Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou PhD, MSc, RGN, PGCEd

Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou

School of Nursing and Midwifery

Contact details

Institute of Clinical Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Nikolaos is a lecturer in Nursing and leads the Clinical Health Research MRes Programme. Nikolaos is also an Adjunct Professor at the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.

Nikolaos is an experienced lecturer and researcher. He has published research papers in scientific journals in the fields of End-of-Life care, nursing education and Delphi Technique. He has received grants from the European Oncology Nursing Society for research and visiting research centres.

Nikolaos has a clinical background in Critical Care and maintains his clinical activity by working closely with NHS partners to undertake research and apply findings in nursing practice.


Lecturer in Nursing

  • PGCEd, Birmingham City University, 2006
  • PhD in Nursing, University of Glamorgan, 2004
  • MSc in Nursing, University of Wales, 1996
  • BNurs, TEI of Athens, 1992
  • Registered Nurse 1992


Postgraduate supervision

Dr Efstathiou's expertise in Delphi Technique and qualitative research has led to him working with research students on subjects such as bariatric surgery, male perineal trauma, voiding difficulties, depression in renal dialysis patients, labour and sepsis and maternal mental illness. He would be interested in supervising research students in the following areas:

End-of-Life care in acute care settings
Decision making in End-of-Life care
End-of-Life care for patients with Dementia

Other activities

  • Adjunct Professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.
  • Honorary contract with Connected Palliative Care (Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust), Heart of Sandwell Day Hospice.
  • Peer reviewer for a range of medical and nursing journals.


Recent publications


Causer, H, Spiers, J, Chew-Graham, CA, Efstathiou, N, Gopfert, A, Grayling, K, Maben, J, van Hove, M & Riley, R 2024, 'Filling in the gaps: A grounded theory of the experiences and needs of healthcare staff following a colleague death by suicide in the UK', Death studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2024.2337202

Spiers, J, Causer, H, Efstathiou, N, Chew-Graham, C, Gopfert, A, Grayling, K, Maben, J, van Hove, M & Riley, R 2024, 'Negotiating the postvention situation: A grounded theory of NHS staff experiences when supporting their coworkers following a colleague’s suicide', Death studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/07481187.2023.2297056

Tanaka Gutiez, M, Efstathiou, N, Innes, R & Metaxa, V 2023, 'End-of-life care in the intensive care unit', Anaesthesia. https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15908

Mentzelopulos, S, Chen, S, Nates, J, Kruser, J, Hartog, C, Michalsen, A, Efstathiou, N, Joynt, G, Lobo, S, Avidan, A & Sprung, C 2022, 'Derivation and performance of an end-of-life practice score aimed at interpreting worldwide treatment-limiting decisions in the critically ill', Critical care (London, England), vol. 26, no. 1, 106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-022-03971-9

Hicks, S, Davidson, M, Efstathiou, N & Guo, P 2022, 'Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of palliative care interventions in people with chronic heart failure and their caregivers: a systematic review', BMC Palliative Care, vol. 21, no. 1, 205. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-022-01092-2

Li, H, Cui, Y, Efstathiou, N, Li, B & Guo, P 2022, 'Experiences of redeployed healthcare workers in the fight against COVID-19 in China: a qualitative study', PLOS One, vol. 17, no. 8, e0273429. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273429

Kerr, A, Lugg, ST, Kadiri, S, Swift, A, Efstathiou, N, Kholia, K, Rogers, V, Fallouh, H, Steyn, R, Bishay, E, Kalkat, M & Naidu, B 2022, 'Feasibility study of a randomised controlled trial of preoperative and postoperative nutritional supplementation in major lung surgery', BMJ open, vol. 12, no. 6, e057498. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057498

Orr, S, Efstathiou, N, Baernholdt, M & Vanderspank-Wright, B 2022, 'ICU clinicians’ experiences of terminal weaning and extubation', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. e521-e528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2022.01.016

Chapter (peer-reviewed)

Lin, C-P, Chen, P-J, Namisango, E, Musisi, S, Gayton, A, Efstathiou, N & Guo, P 2023, Current integration and challenges of palliative care into dementia practice: evidence and experience from Asia, Europe, and Africa. in M Silberman & A Berger (eds), The Impact of Culture and Faith in Dementia Care: Psycho-Social-Spiritual Healing. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 307-325. <https://www.cambridgescholars.com/product/978-1-5275-4001-9/>


Guo, P, Sharma, P, Efstathiou, N, Bailey, C, Evans, C, Higginson, I & Harding, R 2023, 'P 1.005 Digital Technology to Optimise Care Access and Quality for Patients with Multimorbidity: A Mixed-methods Systematic Review', Palliative Medicine, vol. 37, no. 1S, pp. 65-66. https://doi.org/10.1177/02692163231172891

Efstathiou, N, MacArtney, J, Guo, P, Walker, W & Bailey, C 2023, 'P 13.001 Palliative Care Research Priorities in the West Midlands, UK: A Modified Delphi Study', Palliative Medicine, vol. 37, no. 1S, pp. 227-228. https://doi.org/10.1177/02692163231172891

Commissioned report

Efstathiou, N, Langford, A & Howarth, L 2022, Outcomes for bereaved people: Comparing in-person and telephone bereavement support. Cruse Bereavement Support, Surrey. <https://www.cruse.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/Cruse-Bereavement-Support-Outcomes-for-Bereaved-People-Report.pdf>

Review article

Dowling, M, Efstathiou, N, Drury, A, Semple, C, Fernandez-Ortega, P, Brochstedt Dieperink, K, Pape, E, Kotronoulas, G, Miguel, S, Colomer-Lahiguera, S & Bagcivan, G 2023, 'Cancer nursing research priorities: A rapid review', European Journal of Oncology Nursing, vol. 63, 102272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2023.102272

Gómez, AM, Guo, P, Rincón, AIDLLI & Efstathiou, N 2023, 'Women’s experiences of primary dysmenorrhea symptoms: a systematic review of qualitative evidence and meta-aggregation', Women & Health, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 658-668. https://doi.org/10.1080/03630242.2023.2255289

Walker, W, Efstathiou, N, Jones, J, Collins, P & Jennens, H 2022, 'Family experiences of in-hospital end-of-life care for adults: a systematic review of qualitative evidence', Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.16268

View all publications in research portal