Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou PhD, MSc, RGN, PGCEd

Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou

School of Nursing

Contact details

Institute of Clinical Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Nikolaos is a lecturer in Nursing and leads the Clinical Health Research MRes Programme. Nikolaos is also an Adjunct Professor at the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.

Nikolaos is an experienced lecturer and researcher. He has published research papers in scientific journals in the fields of End-of-Life care, nursing education and Delphi Technique.  He has received grants from the European Oncology Nursing Society for research and visiting research centres.

Nikolaos has a clinical background in Critical Care and maintains his clinical activity by working closely with NHS partners to undertake research and apply findings in nursing practice.


Lecturer in Nursing

  • PGCEd, Birmingham City University, 2006
  • PhD in Nursing, University of Glamorgan, 2004
  • MSc in Nursing, University of Wales, 1996
  • BNurs, TEI of Athens, 1992
  • Registered Nurse 1992


Nikolaos Efstathiou qualified with a degree in Nursing from the Technological Educational Institute of Athens in 1992. After completing 18 months of compulsory military service in a nursing capacity, he was awarded a grant from the Institution of Greek State Scholarships (I.K.Y) to study for an MSc in UK. In 1996, he started working as a critical care nurse in a busy Intensive Care Unit in Athens. While working he continued studying part time for a PhD, which was completed in 2004.

The last 15 years, he is working as a nursing lecturer in Higher Educational Institutions in UK. Main areas of teaching include critical care nursing, anatomy and physiology, palliative and end of life care and research methods.  Being interested in improving the student’s experience in the classroom, he has developed skills in simulated inter-professional teaching and the use of Audience Response System.

End-of-Life care is his research interest since he completed his PhD and has explored healthcare providers and users’ perceptions.  He is also collaborating with clinicians from Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust to improve end of life care through service evaluations and research initiatives.


Postgraduate supervision

Nikolaos Efstathiou has been supervising Master’s level students on topics related to palliative and End-of-Life care.

He would be interested in supervising research students in the following areas:

  • End-of-Life care in acute care settings
  • Decision making in End-of-Life care
  • Withdrawal of life sustaining measures in intensive care units


Research interests

  • Palliative and End-of-Life Care

Current projects

  • Withdrawal of life sustaining measures in intensive care units
  • Terminal weaning/extubation

Nikolaos’ expertise in Delphi Technique, qualitative research and systematic reviews has led to him working with researchers and research students on a variety of subjects.

Other activities

  • Adjunct Professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.
  • Honorary contract with Connected Palliative Care (Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust), Heart of Sandwell Day Hospice.
  • Peer reviewer for a range of medical and nursing journals.


  • Hewison, A., Zafar, S., Efstathiou, N. (2019) Bereavement Support in the UK: A rapid evidence assessment.  Sue Ruder/University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
  • Efstathiou, N., Walker, W., Metcalfe, A., Vanderspank-Wright, B. (2019) The state of bereavement support in adult intensive care: A systematic review and narrative synthesis. Journal of Critical Care, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrc.2018.11.026
  • Welbourn, C., Efstathiou N. (2018) How does the length of cardiopulmonary resuscitation affect brain damage in patients surviving cardiac arrest? A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 26(1) doi: 10.1186/s13049-018-0476-3
  • Vanderspank-Wright, B., Efstathiou, N., Vandyk, A. (2018) Critical care nurses' experiences of withdrawal of treatment: A systematic review of qualitative evidence. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 77, 15-26 doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2017.09.012
  • Lloyd, F., Hewison, A., Efstathiou, N. (2017) ‘It just made me feel so desolate’: Patients’ narratives of weight gain following laparoscopic insertion of a gastric band. Journal of Clinical Nursing.  doi: 10.1111/jocn.14072

  • Nissen, S., Pursell, E., Shaw, K., Bailey, C., Efstathiou, N., Dunford, C. (2017) Impaired mobility associated with an increased likelihood of death in children: A systematic review. Journal of Child Health Care. doi: 10.1177/1367493517732839

  • Kanavaki, A.M., Rushton, A., Efstathiou, N., Alrushud, A., Klocke, R., Abhishek, A., Duda, J.L. (2017) Barriers and facilitators of physical activity in knee and hip osteoarthritis. A systematic review of qualitative evidence. BMJ Open 7:e017042. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017042

  • Efstathiou, N., Ives, J. (2017) Compassionate care during withdrawal of treatment: a secondary analysis of ICU nurses’ experiences. Nursing Ethics. doi: 10.1177/0969733016687159 

  • Foth, T., Efstathiou, N., Vanderspank-Wright, B., Ufholz, L.A., Dutthorn, N., Zimansky, M., Humphrey-Murto, S. (2016) The use of Delphi and Nominal Group Technique in nursing education: A review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 60, 112-120 

  • Swift, A., Efstathiou, N., Lameu, P. (2016) Is LabTutor a helpful component of the blended learning approach to biosciences?. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25, 2683-2693.

View all publications in research portal