Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou PhD, MSc, RGN, PGCEd

Dr Nikolaos Efstathiou

School of Nursing and Midwifery

Contact details

Institute of Clinical Sciences
University of Birmingham
B15 2TT

Nikolaos is a lecturer in Nursing and leads the Clinical Health Research MRes Programme. Nikolaos is also an Adjunct Professor at the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.

Nikolaos is an experienced lecturer and researcher. He has published research papers in scientific journals in the fields of End-of-Life care, nursing education and Delphi Technique. He has received grants from the European Oncology Nursing Society for research and visiting research centres.

Nikolaos has a clinical background in Critical Care and maintains his clinical activity by working closely with NHS partners to undertake research and apply findings in nursing practice.


Lecturer in Nursing

  • PGCEd, Birmingham City University, 2006
  • PhD in Nursing, University of Glamorgan, 2004
  • MSc in Nursing, University of Wales, 1996
  • BNurs, TEI of Athens, 1992
  • Registered Nurse 1992


Postgraduate supervision

Dr Efstathiou's expertise in Delphi Technique and qualitative research has led to him working with research students on subjects such as bariatric surgery, male perineal trauma, voiding difficulties, depression in renal dialysis patients, labour and sepsis and maternal mental illness. He would be interested in supervising research students in the following areas:

End-of-Life care in acute care settings
Decision making in End-of-Life care
End-of-Life care for patients with Dementia

Other activities

  • Adjunct Professor, School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa.
  • Honorary contract with Connected Palliative Care (Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust), Heart of Sandwell Day Hospice.
  • Peer reviewer for a range of medical and nursing journals.


Recent publications


Tanaka Gutiez, M, Efstathiou, N, Innes, R & Metaxa, V 2023, 'End-of-life care in the intensive care unit', Anaesthesia. https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15908

Mentzelopulos, S, Chen, S, Nates, J, Kruser, J, Hartog, C, Michalsen, A, Efstathiou, N, Joynt, G, Lobo, S, Avidan, A & Sprung, C 2022, 'Derivation and performance of an end-of-life practice score aimed at interpreting worldwide treatment-limiting decisions in the critically ill', Critical care (London, England), vol. 26, no. 1, 106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-022-03971-9

Hicks, S, Davidson, M, Efstathiou, N & Guo, P 2022, 'Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of palliative care interventions in people with chronic heart failure and their caregivers: a systematic review', BMC Palliative Care, vol. 21, no. 1, 205. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-022-01092-2

Li, H, Cui, Y, Efstathiou, N, Li, B & Guo, P 2022, 'Experiences of redeployed healthcare workers in the fight against COVID-19 in China: a qualitative study', PLOS One, vol. 17, no. 8, e0273429. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0273429

Walker, W, Efstathiou, N, Jones, J, Collins, P & Jennens, H 2022, 'Family experiences of in-hospital end-of-life care for adults: a systematic review of qualitative evidence', Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.16268

Kerr, A, Lugg, ST, Kadiri, S, Swift, A, Efstathiou, N, Kholia, K, Rogers, V, Fallouh, H, Steyn, R, Bishay, E, Kalkat, M & Naidu, B 2022, 'Feasibility study of a randomised controlled trial of preoperative and postoperative nutritional supplementation in major lung surgery', BMJ open, vol. 12, no. 6, e057498. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-057498

Orr, S, Efstathiou, N, Baernholdt, M & Vanderspank-Wright, B 2022, 'ICU clinicians’ experiences of terminal weaning and extubation', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 63, no. 5, pp. e521-e528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2022.01.016

Debelle, G, Efstathiou, N, Khan, R, Williamson, A, Summan, M & Taylor, J 2022, 'The Typology and Topography of Child Abuse and Neglect: The Experience of a Tertiary Children's Centre', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 19, no. 13, 8213. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138213

Gopal, DP, Ahmad, T, Efstathiou, N, Guo, P & Taylor, SJC 2022, 'What is the evidence behind cancer care reviews, a primary care cancer support tool? A scoping review', Journal of Cancer Survivorship Research and Practice. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11764-022-01251-7

Al-Janabi, H, Efstathiou, N, McLoughlin, C, Calvert, M & Oyebode, JR 2021, 'The scope of carer effects and their inclusion in decision-making: a UK-based Delphi study', BMC Health Services Research, vol. 21, no. 1, 752 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-021-06742-4

Efstathiou, N, Lock, A, Ahmad, S & Davies, T 2020, 'A Realist Evaluation of a ‘single point of contact’ End-of-Life care service', Journal of Health, Organization and Management.

Hewison, A, Zafar, S & Efstathiou, N 2020, 'Bereavement support in the UK: a rapid evidence assessment', Bereavement Care, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1080/02682621.2020.1728086


Walker, W, Efstathiou, N & Vollam, S 2022, 'The postgraduate literature review: turning your chapter into a scholarly publication', Nursing in critical care, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 736-738. https://doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12853

Walker, W & Efstathiou, N 2020, 'Support after patient death in the intensive care unit: Why ‘I’ is an important letter in grief', Nursing in critical care, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 266. https://doi.org/10.1111/nicc.12534

Review article

Causer, H, Spiers, J, Efstathiou, N, Aston, S, Chew-Graham, CA, Gopfert, A, Grayling, K, Maben, J, Van Hove, M & Riley, R 2022, 'The impact of colleague suicide and the current state of postvention guidance for affected co-workers: a critical integrative review', International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 19, no. 18, 11565. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811565

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