan when I spotted this poster next to the road as I entered one town, Whanganui. I guess this is just one example of the systems approach? 

 A systems approach RAV image


Family Violence Death Review Committee (2016). Fifth Report: January 2014-December 2015, Wellington, Health Quality & Safety Commission.

Ministry of Health (2016) Family Violence Assessment and Intervention Guideline: Child abuse and intimate partner violence, New Zealand Government. 

RAV publications (since 1st January 2014)


Bradbury-Jones, C. & Hendry, E.  (2017) Positive parenting interventions in breaking the cycle of violence: current evidence from the international field. Child Abuse Review, In press. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. (2016) Domestic violence and nursing: multiple perspectives to tackle a complex problem. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21(5-6), 342-344. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Pearce, J. (2016) Child Sexual Exploitation: marginalised perspectives and temporal shifts. Child Abuse Reviewhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-0852/homepage/editorial_-_child_sexual_exploitation__marginalised_perspectives_and_temporal_sh.htm 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Clark, M., Paavilainen, E. & Appleton, J. (2017) A Profile of Gender-based Violence Research in Europe: Findings from a Focused Mapping Review and Synthesis. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. In press. DOI: 10.1177/1524838017719234 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Breckenridge, J., Clark, M.T., Herber, O.R., Wagstaff, C. & Taylor, J. (2017) The State of Qualitative Research in Health and Social Science Literature: A Focused Mapping Review and Synthesis. International Journal of Social Research Methodology. DOI: 10.1080/13645579.2016.1270583 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Clark, M.T. & Taylor, J. Abused women’s experiences of a primary care identification and referral intervention: A case study analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing. doi: 10.1111/jan.13250. 

Breckenridge, J., Devaney, J., Duncan, F., Kroll, T., Lazenbatt, A., Taylor, J. & Bradbury-Jones, C. (2017)  Conducting sensitive research with disabled women who experience domestic abuse during pregnancy: Lessons from a qualitative study. SAGE Research Methods. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781473989139 

Clarke, C., Taylor, J., Schwannauer, M. Reconceptualising risk and resilience, London: Dunedin Academic Press. In press. 

Isham, L., Hewison, A. & Bradbury-Jones, C. (2017) Violence, abuse and harm in the context of family caring: A mixed methods literature review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse. In press. 

McConnell, N., Barnard, M., Taylor, J. in press. Caring Dads Safer Children: Families' perspectives on a intervention for maltreating fathers. Psychology of Violence Special Issue DOI 10.1037/vio0000105 

Sperlich, M.; Seng, J.; Rowe, H., Fisher, J. Cuthbert, C., Taylor, J. A Cycles-breaking framework to disrupt intergenerational patterns of maltreatment and vulnerability during the childbearing year  Journal of Obstetric, Gynecological and Neonatal Nursing. In press. 

Heslop.K., Newton.J., Baker.C, Carrick-Sen. D., Burns.G.P. & De Soyza. (2017) Effectiveness of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) interventions for anxiety and depression in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – An RCT Study. BMC Pulmonary Medicine. In press. 

Seng, J., Sperlich, M., Li, Y., Taylor, J. & Bradbury-Jones, C. Integrating Trauma-Informed Care into midwifery practice: Conceptual and practical issues. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. In press. 

Shepherd, L. & Carrick-Sen D. (2017) Primary Adrenal Insufficiency: Knowledge and Behaviour in a Crisis. BMC Endocrine Disorders. In press.


Agius, A., Borg Xuereb, R., Carrick-Sen, D., Sultanta, R. & Rankin, J. (2016) The co-existence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms in the postpartum period: A Systematic Review Midwifery. 

Ashley, L., Armitage, G. & Taylor, J. (2016) Recognising and referring children exposed to domestic abuse: a multi-professional, proactive systems-based evaluation using a modified Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) Health & Social Care in the Community 

Bradbury-Jones, C. (2016) Domestic violence and nursing: multiple perspectives to tackle a complex problem. Journal of Research in Nursing, 21(5-6), 342-344. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Pearce, J. (2016) Child Sexual Exploitation: marginalised perspectives and temporal shifts. Child Abuse Review, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1099-0852/homepage/editorial_-_child_sexual_exploitation__marginalised_perspectives_and_temporal_sh.htm  

Bradbury-Jones, C.., Appleton, J.V. & Watts, S. (2016) Recognising and responding to domestic violence and abuse: The role of Public Health Nurses. Community Practitioner. 89(3), 24-8. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Clark, M.T. (2016) Intimate partner violence and the role of community nurses. Primary Healthcare. In press. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Clark, M.T. (2016) How to address domestic violence and abuse. Nursing Times. In press. 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Clark, M.T., Parry, J. & Taylor, J. (2016) Development of a practice framework for improving nurses’ responses to Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Clinical Nursing. DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13276 

Hallett, N., Huber, J.W., Sixsmith, J. & Dickens, G.L. (2016) Care planning for aggression management in a specialist secure mental health service: An audit of user involvement. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 25(6): 507-515. DOI: 10.1111/inm.12238 

Jones, C.; Taylor, J.; et al. (2016) The Landscape of UK Child Protection Research 2010 to 2014: a mapping review of substantive topics, maltreatment types and research designs. Child Abuse Review DOI: 10.1002/car.2429

McParlin C, Carrick-Sen D, Steen IN, Robson SC, et al. (2016) Hyperemesis in Pregnancy Study: a pilot randomised controlled trial of midwife-led outpatient care. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 200:6-10. PMID: 26963896

Newham, J., Allan, C., Leahy-Warren, P., Carrick-Sen, D. & Alderdice, F. (2016) Intentions Toward Physical Activity and Resting Behavior in Pregnant Women: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior Framework in a Cross-Sectional Study. Birth 3rd January 2016 

Seng, J. and Taylor, J. (Eds) (2016) Trauma Informed Care in the Perinatal Period London: Dunedin 

Soliman, F.; Taylor, J.et al (2016) The landscape of UK child protection research between 2010 and 2014: disciplines, topics, and types of maltreatment Children and Youth Services Review. 

Taylor, J., Bradbury-Jones, C., Breckenridge, J., Jones, C. & Herber, O.R. (2016) Risk of vicarious trauma in nursing research: A focused mapping review and synthesis. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 25(19-20), 2768-77. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13235. 

Taylor, J.S.; Brandon, M.; Haynes, A.; Hodson, D. Child neglect: Policy, response and developments in England Research, Policy and Planning: The Journal of the Social Services Research Group (Special Edition). 

Thoburn, J. and Taylor, J. (2016) Collaborative Practice with Vulnerable Children and their Families. A Workbook London: Radcliffe. 

Wagstaff, C., Graham, H., Farrell, D. et al. (2016) Experiences of mental health services for ‘black’ men with schizophrenia and a history of disengagement: A qualitative study, International Journal of mental health nursing,  DOI: 10.1111/inm.12305 


Bradbury-Jones, C.., Breckenridge, J., Devaney, J., Duncan, F., Kroll, T., Lazenbatt, A.  & Taylor, J. (2015) Priorities and strategies for improving disabled women’s access to maternity services when they are affected by domestic abuse: a multi-method study using concept maps. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 15, 350. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. (2015) Talking about domestic abuse: crucial conversations for health visitors. Community Practitioner, 88(12), 44-47. 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Breckenridge, J., Devaney, J., Kroll, T., Lazenbatt, A.  & Taylor, J. (2015) Disabled women’s experiences of accessing and utilising maternity services when they are affected by domestic abuse: A Critical Incident Technique study. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 15, 181. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Broadhurst, K. (2015) Are we failing to prepare nursing and midwifery students to deal with domestic abuse? Findings from a qualitative study. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 71(9), 2062-2072. 

Bradbury-Jones, C. & Taylor, J. (2015) Engaging with children as co-researchers: challenges, counter-challenges and solutions. Int J Soc Res Meth 18(2): 161-173 

Gadda, A.; Taylor, J. (2015) Child sexual exploitation. Where are the nurses? Journal of Advanced Nursing 10.1111/jan.12710 

Hallett, N. & Dickens, G.L. (2015) De-escalation: A survey of clinical staff in a secure mental health inpatient service. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing. 24(4): 324-333. 

Humphreys, C. & Bradbury-Jones, C. (2015) Domestic Abuse and Safeguarding: Focus, Response and Intervention. Child Abuse Review, 24(4), 231-234. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/car.v24.4/issuetoc 

Randall, D.; Taylor, J.; Anderson, A. (2015) Is research safe for children?  A review of current policies and procedures to protect children in research settings J of Child Health Care DOI: 10.1177/1367493515587060 

Smith, E.; Barnard, M.; Belton, E. Taylor, J. (2015) Strengthening the mother-child relationship following domestic abuse: Service evaluation. Child Abuse Review 24: 261-273 

Stalker, K.; Taylor, J.; Fry, D.; Stewart, A. (2015) A study of disabled children and child protection in Scotland – A hidden group? Children and Youth Services Review 56: 126-134. 

Taylor, J. & Bradbury-Jones, C. (2015) Child maltreatment: every nurse’s business. Nursing Standard. 29(29), 53-58.

Taylor, J., Bradbury-Jones, C. Lazenbatt, A. & Soliman, F. (2015) Child maltreatment: Pathway to chronic and long-term conditions? Journal of Public Health. doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdv117 

Taylor, J.; Randall, D; Childers-Buschle, K. (2015) Investigation of child protection standard operating policies for research in Higher Education Institutes in the United Kingdom. BMC Medical Ethics DOI 10.1186/s12910-015-0058-0 

Taylor, J.; Stalker, K.; Stewart, A. (2015) Disabled children’s experiences of the child protection system. Child Abuse Rev DOI: 10.1002/car.2386


Bradbury-Jones, C. (2014) Children as Co-researchers: The Need for Protection. Edinburgh: Dunedin. 

Bradbury-Jones, C., Taylor, J., Kroll T. & Duncan F. (2014) Domestic Abuse Awareness and Recognition among Primary Healthcare Professionals and Abused Women: a qualitative investigation. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 23(21-22), 3057-68. 

Breckenridge, J., Devaney, J., Kroll, T., Lazenbatt, A., Taylor, J. & Bradbury-Jones, C. (2014) Access and utilization of maternity care for disabled women who experience domestic abuse: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, 14, 234.

Carrick-Sen, D.M., Steen, N. & Robson, S.C. (2014) Twin Parenthood: The Midwives Role - A Randomised Controlled Trial. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Hallett, N., Huber, J.W. & Dickens, G.L. (2014) Violence prevention in inpatient psychiatric settings: systematic review of studies about the perceptions of care staff and patients. Aggression and Violent Behavior. 19(5): 502-214 

Smith, C., Allardyce, S., Hackett, S., Bradbury-Jones, C., Lazenbatt, A. & Taylor, J. (2014) Practice and policy in the UK with children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviours: an analysis and critical review, Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory and practice, DOI: 10.1080/13552600.2014.9270102013.