Professor Chenggong (Brian) Sun PhD, MPhil, BSc

Professor Chenggong (Brian) Sun

School of Chemical Engineering
Professor in Energy Engineering and Carbon Capture

Contact details

School of Chemical Engineering
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Professor Chenggong (Brian) Sun is a Chair in Energy Engineering and Carbon capture at the School of Chemical Engineering. He has international reputation in several research areas: (1) Direct air capture (DAC) and greenhouse gas removal (GGR) technologies; (2) Industrial decarbonisation, encompassing oxyfuel combustion and carbon capture in combustion and gasification; (3) CO2 utilisation as feedstock for sustainable fuels and chemicals; (4) Renewable energy technologies such as biomass/waste combustion, gasification, biochar and hydrothermal carbonisation; and (5) Engineered porous materials for catalysis and energy applications.  He has worked on and led many research projects and programmes funded by UK Research Council, UK Government, industries, and international institutions.  Underpinning the development of solutions to net zero emissions, highlights of his current research include the development and demonstration of the first-of-a-kind heat-driven DAC Demonstrator plant funded by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), and the UK’s largest ever Biochar Demonstrator initiative funded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).

Professor Sun has published over 100 referred research articles including journal papers and book chapters, contributing to the state of the art in industrial decarbonisation and sustainable fuel and energy technologies.


  • Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education and Associate Fellow of Higher Education Academy, 2016
  • PhD in Chemical Technology, University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, UK, 2001
  • MPhil in Chemical Engineering, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1991
  • BSc (Hons) in Chemistry, Yantai Normal University, P. R. China, 1988


Professor Brian Sun obtained a BSc (Hons) degree in Chemistry and later qualified with MPhil in Chemical Engineering from the institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991. He then worked at the same institution for 6 years as lecturer/associate professor, focusing on clean coal and biomass technologies. After winning the UK’s Overseas Research Student Award in 1998, he went on to study for a PhD in Chemical Technology at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow. Following his PhD in 2001, He worked at the University of Nottingham as a research fellow and later as senior research fellow until the end of 2009, when he decided to join Doosan Babcock Energy as senior engineer R&D to work on the UK’s then world largest 30 MWth oxyfuel combustion and Ferrybridge CCSPilot100+ carbon capture demonstrations.

In 2013, Brian returned to academia at the University of Nottingham, where he held positions as lecturer from 2013 to 2018 and associate professor from 2018 until early 2023 when he joined the University of Birmingham as Chair Professor in Energy Engineering and Carbon Capture. Throughout this period, he has continued his research in industrial decarbonisation and played a crucial role in several significant research projects and programmes, including successfully securing and helping manage three EPSRC doctoral training centres. He also made notable contributions to curriculum development, designing new modules and courses to address the evolving knowledge and skills needs of the energy and chemical industries in their transition towards a circular economy and achieving climate neutrality.


Professor Brian Sun has broad teaching experience and has been involved in teaching a number of modules, either as module convenor, contributor or teaching group lead.

  • Power Generation and Carbon Capture, year 4
  • Low Carbon Processes and Engineering, year 4
  • Energy Storage, year 4
  • Petroleum Engineering, year 4
  • Process Engineering Laboratories, year 3
  • BEng/MEng Design Projects, year 3
  • Writing and Publishing Your Work, a professional skills module, MEng/MSc and doctoral levels.

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Brian Sun and his research group welcome applications from prospective PhD students, who are interested in pursuing studies in following research areas:

  • Direct air capture and other greenhouse gas removal technologies
  • Industrial decarbonisation, including oxy-fuel combustion and carbon capture in combustion and gasification or hydrogen production.
  • Zero-carbon fuel energy systems.
  • Catalysis and catalytic processes for sustainable fuels and chemicals e.g.,  CO2 and bio-based sustainable aviation fuels and platform speciality chemicals.
  • Modelling, simulation, and optimisation of energy and greenhouse gas removal processes and systems.


Professor Brian Sun has a broad research interest in the field of climate energy technologies, which underpins the development of effective and affordable solutions to climate change and for sustainable development. Highlights of research themes include:

  • Direct air capture (DAC) and greenhouse gas removal (GGR) technologies
  • Industrial decarbonisation, including industrial CCS and resilient decarbonised fuel energy systems
  • Catalysis and catalytic processes for sustainable fuels and chemicals, such as green ammonia production and utilisation as hydrogen/energy carrier, and conversion of CO2 and biowaste to fuels, chemicals and materials.
  • Energy and GGR process modelling and simulation
  • Multi-pollutants control technologies (e.g., NOx, Sox, mercury, and volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions).

Research activity

Current projects/programmes:

  • Direct air capture powered by nuclear heat Phase 2: BEIS (£3,000,000), principal investigator in partnership with Sizewell C.
  • CO2 Utilisation for accelerated carbonation curing towards net-zero circular concrete industry: EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£50,000), principal investigator.
  • CO2 carrier materials for accelerated carbonation curing as a technique to improve CO2 sequestration in concrete: Concrete4Change (£30,000), principal investigator.
  • Biochar demonstrator addressing key deployment barriers for carbon sequestration: BBSRC ( BB/T0203501/1, £4,588,683), co-investigator/theme lead.
  • EPSRC CDT in Resilient Decarbonised Fuel Energy Systems: EPSRC (EP/S022996/1, £5,510,914), co-investigator/themes lead.
  • Accelerating basic solid adsorbent looping Technology: BEIS (£435,365), co-investigator.

Highlights of previous research projects in recent years:

  • Direct air capture powered by nuclear heat Phase 1: BEIS (£250,000), principal investigator.
  • Multi-stimuli responsive smart hydrogels for energy-efficient CO2 capture: EPSRC (EP/R001308/1, £202,285), principal investigator.
  • Investigation of ash formation, slagging and fouling to aid advanced CFD modelling of ash deposition in PF combustion: Doosan Babcock (£754,520), principal investigator.
  • Autarkic embedded direct air capture for breakthrough cost reductions:  EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£30,000), principal investigator.
  • Scalable step-change carbon materials achieving high CO2 capacity and selectivity at practical flue gas temperatures for breakthrough cost reductions: EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£245,000), principal investigator.
  • Development and deployability study of a microwave-assisted multi-pollutants capture & conversion technology for distributed PF-fired utility boilers: RAEng (£100,000), UK principal investigator.
  • Ultra-Supercritical (USC) steam power generation technology with Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB): Combustion, Materials and Modelling (USC-CFB-CMM): EPSRC (EP/M01536X/1, £1,033,385), co-investigator/theme lead.
  • Enabling carbon-based CO2 adsorbents capable of reducing the thermal regeneration energy in post-combustion capture at operational flue gas temperatures: Korean Institute of Energy Research (£67,118), principal investigator.
  • CO2 utilisation for photo-catalytic mass production of glycerol carbonate from crude glycerol as a versatile chemical building block: EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£10,000), principal investigator.
  • Teaming up to Advance the Development of Energy-Smart Compact Carbon-Scrubbing Technologies: EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£10,000), principal investigator.
  • Novel reductive rejuvenation approaches for degraded amine solutions from PCC in power plants: EPSRC/UKCCSRC (£99,182), principal investigator.
  • Process development of new solid adsorbents capable of reducing energy demand by 20% compared with the current domestic post-combustion dry-sorbent CO2 capture technology: Korean Institute of Energy Research (US$200,000), Co-investigator.
  • Effective adsorbents for establishing solids looping as a next generation NG PCC Technology: EPSRC (EP/J020745/1, £756,554), co-investigator/theme lead/project coordinator. 
  • Experimental Investigation and CFD Modelling of Oxy-coal Combustion on PACT Facility with Real Flue gas and Vent Gas Recycling: EPSRC/UKCCSRC, £255,000), co-investigator.
  • EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Carbon Capture and Storage and Cleaner Fossil Energy Technologies: EPSRC (EP/L016362/1, £3,452,112), co-investigator/theme lead.
  • CO2 post-combustion capture using amine impregnated synthetic zeolites from Fly Ash: EPSRC ( (EPL020777/1,  £292,103), co-investigator.
  • Next generation of activated carbon adsorbents for  pre-combustion capture of CO2: EPSRC (EP/I010955/1, £694,040), co-investigator/project coordinator.
  • Innovative adsorbent materials and processes for Integrated carbon capture and multi-pollutant control for fossil fuel power generation: EPSRC (EP/G063176/1, £952,431), co-investigator/project coordinator.

Other activities

  • Associate editor for Green Energy and Resources
  • Reviewer for UK, European, US, Japanese, and Chinese funding agencies


Refereed book chapters

Sun, C., Zhang, W. and Liu, H. (2013). Chapter 4: Environmental Concerns Regarding CO2, in ‘New and Future Developments in Catalysis: Activation of Carbon Dioxide’ (Ed. Steven L. Suib, ISBN: 0444538836), Elsevier.

Sephton, M. A., Meredith, W., Sun, C., Snape, C. E. (2011). Chapter 14: Biomedical and forensic applications of combined catalytic hydrogenation-stable isotope ratio Analysis, in ‘Analytical Chemistry: Methods and Applications’ (Ed. Harold H. Trimm, ISBN: 978-1-926692-58-6), CRC Press.

Selected recent publications

F. Yang, X. Liu, M. Li, C. Uguna, W. Wang, C. Sun, Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) derived microporous carbons prepared via hydrothermal dechlorination and potassium hydroxide activation for efficient CO2 capture, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2023, 180, 113279

A. Ibrahim, X. Liu, C.N. Uguna, C. Sun, Selective hydrogenation of Levulinic acid to γ-valerolactone over copper based bimetallic catalysts derived from MOFs, Materials Today Sustainability, 2023, 100424.

F. Bai, X. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Li, S. Sani, W. Guo, C. Sun, CO2 capture from dilute sources using triamine functionalized MCF silica at ambient temperature, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2023, 349, 112370.

S. Sani, X. Liu, M. Li, L Stevens, C. Sun, Synthesis and characterization of three-dimensional interconnected large-pore mesoporous cellular lignin carbon materials and their potential for CO2 capture, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 2023, 347, 112334

A. Ibrahim, X. Liu, C.N. Uguna, C. Sun, Hydrodeoxygenation of p-cresol over CuNi@ C catalyst derived from metal-organic frameworks precursor, Fuel, 2022, 329, 125320

X. Liu, F. Yang, M. Li, C. Sun, Y. Wu, Development of cost-effective PCM-carbon foam composites for thermal energy storage, Energy Reports, 2022, 1696-1703.

F. Bai, X. Liu, S. Sani, Y. Liu, W. Guo, C. Sun,  Amine functionalized mesocellular silica foam as highly efficient sorbents for CO2 capture, Separation and Purification Technology, 2022, 299, 121539

K. Zhou, X. Liu, C. Sun, H. Liu, Directed glycerol conversion to 2,5-hexanedione and more advanced poly-oxygenates as platform bio-chemicals and high energy-density fuel additives. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2022, 430, 132981.

Y. Gao, M. Zhang, Y. Mao, H. Cao, S. Zhang, W. Wang, C. Sun, Z. Song, J Sun, Microwave-triggered low temperature thermal reduction of Zr-modified high entropy oxides with extraordinary thermochemical H2 production performance. Energy Conversion and Management, 2022, 252, 115125

X. Liu, F. Yang, M. Li, C. Sun, Y. Wu.  Development of cost-effective PCM-carbon foam composites for thermal energy storage, Energy Reports, 2022, 8, 1696-1703

X Liu, F Yang, M Li, S Wang, C. Sun,  From polyvinyl chloride waste to activated carbons: the role of occurring additives on porosity development and gas adsorption properties. Science of The Total Environment, 2022, 833, 154894

X Liu, H Wang, X Liu, F Yang, L Guan, S Sani, C Sun, Y Wu. Development of MgSO4/mesoporous silica composites for thermochemical energy storage: the role of porous structure on water adsorption. Energy Reports, 2022, 8, 4913-4921

M Li, X Liu, C Sun, L Stevens, H Liu.  Synthesis and characterization of advanced bio-carbon materials from Kraft lignin with enhanced CO2 capture properties. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2022, 10 (3), 107471

H Chi, MA Pans, C Sun, H Liu. Effectiveness of bed additives in abating agglomeration during biomass air/oxy combustion in a fluidised bed combustor. Renewable Energy, 2022, 185, 945-958

H. Chi, M. A. Pans, M. Bai, C. Sun, T. Hussain, W. Sun, Y. Yao, J. Lyu, H. Liu. Experimental investigations on the chlorine-induced corrosion of HVOF thermal sprayed Stellite-6 and NiAl coatings with fluidised bed biomass/ anthracite combustion systems.  Fuel, 2021, 288, 119607

X. Ma, W. Wang, C. Sun, H. Li, J. Sun, X. Liu. Adsorption performance and kinetic study of hierarchical porous Fe-based MOFs for toluene removal. Science of Total Environment, 2021, 793, 148622.

Microwave-induced high-energy sites and targeted energy transition promising for efficient energy deployment. J. SUN, G. YU, K. AN, W. Wang, B. Wang, Z. Jiang, C. Sun, Y. Mao, X. Zhao, Z. Song. Frontiers in Energy, 2021, 1-12.

P. Jiang, Y. Meng, A. M. Parvez, X. Y. Dong, X. Y. Wu, M. X. Xu, C.H. Pang, C. Sun and Wu, T. Influence of co-processing of coal and oil shale on combustion characteristics, kinetics and ash fusion behaviour. Energy, 2021, 216, 119229 (1-12).

J.Y. Kim, J.M. Woo, S.H. Jo, H. Kim, S.Y. Lee, C.K. Yi, J.H. Moon, H. Nam, Y. Won, L.A. Stevens and C. Sun. Performance of a silica-polyethyleneimine adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture on a 100 kg scale in a fluidized bed continuous unit. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2021, 407, 127209 (1-11).

H. Chi, M.A. Pans, M. Bai, C. Sun, T. Hussain, W. Sun, Y. Yao, J. Lyu and H. Liu. Experimental investigations on the chlorine-induced corrosion of HVOF thermal sprayed Stellite-6 and NiAl coatings with fluidised bed biomass/anthracite combustion systems. Fuel, 2021, 288, 119607 (1-13).

Y. Meng, Y. Yan, P. Jiang, X. Wu, C. Sun, T. Wu and C. H. Pang. Siliceous foam material and its application in post-combustion carbon capture for NGCC plants: effects of aging conditions. In E3S Web of Conferences, 2020, 158, 03004 (1-5). 

X. Liu, J. Liu, C. Sun, H. Liu, W. Wang, E. Smith, L. Jiang, X. Chen and C. Snape. Design and development of 3D hierarchical ultra-microporous CO2-sieving carbon architectures for potential flow-through CO2 capture at typical practical flue gas temperatures. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2020, 8(33), 17025-17035.

W. Wang, Z. Li, M. Zhang and C. Sun. Preparation of 3D network CNTs-modified nickel foam with enhanced microwave absorptivity and application potential in wastewater treatment. Science of The Total Environment, 2020, 702, 135006 (1-10).

W. Zhang, C. Sun, C. E. Snape, X. Sun, H. Liu. Cyclic performance evaluation of a polyethylenimine/silica adsorbent with steam regeneration using simulated NGCC flue gas and actual flue gas of a gas-fired boiler in a bubbling fluidized bed reactor. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2020, 95, 102975 (1-10).

S. T. Farrow, C. Sun, H. Liu, K. Le Manquais and C. E. Snape. Comparative study of the inherent combustion reactivity of sawdust chars produced by TGA and in the drop tube furnace. Fuel Processing Technology, 2020, 201, 106361 (1-9).

F. Güleç, W. Meredith, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. Demonstrating the applicability of chemical looping combustion for the regeneration of fluid catalytic cracking catalysts. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2020, 389, 124492 (1-10).

X. Liu, S. Wang, C. Sun, H. Liu, L. Stevens, P. K. Dwomoh and C. Snape. Synthesis of functionalized 3D microporous carbon foams for selective CO2 capture. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2020, 402, 125459 (1-11).

M. Yew, Y. Ren, K. S. Koh, C. Sun and C. Snape. A Review of State‐of‐the‐Art Microfluidic Technologies for Environmental Applications: Detection and Remediation. Global challenges, 2019, 3(1), 1800060 (1-13).

M. Yew, Y. Ren, K. S. Koh, C. Sun , C. Snape, Y. Yan. Synthesis of microcapsules for carbon capture via needle-based droplet microfluidics. Energy Procedia, 2019, 160, 443-450.

J.Y. Kim, J.M. Woo, S.H. Jo, S.Y. Lee, J.H. Moon, H. Kim, C.K. Yi, H. Lee, C.E. Snape, L. Stevens and C. Sun. Continuous testing of silica-PEI adsorbents in a lab-scale twin bubbling fluidized-bed system. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2019, 82, 184-191.

H. Chi, M. A. Pans, C. Sun and H. Liu. An investigation of lime addition to fuel as a countermeasure to bed agglomeration for the combustion of non-woody biomass fuels in a 20kWth bubbling fluidised bed combustor. Fuel, 2019, 240, 349-361.

X. Liu, C. Sun, H. Liu, W. H. Tan, W. Wang and C. Snape. Developing hierarchically ultra-micro/mesoporous biocarbons for highly selective carbon dioxide adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2019, 361, 199-208.

F. Güleç, W. Meredith, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. Selective low temperature chemical looping combustion of higher alkanes with Cu-and Mn-oxides. Energy, 2019, 173, 658-666.

F. Güleç, W. Meredith, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. A novel approach to CO2 capture in fluid catalytic cracking—chemical looping combustion. Fuel, 2019, 244, 140-150.

X. Huang, X.  Yang, G. Li, C. I. Ezeh, C. Sun and C. Snape. Hybrid Two-step Preparation of Nanosized MgAl Layered Double Hydroxides for CO2 Adsorption. In Sorption in 2020s, 123-142, IntechOpen. 

P. Jiang, A. M. Parvez, Y. Meng, M. X. Xu, T. C. Shui, C. Sun and T. Wu. Exergetic, economic and carbon emission studies of bio-olefin production via indirect steam gasification process. Energy, 2019, 187, 115933 (1-15).

X. Liu, K. Zhou, M. Farndon, E. Meier, L. Stevens, H. Liu and C. Sun. Mesocellular silica foam supported polyamine adsorbents for dry CO2 scrubbing: Performance of single versus blended polyamines for impregnation. Applied Energy, 2019, 255, 113643 (1-12).

S. Qiu, S. Zhang, Y. Wu, G. Qiu, C. Sun, Q. Zhang, J. Dang, L. Wen, M. Hu, J. Xu and R. Zhu. Structural transformation of fluid phase extracted from coal matrix during thermoplastic stage of coal pyrolysis. Fuel, 2018, 232, 374-383.

Y. Hu, J. Wang, C. K. Tan, C. Sun and H. Liu. Coupling detailed radiation model with process simulation in Aspen Plus: A case study on fluidized bed combustor. Applied Energy, 2018, 227, 168-179.

Y. Wang, W. Wang, J. Sun, C. Sun, Y. Feng and Z. Li. Microwave-based preparation and characterization of Fe-cored carbon nanocapsules with novel stability and super electromagnetic wave absorption performance. Carbon, 2018, 135, 1-11.

F. Sher, M. A. Pans, C. Sun, C. Snape and H. Liu. Oxy-fuel combustion study of biomass fuels in a 20 kWth fluidized bed combustor. Fuel, 2018, 215, 778-786.

J. Liu, X. Liu, Y. Sun, C. Sun, H. Liu, L.A. Stevens, K. Li and C.E. Snape. High density and super ultra‐microporous‐activated carbon macrospheres with high volumetric capacity for CO2 capture. Advanced Sustainable Systems, 2018, 2(2), 1700115 (1-8).

Y. Sun, X. Liu, C. Sun, W. Al-Sarraf, K.Z. Foo, Y. Meng, S. Lee, W. Wang and H. Liu. Synthesis and functionalisation of spherical meso-, hybrid meso/macro-and macro-porous cellular silica foam materials with regulated pore sizes for CO2 capture. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018, 6(46), 23587-23601.

C. I. Ezeh, M. Tomatis, X. Yang, J. He and C. Sun .Ultrasonic and hydrothermal mediated synthesis routes for functionalized Mg-Al LDH: comparison study on surface morphology, basic site strength, cyclic sorption efficiency and effectiveness. Ultrasonics sonochemistry, 2018, 40, 341-352.

H. Zhao, X. Mu, G. Yang, C. Zheng, C. Sun, X. Gao and T. Wu. Microwave-induced activation of additional active edge sites on the MoS2 surface for enhanced Hg0 capture. Applied Surface Science, 2017, 420, 439-445.

S. Zhang, S. Qiu, H. Peng, C. Sun, L. Wen, J. Xu and C. Bai. Effects of annealing temperature and time on decrepitation of lump coals and characteristics of resultant coal chars. Asia‐Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2017, 12(5), 732-744.

X. Liu, Y. Sun, J. Liu, C. Sun, H. Liu, Q. Xue, E. Smith and C. Snape. Potassium and zeolitic structure modified ultra-microporous adsorbent materials from a renewable feedstock with favourable surface chemistry for CO2 capture. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 2017, 9(32), 26826-26839.

Y.C. Park, S.H. Jo, S.Y. Lee, J.H. Moon, H. Kim, C.K. Yi, C. Sun, H. Liu and C.E. Snape. CO2 Sorption Characteristics of Various Sorbents in the Bubbling Fluidized-Bed. Energy Procedia, 2017, 114, 2336-2340.

Y. Hu, J. Wang, C. K. Tan, C. Sun and H. Liu. Further improvement of fluidized bed models by incorporating zone method with Aspen Plus interface. Energy Procedia, 2017, 105, 1895-1901.

C. I. Ezeh, X. Huang, X. Yang, C. Sun and J. Wang. Sonochemical surface functionalization of exfoliated LDH: Effect on textural properties, CO2 adsorption, cyclic regeneration capacities and subsequent gas uptake for simultaneous methanol synthesis. Ultrasonics sonochemistry, 2017, 39, 330-343.

W. Zhang, C. Sun, C.E. Snape, R. Irons, S. Stebbing, T. Alderson, D. Fitzgerald and H. Liu, Process simulations of post-combustion CO2 capture for coal and natural gas-fired power plants using a polyethyleneimine/silica adsorbent. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2017, 58, 276-289.

R. Panek, M. Wdowin, W. Franus, D. Czarna, L.A. Stevens, H. Deng, J. Liu, C. Sun, H. Liu and C.E. Snape. Fly ash-derived MCM-41 as a low-cost silica support for polyethyleneimine in post-combustion CO2 capture. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 2017, 22, 81-90.

F. Sher, M. A. Pans, D. T. Afilaka, C. Sun and H. Liu. Experimental investigation of woody and non-woody biomass combustion in a bubbling fluidised bed combustor focusing on gaseous emissions and temperature profiles. Energy, 2017, 141, 2069-2080.

W. Zhang, H. Liu, Y. Sun, J. Cakstins, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. Parametric study on the regeneration heat requirement of an amine-based solid adsorbent process for post-combustion carbon capture. Applied Energy, 2016, 168, 394-405

X. Wang, H. Liu, B. Jin, J. Zhao, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. Experimental Evaluation of a Chinese Sulfur-Containing Lean Iron Ore as the Oxygen Carrier for Chemical-Looping Combustion. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2016, 55(2), 428-435

N. Sun, C. Sun, J. Liu, H. Liu, C. E. Snape, K. Li, W. Wei and Y. Sun. Surface-modified spherical activated carbon materials for pre-combustion carbon dioxide capture.  RSC Advances, 2015, 5(42), 33681-33690

J. Liu, N. Sun, C. Sun, H. Liu, C. Snape, K. Li, W. Wei and Y. Sun. Spherical potassium intercalated activated carbon beads for pulverised fuel CO2 post-combustion capture. Carbon, 2015, 94, 243-255

T. S. Farrow, C. Sun and C. E. Snape. Impact of CO2 on biomass pyrolysis, nitrogen partitioning, and char combustion in a drop tube furnace.  Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2015, 113, 323-331

C. Wang, N. Sun, N. Zhao, W. Wei, Y. Sun, C. Sun, H. Liu and C. E. Snape. Coking and deactivation of a mesoporous Ni–CaO–ZrO2 catalyst in dry reforming of methane: a study under different feeding compositions. Fuel, 2015, 143, 527-535

S. J. Caldwell, B. Al-Duri, N. Sun, C. Sun, C. E. Snape, K. Li and J. Wood. Carbon dioxide separation from nitrogen/hydrogen mixtures over activated carbon beads: adsorption isotherms and breakthrough studies.  Energy & Fuels, 2015, 29(6), 3796-3807

C. Wang, N. Sun, N. Zhao, W. Wei, J. Zhang, T. Zhao, Y. Sun, C. Sun, H. Liu and C. E. Snape. The properties of individual carbon residuals and their influence on the deactivation of Ni–CaO–ZrO2 catalysts in CH4 dry reforming. ChemCatChem, 2014, 6(2), 640-648

W. Zhang, H. Liu, C. Sun, T. C. Drage and C. E. Snape. Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2014, 251, 293-303

H. Chalmers, M. Al-Jeboori, B. Anthony, S. Balusamy, S. Black, F. Cavallo Marincola, A. Clements, C. Sun, M. Pourkashanian. OxyCAP UK: Oxyfuel combustion-academic programme for the UK.  Energy Procedia, 2014, 63, 504-510

B. Zhu, K. Li, J. Liu, H. Liu, C. Sun, C.E. Snape and Z. Guo. Nitrogen-enriched and hierarchically porous carbon macro-spheres-ideal for large-scale CO2capture.  Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 15, 5481-5489

H. V. Ijije, C. Sun and G. Z. Chen. Indirect electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide to carbon nanopowders in molten alkali carbonates: process variables and product properties. Carbon, 2014, 73,163-174

W. Zhang, H. Liu, C. Sun, T. C. Drage and C. E. Snape. Capturing CO2 from ambient air using a polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent in fluidized beds. Chemical Engineering Science, 2014, 116, 306-316.

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